Bitcoin and other Cryptocurrencies Library for Python. Includes a fully functional wallet, Mnemonic key generation and management and connection with various service providers to receive and send blockchain and transaction information.
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README.rst

Python Bitcoin Library

Bitcoin, Litecoin and Dash Crypto Currency Library for Python.

Includes a fully functional wallet, with multi signature, multi currency and multiple accounts. You this library at a high level and create and manage wallets for the command line or at a low level and create your own custom made transactions, keys or wallets.

The BitcoinLib connects to various service providers automatically to update wallets, transactions and blockchain information. It does currently not parse the blockchain itself.

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Documentation

Read the full documentation at: http://bitcoinlib.readthedocs.io/

Disclaimer

This library is still in development, please use at your own risk and test sufficiently before using it in a production environment.

Features

Simple Wallet

The bitcoin library contains a wallet implementation using sqlalchemy and sqllite3 to import, create and manage keys in a Hierarchical Deterministic way.

Example: Create wallet and generate new address (key) to receive bitcoins

>>> from bitcoinlib.wallets import HDWallet
>>> w = HDWallet.create('Wallet1')
>>> key1 = w.get_key()
>>> key1.address
'1Fo7STj6LdRhUuD1AiEsHpH65pXzraGJ9j'

Now send a small transaction to your wallet and use the scan() method to update transactions and UTXO's

>>> w.scan()
>>> w.info()  # Shows wallet information, keys, transactions and UTXO's

When your wallet received a payment and has unspent transaction outputs, you can send bitcoins easily. If successful a transaction ID is returned

>>> t = w.send_to('12ooWd8Xag7hsgP9PBPnmyGe36VeUrpMSH', 100000)
'b7feea5e7c79d4f6f343b5ca28fa2a1fcacfe9a2b7f44f3d2fd8d6c2d82c4078'
>>> t.info  # Shows transaction information and send results

Wallet from passphrase with accounts and multiple currencies

The following code creates a wallet with two bitcoin and one litecoin account from a Mnemonic passphrase. The complete wallet can be recovered from the passphrase which is the masterkey.

from bitcoinlib.wallets import HDWallet, wallet_delete
from bitcoinlib.mnemonic import Mnemonic

passphrase = Mnemonic().generate()
print(passphrase)
w = HDWallet.create("Wallet2", key=passphrase, network='bitcoin')
account_btc2 = w.new_account('Account BTC 2')
account_ltc1 = w.new_account('Account LTC', network='litecoin')
w.get_key()
w.get_key(account_btc2.account_id)
w.get_key(account_ltc1.account_id)
w.info()

Multi Signature Wallets

Create a Multisig wallet with 2 cosigner which both need to sign a transaction.

from bitcoinlib.wallets import HDWallet
from bitcoinlib.keys import HDKey

NETWORK = 'testnet'
pk1 = HDKey('tprv8ZgxMBicQKsPd1Q44tfDiZC98iYouKRC2CzjT3HGt1yYw2zuX2awTotzGAZQEAU9bi2M5MCj8iedP9MREPjUgpDEBwBgGi2C8eK'
            '5zNYeiX8', network=NETWORK)
pk2 = HDKey('tprv8ZgxMBicQKsPeUbMS6kswJc11zgVEXUnUZuGo3bF6bBrAg1ieFfUdPc9UHqbD5HcXizThrcKike1c4z6xHrz6MWGwy8L6YKVbgJ'
            'MeQHdWDp', network=NETWORK)
w1 = HDWallet.create_multisig('multisig_2of2_cosigner1', sigs_required=2,
                               key_list=[pk1, pk2.account_multisig_key().wif_public()], network=NETWORK)
w2 = HDWallet.create_multisig('multisig_2of2_cosigner2',  sigs_required=2,
                               key_list=[pk1.account_multisig_key().wif_public(), pk2], network=NETWORK)
print("Deposit testnet bitcoin to this address to create transaction: ", w1.get_key().address)

Create a transaction in the first wallet

w1.utxos_update()
t = w1.sweep('mwCwTceJvYV27KXBc3NJZys6CjsgsoeHmf', min_confirms=0)
t.info()

And then import the transaction in the second wallet, sign it and push it to the network

w2.get_key()
t2 = w2.transaction_import(t)
t2.sign()
t2.send()
t2.info()

Command Line Tool

With the command line tool you can create and manage wallet without any Python programming.

To create a new Bitcoin wallet

$ cli-wallet NewWallet
Command Line Wallet for BitcoinLib

Wallet newwallet does not exist, create new wallet [yN]? y

CREATE wallet 'newwallet' (bitcoin network)

Your mnemonic private key sentence is: force humble chair kiss season ready elbow cool awake divorce famous tunnel

Please write down on paper and backup. With this key you can restore your wallet and all keys

You can use 'cli-wallet' to create simple or multisig wallets for various networks, manage public and private keys and managing transactions.

For the full command line wallet documentation please read

http://bitcoinlib.readthedocs.io/en/latest/_static/manuals.command-line-wallet.html

Mnemonic key generation

Allows you to use easy to remember passphrases consisting of a number of words to store private keys (BIP0039). You can password protect this passphrase (BIP0038), and use the HD Wallet structure to generate a almost infinite number of new private keys and bitcoin addresses (BIP0043 and BIP0044).

Example: Generate a list of words passphrase and derive a private key seed

>>> from bitcoinlib.mnemonic import Mnemonic
>>> words = Mnemonic().generate()
>>> words
protect dumb smart toddler journey spawn same dry season ecology scissors more
>>> Mnemonic().to_seed(words)
xprv6CY4yxy6enC53V7hEut2FFW74tv6L3dB53jSoSXpab2X8UMowLJc521UUFuar98eacS9MK5rwWjrEmp6SUone5swQWcqf4vhfhZuerj5E1Y

Service providers

Communicates with pools of bitcoin service providers to retreive transaction, address, blockchain information. Can be used to push a transaction to the network, determine optimal service fee for a transaction or to update your wallet's balance.

When working with wallets connections to service providers are automatically managed so you don't have to worry about them. You can however easily use the Service object directly.

Example: Get estimated transaction fee in sathosis per Kb for confirmation within 5 blocks

>>> from bitcoinlib.services.services import Service
>>> Service().estimatefee(5)
138964

More examples

For more examples see https://github.com/1200wd/bitcoinlib/tree/master/examples

Implements the following Bitcoin Improvement Proposals

  • Hierarchical Deterministic Wallets (BIP0032)
  • Passphrase-protected private key (BIP0038)
  • Mnemonic code for generating deterministic keys (BIP0039)
  • Purpose Field for Deterministic Wallets (BIP0043)
  • Multi-Account Hierarchy for Deterministic Wallets (BIP0044)
  • Structure for Deterministic P2SH Multisignature Wallets (BIP0045)

Installation

Install with pip

pip install bitcoinlib

Package dependencies

Required Python Packages, are automatically installed upon installing bitcoinlib:

  • ecdsa
  • pyaes
  • scrypt
  • sqlalchemy
  • requests
  • enum34 (for older python installations)

Other requirements Linux

sudo apt install python-dev python3-dev

To install OpenSSL development package on Debian, Ubuntu or their derivatives

sudo apt install libssl-dev

To install OpenSSL development package on Fedora, CentOS or RHEL

sudo yum install openssl-devel

Other requirements Windows

Tested on Windows 10 with Python 3.6 and pip installed. No special requirements needed.

References