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Multi-database ORM: redis, mongodb, mysql, sqlite, postgres, neo4j, memory... Many databases, common API.
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JugglingDB is cross-db ORM for nodejs, providing common interface to access most popular database formats. Currently supported are: mysql, sqlite3, postgres, couchdb, mongodb, redis, neo4j and js-memory-storage (yep, self-written engine for test-usage only). You can add your favorite database adapter, checkout one of the existing adapters to learn how, it's super-easy, I guarantee.


npm install jugglingdb

plus you should install appropriated adapter, for example for redis:

npm install jugglingdb-redis

check following list of available adapters

JugglingDB adapters

Database type Package name Maintainer Build status
Firebird Firebird jugglingdb-firebird Henri Gourvest
MongoDB MongoDB jugglingdb-mongodb Anatoliy Chakkaev Build Status
MySQL MySQL jugglingdb-mysql Anatoliy Chakkaev Build Status
CouchDB CouchDB / nano jugglingdb-nano Nicholas Westlake Build Status
PostgreSQL PostgreSQL jugglingdb-postgres Anatoliy Chakkaev Build Status
Redis Redis jugglingdb-redis Anatoliy Chakkaev Build Status
SQLite SQLite jugglingdb-sqlite3 Anatoliy Chakkaev Build Status


If you want to create your own jugglingdb adapter, you should publish your adapter package with name jugglingdb-ADAPTERNAME. Creating adapter is simple, check jugglingdb-redis for example. JugglingDB core exports common tests each adapter should pass, you could create your adapter in TDD style, check that adapter pass all tests defined in test/common_test.js.


var Schema = require('jugglingdb').Schema;
var schema = new Schema('redis', {port: 6379}); //port number depends on your configuration
// define models
var Post = schema.define('Post', {
    title:     { type: String, length: 255 },
    content:   { type: Schema.Text },
    date:      { type: Date,    default: },
    published: { type: Boolean, default: false, index: true }

// simplier way to describe model
var User = schema.define('User', {
    name:         String,
    bio:          Schema.Text,
    approved:     Boolean,
    joinedAt:     Date,
    age:          Number

// define any custom method
User.prototype.getNameAndAge = function () {
    return + ', ' + this.age;

// models also accessible in schema:

// setup relationships
User.hasMany(Post,   {as: 'posts',  foreignKey: 'userId'});
// creates instance methods:
// user.posts(conds)
// // like new Post({userId:});
// user.posts.create(data) // build and save

Post.belongsTo(User, {as: 'author', foreignKey: 'userId'});
// creates instance methods:
// -- getter when called with function
// -- sync getter when called without params
// -- setter when called with object

schema.automigrate(); // required only for mysql NOTE: it will drop User and Post tables

// work with models:
var user = new User; (err) {
    var post ={title: 'Hello world'});;

// or just call it as function (with the same result):
var user = User();;

// Common API methods

// just instantiate model
new Post
// save model (of course async)
// all posts
// all posts by user
Post.all({where: {userId:}, order: 'id', limit: 10, skip: 20});
// the same as prev
// get one latest post
Post.findOne({where: {published: true}, order: 'date DESC'}, cb);
// same as new Post({userId:});
// save as Post.create({userId:}, cb);
// find instance by id
User.find(1, cb)
// count instances
User.count([conditions, ]cb)
// destroy instance
// destroy all instances

// Setup validations
User.validatesPresenceOf('name', 'email')
User.validatesLengthOf('password', {min: 5, message: {min: 'Password is too short'}});
User.validatesInclusionOf('gender', {in: ['male', 'female']});
User.validatesExclusionOf('domain', {in: ['www', 'billing', 'admin']});
User.validatesNumericalityOf('age', {int: true});
User.validatesUniquenessOf('email', {message: 'email is not unique'});

user.isValid(function (valid) {
    if (!valid) {
        user.errors // hash of errors {attr: [errmessage, errmessage, ...], attr: ...}    


The following callbacks supported:

- afterInitialize
- beforeCreate
- afterCreate
- beforeSave
- afterSave
- beforeUpdate
- afterUpdate
- beforeDestroy
- afterDestroy
- beforeValidation
- afterValidation

Each callback is class method of the model, it should accept single argument: next, this is callback which should be called after end of the hook. Except afterInitialize because this method is syncronous (called after new Model).

Object lifecycle:

var user = new User;
// afterInitialize;
// beforeValidation
// afterValidation
// beforeSave
// beforeCreate
// afterCreate
// afterSave
// callback
user.updateAttribute('email', '', callback);
// beforeValidation
// afterValidation
// beforeUpdate
// afterUpdate
// callback
// beforeDestroy
// afterDestroy
// callback
User.create(data, callback);
// beforeValidate
// afterValidate
// beforeCreate
// afterCreate
// callback

Read the tests for usage examples: ./test/common_test.js Validations: ./test/validations_test.js

Your own database adapter

To use custom adapter, pass it's package name as first argument to Schema constructor:

mySchema = new Schema('couch-db-adapter', {host:.., port:...});

Make sure, your adapter can be required (just put it into ./node_modules):


Jugglingdb Adapters

Running tests

To run all tests (requires all databases):

npm test

If you run this line, of course it will fall, because it requres different databases to be up and running, but you can use js-memory-engine out of box! Specify ONLY env var:

ONLY=memory nodeunit test/common_test.js

of course, if you have redis running, you can run

ONLY=redis nodeunit test/common_test.js

Package structure

Now all common logic described in ./lib/*.js, and database-specific stuff in ./lib/adapters/*.js. It's super-tiny, right?


If you have found a bug please write unit test, and make sure all other tests still pass before pushing code to repo.



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