Skip to content
28810 edited this page Oct 30, 2019 · 15 revisions

删除是一个非常危险的操作,FreeSql对删除支持并不强大,仅支持了单表有条件的删除方法。

不想过多的介绍拉长删除数据的系列文章,删除数据的介绍仅此一篇。

若Where条件为空的时候执行方法,FreeSql仅返回0或默认值,不执行真正的SQL删除操作。

为了增强系统的安全性,强烈建议在实体中增加 is_deledted 字段做软删除标识。

var connstr = "Data Source=127.0.0.1;Port=3306;User ID=root;Password=root;" + 
    "Initial Catalog=cccddd;Charset=utf8;SslMode=none;Max pool size=10";

IFreeSql fsql = new FreeSql.FreeSqlBuilder()
    .UseConnectionString(FreeSql.DataType.MySql, connstr)
    .UseAutoSyncStructure(true) //自动同步实体结构到数据库
    .Build();

[Table(Name = "tb_topic")]
class Topic {
    [Column(IsIdentity = true, IsPrimary = true)]
    public int Id { get; set; }
    public int Clicks { get; set; }
    public string Title { get; set; }
    public DateTime CreateTime { get; set; }
}

动态条件

Delete<Topic>(object dywhere)

dywhere 支持

  • 主键值
  • new[] { 主键值1, 主键值2 }
  • Topic对象
  • new[] { Topic对象1, Topic对象2 }
  • new { id = 1 }
var t1 = fsql.Delete<Topic>(new[] { 1, 2 }).ToSql();
//DELETE FROM `tb_topic` WHERE (`Id` = 1 OR `Id` = 2)

var t2 = fsql.Delete<Topic>(new Topic { Id = 1, Title = "test" }).ToSql();
//DELETE FROM `tb_topic` WHERE (`Id` = 1)

var t3 = fsql.Delete<Topic>(new[] { new Topic { Id = 1, Title = "test" }, new Topic { Id = 2, Title = "test" } }).ToSql();
//DELETE FROM `tb_topic` WHERE (`Id` = 1 OR `Id` = 2)

var t4 = fsql.Delete<Topic>(new { id = 1 }).ToSql();
//DELETE FROM `tb_topic` WHERE (`Id` = 1)

删除条件

出于安全考虑,没有条件不执行删除动作,避免误删除全表数据 删除全表数据:fsql.Delete<T>().Where("1=1").ExecuteAffrows()

var t5 = fsql.Delete<Topic>().Where(a => a.Id == 1).ToSql();
//DELETE FROM `tb_topic` WHERE (`Id` = 1)

var t6 = fsql.Delete<Topic>().Where("id = ?id", new { id = 1 }).ToSql();
//DELETE FROM `tb_topic` WHERE (id = ?id)

var item = new Topic { Id = 1, Title = "newtitle" };
var t7 = fsql.Delete<Topic>().Where(item).ToSql();
//DELETE FROM `tb_topic` WHERE (`Id` = 1)

var items = new List<Topic>();
for (var a = 0; a < 10; a++) items.Add(new Topic { Id = a + 1, Title = $"newtitle{a}", Clicks = a * 100 });
var t8 = fsql.Delete<Topic>().Where(items).ToSql();
//DELETE FROM `tb_topic` WHERE (`Id` IN (1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10))

ISelect.ToDelete 高级删除

默认 IDelete 不支持导航对象,多表关联等。ISelect.ToDelete 可将查询转为删除对象,以便支持导航对象或其他查询功能删除数据,如下:

fsql.Select<T1>().Where(a => a.Options.xxx == 1).ToDelete().ExecuteAffrows();

注意:此方法不是将数据查询到内存循环删除,上面的代码产生如下 SQL 执行:

DELETE FROM `T1` WHERE id in (select a.id from T1 a left join Options b on b.t1id = a.id where b.xxx = 1)

复杂删除使用该方案的好处:

  • 删除前可预览测试数据,防止错误删除操作;
  • 支持更加复杂的删除操作(IDelete 默认只支持简单的操作),甚至在 ISelect 上使用 Limit(10) 将只删除附合条件的前 10条记录;

参考资料

API

方法 返回值 参数 描述
Where <this> Lambda 表达式条件,仅支持实体基础成员(不包含导航对象)
Where <this> string, parms 原生sql语法条件,Where("id = ?id", new { id = 1 })
Where <this> T1 | IEnumerable<T1> 传入实体或集合,将其主键作为条件
WhereExists <this> ISelect 子查询是否存在
WithTransaction <this> DbTransaction 设置事务对象
ToSql string 返回即将执行的SQL语句
ExecuteAffrows long 执行SQL语句,返回影响的行数
ExecuteDeleted List<T1> 执行SQL语句,返回被删除的记录
You can’t perform that action at this time.