Open-source Modbus TCP to Modbus RTU (RS-232/485) gateway.
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cmake armhf: set CPack architecture
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README.md

About mbusd

Build Status

mbusd is open-source Modbus TCP to Modbus RTU (RS-232/485) gateway.

Features:

  • Small footprint - suitable to run on embedded devices and SBCs like Raspberry Pi
  • Multi-master - multiple TCP masters can access slave devices in RTU network using same gateway
  • Robustness - can retry requests with mismatched response CRC
  • Flexible RTU modes - speed/parity/stop-bits/timeouts can be configured for RTU network
  • Support for both of automatic and manual (using RTS bit) direction control types for RS-485 transceivers

Supported function codes:

  • 01: Read coil status
  • 02: Read input status
  • 03: Read holding registers
  • 04: Read input registers
  • 05: Force single coil
  • 06: Preset single register
  • 07: Read exception status
  • 15: Force multiple coils
  • 16: Preset multiple registers

Please note all other function codes (including vendor-specific extensions) are supported on a "best-effort" basis and most likely will fail.

Installation instructions:

$ git clone https://github.com/3cky/mbusd.git mbusd.git
$ cd mbusd.git
$ mkdir -p build && cd build
$ cmake -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr ..
$ make
$ sudo make install

Compile time options can be altered in many ways, e.g. by using the following tools in the build dir:

  • ccmake - usually in the package cmake-curses-gui
  • cmake-gui - usually in the package cmake-qt-gui

Usage:

   mbusd [-h] [-d] [-L logfile] [-v level] [-c cfgfile] [-p device] [-s speed] [-m mode]
   		[-t] [-y file] [-Y file] [-P port] [-C maxconn] [-N retries]
   		[-R pause] [-W wait] [-T timeout]

   -h     Usage help.
   -d     Instruct mbusd not to fork itself (non-daemonize).
   -L logfile
          Specifies log file name ('-' for logging to STDOUT only, default is /var/log/mbusd.log).
   -v level
          Specifies  log  verbosity level (0 for errors only, 1 for warnings
          and 2 for also information messages.) If mbusd was compiled in debug mode,
          valid log levels are up to 9, where log levels above 2 forces
          logging of information about additional internal events.
   -c cfgfile
          Read configuration from cfgfile.
   -p device
          Specifies serial port device name.
   -s speed
          Specifies serial port speed.
   -m mode
          Specifies serial port mode (like 8N1).
   -t     Enable RTS RS-485 data direction control (if not disabled while compile).
   -y file
          Enable RS-485 direction data direction control by writing '1' to file
          for transmitter enable and '0' to file for transmitter disable
   -Y file
          Enable RS-485 direction data direction control by writing '0' to file
          for transmitter enable and '1' to file for transmitter disable
   -P port
          Specifies TCP port number (default 502).
   -C maxconn
          Specifies maximum number of simultaneous TCP connections.
   -N retries
          Specifies maximum number of request retries (0 disables retries).
   -R pause
          Specifies pause between requests in milliseconds.
   -W wait
          Specifies response wait time in milliseconds.
   -T timeout
          Specifies connection timeout value in seconds (0 disables timeout).

Please note running mbusd on default Modbus TCP port (502) requires root privileges!

Configuration file:

mbusd can read the configuration from a file specified by -c command line flag. Please see example configuration file for complete list of available configuration options.

systemd:

mbusd has systemd support. The build system detects whether the system has systemd after which sudo make install installs the mbusd@.service file on systems with systemd active.

The mbusd service can be started via:

# systemctl start mbusd@<serial port>.service

where <serial port> is serial port device name (like ttyUSB0).

mbusd started by systemd will read its configuration from file named /etc/mbusd/mbusd-<serial port>.conf. This way it's possible to run multiple mbusd instances with different configurations.

To see the mbusd service status:

# systemctl status mbusd@<serial port>.service

To monitor the mbusd service:

# journalctl -u mbusd@<serial port>.service -f -n 10

To start the mbusd service on system boot:

# systemctl enable mbusd@<serial port>.service

Please check systemd documentation for other usefull systemd commands

Reporting bugs:

Please file issue with attached debug log in verbose (-v9) mode, i.e.:

   # mbusd -L/tmp/mbusd.log -p /dev/ttyUSB0 -s 9600 -P 502 -d -v9

Unless you were prompted so or there is another pertinent reason (e.g. GitHub fails to accept the bug report), please do not send bug reports via personal email.

Contributing:

  1. Fork it and clone forked repository
  2. Create your feature branch (git checkout -b my-new-feature)
  3. Make your changes
  4. Commit your changes (git commit -am 'Add some feature')
  5. Push to the branch (git push origin my-new-feature)
  6. Create new Pull Request

Author:

Victor Antonovich (v.antonovich@gmail.com)

Contributors:

Andrew Denysenko (nitr0@seti.kr.ua):

  • RTS RS-485 data direction control
  • RTU response receiving by length

James Jarvis (jj@aprsworld.com):

  • file based RS-485 data direction control

Luuk Loeffen (luukloeffen@hotmail.com):

  • systemd support

Nick Mayerhofer (nick.mayerhofer@enchant.at):

  • CMake build system

License:

This project is distributed under the BSD license. See the LICENSE file for the full license text.