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README.rst

Installation

Add the package as dependency to your setup.py:

setup(...
      install_requires=[
        ...
        'ftw.theming',
      ])

or to your buildout configuration:

[instance]
eggs += ftw.theming

and rerun buildout.

SCSS Registry

The SCSS registry is configured with ZCML and contains all SCSS resources from ftw.theming, addons, the theme and policy packages.

Inspecting the SCSS registry

The @@theming-resources (on any navigation root) lists all resources.

Resource slots

The registry allows to register resources to a list of fix slots. These are the available slots, sorted by inclusion order:

  • top
  • variables
  • mixins
  • ftw.theming
  • addon
  • theme
  • policy
  • bottom

Adding resources

Adding SCSS resources is done in the ZCML of a package. The SCSS should always go into the same package where the styled templates are.

Registering a resource

<configure
    xmlns:theme="http://namespaces.zope.org/ftw.theming"
    xmlns:zcml="http://namespaces.zope.org/zcml"
    i18n_domain="ftw.tabbedview">

    <configure zcml:condition="installed ftw.theming">
      <include package="ftw.theming" />

      <theme:scss
          file="resources/tabbed.scss"
          slot="addon"
          profile="ftw.tabbedview:default"
          />
    </configure>

</configure>

Options for standalone theme:scss

  • file: relative path to the SCSS file (required)
  • slot: name of the slot (see slots section, default: addon)
  • profile: Generic Setup profile required to be installed (default: no profile, e.g. my.package:default)
  • for: context interface (default: INavigationRoot)
  • layer: request layer interface (default: Interface)
  • before: name of the resource after which this resource should be ordered (within the same slot).
  • after: name of the resource before which this resource should be ordered (within the same slot)

Registering multiple resources

<configure
    xmlns:theme="http://namespaces.zope.org/ftw.theming"
    xmlns:zcml="http://namespaces.zope.org/zcml"
    i18n_domain="plonetheme.fancy">

    <include package="ftw.theming" />

    <theme:resources
        slot="theme"
        profile="plonetheme.fancy:default"
        layer="plonetheme.fancy.interfaces.IFancyTheme">

        <theme:scss file="resources/foo.scss" />
        <theme:scss file="resources/bar.scss" />

    </theme:resources>

</configure>

Options for theme:resources

  • slot: name of the slot (see slots section, default: addon)
  • profile: Generic Setup profile required to be installed (default: no profile, e.g. my.package:default)
  • for: context interface (default: INavigationRoot)
  • layer: request layer interface (default: Interface)

Options for theme:scss within theme:resources

  • file: relative path to the SCSS file (required)
  • before: name of the resource after which this resource should be ordered (within the same slot).
  • after: name of the resource before which this resource should be ordered (within the same slot)

Resource names

Each resource has an automatically generated name, which can be looked up in the @@theming-resources-view. The resource has the format [package]:[relative path].

Resource Ordering

The SCSS resources are ordered when retrieved from the registry, so that the order is as consistent as possible.

Ordering priority:

1. the resource's slot (see the slot section below) 1. the before and after options (topological graph sorting), within each slot. 1. the ZCML load order of the resources

Be aware that the ZCML load order is usally random.

Resource factories for dynamic resources

A resource factory is a callable (accepting context and request) which returns a DynamicSCSSResource object. Since the callable instantiates the resource, it's content can be created dynamically.

<configure
    xmlns:theme="http://namespaces.zope.org/ftw.theming"
    xmlns:zcml="http://namespaces.zope.org/zcml"
    i18n_domain="plonetheme.fancy">

    <include package="ftw.theming" />

    <theme:scss_factory factory=".dynamic_resource_factory" />

</configure>
from ftw.theming.interfaces import ISCSSResourceFactory
from ftw.theming.resource import DynamicSCSSResource
from zope.interface import provider

@provider(ISCSSResourceFactory)
def dynamic_resource_factory(context, request):
    return DynamicSCSSResource('dynamic.scss', slot='addon', source='$color: blue;',
                               cachekey='1')

When generating the SCSS is expensive in time, you should subclass the DynamicSCSSResource class and implement custom get_source and get_cachekey methods. The get_cachekey should be very lightweight and cheap: it is called on every pageview. It should return any string and only change the return value when the get_source result will change.

from Products.CMFCore.utils import getToolByName
from ftw.theming.interfaces import ISCSSResourceFactory
from ftw.theming.resource import DynamicSCSSResource
from zope.annotation import IAnnotations
from zope.interface import provider


class CustomSCSSResource(DynamicSCSSResource):

      def get_source(self, context, request):
          return 'body { background-color: $primary-color; }'

      def get_cachekey(self, context, request):
          portal = getToolByName(context, 'portal_url').getPortalObject()
          config = IAnnotations(portal).get('my-custom-config', {})
          return config.get('last-change-timestamp', '1')

@provider(ISCSSResourceFactory)
def dynamic_resource_factory(context, request):
    return CustomSCSSResource('my.package:custom.scss', slot='addon')

Control Panel

When ftw.theming is installed, a control panel is added, listing the SCSS resources and the default SCSS variables. The controlpanel views are available on any navigation root.

Icons

ftw.theming provides a portal type icon registry. The default iconset is font-awesome.

Declare icon for portal types

Portal type icons are declared in the scss file of the addon package. It is possible to support multiple icon sets by declaring icons for each iconset:

@include portal-type-font-awesome-icon(repository-folder, leaf);
@include portal-type-icon(repository-folder, "\e616", customicons);

Using those mixins does not generate any CSS yet, nor does it introduce dependency to those iconset. It simply stores this information in a list to be processed later.

Switching iconset

A theme or policy package may change the iconset. The standard iconset is font-awesome. Changing the iconset should be done in an SCSS file in the variables slot.

$standard-iconset: customicons;

Custom iconsets

The default iconset is font-awesome, which is automatically loaded and the necessary CSS is generated when the $standard-iconset variable is font-awesome.

For having custom iconsets an SCSS file must be registered in the bottom slot. This is usually done by a theme or policy package.

The SCSS file should apply the necessary CSS only when the $standard-iconset is set to this iconset:

@if $standard-iconset == customicons {

  @font-face {
    font-family: 'customicons';
    src:url('#{$portal-url}/++theme++foo/fonts/customicons.eot?-fa99j8');
    src:url('#{$portal-url}/++theme++foo/fonts/customicons.eot?#iefix-fa99j8') format('embedded-opentype'),
    url('#{$portal-url}/++theme++foo/fonts/customicons.woff?-fa99j8') format('woff'),
    url('#{$portal-url}/++theme++foo/fonts/customicons.ttf?-fa99j8') format('truetype'),
    url('#{$portal-url}/++theme++foo/fonts/customicons.svg?-fa99j8#opengever') format('svg');
    font-weight: normal;
    font-style: normal;
  }

  .icons-on [class^="contenttype-"],
  .icons-on [class*=" contenttype-"] {
    &:before {
      font-family: 'customicons';
      content: "x";
      text-align:center;
      position: absolute;
    }
  }

  @each $type, $value in get-portal-type-icons-for-iconset(font-awesome) {
    body.icons-on .contenttype-#{$type} {
      &:before {
        content: $value;
      }
    }
  }
}

Functions

embed-resource

The embed-resource function embeds a resource (e.g. svg) as base64 encoded url.

Example:

.something {
    background: embed-resource("images/foo.svg");
}

The function is able to fill colors in SVGs. This can be done with either XPath or CSS selectors.

Since lxml is used for filling the SVGs and SVGs are namespaced XML documents, the expressions must be namespaced as well. This leads to problems when converting certain CSS selectors since CSS does not support namespaces.

Example:

.foo {
    background: embed-resource("soccer.svg", $fill-css:('#pentagon', red));
}

.bar {
    background: embed-resource("soccer.svg", $fill-xpath:('//*[@id="black_stuff"]/*[local-name()="g"][1]', red));
}

SCSS Mixins

Using media queries Mixins

ftw.theming provides mixins for most common media queries:

  • small (480px)
  • medium (800px)
  • large (1024)

Example usage:

#container {
    width: 1600px;

    @include screen-medium {
        width:1000px;
    }
    @include screen-small {
        width:500px;
    }
}

Including font faces

@include font-face($name: 'VerdanaRegular', $path: '++resource++nidau.web/fonts/Verdana');

The file-extension for the $path argument is going to be concatenated automatically. Both woff and woff2 must be provided.

The mixin then produces the following css code:

@font-face {
  font-family: 'VerdanaRegular';
  font-style: normal;
  font-weight: normal;
  src: url("++resource++nidau.web/fonts/Verdana.woff2") format(woff2),
    url("++resource++nidau.web/fonts/Verdana.woff") format(woff);
}

@font-face {
  font-family: 'VerdanaBold';
  font-style: normal;
  font-weight: bold;
  src: url("++resource++nidau.web/fonts/Verdana-Bold.woff2") format(woff2),
    url("++resource++nidau.web/fonts/Verdana-Bold.woff") format(woff);
}

Links

Copyright

This package is copyright by 4teamwork.

ftw.theming is licensed under GNU General Public License, version 2.

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