This is the demo repo for the Seeed Studio 96Boards Sensor Mezzanine. More info can be found here: http://www.96boards.org/product/sensors-mezzanine/
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README.md

About 96Boards

96Boards is the first open specification to define a platform for the delivery of compatible, lowcost, small footprint, 32-bit and 64-bit Cortex-A boards from a range of ARM SoC vendors. Standardized expansion buses for peripheral I/O, display and cameras allow the hardware ecosystem to develop a range of compatible add-on products that will work on any 96Boards product over the lifetime of the platform.

http://www.96boards.org


About Grove

Grove is a system for wiring up sensor and control modules using standardized connectors and cables. It makes it easy to hook up any of the 100s of available Grove modules to a microprocessor system without a messy tangle of wires. Each module provides a single function, such as sensing temperature or driving an LCD.

http://www.seeed.cc/grove


About the 96Boards Sensors Mezzanine Adapter

The 96Boards Sensors Mezzanine is an add-on board for any 96Boards compliant baseboard including the HiKey from either CircuitCo or LeMaker, and the Qualcomm Dragonboard 410c. The Sensors mezzanine has connections for up to 18 digital, analog and i2c Grove modules plus an on-board Arduino compatible microcontroller and shield connector.

https://www.96boards.org/products/mezzanine/sensors-mezzanine/


About Linaro

Linaro’s mission is to bring together industry and the open source community to work on key projects, deliver great tools, reduce industry wide fragmentation and redundant effort, and provide common software foundations for all.

http://www.linaro.org

Updates may be made to this guide over time. You can download the most recent version of this document from the sample code repository on GitHub: https://github.com/96boards/Starter_Kit_for_96Boards

Copyright (c) 2016 by Linaro, Ltd. This document is released under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Table of Contents


Included in this Kit

96Boards Sensors Mezzanine

This is the adapter for connecting Grove modules to a 96Boards baseboard. It provides 18 Grove connectors, an Arduino compatible shield socket, and an ATMEGA328P microcontroller.

Grove Button Module (3.3V/5V)

This Grove module is a simple momentary on/off button. When pressed, it pulls the data line up to VCC to output a HIGH signal. When released, the data line drops down to output LOW.

Grove Touch Sensor Module (3.3V/5V)

A simple touch sensor that behaves in a similar fashion to the button. Outputs high when touching the sensor with finger, and low otherwise.

Grove LED Socket Module (3.3V/5V)

An LED in Grove module form. Plug your favourite colour of LED into the socket, and it will glow brightly when the signal line is driven HIGH.

Grove Buzzer Module (5V only)

This module is a piezo buzzer that will emit a tone when the data line is driven HIGH, or can be made to play notes and effects by connecting it to a pulse-width modulation (PWM) output.

Grove Rotary Angle Sensor Module (3.3V/5V)

This Grove module outputs an analog signal between 0V and VCC based on the position of the potentiometer. It has an angular range of 300 degrees.

Grove Sound Sensor (5V only)

This is a sound sensing module with a simple microphone. It can be used to detect the volume of sound in the area. The resistance of the sensor decreases as the level of sound increases.

Grove Light Sensor (3.3V/5V)

This module detects the intensity of light shining on the sensor. The resistance of the sensor decreases as the amount of illumination increases.

Grove Servo (5V only)

The Grove servo is an actuator that is controlled by a PWM signal. The angle of the servo can be adjusted by changing the pulse width of the input PWM signal.

Grove Relay (3.3V/5V)

The Grove Relay has a normally-open SPST relay that is controlled by a single digital pin. It can be used to control power at much higher voltages that the Sensors mezzanine can handle. When the signal is LOW the relay is open. When it is driven HIGH the relay will close. Use it to control lights and equipment at up to 250V at 10 amps, but be careful when working with mains voltages.

Grove Temperature and Humidity Sensor (3.3V/5V)

This Grove module is a high accuracy temperature and humidity sensor.

Grove RGB Backlight LCD (5V only)

This is a great little display module that is easy to control. It is a 16x2 character display with an RGB backlight controller so you can set it to whatever colour you like. This module is controlled using the I2C bus.

Back to top


Introduction to the 96Boards Sensors Mezzanine

The 96Boards Sensors Mezzanine board included in this kit is an IO adapter for connecting sensors, actuators and other devices to any 96Boards baseboard. The Sensors mezzanine has exactly the same footprint as a standard size 96Boards Consumer Edition baseboard and fits perfectly on top. Sensors and other devices are connected to the board via 4 pin Grove connectors or via the Arduino compatible shield socket. Additionally, the Sensors mezzanine has a USB to UART adapter for accessing the 96Boards UART console.

Features

  1. Low Speed Expansion connector
  2. USB UART console connector
  3. Reset and Power buttons
  4. 5V I2C Grove connectors
  5. 5V GPIO Grove connector
  6. 3.3V I2C Grove connectors
  7. 3.3V GPIO Grove connectors
  8. ATMEGA D3-D7 Grove connectors
  9. ATMEGA A0-A2 Grove connectors
  10. ATMEGA I2C Grove connector
  11. ATMEGA Arduino compatible socket
  12. ATMEGA Reset and Power LEDs

Back to top


Setting up the Sensors Mezzanine

Step 1: Install Debian Operating System

If you haven’t already, start with installing the latest Debian image on your 96Boards baseboard. You can find instructions for installing Debian in your baseboard’s user guide.

Installing Debian on the CircuitCo or LeMaker HiKey:

https://www.96boards.org/documentation/ConsumerEdition/HiKey/Installation/

Qualcomm Dragonboard 410C User Guide:

https://www.96boards.org/documentation/ConsumerEdition/DragonBoard-410c/Installation/

Step 2: Attach Sensors Adapter

STOP: Before continuing, make sure to intall the 4 mounting standoffs included in the kit onto the sensor mezzanine as shown in the picture below to prevent the electrical damage to the mezzanine and/or the 96Board:

Remove power and connect the sensors mezzanine to the baseboard. Use the 7mm standoffs included in this kit to keep the boards the correct distance apart.

WARNING: Make sure the expansion connector is correctly lined up before applying power. Connecting it incorrectly will short the +8-18V power supply rail directly to low voltage IO pins and will destroy your Sensors adapter. It may also damage your baseboard.

Step 3 Get a command prompt

Option 1: Connect a monitor, keyboard and mouse The 96Boards Debian images come with a desktop environment available for download (such as LXQt). It can be used as a normal Linux desktop computer if you attach a keyboard, mouse and monitor. Use the “Terminal” application to get a command prompt.

Option 2: Serial console The sensors board has a USB to Serial interface for connecting to the baseboard's serial console. Use a MicroUSB cable to connect the Sensors board to your computer and use your favourite console program at 115200 baud to get a command prompt. For example, using the ‘screen’ program on a Linux machine:

$ screen /dev/ttyUSB0 115200

Or on OSX:

$ screen /dev/tty.usbserial-08-15 115200

Option 3: Secure Shell After connecting to the network (see below), you can get a command prompt with SSH:

$ ssh linaro@<ip-address-of-board>
password: <password default is "linaro">

Step 4: Connect to the network

The examples in this guide require additional software to be installed. The board needs to be connected to the Internet to download and install the required packages.

IMPORTANT: Change the password with the ‘passwd’ command before connecting to the Internet Otherwise anyone will be able to ssh into your board using the default password.

$ passwd linaro
Enter new UNIX password: <enter new password>
Retype new UNIX password: <retype new password>

To connect to a wifi network, use the status bar Network icon in the desktop or use the “nmtui” command from the console.

$ nmtui # Will give you a list of available wifi networks

Step 5: Update Debian

Make sure all of the Debian packages are up to date before installing the packages required to use the Sensors Mezzanine. From a terminal window execute the following:

$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get dist-upgrade -u
Do you want to continue? [Y/n] y

Step 6: Install extra tool packages

To run these demos, we’ll install the Debian packages for the standard Linux development tools, the Python environment, and the Arduino toolchain. Then we'll install the MRAA and UPM packages from source.

$ sudo apt-get install arduino-mk arduino git build-essential autoconf libtool swig3.0 python-dev cmake pkg-config libpcre3-dev
$ sudo apt-get clean

Now let's install node and npm

sudo apt-get install curl
curl -sL https://deb.nodesource.com/setup_8.x | sudo bash -
sudo apt-get install nodejs

check to make sure installed

$ node -v
v8.9.1
$ npm -v
v5.5.1

Install I/O Libaries

For the purposes of these sample excercises, the user needs to install the following packages to build from source:

$ sudo apt-get install libsoc-dev
# Note: install libsoc prior to libmraa
$ sudo apt-get install libmraa-dev
# Note: install libmraa prior to libmupm
$ sudo apt-get install libupm-dev

There is a blog on the 96boards website entitled "How do you install 96BoardGPIO, libsoc and libmraa on a new image?" that goes into more detail on how to install them, but the below instructions should work. Also note there may be cases where it's required to update these libraries even if they are shown as being already installed.

Step 7: Configure the software

The last step is to install some configuration files so that the development tools know which devices to uses. Fetch the 96boards-tools package and install the provided configuration files:

$ sudo adduser linaro i2c # Allow the normal user to perform i2c operations
$ git clone https://github.com/96boards/96boards-tools
$ sudo cp 96boards-tools/70-96boards-common.rules /etc/udev/rules.d/
$ cat | sudo tee /etc/profile.d/96boards-sensors.sh << EOF
export JAVA_TOOL_OPTIONS="-Dgnu.io.rxtx.SerialPorts=/dev/tty96B0"
export MONITOR_PORT=/dev/tty96B0
export PYTHONPATH="$PYTHONPATH:/usr/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages"
EOF
$ sudo cp /etc/profile.d/96boards-sensors.sh /etc/X11/Xsession.d/96boardssensors

Now reboot the system to pick up all the changes

$ sudo reboot

Step 8: Fetch the sample code for projects in this guide

$ git clone https://github.com/96boards/Starter_Kit_for_96Boards


Using your Sensors Board

The Sensor mezzanine has connectors for several different types of IO. Some connectors are directly controlled by Linux on the baseboard, while others are controlled by the ATMEGA microcontroller. This section describes how to use the each of the IO connectors.

Using Baseboard I2C

96Boards defines two I2C busses named I2C0 and I2C1, and there are 2 Grove connectors for each I2C bus. On the sensors mezzanine, I2C0 is wired for 5V devices, and I2C1 is wired for 3.3V devices. When connecting an I2C module, you should check what voltage it requires and use the appropriate connector. I2C0 and I2C1 can be directly controlled from a Linux program. The MRAA library provides functions for performing I2C transactions. The Hello World example in this guide demonstrates how to use an I2C device with Linux.

Using Baseboard GPIO

96Boards defines 12 GPIO pins labeled A through L. The Sensors board connects GPIOs A & B to the “AB” Grove connector via a 5V level shifter. It also connects GPIOs E through L to Grove connectors EF, GH, IJ and KL via a 3.3V level shifter.

WARNING: The GPIO level shifters are designed for high-speed signals but have very little current drive capacity. Some Grove modules draw more current than the level shifter can supply and causes oscillation on the line. For example, the Grove LED module does not work correctly, but the Grove relay works fine. If you have trouble with a Grove module on a GPIO line, try controlling it from the microcontroller instead.

Linux GPIOs can be directly controlled from a Linux program. The MRAA library provides functions for performing GPIO transactions. GPIOs can also be controlled directly from the shell by manipulating files in the /sys/class/gpio directory.

Using ATMEGA IO

The five blue 0.1” Arduino shield connectors (P2-P6), and the 11 Grove connectors (D3-D7, A0- A2, and AI2C) are connected to the Atmel ATMEGA328P microcontroller. These connectors are not directly accessible from a Linux program. Instead, you can program the microcontroller with software to control the connectors and communicate with a Linux program via the serial port.

The microcontroller is compatible with the Arduino UNO. It can run Arduino sketches, be programmed with the Arduino tools, and can be used with Arduino shields. Everything that works with an Arduino board will work with the Sensors board, but there are a few things to be aware of.

Releasing ATMEGA from reset The ATMEGA reset signal is wired to the serial port RTS line. Avrdude (the ATMEGA programmer) toggles the RTS signal to reset the ATMEGA at various points in the programming cycle. However, it often leaves the ATMEGA in reset after programming is complete. Reset will be released when a program (ie. terminal emulator) opens the serial device, but it can also be manually controlled by using the following stty commands:

$ stty -F /dev/tty96B0 -hupcl # Release ATMEGA from reset
$ stty -F /dev/tty96B0 hupcl # Place ATMEGA into reset

Using Command Line Tools Often the easiest way to load an Arduino sketch into the ATMEGA is to use the command line. The following example will load and run the example Blink sketch using only the command line:

$ mkdir -p sketchbook/Blink
$ cd sketchbook/Blink
$ cp /usr/share/arduino/examples/01.Basics/Blink/Blink.ino .
$ ln -s /usr/share/arduino/Arduino.mk Makefile
$ make upload reset_stty # The reset_stty target releases reset

Once you execute the above command sequence you should see the led on the sensor mezzanine blinking on and off in 1 second intervals. You can now edit Blink.ino with your text editor of choice and modify the delay(1000) command, change it to delay(500) for example, rerun the make upload reset_stty command, and the led should blink twice as fast. If this is working, you are now ready to go through the excercises!

You can also use the “make monitor” command to connect the terminal to the serial port which will also release the ATMEGA from reset. The serial connection can be used as an IO channel between Linux and sketches running on the ATMEGA.

Back to top


Example Project - Hello World with the RGB LCD

This is an example of how to display text on the Grove RGB LCD module and change the color of the backlight. The example is written in C++, but could easily be implemented using Python or Java.

Step 1: Setup the Hardware

Connect the Groce RGB LCD to either of the I2C0 Grove connectors

Step 2: Write the Software

Save the following as rgb_lcd_demo.cpp in a working directory on your 96boards baseboard. This below source is also in the rgb_lcd_demo directory in this repo.

#include <string>
#include "upm/jhd1313m1.hpp"

#define I2C_BUS  0
#define RGB_WHT 0xff,0xff,0xff
#define RGB_RED 0xff,0x00,0x00
#define RGB_GRN 0x00,0xff,0x00
#define RGB_BLU 0x00,0x00,0xff
#define SLEEP_TIME 2

using namespace std;
upm::Jhd1313m1* lcd;

void display(string str1, string str2, int red, int green, int blue)
{
	lcd->clear();
	lcd->setColor(red, green, blue);
	lcd->setCursor(0,0); /* first row */
	lcd->write(str1);
	lcd->setCursor(1,2); /* second row */
	lcd->write(str2);
	sleep(SLEEP_TIME);
}

int main(int argc, char* argv[])
{
	string str1 = "96Boards!";
	string str2 = "Grove Sensors!";
	string str3 = "Linaro!";
	
	lcd = new upm::Jhd1313m1(I2C_BUS, 0x3e, 0x62);

	if ((argc >= 2) && (argv[1] != NULL))
		str1 = argv[1];
	if ((argc >= 3) && (argv[2] != NULL))
		str2 = argv[2];
	if ((argc >= 4) && (argv[3] != NULL))
		str3 = argv[3];

	while (true) {
		display(str1, "Red", RGB_RED);
		display(str2, "Green", RGB_GRN);
		display(str3, "Blue", RGB_BLU);
	}
	delete lcd;
	return 0;
}

Step 3: Make the Demo

Enter the following from the same directory the sample code is located.

$ g++ rgb_lcd_demo.cpp -o rgb_lcd_demo -g -Wall -lupm-i2clcd

OR

$ make

Step 4: Run the demo

$ ./rgb_lcd_demo

The LCD will show some sample messages and the backlight will cycle between red, blue and green.

Back to top


Example Project - Touch Sensor and Relay

Build a system that toggles a relay on and off when the touch sensor is tapped using Linux GPIO IO.

The pins on connectors G1 through G5 are connected to GPIO pins on the baseboard and can be directly controlled from Linux. In this project, the application reads the state of the touch sensor from GPIO-G on connector G3, and toggles the relay by driving GPIO-E on connector G2. Each time the touch sensors is tapped, the relay will toggle between on and off.

Step 1: Setup the Hardware

  • Attach the relay to G2
  • Attach the touch sensor to G3

Step 2: Write the Code

Save the following code also available in this repo as ./touch_switch/touch_switch.cpp:

#include <signal.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include "mraa.hpp"

bool running = true;
bool relay_state = false;
int last_touch;

void sig_handler(int signo)
{
    if (signo == SIGINT)
        running = false;
}
int main(int argc, char* argv[])
{
    mraa::Gpio* touch_gpio = new mraa::Gpio(29);
    mraa::Gpio* relay_gpio = new mraa::Gpio(27);
    mraa::Result response;
    int touch;

    signal(SIGINT, sig_handler);

    response = touch_gpio->dir(mraa::DIR_IN);
    if (response != mraa::SUCCESS)
        return 1;
    response = relay_gpio->dir(mraa::DIR_OUT);
    if (response != mraa::SUCCESS)
        return 1;
    
    relay_gpio->write(relay_state);

    while (running) {
        touch = touch_gpio->read();
        if (touch == 1 && last_touch == 0) {
            relay_state = !relay_state;
            response = relay_gpio->write(relay_state);
            usleep(100000);
        }
        last_touch = touch;
    }
    delete relay_gpio;
    delete touch_gpio;
    return response;
}

Step 3: Build and Run the Demo

Build the program

$ g++ touch_switch.cpp -o touch_switch -g -Wall -lmraa

OR

make

Run the demo

$ sudo ./touch_relay # Must be run as root to access GPIOs

When the program is run, the relay will switch between on and off each time you tap the touch sensor with your finger.

Reminder: Getting an error like this?

terminate called after throwing an instance of 'std::invalid_argument'
  what():  Invalid GPIO pin specified
Aborted

It's because you must be root to access the I/O! Don't forget the sudo when executing the program!

Back to top


Example Project - Drive a Button and LED from the microcontroller

This example shows how use the microcontroller read a button and control an LED. We will use the Arduino toolchain to program the microcontroller.

Step 1: Setup the Hardware

  • Attach the Grove Button to connector A0.
  • Attach the Grove LED to connector D3.

Step 2: Write the Code

Create a new directory and save the following program as "test_button_led.ino"

/*
 * Example using a button to control an LED
 * Copyright (c) 2016 Linaro Ltd.
 * SPDX-License-Identifier: BSD-2-Clause
 */
int led_pin = 3;
int button_pin = A0;

void setup()
{
    pinMode(led_pin, OUTPUT);
    pinMode(button_pin, INPUT);
}

bool last_button = false;
int led_state = 0;
void loop()
{
    bool button = digitalRead(button_pin);
    if (last_button != button)
    {
        if (button) {
            led_state = (led_state + 1) % 4;
            analogWrite(led_pin, led_state * 0x3f);
        }
        delay(100);
    }
    last_button = button;
} 

Add the Arduino.mk Makefile to the same directory

$ ln -s /usr/share/arduino/Arduino.mk Makefile

Step 3: Run the Demo

Build and execute the program

$ make upload reset_stty

Back to top


Example Project - Buzzer and Light Sensor

This example shows how to use the Grove light sensor and Grove buzzer. While the sensor detects light, the buzzer will remain silent. When dark, it will emit noise. In the example, the buzzer is connected to D4, and the light sensor to A0; but this can easily be changed by updating the variables buzzer and sensor to your prefered pins.

Step 1: Setup Hardware

  • Attach the light sensor to A0
  • Attach the buzzer to D4

Step 2: Write the Code

Create a new directory and save this file as “Grove_light_buzz.ino”.

//pins used for components
const int buzzer = 4;   // Arduino port pin PD4
const int sensor = A0;  // Arduino analog ping ADC0

//this is the threshold value for the light sensor
//to make the light sensor more sensitive, lower this value
int thresholdVal = 400;

void setup(){
    pinMode(sensor, INPUT); // set pin for button input
    pinMode(buzzer, OUTPUT); // set pin for buzzer output
}

void loop(){
    int sensorVal = analogRead(sensor);
    if (sensorVal < thresholdVal)
        digitalWrite(buzzer, HIGH);
    else
        digitalWrite(buzzer, LOW);
}

Step 3: Run the Demo

Add the Arduino.mk Makefile to the same directory and build and run the program from the command line.

$ ln -s /usr/share/arduino/Arduino.mk Makefile
$ make upload reset_stty

Back to top


Example Project - Temperature and Humidity Display

Build a temperature and humidity display. The microcontroller is used to read the data stream from the Digital Humidity and Temperature (DHT) sensor and it passes the raw data to Linux via the serial port. The Linux program displays the temperature and humidity readings on the LCD display.

Step 1: Setup the Hardware

  • Attach the RGB LCD to I2C0
  • Attach the temperature and humidity sensor to A0.

Step 2: Write the Code

Save the following code as read_dht.ino

#include "DHT.h"

DHT dht(A0, DHT11);

void setup()
{
    Serial.begin(9600);
    dht.begin();
}

void loop()
{
    float h = dht.readHumidity();
    float t = dht.readTemperature();

    // check if valid, if NaN (not a number) then something went wrong!
    if (isnan(t) || isnan(h)) {
        Serial.println("Failed to read from DHT");
        return;
}

    Serial.print("Humidity: ");
    Serial.print(h);
    Serial.print(" %\t");
    Serial.print("Temperature: ");
    Serial.print(t);
    Serial.println(" *C");
    delay(2000);
}

Next save the following code as display as “humid_temp.py”

import serial, pyupm_i2clcd
ard = serial.Serial('/dev/tty96B0', 9600)
lcd = pyupm_i2clcd.Jhd1313m1(0, 0x3e, 0x62)

def showTemp(humid, temp):
    lcd.clear()
    lcd.setCursor(0, 0)
    lcd.write(humid)
    lcd.setCursor(1, 0)
    lcd.write("Temp:" + temp + " C")
    lcd.setColor(255, 180, 180)

if __name__ == '__main__':
    print("Welcome to the Humidity & Temperature reader!!!")
    try:
        while True:
            ardOut = ard.readline()
            if ardOut.find("Humidity:") != -1:
                ardHumid = ardOut.split('Temperature')[0]
                ardTemp = ardOut.split('Temperature:')[1]
                showTemp(ardHumid,ardTemp)
    except KeyboardInterrupt:
        lcd.setColor(0,0,0)
        lcd.clear()
        print("CTRL-C!! Exiting...")

Create a Makefile with the following:

include /usr/share/arduino/Arduino.mk
run: upload
    python humid_temp.py

This example also utilises an additional library to control the DHT component. You’ll need to clone the following repository, then move the DHT files into your projects directory:

$ git clone https://github.com/Seeed-Studio/Grove_Temperature_And_Humidity_Sensor.git
$ cd Grove_Temperature_And_Humidity_Sensor/
$ mv DHT.* ../
$ cd ..

Step 2: Run the Demo

To run the program, type in the terminal:

$ PYTHONPATH=$PYTHONPATH:/usr/lib/aarch64-linux-gnu/python2.7/site-packages
$ make run

And to exit, use Ctrl + C

** Potential build errors / work-arounds**

  1. Build Error: ImportError: No module named pyupm_i2clcd Makefile:3: recipe for target 'run' failed

Fix: Need to add path to PYTHONPATH PYTHONPATH=$PYTHONPATH:/usr/lib/aarch64-linux-gnu/python2.7/site-packages

  1. Build Error File "/usr/lib/aarch64-linux-gnu/python2.7/site-packages/pyupm_i2clcd.py", line 985 SyntaxError: Non-ASCII character '\xc3' in file /usr/lib/aarch64-linux-gnu/python2.7/site-packages/pyupm_i2clcd.py on line 986, but no encoding declared; see http://python.org/dev/peps/pep-0263/ for details Makefile:3: recipe for target 'run' failed

Fix: Add # coding=utf-8 to first line of /usr/lib/aarch64-linux-gnu/python2.7/site-packages/pyupm_i2clcd.py and save

Back to top


Example Project - Tweeting Doorbell

In this project, You'll write an application in Python to take input from sensors and communicate on the Internet. This project creates a “tweeting” doorbell which sends a message out to twitter every time the button is pressed.

To send tweets from Python, we need to install an additional library. Use apt-get to install the “Tweepy” package:

$ sudo apt-get install python-tweepy

Step 1: Setup the Hardware

  • Connect the LED module to D3
  • Connect the Button module to D4
  • Connect the Buzzer module to D5
  • Connect the RGB LCD to I2C0

Step 2: Write the Code

This example requires some extra setup to communicate with Twitter. You will need to have a twitter account and obtain oauth details from https :// apps . twitter . com by creating an app. Put the oauth details into a file named keys.py:

consumer_key = “YourConsumerKey”
consumer_secret = “YourConsumerSecret”
access_token = “YourAccessToken”
access_token_secret = “YourAccessSecret”

Save the following code as tweeting_doorbell.ino:

const int buttonPin = 4;
const int ledPin = 3;
const int buzzerPin = 5;

void setup() {
    pinMode(buttonPin, INPUT);
    pinMode(ledPin, OUTPUT);
    pinMode(buzzerPin, OUTPUT);
    Serial.begin(115200);
    Serial.println("waiting");
}

void loop() {
    int pressed = digitalRead(buttonPin);
    if (pressed == 1) {
        digitalWrite(ledPin, HIGH);
        digitalWrite(buzzerPin, HIGH);
        Serial.println("tweet");
        delay(1000);
        digitalWrite(buzzerPin, LOW);
        digitalWrite(ledPin, LOW);
    }
}

Save the following code as tweeting_doorbell.py:

import tweepy, serial, datetime, time, keys, pyupm_i2clcd

auth = tweepy.OAuthHandler(keys.consumer_key,
keys.consumer_secret)
auth.set_access_token(keys.access_token,
keys.access_token_secret)

api = tweepy.API(auth)
ard = serial.Serial('/dev/tty96B0', 115200)
lcd = pyupm_i2clcd.Jhd1313m1(0, 0x3e, 0x62)

def tweet():
    lcd.clear()
    today = datetime.datetime.now()
    lcd.setCursor(0, 0)
    lcd.write("Ding Dong")
    lcd.setCursor(1, 0)
    lcd.write(today.strftime('%Y/%m/%d %H:%M:%S'))
    lcd.setColor(0, 255, 0)

    msg = '(Chatty Doorbell) Ding dong! Someone was at the door at %s' % \
        today.strftime('%d/%m/%Y %H:%M:%S')
    print(msg)
    api.update_status(msg)
    time.sleep(1)

    lcd.setColor(0,0,0)
    lcd.clear()

if __name__ == '__main__':
    lcd.clear()
    lcd.setColor(0, 0, 0)
    print("Welcome to the tweeting doorbell! To quit, press CTRL + C")
    try:
        while True:
            ardOut = ard.readline()
            if ardOut.find("tweet") != -1:
                tweet()
    except KeyboardInterrupt:
        print("CTRL-C!! Exiting...")

Finally, create a Makefile:

include /usr/share/arduino/Arduino.mk
run: upload
    python tweeting_doorbell.py

Step 3: Run the Demo

To run the program, type in terminal:

$ make run
Welcome to the tweeting doorbell! To quit, press CTRL + C
(Chatty Doorbell) Ding dong! Someone was at the door at 2016/02/13 00:55:08

And to exit, use CTRL + C

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Additional Resources

Design files

The UART adapter board is an entirely Open Hardware, designed using KiCad, and with all of the design files provided under a BSD license. The files can be found on GitHub:

https://github.com/96boards/96boards-sensors

More Example Core

There are many of examples of how to interface with sensors in the UPM package. Look in the examples/ subdirectory of the UPM repository for examples written in C++, Java, Javascript and Python.

https://github.com/intel-iot-devkit/upm

Example from other Kits

The examples listed in this section have not been thoroughly tested and may require changes to get to work with the 96Boards Sensors Mezzanine. They are included here for reference.

Seeed Studio Grove Starter Kit for Arduino http://www.seeedstudio.com/wiki/Grove_-_Starter_Kit_v3

Just about all of the examples in Seeed Studio’s Arduino starter kit will work with the 96Boards Sensor board. You can get the sketch demos from:

https://github.com/Seeed-Studio/Sketchbook_Starter_Kit_for_Arduino

Dexter Industries GrovePi+ Starter Kit

http://www.dexterindustries.com/grovepi

The GrovePi+ kit demonstrates how to use the I2C bus to communicate between the baseboard and the ATMEGA microcontroller. Many of the examples in the GrovePi+ kit will work on the Sensors mezzanine with only minor modifications.

Using the GrovePi+ examples with the Sensors board requires connecting the ATMEGA to the I2C0 bus. The Sensors board has two unpopulated resistor pads along the bottom edge of the board labelled R20 and R21. Use a soldering iron to put a blob of solder across the pads of R20, and another blob over the pads of R21. This will complete the I2C connection between the ATMEGA and the baseboard.

You can download the GrovePi+ example software from github:

http://github.com/Dexterlnd/GrovePi

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