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/*
* QEMU VNC display driver
*
* Copyright (C) 2006 Anthony Liguori <anthony@codemonkey.ws>
* Copyright (C) 2006 Fabrice Bellard
* Copyright (C) 2009 Red Hat, Inc
*
* Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
* of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
* in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
* to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
* copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
* furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
*
* The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
* all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
*
* THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
* IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
* FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL
* THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
* LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
* OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN
* THE SOFTWARE.
*/
#include "vnc.h"
#include "sysemu.h"
#include "qemu_socket.h"
#include "qemu-timer.h"
#include "acl.h"
#define VNC_REFRESH_INTERVAL (1000 / 30)
#include "vnc_keysym.h"
#include "d3des.h"
#define count_bits(c, v) { \
for (c = 0; v; v >>= 1) \
{ \
c += v & 1; \
} \
}
static VncDisplay *vnc_display; /* needed for info vnc */
static DisplayChangeListener *dcl;
static char *addr_to_string(const char *format,
struct sockaddr_storage *sa,
socklen_t salen) {
char *addr;
char host[NI_MAXHOST];
char serv[NI_MAXSERV];
int err;
size_t addrlen;
if ((err = getnameinfo((struct sockaddr *)sa, salen,
host, sizeof(host),
serv, sizeof(serv),
NI_NUMERICHOST | NI_NUMERICSERV)) != 0) {
VNC_DEBUG("Cannot resolve address %d: %s\n",
err, gai_strerror(err));
return NULL;
}
/* Enough for the existing format + the 2 vars we're
* substituting in. */
addrlen = strlen(format) + strlen(host) + strlen(serv);
addr = qemu_malloc(addrlen + 1);
snprintf(addr, addrlen, format, host, serv);
addr[addrlen] = '\0';
return addr;
}
char *vnc_socket_local_addr(const char *format, int fd) {
struct sockaddr_storage sa;
socklen_t salen;
salen = sizeof(sa);
if (getsockname(fd, (struct sockaddr*)&sa, &salen) < 0)
return NULL;
return addr_to_string(format, &sa, salen);
}
char *vnc_socket_remote_addr(const char *format, int fd) {
struct sockaddr_storage sa;
socklen_t salen;
salen = sizeof(sa);
if (getpeername(fd, (struct sockaddr*)&sa, &salen) < 0)
return NULL;
return addr_to_string(format, &sa, salen);
}
static const char *vnc_auth_name(VncDisplay *vd) {
switch (vd->auth) {
case VNC_AUTH_INVALID:
return "invalid";
case VNC_AUTH_NONE:
return "none";
case VNC_AUTH_VNC:
return "vnc";
case VNC_AUTH_RA2:
return "ra2";
case VNC_AUTH_RA2NE:
return "ra2ne";
case VNC_AUTH_TIGHT:
return "tight";
case VNC_AUTH_ULTRA:
return "ultra";
case VNC_AUTH_TLS:
return "tls";
case VNC_AUTH_VENCRYPT:
#ifdef CONFIG_VNC_TLS
switch (vd->subauth) {
case VNC_AUTH_VENCRYPT_PLAIN:
return "vencrypt+plain";
case VNC_AUTH_VENCRYPT_TLSNONE:
return "vencrypt+tls+none";
case VNC_AUTH_VENCRYPT_TLSVNC:
return "vencrypt+tls+vnc";
case VNC_AUTH_VENCRYPT_TLSPLAIN:
return "vencrypt+tls+plain";
case VNC_AUTH_VENCRYPT_X509NONE:
return "vencrypt+x509+none";
case VNC_AUTH_VENCRYPT_X509VNC:
return "vencrypt+x509+vnc";
case VNC_AUTH_VENCRYPT_X509PLAIN:
return "vencrypt+x509+plain";
case VNC_AUTH_VENCRYPT_TLSSASL:
return "vencrypt+tls+sasl";
case VNC_AUTH_VENCRYPT_X509SASL:
return "vencrypt+x509+sasl";
default:
return "vencrypt";
}
#else
return "vencrypt";
#endif
case VNC_AUTH_SASL:
return "sasl";
}
return "unknown";
}
static void do_info_vnc_client(Monitor *mon, VncState *client)
{
char *clientAddr =
vnc_socket_remote_addr(" address: %s:%s\n",
client->csock);
if (!clientAddr)
return;
monitor_printf(mon, "Client:\n");
monitor_printf(mon, "%s", clientAddr);
free(clientAddr);
#ifdef CONFIG_VNC_TLS
if (client->tls.session &&
client->tls.dname)
monitor_printf(mon, " x509 dname: %s\n", client->tls.dname);
else
monitor_printf(mon, " x509 dname: none\n");
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_VNC_SASL
if (client->sasl.conn &&
client->sasl.username)
monitor_printf(mon, " username: %s\n", client->sasl.username);
else
monitor_printf(mon, " username: none\n");
#endif
}
void do_info_vnc(Monitor *mon)
{
if (vnc_display == NULL || vnc_display->display == NULL) {
monitor_printf(mon, "Server: disabled\n");
} else {
char *serverAddr = vnc_socket_local_addr(" address: %s:%s\n",
vnc_display->lsock);
if (!serverAddr)
return;
monitor_printf(mon, "Server:\n");
monitor_printf(mon, "%s", serverAddr);
free(serverAddr);
monitor_printf(mon, " auth: %s\n", vnc_auth_name(vnc_display));
if (vnc_display->clients) {
VncState *client = vnc_display->clients;
while (client) {
do_info_vnc_client(mon, client);
client = client->next;
}
} else {
monitor_printf(mon, "Client: none\n");
}
}
}
static inline uint32_t vnc_has_feature(VncState *vs, int feature) {
return (vs->features & (1 << feature));
}
/* TODO
1) Get the queue working for IO.
2) there is some weirdness when using the -S option (the screen is grey
and not totally invalidated
3) resolutions > 1024
*/
static void vnc_update_client(void *opaque);
static void vnc_disconnect_start(VncState *vs);
static void vnc_disconnect_finish(VncState *vs);
static void vnc_colordepth(VncState *vs);
static inline void vnc_set_bit(uint32_t *d, int k)
{
d[k >> 5] |= 1 << (k & 0x1f);
}
static inline void vnc_clear_bit(uint32_t *d, int k)
{
d[k >> 5] &= ~(1 << (k & 0x1f));
}
static inline void vnc_set_bits(uint32_t *d, int n, int nb_words)
{
int j;
j = 0;
while (n >= 32) {
d[j++] = -1;
n -= 32;
}
if (n > 0)
d[j++] = (1 << n) - 1;
while (j < nb_words)
d[j++] = 0;
}
static inline int vnc_get_bit(const uint32_t *d, int k)
{
return (d[k >> 5] >> (k & 0x1f)) & 1;
}
static inline int vnc_and_bits(const uint32_t *d1, const uint32_t *d2,
int nb_words)
{
int i;
for(i = 0; i < nb_words; i++) {
if ((d1[i] & d2[i]) != 0)
return 1;
}
return 0;
}
static void vnc_update(VncState *vs, int x, int y, int w, int h)
{
struct VncSurface *s = &vs->guest;
int i;
h += y;
/* round x down to ensure the loop only spans one 16-pixel block per,
iteration. otherwise, if (x % 16) != 0, the last iteration may span
two 16-pixel blocks but we only mark the first as dirty
*/
w += (x % 16);
x -= (x % 16);
x = MIN(x, s->ds->width);
y = MIN(y, s->ds->height);
w = MIN(x + w, s->ds->width) - x;
h = MIN(h, s->ds->height);
for (; y < h; y++)
for (i = 0; i < w; i += 16)
vnc_set_bit(s->dirty[y], (x + i) / 16);
}
static void vnc_dpy_update(DisplayState *ds, int x, int y, int w, int h)
{
VncDisplay *vd = ds->opaque;
VncState *vs = vd->clients;
while (vs != NULL) {
vnc_update(vs, x, y, w, h);
vs = vs->next;
}
}
static void vnc_framebuffer_update(VncState *vs, int x, int y, int w, int h,
int32_t encoding)
{
vnc_write_u16(vs, x);
vnc_write_u16(vs, y);
vnc_write_u16(vs, w);
vnc_write_u16(vs, h);
vnc_write_s32(vs, encoding);
}
void buffer_reserve(Buffer *buffer, size_t len)
{
if ((buffer->capacity - buffer->offset) < len) {
buffer->capacity += (len + 1024);
buffer->buffer = qemu_realloc(buffer->buffer, buffer->capacity);
if (buffer->buffer == NULL) {
fprintf(stderr, "vnc: out of memory\n");
exit(1);
}
}
}
int buffer_empty(Buffer *buffer)
{
return buffer->offset == 0;
}
uint8_t *buffer_end(Buffer *buffer)
{
return buffer->buffer + buffer->offset;
}
void buffer_reset(Buffer *buffer)
{
buffer->offset = 0;
}
void buffer_append(Buffer *buffer, const void *data, size_t len)
{
memcpy(buffer->buffer + buffer->offset, data, len);
buffer->offset += len;
}
static void vnc_resize(VncState *vs)
{
DisplayState *ds = vs->ds;
int size_changed;
/* guest surface */
if (!vs->guest.ds)
vs->guest.ds = qemu_mallocz(sizeof(*vs->guest.ds));
if (ds_get_bytes_per_pixel(ds) != vs->guest.ds->pf.bytes_per_pixel)
console_color_init(ds);
vnc_colordepth(vs);
size_changed = ds_get_width(ds) != vs->guest.ds->width ||
ds_get_height(ds) != vs->guest.ds->height;
*(vs->guest.ds) = *(ds->surface);
if (size_changed) {
if (vs->csock != -1 && vnc_has_feature(vs, VNC_FEATURE_RESIZE)) {
vnc_write_u8(vs, 0); /* msg id */
vnc_write_u8(vs, 0);
vnc_write_u16(vs, 1); /* number of rects */
vnc_framebuffer_update(vs, 0, 0, ds_get_width(ds), ds_get_height(ds),
VNC_ENCODING_DESKTOPRESIZE);
vnc_flush(vs);
}
}
memset(vs->guest.dirty, 0xFF, sizeof(vs->guest.dirty));
/* server surface */
if (!vs->server.ds)
vs->server.ds = qemu_mallocz(sizeof(*vs->server.ds));
if (vs->server.ds->data)
qemu_free(vs->server.ds->data);
*(vs->server.ds) = *(ds->surface);
vs->server.ds->data = qemu_mallocz(vs->server.ds->linesize *
vs->server.ds->height);
memset(vs->server.dirty, 0xFF, sizeof(vs->guest.dirty));
}
static void vnc_dpy_resize(DisplayState *ds)
{
VncDisplay *vd = ds->opaque;
VncState *vs = vd->clients;
while (vs != NULL) {
vnc_resize(vs);
vs = vs->next;
}
}
/* fastest code */
static void vnc_write_pixels_copy(VncState *vs, void *pixels, int size)
{
vnc_write(vs, pixels, size);
}
/* slowest but generic code. */
static void vnc_convert_pixel(VncState *vs, uint8_t *buf, uint32_t v)
{
uint8_t r, g, b;
r = ((((v & vs->server.ds->pf.rmask) >> vs->server.ds->pf.rshift) << vs->clientds.pf.rbits) >>
vs->server.ds->pf.rbits);
g = ((((v & vs->server.ds->pf.gmask) >> vs->server.ds->pf.gshift) << vs->clientds.pf.gbits) >>
vs->server.ds->pf.gbits);
b = ((((v & vs->server.ds->pf.bmask) >> vs->server.ds->pf.bshift) << vs->clientds.pf.bbits) >>
vs->server.ds->pf.bbits);
v = (r << vs->clientds.pf.rshift) |
(g << vs->clientds.pf.gshift) |
(b << vs->clientds.pf.bshift);
switch(vs->clientds.pf.bytes_per_pixel) {
case 1:
buf[0] = v;
break;
case 2:
if (vs->clientds.flags & QEMU_BIG_ENDIAN_FLAG) {
buf[0] = v >> 8;
buf[1] = v;
} else {
buf[1] = v >> 8;
buf[0] = v;
}
break;
default:
case 4:
if (vs->clientds.flags & QEMU_BIG_ENDIAN_FLAG) {
buf[0] = v >> 24;
buf[1] = v >> 16;
buf[2] = v >> 8;
buf[3] = v;
} else {
buf[3] = v >> 24;
buf[2] = v >> 16;
buf[1] = v >> 8;
buf[0] = v;
}
break;
}
}
static void vnc_write_pixels_generic(VncState *vs, void *pixels1, int size)
{
uint8_t buf[4];
if (vs->server.ds->pf.bytes_per_pixel == 4) {
uint32_t *pixels = pixels1;
int n, i;
n = size >> 2;
for(i = 0; i < n; i++) {
vnc_convert_pixel(vs, buf, pixels[i]);
vnc_write(vs, buf, vs->clientds.pf.bytes_per_pixel);
}
} else if (vs->server.ds->pf.bytes_per_pixel == 2) {
uint16_t *pixels = pixels1;
int n, i;
n = size >> 1;
for(i = 0; i < n; i++) {
vnc_convert_pixel(vs, buf, pixels[i]);
vnc_write(vs, buf, vs->clientds.pf.bytes_per_pixel);
}
} else if (vs->server.ds->pf.bytes_per_pixel == 1) {
uint8_t *pixels = pixels1;
int n, i;
n = size;
for(i = 0; i < n; i++) {
vnc_convert_pixel(vs, buf, pixels[i]);
vnc_write(vs, buf, vs->clientds.pf.bytes_per_pixel);
}
} else {
fprintf(stderr, "vnc_write_pixels_generic: VncState color depth not supported\n");
}
}
static void send_framebuffer_update_raw(VncState *vs, int x, int y, int w, int h)
{
int i;
uint8_t *row;
row = vs->server.ds->data + y * ds_get_linesize(vs->ds) + x * ds_get_bytes_per_pixel(vs->ds);
for (i = 0; i < h; i++) {
vs->write_pixels(vs, row, w * ds_get_bytes_per_pixel(vs->ds));
row += ds_get_linesize(vs->ds);
}
}
static void hextile_enc_cord(uint8_t *ptr, int x, int y, int w, int h)
{
ptr[0] = ((x & 0x0F) << 4) | (y & 0x0F);
ptr[1] = (((w - 1) & 0x0F) << 4) | ((h - 1) & 0x0F);
}
#define BPP 8
#include "vnchextile.h"
#undef BPP
#define BPP 16
#include "vnchextile.h"
#undef BPP
#define BPP 32
#include "vnchextile.h"
#undef BPP
#define GENERIC
#define BPP 8
#include "vnchextile.h"
#undef BPP
#undef GENERIC
#define GENERIC
#define BPP 16
#include "vnchextile.h"
#undef BPP
#undef GENERIC
#define GENERIC
#define BPP 32
#include "vnchextile.h"
#undef BPP
#undef GENERIC
static void send_framebuffer_update_hextile(VncState *vs, int x, int y, int w, int h)
{
int i, j;
int has_fg, has_bg;
uint8_t *last_fg, *last_bg;
last_fg = (uint8_t *) qemu_malloc(vs->server.ds->pf.bytes_per_pixel);
last_bg = (uint8_t *) qemu_malloc(vs->server.ds->pf.bytes_per_pixel);
has_fg = has_bg = 0;
for (j = y; j < (y + h); j += 16) {
for (i = x; i < (x + w); i += 16) {
vs->send_hextile_tile(vs, i, j,
MIN(16, x + w - i), MIN(16, y + h - j),
last_bg, last_fg, &has_bg, &has_fg);
}
}
free(last_fg);
free(last_bg);
}
static void vnc_zlib_init(VncState *vs)
{
int i;
for (i=0; i<(sizeof(vs->zlib_stream) / sizeof(z_stream)); i++)
vs->zlib_stream[i].opaque = NULL;
}
static void vnc_zlib_start(VncState *vs)
{
buffer_reset(&vs->zlib);
// make the output buffer be the zlib buffer, so we can compress it later
vs->zlib_tmp = vs->output;
vs->output = vs->zlib;
}
static int vnc_zlib_stop(VncState *vs, int stream_id)
{
z_streamp zstream = &vs->zlib_stream[stream_id];
int previous_out;
// switch back to normal output/zlib buffers
vs->zlib = vs->output;
vs->output = vs->zlib_tmp;
// compress the zlib buffer
// initialize the stream
// XXX need one stream per session
if (zstream->opaque != vs) {
int err;
VNC_DEBUG("VNC: initializing zlib stream %d\n", stream_id);
VNC_DEBUG("VNC: opaque = %p | vs = %p\n", zstream->opaque, vs);
zstream->zalloc = Z_NULL;
zstream->zfree = Z_NULL;
err = deflateInit2(zstream, vs->tight_compression, Z_DEFLATED, MAX_WBITS,
MAX_MEM_LEVEL, Z_DEFAULT_STRATEGY);
if (err != Z_OK) {
fprintf(stderr, "VNC: error initializing zlib\n");
return -1;
}
zstream->opaque = vs;
}
// XXX what to do if tight_compression changed in between?
// reserve memory in output buffer
buffer_reserve(&vs->output, vs->zlib.offset + 64);
// set pointers
zstream->next_in = vs->zlib.buffer;
zstream->avail_in = vs->zlib.offset;
zstream->next_out = vs->output.buffer + vs->output.offset;
zstream->avail_out = vs->output.capacity - vs->output.offset;
zstream->data_type = Z_BINARY;
previous_out = zstream->total_out;
// start encoding
if (deflate(zstream, Z_SYNC_FLUSH) != Z_OK) {
fprintf(stderr, "VNC: error during zlib compression\n");
return -1;
}
vs->output.offset = vs->output.capacity - zstream->avail_out;
return zstream->total_out - previous_out;
}
static void send_framebuffer_update_zlib(VncState *vs, int x, int y, int w, int h)
{
int old_offset, new_offset, bytes_written;
vnc_framebuffer_update(vs, x, y, w, h, VNC_ENCODING_ZLIB);
// remember where we put in the follow-up size
old_offset = vs->output.offset;
vnc_write_s32(vs, 0);
// compress the stream
vnc_zlib_start(vs);
send_framebuffer_update_raw(vs, x, y, w, h);
bytes_written = vnc_zlib_stop(vs, 0);
if (bytes_written == -1)
return;
// hack in the size
new_offset = vs->output.offset;
vs->output.offset = old_offset;
vnc_write_u32(vs, bytes_written);
vs->output.offset = new_offset;
}
static void send_framebuffer_update(VncState *vs, int x, int y, int w, int h)
{
switch(vs->vnc_encoding) {
case VNC_ENCODING_ZLIB:
send_framebuffer_update_zlib(vs, x, y, w, h);
break;
case VNC_ENCODING_HEXTILE:
vnc_framebuffer_update(vs, x, y, w, h, VNC_ENCODING_HEXTILE);
send_framebuffer_update_hextile(vs, x, y, w, h);
break;
default:
vnc_framebuffer_update(vs, x, y, w, h, VNC_ENCODING_RAW);
send_framebuffer_update_raw(vs, x, y, w, h);
break;
}
}
static void vnc_copy(VncState *vs, int src_x, int src_y, int dst_x, int dst_y, int w, int h)
{
vnc_write_u8(vs, 0); /* msg id */
vnc_write_u8(vs, 0);
vnc_write_u16(vs, 1); /* number of rects */
vnc_framebuffer_update(vs, dst_x, dst_y, w, h, VNC_ENCODING_COPYRECT);
vnc_write_u16(vs, src_x);
vnc_write_u16(vs, src_y);
vnc_flush(vs);
}
static void vnc_dpy_copy(DisplayState *ds, int src_x, int src_y, int dst_x, int dst_y, int w, int h)
{
VncDisplay *vd = ds->opaque;
VncState *vs, *vn;
for (vs = vd->clients; vs != NULL; vs = vn) {
vn = vs->next;
if (vnc_has_feature(vs, VNC_FEATURE_COPYRECT)) {
vs->force_update = 1;
vnc_update_client(vs);
/* vs might be free()ed here */
}
}
for (vs = vd->clients; vs != NULL; vs = vs->next) {
if (vnc_has_feature(vs, VNC_FEATURE_COPYRECT))
vnc_copy(vs, src_x, src_y, dst_x, dst_y, w, h);
else /* TODO */
vnc_update(vs, dst_x, dst_y, w, h);
}
}
static int find_and_clear_dirty_height(struct VncSurface *s,
int y, int last_x, int x)
{
int h;
for (h = 1; h < (s->ds->height - y); h++) {
int tmp_x;
if (!vnc_get_bit(s->dirty[y + h], last_x))
break;
for (tmp_x = last_x; tmp_x < x; tmp_x++)
vnc_clear_bit(s->dirty[y + h], tmp_x);
}
return h;
}
static void vnc_update_client(void *opaque)
{
VncState *vs = opaque;
if (vs->need_update && vs->csock != -1) {
int y;
uint8_t *guest_row;
uint8_t *server_row;
int cmp_bytes;
uint32_t width_mask[VNC_DIRTY_WORDS];
int n_rectangles;
int saved_offset;
int has_dirty = 0;
if (vs->output.offset && !vs->audio_cap && !vs->force_update) {
/* kernel send buffers are full -> drop frames to throttle */
qemu_mod_timer(vs->timer, qemu_get_clock_ms(rt_clock) + VNC_REFRESH_INTERVAL);
return;
}
vga_hw_update();
/*
* Walk through the guest dirty map.
* Check and copy modified bits from guest to server surface.
* Update server dirty map.
*/
vnc_set_bits(width_mask, (ds_get_width(vs->ds) / 16), VNC_DIRTY_WORDS);
cmp_bytes = 16 * ds_get_bytes_per_pixel(vs->ds);
guest_row = vs->guest.ds->data;
server_row = vs->server.ds->data;
for (y = 0; y < vs->guest.ds->height; y++) {
if (vnc_and_bits(vs->guest.dirty[y], width_mask, VNC_DIRTY_WORDS)) {
int x;
uint8_t *guest_ptr;
uint8_t *server_ptr;
guest_ptr = guest_row;
server_ptr = server_row;
for (x = 0; x < vs->guest.ds->width;
x += 16, guest_ptr += cmp_bytes, server_ptr += cmp_bytes) {
if (!vnc_get_bit(vs->guest.dirty[y], (x / 16)))
continue;
vnc_clear_bit(vs->guest.dirty[y], (x / 16));
if (memcmp(server_ptr, guest_ptr, cmp_bytes) == 0)
continue;
memcpy(server_ptr, guest_ptr, cmp_bytes);
vnc_set_bit(vs->server.dirty[y], (x / 16));
has_dirty++;
}
}
guest_row += ds_get_linesize(vs->ds);
server_row += ds_get_linesize(vs->ds);
}
if (!has_dirty && !vs->audio_cap && !vs->force_update) {
qemu_mod_timer(vs->timer, qemu_get_clock_ms(rt_clock) + VNC_REFRESH_INTERVAL);
return;
}
/*
* Send screen updates to the vnc client using the server
* surface and server dirty map. guest surface updates
* happening in parallel don't disturb us, the next pass will
* send them to the client.
*/
n_rectangles = 0;
vnc_write_u8(vs, 0); /* msg id */
vnc_write_u8(vs, 0);
saved_offset = vs->output.offset;
vnc_write_u16(vs, 0);
for (y = 0; y < vs->server.ds->height; y++) {
int x;
int last_x = -1;
for (x = 0; x < vs->server.ds->width / 16; x++) {
if (vnc_get_bit(vs->server.dirty[y], x)) {
if (last_x == -1) {
last_x = x;
}
vnc_clear_bit(vs->server.dirty[y], x);
} else {
if (last_x != -1) {
int h = find_and_clear_dirty_height(&vs->server, y, last_x, x);
send_framebuffer_update(vs, last_x * 16, y, (x - last_x) * 16, h);
n_rectangles++;
}
last_x = -1;
}
}
if (last_x != -1) {
int h = find_and_clear_dirty_height(&vs->server, y, last_x, x);
send_framebuffer_update(vs, last_x * 16, y, (x - last_x) * 16, h);
n_rectangles++;
}
}
vs->output.buffer[saved_offset] = (n_rectangles >> 8) & 0xFF;
vs->output.buffer[saved_offset + 1] = n_rectangles & 0xFF;
vnc_flush(vs);
vs->force_update = 0;
}
if (vs->csock != -1) {
qemu_mod_timer(vs->timer, qemu_get_clock_ms(rt_clock) + VNC_REFRESH_INTERVAL);
} else {
vnc_disconnect_finish(vs);
}
}
/* audio */
static void audio_capture_notify(void *opaque, audcnotification_e cmd)
{
VncState *vs = opaque;
switch (cmd) {
case AUD_CNOTIFY_DISABLE:
vnc_write_u8(vs, 255);
vnc_write_u8(vs, 1);
vnc_write_u16(vs, 0);
vnc_flush(vs);
break;
case AUD_CNOTIFY_ENABLE:
vnc_write_u8(vs, 255);
vnc_write_u8(vs, 1);
vnc_write_u16(vs, 1);
vnc_flush(vs);
break;
}
}
static void audio_capture_destroy(void *opaque)
{
}
static void audio_capture(void *opaque, void *buf, int size)
{
VncState *vs = opaque;
vnc_write_u8(vs, 255);
vnc_write_u8(vs, 1);
vnc_write_u16(vs, 2);
vnc_write_u32(vs, size);
vnc_write(vs, buf, size);
vnc_flush(vs);
}
static void audio_add(VncState *vs)
{
Monitor *mon = cur_mon;
struct audio_capture_ops ops;
if (vs->audio_cap) {
monitor_printf(mon, "audio already running\n");
return;
}
ops.notify = audio_capture_notify;
ops.destroy = audio_capture_destroy;
ops.capture = audio_capture;
vs->audio_cap = AUD_add_capture(&vs->as, &ops, vs);
if (!vs->audio_cap) {
monitor_printf(mon, "Failed to add audio capture\n");
}
}
static void audio_del(VncState *vs)
{
if (vs->audio_cap) {
AUD_del_capture(vs->audio_cap, vs);
vs->audio_cap = NULL;
}
}
static void vnc_disconnect_start(VncState *vs)
{
if (vs->csock == -1)
return;
qemu_set_fd_handler2(vs->csock, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL);
closesocket(vs->csock);
vs->csock = -1;
}
static void vnc_disconnect_finish(VncState *vs)
{
qemu_del_timer(vs->timer);
qemu_free_timer(vs->timer);
if (vs->input.buffer) qemu_free(vs->input.buffer);
if (vs->output.buffer) qemu_free(vs->output.buffer);
#ifdef CONFIG_VNC_TLS
vnc_tls_client_cleanup(vs);
#endif /* CONFIG_VNC_TLS */
#ifdef CONFIG_VNC_SASL
vnc_sasl_client_cleanup(vs);
#endif /* CONFIG_VNC_SASL */
audio_del(vs);
VncState *p, *parent = NULL;
for (p = vs->vd->clients; p != NULL; p = p->next) {
if (p == vs) {
if (parent)
parent->next = p->next;
else
vs->vd->clients = p->next;
break;
}
parent = p;
}
if (!vs->vd->clients)
dcl->idle = 1;
qemu_free(vs->server.ds->data);
qemu_free(vs->server.ds);
qemu_free(vs->guest.ds);
qemu_free(vs);
}
int vnc_client_io_error(VncState *vs, int ret, int last_errno)
{
if (ret == 0 || ret == -1) {
if (ret == -1) {
switch (last_errno) {
case EINTR:
case EAGAIN:
#ifdef _WIN32
case WSAEWOULDBLOCK:
#endif
return 0;
default:
break;
}
}
VNC_DEBUG("Closing down client sock: ret %d, errno %d\n",
ret, ret < 0 ? last_errno : 0);
vnc_disconnect_start(vs);
return 0;
}
return ret;
}
void vnc_client_error(VncState *vs)
{
VNC_DEBUG("Closing down client sock: protocol error\n");
vnc_disconnect_start(vs);
}
/*
* Called to write a chunk of data to the client socket. The data may
* be the raw data, or may have already been encoded by SASL.
* The data will be written either straight onto the socket, or
* written via the GNUTLS wrappers, if TLS/SSL encryption is enabled
*
* NB, it is theoretically possible to have 2 layers of encryption,
* both SASL, and this TLS layer. It is highly unlikely in practice
* though, since SASL encryption will typically be a no-op if TLS
* is active
*
* Returns the number of bytes written, which may be less than
* the requested 'datalen' if the socket would block. Returns
* -1 on error, and disconnects the client socket.
*/
long vnc_client_write_buf(VncState *vs, const uint8_t *data, size_t datalen)
{
long ret;
#ifdef CONFIG_VNC_TLS
if (vs->tls.session) {
ret = gnutls_write(vs->tls.session, data, datalen);
if (ret < 0) {
if (ret == GNUTLS_E_AGAIN)
errno = EAGAIN;
else
errno = EIO;
ret = -1;
}
} else
#endif /* CONFIG_VNC_TLS */
ret = send(vs->csock, (const void *)data, datalen, 0);
VNC_DEBUG("Wrote wire %p %zd -> %ld\n", data, datalen, ret);
return vnc_client_io_error(vs, ret, socket_error());
}
/*
* Called to write buffered data to the client socket, when not
* using any SASL SSF encryption layers. Will write as much data
* as possible without blocking. If all buffered data is written,
* will switch the FD poll() handler back to read monitoring.
*
* Returns the number of bytes written, which may be less than
* the buffered output data if the socket would block. Returns
* -1 on error, and disconnects the client socket.
*/
static long vnc_client_write_plain(VncState *vs)
{
long ret;
#ifdef CONFIG_VNC_SASL
VNC_DEBUG("Write Plain: Pending output %p size %zd offset %zd. Wait SSF %d\n",
vs->output.buffer, vs->output.capacity, vs->output.offset,
vs->sasl.waitWriteSSF);
if (vs->sasl.conn &&
vs->sasl.runSSF &&
vs->sasl.waitWriteSSF) {
ret = vnc_client_write_buf(vs, vs->output.buffer, vs->sasl.waitWriteSSF);
if (ret)
vs->sasl.waitWriteSSF -= ret;
} else
#endif /* CONFIG_VNC_SASL */
ret = vnc_client_write_buf(vs, vs->output.buffer, vs->output.offset);
if (!ret)
return 0;
memmove(vs->output.buffer, vs->output.buffer + ret, (vs->output.offset - ret));
vs->output.offset -= ret;
if (vs->output.offset == 0) {
qemu_set_fd_handler2(vs->csock, NULL, vnc_client_read, NULL, vs);
}
return ret;
}
/*
* First function called whenever there is data to be written to
* the client socket. Will delegate actual work according to whether
* SASL SSF layers are enabled (thus requiring encryption calls)
*/
void vnc_client_write(void *opaque)
{
long ret;
VncState *vs = opaque;
#ifdef CONFIG_VNC_SASL
if (vs->sasl.conn &&
vs->sasl.runSSF &&
!vs->sasl.waitWriteSSF)
ret = vnc_client_write_sasl(vs);
else
#endif /* CONFIG_VNC_SASL */
ret = vnc_client_write_plain(vs);
}
void vnc_read_when(VncState *vs, VncReadEvent *func, size_t expecting)
{
vs->read_handler = func;
vs->read_handler_expect = expecting;
}
/*
* Called to read a chunk of data from the client socket. The data may
* be the raw data, or may need to be further decoded by SASL.
* The data will be read either straight from to the socket, or
* read via the GNUTLS wrappers, if TLS/SSL encryption is enabled
*
* NB, it is theoretically possible to have 2 layers of encryption,
* both SASL, and this TLS layer. It is highly unlikely in practice
* though, since SASL encryption will typically be a no-op if TLS
* is active
*
* Returns the number of bytes read, which may be less than
* the requested 'datalen' if the socket would block. Returns
* -1 on error, and disconnects the client socket.
*/
long vnc_client_read_buf(VncState *vs, uint8_t *data, size_t datalen)
{
long ret;
#ifdef CONFIG_VNC_TLS
if (vs->tls.session) {
ret = gnutls_read(vs->tls.session, data, datalen);
if (ret < 0) {
if (ret == GNUTLS_E_AGAIN)
errno = EAGAIN;
else
errno = EIO;
ret = -1;
}
} else
#endif /* CONFIG_VNC_TLS */
ret = recv(vs->csock, (void *)data, datalen, 0);
VNC_DEBUG("Read wire %p %zd -> %ld\n", data, datalen, ret);
return vnc_client_io_error(vs, ret, socket_error());
}
/*
* Called to read data from the client socket to the input buffer,
* when not using any SASL SSF encryption layers. Will read as much
* data as possible without blocking.
*
* Returns the number of bytes read. Returns -1 on error, and
* disconnects the client socket.
*/
static long vnc_client_read_plain(VncState *vs)
{
int ret;
VNC_DEBUG("Read plain %p size %zd offset %zd\n",
vs->input.buffer, vs->input.capacity, vs->input.offset);
buffer_reserve(&vs->input, 4096);
ret = vnc_client_read_buf(vs, buffer_end(&vs->input), 4096);
if (!ret)
return 0;
vs->input.offset += ret;
return ret;
}
/*
* First function called whenever there is more data to be read from
* the client socket. Will delegate actual work according to whether
* SASL SSF layers are enabled (thus requiring decryption calls)
*/
void vnc_client_read(void *opaque)
{
VncState *vs = opaque;
long ret;
#ifdef CONFIG_VNC_SASL
if (vs->sasl.conn && vs->sasl.runSSF)
ret = vnc_client_read_sasl(vs);
else
#endif /* CONFIG_VNC_SASL */
ret = vnc_client_read_plain(vs);
if (!ret) {
if (vs->csock == -1)
vnc_disconnect_finish(vs);
return;
}
while (vs->read_handler && vs->input.offset >= vs->read_handler_expect) {
size_t len = vs->read_handler_expect;
int ret;
ret = vs->read_handler(vs, vs->input.buffer, len);
if (vs->csock == -1) {
vnc_disconnect_finish(vs);
return;
}
if (!ret) {
memmove(vs->input.buffer, vs->input.buffer + len, (vs->input.offset - len));
vs->input.offset -= len;
} else {
vs->read_handler_expect = ret;
}
}
}
void vnc_write(VncState *vs, const void *data, size_t len)
{
buffer_reserve(&vs->output, len);
if (vs->csock != -1 && buffer_empty(&vs->output)) {
qemu_set_fd_handler2(vs->csock, NULL, vnc_client_read, vnc_client_write, vs);
}
buffer_append(&vs->output, data, len);
}
void vnc_write_s32(VncState *vs, int32_t value)
{
vnc_write_u32(vs, *(uint32_t *)&value);
}
void vnc_write_u32(VncState *vs, uint32_t value)
{
uint8_t buf[4];
buf[0] = (value >> 24) & 0xFF;
buf[1] = (value >> 16) & 0xFF;
buf[2] = (value >> 8) & 0xFF;
buf[3] = value & 0xFF;
vnc_write(vs, buf, 4);
}
void vnc_write_u16(VncState *vs, uint16_t value)
{
uint8_t buf[2];
buf[0] = (value >> 8) & 0xFF;
buf[1] = value & 0xFF;
vnc_write(vs, buf, 2);
}
void vnc_write_u8(VncState *vs, uint8_t value)
{
vnc_write(vs, (char *)&value, 1);
}
void vnc_flush(VncState *vs)
{
if (vs->csock != -1 && vs->output.offset)
vnc_client_write(vs);
}
uint8_t read_u8(uint8_t *data, size_t offset)
{
return data[offset];
}
uint16_t read_u16(uint8_t *data, size_t offset)
{
return ((data[offset] & 0xFF) << 8) | (data[offset + 1] & 0xFF);
}
int32_t read_s32(uint8_t *data, size_t offset)
{
return (int32_t)((data[offset] << 24) | (data[offset + 1] << 16) |
(data[offset + 2] << 8) | data[offset + 3]);
}
uint32_t read_u32(uint8_t *data, size_t offset)
{
return ((data[offset] << 24) | (data[offset + 1] << 16) |
(data[offset + 2] << 8) | data[offset + 3]);
}
static void client_cut_text(VncState *vs, size_t len, uint8_t *text)
{
}
static void check_pointer_type_change(VncState *vs, int absolute)
{
if (vnc_has_feature(vs, VNC_FEATURE_POINTER_TYPE_CHANGE) && vs->absolute != absolute) {
vnc_write_u8(vs, 0);
vnc_write_u8(vs, 0);
vnc_write_u16(vs, 1);
vnc_framebuffer_update(vs, absolute, 0,
ds_get_width(vs->ds), ds_get_height(vs->ds),
VNC_ENCODING_POINTER_TYPE_CHANGE);
vnc_flush(vs);
}
vs->absolute = absolute;
}
static void pointer_event(VncState *vs, int button_mask, int x, int y)
{
int buttons = 0;
int dz = 0;
if (button_mask & 0x01)
buttons |= MOUSE_EVENT_LBUTTON;
if (button_mask & 0x02)
buttons |= MOUSE_EVENT_MBUTTON;
if (button_mask & 0x04)
buttons |= MOUSE_EVENT_RBUTTON;
if (button_mask & 0x08)
dz = -1;
if (button_mask & 0x10)
dz = 1;
if (vs->absolute) {
kbd_mouse_event(x * 0x7FFF / (ds_get_width(vs->ds) - 1),
y * 0x7FFF / (ds_get_height(vs->ds) - 1),
dz, buttons);
} else if (vnc_has_feature(vs, VNC_FEATURE_POINTER_TYPE_CHANGE)) {
x -= 0x7FFF;
y -= 0x7FFF;
kbd_mouse_event(x, y, dz, buttons);
} else {
if (vs->last_x != -1)
kbd_mouse_event(x - vs->last_x,
y - vs->last_y,
dz, buttons);
vs->last_x = x;
vs->last_y = y;
}
check_pointer_type_change(vs, kbd_mouse_is_absolute());
}
static void reset_keys(VncState *vs)
{
int i;
for(i = 0; i < 256; i++) {
if (vs->modifiers_state[i]) {
if (i & 0x80)
kbd_put_keycode(0xe0);
kbd_put_keycode(i | 0x80);
vs->modifiers_state[i] = 0;
}
}
}
static void press_key(VncState *vs, int keysym)
{
kbd_put_keycode(keysym2scancode(vs->vd->kbd_layout, keysym) & 0x7f);
kbd_put_keycode(keysym2scancode(vs->vd->kbd_layout, keysym) | 0x80);
}
static void do_key_event(VncState *vs, int down, int keycode, int sym)
{
/* QEMU console switch */
switch(keycode) {
case 0x2a: /* Left Shift */
case 0x36: /* Right Shift */
case 0x1d: /* Left CTRL */
case 0x9d: /* Right CTRL */
case 0x38: /* Left ALT */
case 0xb8: /* Right ALT */
if (down)
vs->modifiers_state[keycode] = 1;
else
vs->modifiers_state[keycode] = 0;
break;
case 0x02 ... 0x0a: /* '1' to '9' keys */
if (down && vs->modifiers_state[0x1d] && vs->modifiers_state[0x38]) {
/* Reset the modifiers sent to the current console */
reset_keys(vs);
console_select(keycode - 0x02);
return;
}
break;
case 0x3a: /* CapsLock */
case 0x45: /* NumLock */
if (!down)
vs->modifiers_state[keycode] ^= 1;
break;
}
if (keycode_is_keypad(vs->vd->kbd_layout, keycode)) {
/* If the numlock state needs to change then simulate an additional
keypress before sending this one. This will happen if the user
toggles numlock away from the VNC window.
*/
if (keysym_is_numlock(vs->vd->kbd_layout, sym & 0xFFFF)) {
if (!vs->modifiers_state[0x45]) {
vs->modifiers_state[0x45] = 1;
press_key(vs, 0xff7f);
}
} else {
if (vs->modifiers_state[0x45]) {
vs->modifiers_state[0x45] = 0;
press_key(vs, 0xff7f);
}
}
}
if (is_graphic_console()) {
if (keycode & 0x80)
kbd_put_keycode(0xe0);
if (down)
kbd_put_keycode(keycode & 0x7f);
else
kbd_put_keycode(keycode | 0x80);
} else {
/* QEMU console emulation */
if (down) {
int numlock = vs->modifiers_state[0x45];
switch (keycode) {
case 0x2a: /* Left Shift */
case 0x36: /* Right Shift */
case 0x1d: /* Left CTRL */
case 0x9d: /* Right CTRL */
case 0x38: /* Left ALT */
case 0xb8: /* Right ALT */
break;
case 0xc8:
kbd_put_keysym(QEMU_KEY_UP);
break;
case 0xd0:
kbd_put_keysym(QEMU_KEY_DOWN);
break;
case 0xcb:
kbd_put_keysym(QEMU_KEY_LEFT);
break;
case 0xcd:
kbd_put_keysym(QEMU_KEY_RIGHT);
break;
case 0xd3:
kbd_put_keysym(QEMU_KEY_DELETE);
break;
case 0xc7:
kbd_put_keysym(QEMU_KEY_HOME);
break;
case 0xcf:
kbd_put_keysym(QEMU_KEY_END);
break;
case 0xc9:
kbd_put_keysym(QEMU_KEY_PAGEUP);
break;
case 0xd1:
kbd_put_keysym(QEMU_KEY_PAGEDOWN);
break;
case 0x47:
kbd_put_keysym(numlock ? '7' : QEMU_KEY_HOME);
break;
case 0x48:
kbd_put_keysym(numlock ? '8' : QEMU_KEY_UP);
break;
case 0x49:
kbd_put_keysym(numlock ? '9' : QEMU_KEY_PAGEUP);
break;
case 0x4b:
kbd_put_keysym(numlock ? '4' : QEMU_KEY_LEFT);
break;
case 0x4c:
kbd_put_keysym('5');
break;
case 0x4d:
kbd_put_keysym(numlock ? '6' : QEMU_KEY_RIGHT);
break;
case 0x4f:
kbd_put_keysym(numlock ? '1' : QEMU_KEY_END);
break;
case 0x50:
kbd_put_keysym(numlock ? '2' : QEMU_KEY_DOWN);
break;
case 0x51:
kbd_put_keysym(numlock ? '3' : QEMU_KEY_PAGEDOWN);
break;
case 0x52:
kbd_put_keysym('0');
break;
case 0x53:
kbd_put_keysym(numlock ? '.' : QEMU_KEY_DELETE);
break;
case 0xb5:
kbd_put_keysym('/');
break;
case 0x37:
kbd_put_keysym('*');
break;
case 0x4a:
kbd_put_keysym('-');
break;
case 0x4e:
kbd_put_keysym('+');
break;
case 0x9c:
kbd_put_keysym('\n');
break;
default:
kbd_put_keysym(sym);
break;
}
}
}
}
static void key_event(VncState *vs, int down, uint32_t sym)
{
int keycode;
if (sym >= 'A' && sym <= 'Z' && is_graphic_console())
sym = sym - 'A' + 'a';
keycode = keysym2scancode(vs->vd->kbd_layout, sym & 0xFFFF);
do_key_event(vs, down, keycode, sym);
}
static void ext_key_event(VncState *vs, int down,
uint32_t sym, uint16_t keycode)
{
/* if the user specifies a keyboard layout, always use it */
if (keyboard_layout)
key_event(vs, down, sym);
else
do_key_event(vs, down, keycode, sym);
}
static void framebuffer_update_request(VncState *vs, int incremental,
int x_position, int y_position,
int w, int h)
{
if (x_position > ds_get_width(vs->ds))
x_position = ds_get_width(vs->ds);
if (y_position > ds_get_height(vs->ds))
y_position = ds_get_height(vs->ds);
if (x_position + w >= ds_get_width(vs->ds))
w = ds_get_width(vs->ds) - x_position;
if (y_position + h >= ds_get_height(vs->ds))
h = ds_get_height(vs->ds) - y_position;
int i;
vs->need_update = 1;
if (!incremental) {
vs->force_update = 1;
for (i = 0; i < h; i++) {
vnc_set_bits(vs->guest.dirty[y_position + i],
(ds_get_width(vs->ds) / 16), VNC_DIRTY_WORDS);
vnc_set_bits(vs->server.dirty[y_position + i],
(ds_get_width(vs->ds) / 16), VNC_DIRTY_WORDS);
}
}
}
static void send_ext_key_event_ack(VncState *vs)
{
vnc_write_u8(vs, 0);
vnc_write_u8(vs, 0);
vnc_write_u16(vs, 1);
vnc_framebuffer_update(vs, 0, 0, ds_get_width(vs->ds), ds_get_height(vs->ds),
VNC_ENCODING_EXT_KEY_EVENT);
vnc_flush(vs);
}
static void send_ext_audio_ack(VncState *vs)
{
vnc_write_u8(vs, 0);
vnc_write_u8(vs, 0);
vnc_write_u16(vs, 1);
vnc_framebuffer_update(vs, 0, 0, ds_get_width(vs->ds), ds_get_height(vs->ds),
VNC_ENCODING_AUDIO);
vnc_flush(vs);
}
static void set_encodings(VncState *vs, int32_t *encodings, size_t n_encodings)
{
int i;
unsigned int enc = 0;
vnc_zlib_init(vs);
vs->features = 0;
vs->vnc_encoding = 0;
vs->tight_compression = 9;
vs->tight_quality = 9;
vs->absolute = -1;
for (i = n_encodings - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
enc = encodings[i];
switch (enc) {
case VNC_ENCODING_RAW:
vs->vnc_encoding = enc;
break;
case VNC_ENCODING_COPYRECT:
vs->features |= VNC_FEATURE_COPYRECT_MASK;
break;
case VNC_ENCODING_HEXTILE:
vs->features |= VNC_FEATURE_HEXTILE_MASK;
vs->vnc_encoding = enc;
break;
case VNC_ENCODING_ZLIB:
vs->features |= VNC_FEATURE_ZLIB_MASK;
vs->vnc_encoding = enc;
break;
case VNC_ENCODING_DESKTOPRESIZE:
vs->features |= VNC_FEATURE_RESIZE_MASK;
break;
case VNC_ENCODING_POINTER_TYPE_CHANGE:
vs->features |= VNC_FEATURE_POINTER_TYPE_CHANGE_MASK;
break;
case VNC_ENCODING_EXT_KEY_EVENT:
send_ext_key_event_ack(vs);
break;
case VNC_ENCODING_AUDIO:
send_ext_audio_ack(vs);
break;
case VNC_ENCODING_WMVi:
vs->features |= VNC_FEATURE_WMVI_MASK;
break;
case VNC_ENCODING_COMPRESSLEVEL0 ... VNC_ENCODING_COMPRESSLEVEL0 + 9:
vs->tight_compression = (enc & 0x0F);
break;
case VNC_ENCODING_QUALITYLEVEL0 ... VNC_ENCODING_QUALITYLEVEL0 + 9:
vs->tight_quality = (enc & 0x0F);
break;
default:
VNC_DEBUG("Unknown encoding: %d (0x%.8x): %d\n", i, enc, enc);
break;
}
}
check_pointer_type_change(vs, kbd_mouse_is_absolute());
}
static void set_pixel_conversion(VncState *vs)
{
if ((vs->clientds.flags & QEMU_BIG_ENDIAN_FLAG) ==
(vs->ds->surface->flags & QEMU_BIG_ENDIAN_FLAG) &&
!memcmp(&(vs->clientds.pf), &(vs->ds->surface->pf), sizeof(PixelFormat))) {
vs->write_pixels = vnc_write_pixels_copy;
switch (vs->ds->surface->pf.bits_per_pixel) {
case 8:
vs->send_hextile_tile = send_hextile_tile_8;
break;
case 16:
vs->send_hextile_tile = send_hextile_tile_16;
break;
case 32:
vs->send_hextile_tile = send_hextile_tile_32;
break;
}
} else {
vs->write_pixels = vnc_write_pixels_generic;
switch (vs->ds->surface->pf.bits_per_pixel) {
case 8:
vs->send_hextile_tile = send_hextile_tile_generic_8;
break;
case 16:
vs->send_hextile_tile = send_hextile_tile_generic_16;
break;
case 32:
vs->send_hextile_tile = send_hextile_tile_generic_32;
break;
}
}
}
static void set_pixel_format(VncState *vs,
int bits_per_pixel, int depth,
int big_endian_flag, int true_color_flag,
int red_max, int green_max, int blue_max,
int red_shift, int green_shift, int blue_shift)
{
if (!true_color_flag) {
vnc_client_error(vs);
return;
}
vs->clientds = *(vs->guest.ds);
vs->clientds.pf.rmax = red_max;
count_bits(vs->clientds.pf.rbits, red_max);
vs->clientds.pf.rshift = red_shift;
vs->clientds.pf.rmask = red_max << red_shift;
vs->clientds.pf.gmax = green_max;
count_bits(vs->clientds.pf.gbits, green_max);
vs->clientds.pf.gshift = green_shift;
vs->clientds.pf.gmask = green_max << green_shift;
vs->clientds.pf.bmax = blue_max;
count_bits(vs->clientds.pf.bbits, blue_max);
vs->clientds.pf.bshift = blue_shift;
vs->clientds.pf.bmask = blue_max << blue_shift;
vs->clientds.pf.bits_per_pixel = bits_per_pixel;
vs->clientds.pf.bytes_per_pixel = bits_per_pixel / 8;
vs->clientds.pf.depth = bits_per_pixel == 32 ? 24 : bits_per_pixel;
vs->clientds.flags = big_endian_flag ? QEMU_BIG_ENDIAN_FLAG : 0x00;
set_pixel_conversion(vs);
vga_hw_invalidate();
vga_hw_update();
}
static void pixel_format_message (VncState *vs) {
char pad[3] = { 0, 0, 0 };
vnc_write_u8(vs, vs->ds->surface->pf.bits_per_pixel); /* bits-per-pixel */
vnc_write_u8(vs, vs->ds->surface->pf.depth); /* depth */
#ifdef HOST_WORDS_BIGENDIAN
vnc_write_u8(vs, 1); /* big-endian-flag */
#else
vnc_write_u8(vs, 0); /* big-endian-flag */
#endif
vnc_write_u8(vs, 1); /* true-color-flag */
vnc_write_u16(vs, vs->ds->surface->pf.rmax); /* red-max */
vnc_write_u16(vs, vs->ds->surface->pf.gmax); /* green-max */
vnc_write_u16(vs, vs->ds->surface->pf.bmax); /* blue-max */
vnc_write_u8(vs, vs->ds->surface->pf.rshift); /* red-shift */
vnc_write_u8(vs, vs->ds->surface->pf.gshift); /* green-shift */
vnc_write_u8(vs, vs->ds->surface->pf.bshift); /* blue-shift */
if (vs->ds->surface->pf.bits_per_pixel == 32)
vs->send_hextile_tile = send_hextile_tile_32;
else if (vs->ds->surface->pf.bits_per_pixel == 16)
vs->send_hextile_tile = send_hextile_tile_16;
else if (vs->ds->surface->pf.bits_per_pixel == 8)
vs->send_hextile_tile = send_hextile_tile_8;
vs->clientds = *(vs->ds->surface);
vs->clientds.flags &= ~QEMU_ALLOCATED_FLAG;
vs->write_pixels = vnc_write_pixels_copy;
vnc_write(vs, pad, 3); /* padding */
}
static void vnc_dpy_setdata(DisplayState *ds)
{
/* We don't have to do anything */
}
static void vnc_colordepth(VncState *vs)
{
if (vnc_has_feature(vs, VNC_FEATURE_WMVI)) {
/* Sending a WMVi message to notify the client*/
vnc_write_u8(vs, 0); /* msg id */
vnc_write_u8(vs, 0);
vnc_write_u16(vs, 1); /* number of rects */
vnc_framebuffer_update(vs, 0, 0, ds_get_width(vs->ds),
ds_get_height(vs->ds), VNC_ENCODING_WMVi);
pixel_format_message(vs);
vnc_flush(vs);
} else {
set_pixel_conversion(vs);
}
}
static int protocol_client_msg(VncState *vs, uint8_t *data, size_t len)
{
int i;
uint16_t limit;
switch (data[0]) {
case 0:
if (len == 1)
return 20;
set_pixel_format(vs, read_u8(data, 4), read_u8(data, 5),
read_u8(data, 6), read_u8(data, 7),
read_u16(data, 8), read_u16(data, 10),
read_u16(data, 12), read_u8(data, 14),
read_u8(data, 15), read_u8(data, 16));
break;
case 2:
if (len == 1)
return 4;
if (len == 4) {
limit = read_u16(data, 2);
if (limit > 0)
return 4 + (limit * 4);
} else
limit = read_u16(data, 2);
for (i = 0; i < limit; i++) {
int32_t val = read_s32(data, 4 + (i * 4));
memcpy(data + 4 + (i * 4), &val, sizeof(val));
}
set_encodings(vs, (int32_t *)(data + 4), limit);
break;
case 3:
if (len == 1)
return 10;
framebuffer_update_request(vs,
read_u8(data, 1), read_u16(data, 2), read_u16(data, 4),
read_u16(data, 6), read_u16(data, 8));
break;
case 4:
if (len == 1)
return 8;
key_event(vs, read_u8(data, 1), read_u32(data, 4));
break;
case 5:
if (len == 1)
return 6;
pointer_event(vs, read_u8(data, 1), read_u16(data, 2), read_u16(data, 4));
break;
case 6:
if (len == 1)
return 8;
if (len == 8) {
uint32_t dlen = read_u32(data, 4);
if (dlen > 0)
return 8 + dlen;
}
client_cut_text(vs, read_u32(data, 4), data + 8);
break;
case 255:
if (len == 1)
return 2;
switch (read_u8(data, 1)) {
case 0:
if (len == 2)
return 12;
ext_key_event(vs, read_u16(data, 2),
read_u32(data, 4), read_u32(data, 8));
break;
case 1:
if (len == 2)
return 4;
switch (read_u16 (data, 2)) {
case 0:
audio_add(vs);
break;
case 1:
audio_del(vs);
break;
case 2:
if (len == 4)
return 10;
switch (read_u8(data, 4)) {
case 0: vs->as.fmt = AUD_FMT_U8; break;
case 1: vs->as.fmt = AUD_FMT_S8; break;
case 2: vs->as.fmt = AUD_FMT_U16; break;
case 3: vs->as.fmt = AUD_FMT_S16; break;
case 4: vs->as.fmt = AUD_FMT_U32; break;
case 5: vs->as.fmt = AUD_FMT_S32; break;
default:
printf("Invalid audio format %d\n", read_u8(data, 4));
vnc_client_error(vs);
break;
}
vs->as.nchannels = read_u8(data, 5);
if (vs->as.nchannels != 1 && vs->as.nchannels != 2) {
printf("Invalid audio channel coount %d\n",
read_u8(data, 5));
vnc_client_error(vs);
break;
}
vs->as.freq = read_u32(data, 6);
break;
default:
printf ("Invalid audio message %d\n", read_u8(data, 4));
vnc_client_error(vs);
break;
}
break;
default:
printf("Msg: %d\n", read_u16(data, 0));
vnc_client_error(vs);
break;
}
break;
default:
printf("Msg: %d\n", data[0]);
vnc_client_error(vs);
break;
}
vnc_read_when(vs, protocol_client_msg, 1);
return 0;
}
static int protocol_client_init(VncState *vs, uint8_t *data, size_t len)
{
char buf[1024];
int size;
vnc_write_u16(vs, ds_get_width(vs->ds));
vnc_write_u16(vs, ds_get_height(vs->ds));
pixel_format_message(vs);
if (qemu_name)
size = snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "QEMU (%s)", qemu_name);
else
size = snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "QEMU");
vnc_write_u32(vs, size);
vnc_write(vs, buf, size);
vnc_flush(vs);
vnc_read_when(vs, protocol_client_msg, 1);
return 0;
}
void start_client_init(VncState *vs)
{
vnc_read_when(vs, protocol_client_init, 1);
}
static void make_challenge(VncState *vs)
{
int i;
srand(time(NULL)+getpid()+getpid()*987654+rand());
for (i = 0 ; i < sizeof(vs->challenge) ; i++)
vs->challenge[i] = (int) (256.0*rand()/(RAND_MAX+1.0));
}
static int protocol_client_auth_vnc(VncState *vs, uint8_t *data, size_t len)
{
unsigned char response[VNC_AUTH_CHALLENGE_SIZE];
int i, j, pwlen;
unsigned char key[8];
if (!vs->vd->password || !vs->vd->password[0]) {
VNC_DEBUG("No password configured on server");
vnc_write_u32(vs, 1); /* Reject auth */
if (vs->minor >= 8) {
static const char err[] = "Authentication failed";
vnc_write_u32(vs, sizeof(err));
vnc_write(vs, err, sizeof(err));
}
vnc_flush(vs);
vnc_client_error(vs);
return 0;
}
memcpy(response, vs->challenge, VNC_AUTH_CHALLENGE_SIZE);
/* Calculate the expected challenge response */
pwlen = strlen(vs->vd->password);
for (i=0; i<sizeof(key); i++)
key[i] = i<pwlen ? vs->vd->password[i] : 0;
deskey(key, EN0);
for (j = 0; j < VNC_AUTH_CHALLENGE_SIZE; j += 8)
des(response+j, response+j);
/* Compare expected vs actual challenge response */
if (memcmp(response, data, VNC_AUTH_CHALLENGE_SIZE) != 0) {
VNC_DEBUG("Client challenge reponse did not match\n");
vnc_write_u32(vs, 1); /* Reject auth */
if (vs->minor >= 8) {
static const char err[] = "Authentication failed";
vnc_write_u32(vs, sizeof(err));
vnc_write(vs, err, sizeof(err));
}
vnc_flush(vs);
vnc_client_error(vs);
} else {
VNC_DEBUG("Accepting VNC challenge response\n");
vnc_write_u32(vs, 0); /* Accept auth */
vnc_flush(vs);
start_client_init(vs);
}
return 0;
}
void start_auth_vnc(VncState *vs)
{
make_challenge(vs);
/* Send client a 'random' challenge */
vnc_write(vs, vs->challenge, sizeof(vs->challenge));
vnc_flush(vs);
vnc_read_when(vs, protocol_client_auth_vnc, sizeof(vs->challenge));
}
static int protocol_client_auth(VncState *vs, uint8_t *data, size_t len)
{
/* We only advertise 1 auth scheme at a time, so client
* must pick the one we sent. Verify this */
if (data[0] != vs->vd->auth) { /* Reject auth */
VNC_DEBUG("Reject auth %d because it didn't match advertized\n", (int)data[0]);
vnc_write_u32(vs, 1);
if (vs->minor >= 8) {
static const char err[] = "Authentication failed";
vnc_write_u32(vs, sizeof(err));
vnc_write(vs, err, sizeof(err));
}
vnc_client_error(vs);
} else { /* Accept requested auth */
VNC_DEBUG("Client requested auth %d\n", (int)data[0]);
switch (vs->vd->auth) {
case VNC_AUTH_NONE:
VNC_DEBUG("Accept auth none\n");
if (vs->minor >= 8) {
vnc_write_u32(vs, 0); /* Accept auth completion */
vnc_flush(vs);
}
start_client_init(vs);
break;
case VNC_AUTH_VNC:
VNC_DEBUG("Start VNC auth\n");
start_auth_vnc(vs);
break;
#ifdef CONFIG_VNC_TLS
case VNC_AUTH_VENCRYPT:
VNC_DEBUG("Accept VeNCrypt auth\n");;
start_auth_vencrypt(vs);
break;
#endif /* CONFIG_VNC_TLS */
#ifdef CONFIG_VNC_SASL
case VNC_AUTH_SASL:
VNC_DEBUG("Accept SASL auth\n");
start_auth_sasl(vs);
break;
#endif /* CONFIG_VNC_SASL */
default: /* Should not be possible, but just in case */
VNC_DEBUG("Reject auth %d server code bug\n", vs->vd->auth);
vnc_write_u8(vs, 1);
if (vs->minor >= 8) {
static const char err[] = "Authentication failed";
vnc_write_u32(vs, sizeof(err));
vnc_write(vs, err, sizeof(err));
}
vnc_client_error(vs);
}
}
return 0;
}
static int protocol_version(VncState *vs, uint8_t *version, size_t len)
{
char local[13];
memcpy(local, version, 12);
local[12] = 0;
if (sscanf(local, "RFB %03d.%03d\n", &vs->major, &vs->minor) != 2) {
VNC_DEBUG("Malformed protocol version %s\n", local);
vnc_client_error(vs);
return 0;
}
VNC_DEBUG("Client request protocol version %d.%d\n", vs->major, vs->minor);
if (vs->major != 3 ||
(vs->minor != 3 &&
vs->minor != 4 &&
vs->minor != 5 &&
vs->minor != 7 &&
vs->minor != 8)) {
VNC_DEBUG("Unsupported client version\n");
vnc_write_u32(vs, VNC_AUTH_INVALID);
vnc_flush(vs);
vnc_client_error(vs);
return 0;
}
/* Some broken clients report v3.4 or v3.5, which spec requires to be treated
* as equivalent to v3.3 by servers
*/
if (vs->minor == 4 || vs->minor == 5)
vs->minor = 3;
if (vs->minor == 3) {
if (vs->vd->auth == VNC_AUTH_NONE) {
VNC_DEBUG("Tell client auth none\n");
vnc_write_u32(vs, vs->vd->auth);
vnc_flush(vs);
start_client_init(vs);
} else if (vs->vd->auth == VNC_AUTH_VNC) {
VNC_DEBUG("Tell client VNC auth\n");
vnc_write_u32(vs, vs->vd->auth);
vnc_flush(vs);
start_auth_vnc(vs);
} else {
VNC_DEBUG("Unsupported auth %d for protocol 3.3\n", vs->vd->auth);
vnc_write_u32(vs, VNC_AUTH_INVALID);
vnc_flush(vs);
vnc_client_error(vs);
}
} else {
VNC_DEBUG("Telling client we support auth %d\n", vs->vd->auth);
vnc_write_u8(vs, 1); /* num auth */
vnc_write_u8(vs, vs->vd->auth);
vnc_read_when(vs, protocol_client_auth, 1);
vnc_flush(vs);
}
return 0;
}
static void vnc_connect(VncDisplay *vd, int csock)
{
VncState *vs = qemu_mallocz(sizeof(VncState));
vs->csock = csock;
VNC_DEBUG("New client on socket %d\n", csock);
dcl->idle = 0;
socket_set_nonblock(vs->csock);
qemu_set_fd_handler2(vs->csock, NULL, vnc_client_read, NULL, vs);
vs->vd = vd;
vs->ds = vd->ds;
vs->timer = qemu_new_timer_ms(rt_clock, vnc_update_client, vs);
vs->last_x = -1;
vs->last_y = -1;
vs->as.freq = 44100;
vs->as.nchannels = 2;
vs->as.fmt = AUD_FMT_S16;
vs->as.endianness = 0;
vnc_resize(vs);
vnc_write(vs, "RFB 003.008\n", 12);
vnc_flush(vs);
vnc_read_when(vs, protocol_version, 12);
reset_keys(vs);
vs->next = vd->clients;
vd->clients = vs;
vnc_update_client(vs);
/* vs might be free()ed here */
}
static void vnc_listen_read(void *opaque)
{
VncDisplay *vs = opaque;
struct sockaddr_in addr;
socklen_t addrlen = sizeof(addr);
/* Catch-up */
vga_hw_update();
int csock = accept(vs->lsock, (struct sockaddr *)&addr, &addrlen);
if (csock != -1) {
vnc_connect(vs, csock);
}
}
void vnc_display_init(DisplayState *ds)
{
VncDisplay *vs = qemu_mallocz(sizeof(*vs));
dcl = qemu_mallocz(sizeof(DisplayChangeListener));
ds->opaque = vs;
dcl->idle = 1;
vnc_display = vs;
vs->lsock = -1;
vs->ds = ds;
if (keyboard_layout)
vs->kbd_layout = init_keyboard_layout(name2keysym, keyboard_layout);
else
vs->kbd_layout = init_keyboard_layout(name2keysym, "en-us");
if (!vs->kbd_layout)
exit(1);
dcl->dpy_copy = vnc_dpy_copy;
dcl->dpy_update = vnc_dpy_update;
dcl->dpy_resize = vnc_dpy_resize;
dcl->dpy_setdata = vnc_dpy_setdata;
register_displaychangelistener(ds, dcl);
}
void vnc_display_close(DisplayState *ds)
{
VncDisplay *vs = ds ? (VncDisplay *)ds->opaque : vnc_display;
if (!vs)
return;
if (vs->display) {
qemu_free(vs->display);
vs->display = NULL;
}
if (vs->lsock != -1) {
qemu_set_fd_handler2(vs->lsock, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL);
close(vs->lsock);
vs->lsock = -1;
}
vs->auth = VNC_AUTH_INVALID;
#ifdef CONFIG_VNC_TLS
vs->subauth = VNC_AUTH_INVALID;
vs->tls.x509verify = 0;
#endif
}
int vnc_display_password(DisplayState *ds, const char *password)
{
VncDisplay *vs = ds ? (VncDisplay *)ds->opaque : vnc_display;
if (vs->password) {
qemu_free(vs->password);
vs->password = NULL;
}
if (password && password[0]) {
if (!(vs->password = qemu_strdup(password)))
return -1;
}
return 0;
}
char *vnc_display_local_addr(DisplayState *ds)
{
VncDisplay *vs = ds ? (VncDisplay *)ds->opaque : vnc_display;
return vnc_socket_local_addr("%s:%s", vs->lsock);
}
int vnc_display_open(DisplayState *ds, const char *display)
{
VncDisplay *vs = ds ? (VncDisplay *)ds->opaque : vnc_display;
const char *options;
int password = 0;
int reverse = 0;
int to_port = 0;
#ifdef CONFIG_VNC_TLS
int tls = 0, x509 = 0;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_VNC_SASL
int sasl = 0;
int saslErr;
#endif
int acl = 0;
if (!vnc_display)
return -1;
vnc_display_close(ds);
if (strcmp(display, "none") == 0)
return 0;
if (!(vs->display = strdup(display)))
return -1;
options = display;
while ((options = strchr(options, ','))) {
options++;
if (strncmp(options, "password", 8) == 0) {
password = 1; /* Require password auth */
} else if (strncmp(options, "reverse", 7) == 0) {
reverse = 1;
} else if (strncmp(options, "to=", 3) == 0) {
to_port = atoi(options+3) + 5900;
#ifdef CONFIG_VNC_SASL
} else if (strncmp(options, "sasl", 4) == 0) {
sasl = 1; /* Require SASL auth */
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_VNC_TLS
} else if (strncmp(options, "tls", 3) == 0) {
tls = 1; /* Require TLS */
} else if (strncmp(options, "x509", 4) == 0) {
char *start, *end;
x509 = 1; /* Require x509 certificates */
if (strncmp(options, "x509verify", 10) == 0)
vs->tls.x509verify = 1; /* ...and verify client certs */
/* Now check for 'x509=/some/path' postfix
* and use that to setup x509 certificate/key paths */
start = strchr(options, '=');
end = strchr(options, ',');
if (start && (!end || (start < end))) {
int len = end ? end-(start+1) : strlen(start+1);
char *path = qemu_strndup(start + 1, len);
VNC_DEBUG("Trying certificate path '%s'\n", path);
if (vnc_tls_set_x509_creds_dir(vs, path) < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "Failed to find x509 certificates/keys in %s\n", path);
qemu_free(path);
qemu_free(vs->display);
vs->display = NULL;
return -1;
}
qemu_free(path);
} else {
fprintf(stderr, "No certificate path provided\n");
qemu_free(vs->display);
vs->display = NULL;
return -1;
}
#endif
} else if (strncmp(options, "acl", 3) == 0) {
acl = 1;
}
}
#ifdef CONFIG_VNC_TLS
if (acl && x509 && vs->tls.x509verify) {
if (!(vs->tls.acl = qemu_acl_init("vnc.x509dname"))) {
fprintf(stderr, "Failed to create x509 dname ACL\n");
exit(1);
}
}
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_VNC_SASL
if (acl && sasl) {
if (!(vs->sasl.acl = qemu_acl_init("vnc.username"))) {
fprintf(stderr, "Failed to create username ACL\n");
exit(1);
}
}
#endif
/*
* Combinations we support here:
*
* - no-auth (clear text, no auth)
* - password (clear text, weak auth)
* - sasl (encrypt, good auth *IF* using Kerberos via GSSAPI)
* - tls (encrypt, weak anonymous creds, no auth)
* - tls + password (encrypt, weak anonymous creds, weak auth)
* - tls + sasl (encrypt, weak anonymous creds, good auth)
* - tls + x509 (encrypt, good x509 creds, no auth)
* - tls + x509 + password (encrypt, good x509 creds, weak auth)
* - tls + x509 + sasl (encrypt, good x509 creds, good auth)
*
* NB1. TLS is a stackable auth scheme.
* NB2. the x509 schemes have option to validate a client cert dname
*/
if (password) {
#ifdef CONFIG_VNC_TLS
if (tls) {
vs->auth = VNC_AUTH_VENCRYPT;
if (x509) {
VNC_DEBUG("Initializing VNC server with x509 password auth\n");
vs->subauth = VNC_AUTH_VENCRYPT_X509VNC;
} else {
VNC_DEBUG("Initializing VNC server with TLS password auth\n");
vs->subauth = VNC_AUTH_VENCRYPT_TLSVNC;
}
} else {
#endif /* CONFIG_VNC_TLS */
VNC_DEBUG("Initializing VNC server with password auth\n");
vs->auth = VNC_AUTH_VNC;
#ifdef CONFIG_VNC_TLS
vs->subauth = VNC_AUTH_INVALID;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_VNC_TLS */
#ifdef CONFIG_VNC_SASL
} else if (sasl) {
#ifdef CONFIG_VNC_TLS
if (tls) {
vs->auth = VNC_AUTH_VENCRYPT;
if (x509) {
VNC_DEBUG("Initializing VNC server with x509 SASL auth\n");
vs->subauth = VNC_AUTH_VENCRYPT_X509SASL;
} else {
VNC_DEBUG("Initializing VNC server with TLS SASL auth\n");
vs->subauth = VNC_AUTH_VENCRYPT_TLSSASL;
}
} else {
#endif /* CONFIG_VNC_TLS */
VNC_DEBUG("Initializing VNC server with SASL auth\n");
vs->auth = VNC_AUTH_SASL;
#ifdef CONFIG_VNC_TLS
vs->subauth = VNC_AUTH_INVALID;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_VNC_TLS */
#endif /* CONFIG_VNC_SASL */
} else {
#ifdef CONFIG_VNC_TLS
if (tls) {
vs->auth = VNC_AUTH_VENCRYPT;
if (x509) {
VNC_DEBUG("Initializing VNC server with x509 no auth\n");
vs->subauth = VNC_AUTH_VENCRYPT_X509NONE;
} else {
VNC_DEBUG("Initializing VNC server with TLS no auth\n");
vs->subauth = VNC_AUTH_VENCRYPT_TLSNONE;
}
} else {
#endif
VNC_DEBUG("Initializing VNC server with no auth\n");
vs->auth = VNC_AUTH_NONE;
#ifdef CONFIG_VNC_TLS
vs->subauth = VNC_AUTH_INVALID;
}
#endif
}
#ifdef CONFIG_VNC_SASL
if ((saslErr = sasl_server_init(NULL, "qemu")) != SASL_OK) {
fprintf(stderr, "Failed to initialize SASL auth %s",
sasl_errstring(saslErr, NULL, NULL));
free(vs->display);
vs->display = NULL;
return -1;
}
#endif
if (reverse) {
/* connect to viewer */
if (strncmp(display, "unix:", 5) == 0)
vs->lsock = unix_connect(display+5);
else
vs->lsock = inet_connect(display, SOCK_STREAM);
if (-1 == vs->lsock) {
free(vs->display);
vs->display = NULL;
return -1;
} else {
int csock = vs->lsock;
vs->lsock = -1;
vnc_connect(vs, csock);
}
return 0;
} else {
/* listen for connects */
char *dpy;
dpy = qemu_malloc(256);
if (strncmp(display, "unix:", 5) == 0) {
pstrcpy(dpy, 256, "unix:");
vs->lsock = unix_listen(display+5, dpy+5, 256-5);
} else {
vs->lsock = inet_listen(display, dpy, 256, SOCK_STREAM, 5900);
}
if (-1 == vs->lsock) {
free(dpy);
return -1;
} else {
free(vs->display);
vs->display = dpy;
}
}
return qemu_set_fd_handler2(vs->lsock, NULL, vnc_listen_read, NULL, vs);
}
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