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/*
* wpa_supplicant/hostapd / OS specific functions
* Copyright (c) 2005-2006, Jouni Malinen <j@w1.fi>
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
* published by the Free Software Foundation.
*
* Alternatively, this software may be distributed under the terms of BSD
* license.
*
* See README and COPYING for more details.
*/
#ifndef OS_H
#define OS_H
typedef long os_time_t;
/**
* os_sleep - Sleep (sec, usec)
* @sec: Number of seconds to sleep
* @usec: Number of microseconds to sleep
*/
void os_sleep(os_time_t sec, os_time_t usec);
struct os_time {
os_time_t sec;
os_time_t usec;
};
/**
* os_get_time - Get current time (sec, usec)
* @t: Pointer to buffer for the time
* Returns: 0 on success, -1 on failure
*/
int os_get_time(struct os_time *t);
/* Helper macros for handling struct os_time */
#define os_time_before(a, b) \
((a)->sec < (b)->sec || \
((a)->sec == (b)->sec && (a)->usec < (b)->usec))
#define os_time_sub(a, b, res) do { \
(res)->sec = (a)->sec - (b)->sec; \
(res)->usec = (a)->usec - (b)->usec; \
if ((res)->usec < 0) { \
(res)->sec--; \
(res)->usec += 1000000; \
} \
} while (0)
/**
* os_mktime - Convert broken-down time into seconds since 1970-01-01
* @year: Four digit year
* @month: Month (1 .. 12)
* @day: Day of month (1 .. 31)
* @hour: Hour (0 .. 23)
* @min: Minute (0 .. 59)
* @sec: Second (0 .. 60)
* @t: Buffer for returning calendar time representation (seconds since
* 1970-01-01 00:00:00)
* Returns: 0 on success, -1 on failure
*
* Note: The result is in seconds from Epoch, i.e., in UTC, not in local time
* which is used by POSIX mktime().
*/
int os_mktime(int year, int month, int day, int hour, int min, int sec,
os_time_t *t);
/**
* os_daemonize - Run in the background (detach from the controlling terminal)
* @pid_file: File name to write the process ID to or %NULL to skip this
* Returns: 0 on success, -1 on failure
*/
int os_daemonize(const char *pid_file);
/**
* os_daemonize_terminate - Stop running in the background (remove pid file)
* @pid_file: File name to write the process ID to or %NULL to skip this
*/
void os_daemonize_terminate(const char *pid_file);
/**
* os_get_random - Get cryptographically strong pseudo random data
* @buf: Buffer for pseudo random data
* @len: Length of the buffer
* Returns: 0 on success, -1 on failure
*/
int os_get_random(unsigned char *buf, size_t len);
/**
* os_random - Get pseudo random value (not necessarily very strong)
* Returns: Pseudo random value
*/
unsigned long os_random(void);
/**
* os_rel2abs_path - Get an absolute path for a file
* @rel_path: Relative path to a file
* Returns: Absolute path for the file or %NULL on failure
*
* This function tries to convert a relative path of a file to an absolute path
* in order for the file to be found even if current working directory has
* changed. The returned value is allocated and caller is responsible for
* freeing it. It is acceptable to just return the same path in an allocated
* buffer, e.g., return strdup(rel_path). This function is only used to find
* configuration files when os_daemonize() may have changed the current working
* directory and relative path would be pointing to a different location.
*/
char * os_rel2abs_path(const char *rel_path);
/**
* os_program_init - Program initialization (called at start)
* Returns: 0 on success, -1 on failure
*
* This function is called when a programs starts. If there are any OS specific
* processing that is needed, it can be placed here. It is also acceptable to
* just return 0 if not special processing is needed.
*/
int os_program_init(void);
/**
* os_program_deinit - Program deinitialization (called just before exit)
*
* This function is called just before a program exists. If there are any OS
* specific processing, e.g., freeing resourced allocated in os_program_init(),
* it should be done here. It is also acceptable for this function to do
* nothing.
*/
void os_program_deinit(void);
/**
* os_setenv - Set environment variable
* @name: Name of the variable
* @value: Value to set to the variable
* @overwrite: Whether existing variable should be overwritten
* Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
*
* This function is only used for wpa_cli action scripts. OS wrapper does not
* need to implement this if such functionality is not needed.
*/
int os_setenv(const char *name, const char *value, int overwrite);
/**
* os_unsetenv - Delete environent variable
* @name: Name of the variable
* Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
*
* This function is only used for wpa_cli action scripts. OS wrapper does not
* need to implement this if such functionality is not needed.
*/
int os_unsetenv(const char *name);
/**
* os_readfile - Read a file to an allocated memory buffer
* @name: Name of the file to read
* @len: For returning the length of the allocated buffer
* Returns: Pointer to the allocated buffer or %NULL on failure
*
* This function allocates memory and reads the given file to this buffer. Both
* binary and text files can be read with this function. The caller is
* responsible for freeing the returned buffer with os_free().
*/
char * os_readfile(const char *name, size_t *len);
/**
* os_zalloc - Allocate and zero memory
* @size: Number of bytes to allocate
* Returns: Pointer to allocated and zeroed memory or %NULL on failure
*
* Caller is responsible for freeing the returned buffer with os_free().
*/
void * os_zalloc(size_t size);
/*
* The following functions are wrapper for standard ANSI C or POSIX functions.
* By default, they are just defined to use the standard function name and no
* os_*.c implementation is needed for them. This avoids extra function calls
* by allowing the C pre-processor take care of the function name mapping.
*
* If the target system uses a C library that does not provide these functions,
* build_config.h can be used to define the wrappers to use a different
* function name. This can be done on function-by-function basis since the
* defines here are only used if build_config.h does not define the os_* name.
* If needed, os_*.c file can be used to implement the functions that are not
* included in the C library on the target system. Alternatively,
* OS_NO_C_LIB_DEFINES can be defined to skip all defines here in which case
* these functions need to be implemented in os_*.c file for the target system.
*/
#ifdef OS_NO_C_LIB_DEFINES
/**
* os_malloc - Allocate dynamic memory
* @size: Size of the buffer to allocate
* Returns: Allocated buffer or %NULL on failure
*
* Caller is responsible for freeing the returned buffer with os_free().
*/
void * os_malloc(size_t size);
/**
* os_realloc - Re-allocate dynamic memory
* @ptr: Old buffer from os_malloc() or os_realloc()
* @size: Size of the new buffer
* Returns: Allocated buffer or %NULL on failure
*
* Caller is responsible for freeing the returned buffer with os_free().
* If re-allocation fails, %NULL is returned and the original buffer (ptr) is
* not freed and caller is still responsible for freeing it.
*/
void * os_realloc(void *ptr, size_t size);
/**
* os_free - Free dynamic memory
* @ptr: Old buffer from os_malloc() or os_realloc(); can be %NULL
*/
void os_free(void *ptr);
/**
* os_memcpy - Copy memory area
* @dest: Destination
* @src: Source
* @n: Number of bytes to copy
* Returns: dest
*
* The memory areas src and dst must not overlap. os_memmove() can be used with
* overlapping memory.
*/
void * os_memcpy(void *dest, const void *src, size_t n);
/**
* os_memmove - Copy memory area
* @dest: Destination
* @src: Source
* @n: Number of bytes to copy
* Returns: dest
*
* The memory areas src and dst may overlap.
*/
void * os_memmove(void *dest, const void *src, size_t n);
/**
* os_memset - Fill memory with a constant byte
* @s: Memory area to be filled
* @c: Constant byte
* @n: Number of bytes started from s to fill with c
* Returns: s
*/
void * os_memset(void *s, int c, size_t n);
/**
* os_memcmp - Compare memory areas
* @s1: First buffer
* @s2: Second buffer
* @n: Maximum numbers of octets to compare
* Returns: An integer less than, equal to, or greater than zero if s1 is
* found to be less than, to match, or be greater than s2. Only first n
* characters will be compared.
*/
int os_memcmp(const void *s1, const void *s2, size_t n);
/**
* os_strdup - Duplicate a string
* @s: Source string
* Returns: Allocated buffer with the string copied into it or %NULL on failure
*
* Caller is responsible for freeing the returned buffer with os_free().
*/
char * os_strdup(const char *s);
/**
* os_strlen - Calculate the length of a string
* @s: '\0' terminated string
* Returns: Number of characters in s (not counting the '\0' terminator)
*/
size_t os_strlen(const char *s);
/**
* os_strcasecmp - Compare two strings ignoring case
* @s1: First string
* @s2: Second string
* Returns: An integer less than, equal to, or greater than zero if s1 is
* found to be less than, to match, or be greatred than s2
*/
int os_strcasecmp(const char *s1, const char *s2);
/**
* os_strncasecmp - Compare two strings ignoring case
* @s1: First string
* @s2: Second string
* @n: Maximum numbers of characters to compare
* Returns: An integer less than, equal to, or greater than zero if s1 is
* found to be less than, to match, or be greater than s2. Only first n
* characters will be compared.
*/
int os_strncasecmp(const char *s1, const char *s2, size_t n);
/**
* os_strchr - Locate the first occurrence of a character in string
* @s: String
* @c: Character to search for
* Returns: Pointer to the matched character or %NULL if not found
*/
char * os_strchr(const char *s, int c);
/**
* os_strrchr - Locate the last occurrence of a character in string
* @s: String
* @c: Character to search for
* Returns: Pointer to the matched character or %NULL if not found
*/
char * os_strrchr(const char *s, int c);
/**
* os_strcmp - Compare two strings
* @s1: First string
* @s2: Second string
* Returns: An integer less than, equal to, or greater than zero if s1 is
* found to be less than, to match, or be greatred than s2
*/
int os_strcmp(const char *s1, const char *s2);
/**
* os_strncmp - Compare two strings
* @s1: First string
* @s2: Second string
* @n: Maximum numbers of characters to compare
* Returns: An integer less than, equal to, or greater than zero if s1 is
* found to be less than, to match, or be greater than s2. Only first n
* characters will be compared.
*/
int os_strncmp(const char *s1, const char *s2, size_t n);
/**
* os_strncpy - Copy a string
* @dest: Destination
* @src: Source
* @n: Maximum number of characters to copy
* Returns: dest
*/
char * os_strncpy(char *dest, const char *src, size_t n);
/**
* os_strstr - Locate a substring
* @haystack: String (haystack) to search from
* @needle: Needle to search from haystack
* Returns: Pointer to the beginning of the substring or %NULL if not found
*/
char * os_strstr(const char *haystack, const char *needle);
/**
* os_snprintf - Print to a memory buffer
* @str: Memory buffer to print into
* @size: Maximum length of the str buffer
* @format: printf format
* Returns: Number of characters printed (not including trailing '\0').
*
* If the output buffer is truncated, number of characters which would have
* been written is returned. Since some C libraries return -1 in such a case,
* the caller must be prepared on that value, too, to indicate truncation.
*
* Note: Some C library implementations of snprintf() may not guarantee null
* termination in case the output is truncated. The OS wrapper function of
* os_snprintf() should provide this guarantee, i.e., to null terminate the
* output buffer if a C library version of the function is used and if that
* function does not guarantee null termination.
*
* If the target system does not include snprintf(), see, e.g.,
* http://www.ijs.si/software/snprintf/ for an example of a portable
* implementation of snprintf.
*/
int os_snprintf(char *str, size_t size, const char *format, ...);
#else /* OS_NO_C_LIB_DEFINES */
#ifndef os_malloc
#define os_malloc(s) malloc((s))
#endif
#ifndef os_realloc
#define os_realloc(p, s) realloc((p), (s))
#endif
#ifndef os_free
#define os_free(p) free((p))
#endif
#ifndef os_memcpy
#define os_memcpy(d, s, n) memcpy((d), (s), (n))
#endif
#ifndef os_memmove
#define os_memmove(d, s, n) memmove((d), (s), (n))
#endif
#ifndef os_memset
#define os_memset(s, c, n) memset(s, c, n)
#endif
#ifndef os_memcmp
#define os_memcmp(s1, s2, n) memcmp((s1), (s2), (n))
#endif
#ifndef os_strdup
#ifdef _MSC_VER
#define os_strdup(s) _strdup(s)
#else
#define os_strdup(s) strdup(s)
#endif
#endif
#ifndef os_strlen
#define os_strlen(s) strlen(s)
#endif
#ifndef os_strcasecmp
#ifdef _MSC_VER
#define os_strcasecmp(s1, s2) _stricmp((s1), (s2))
#else
#define os_strcasecmp(s1, s2) strcasecmp((s1), (s2))
#endif
#endif
#ifndef os_strncasecmp
#ifdef _MSC_VER
#define os_strncasecmp(s1, s2, n) _strnicmp((s1), (s2), (n))
#else
#define os_strncasecmp(s1, s2, n) strncasecmp((s1), (s2), (n))
#endif
#endif
#ifndef os_strchr
#define os_strchr(s, c) strchr((s), (c))
#endif
#ifndef os_strcmp
#define os_strcmp(s1, s2) strcmp((s1), (s2))
#endif
#ifndef os_strncmp
#define os_strncmp(s1, s2, n) strncmp((s1), (s2), (n))
#endif
#ifndef os_strncpy
#define os_strncpy(d, s, n) strncpy((d), (s), (n))
#endif
#ifndef os_strrchr
#define os_strrchr(s, c) strrchr((s), (c))
#endif
#ifndef os_strstr
#define os_strstr(h, n) strstr((h), (n))
#endif
#ifndef os_snprintf
#ifdef _MSC_VER
#define os_snprintf _snprintf
#else
#define os_snprintf snprintf
#endif
#endif
#endif /* OS_NO_C_LIB_DEFINES */
#ifdef OS_REJECT_C_LIB_FUNCTIONS
#define malloc OS_DO_NOT_USE_malloc
#define realloc OS_DO_NOT_USE_realloc
#define free OS_DO_NOT_USE_free
#define memcpy OS_DO_NOT_USE_memcpy
#define memmove OS_DO_NOT_USE_memmove
#define memset OS_DO_NOT_USE_memset
#define memcmp OS_DO_NOT_USE_memcmp
#undef strdup
#define strdup OS_DO_NOT_USE_strdup
#define strlen OS_DO_NOT_USE_strlen
#define strcasecmp OS_DO_NOT_USE_strcasecmp
#define strncasecmp OS_DO_NOT_USE_strncasecmp
#undef strchr
#define strchr OS_DO_NOT_USE_strchr
#undef strcmp
#define strcmp OS_DO_NOT_USE_strcmp
#undef strncmp
#define strncmp OS_DO_NOT_USE_strncmp
#undef strncpy
#define strncpy OS_DO_NOT_USE_strncpy
#define strrchr OS_DO_NOT_USE_strrchr
#define strstr OS_DO_NOT_USE_strstr
#undef snprintf
#define snprintf OS_DO_NOT_USE_snprintf
#define strcpy OS_DO_NOT_USE_strcpy
#endif /* OS_REJECT_C_LIB_FUNCTIONS */
#endif /* OS_H */
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