Skip to content
Connect your Spark Databricks clusters Log4J output to the Application Insights Appender
Shell
Branch: master
Clone or download
Fetching latest commit…
Cannot retrieve the latest commit at this time.
Permalink
Type Name Latest commit message Commit time
Failed to load latest commit information.
images
.gitignore
AppInsightsTest.dbc
README.md
Upload-Items-To-Databricks.sh
appinsights_logging_init.sh
applicationinsights-core-2.3.0.jar
applicationinsights-logging-log4j1_2-2.3.0.jar

README.md

Azure-Databricks-Log4J-To-AppInsights

Connect your Spark Databricks clusters Log4J output to the Application Insights Appender. This will help you get your logs to a centralized location such as App Insights. Many of my customers have been asking for this along with getting the Spark job data from the cluster (that will be a future project).

I also added Log Analytics so that the server metrics will be captured and placed in Azure Monitor.

Configuration Steps: Application Insights

  1. Create Application Insights in Azure
  2. Get your instrumentation key on the overview page
  3. Replace APPINSIGHTS_INSTRUMENTATIONKEY in the appinsights_logging_init.sh script

Configuration Steps: Log Analytics

  1. Create a Log Analytics account in Azure
  2. Get your workspace id on the overview page
  3. Get your primary key by clicking Advanced Settings | Connected Sources | Linux and copy primary key
  4. Replace LOG_ANALYTICS_WORKSPACE_ID in the appinsights_logging_init.sh script
  5. Replace LOG_ANALYTICS_PRIMARY_KEY in the appinsights_logging_init.sh script
  6. Get your primary key by clicking Advanced Settings | Data | Linux Performace Counters and click "Apply below configuration to my machines" then press Save
  7. Click the Add button (The UI should turn to a grid) then press Save

Configuration Steps: Databricks

  1. Create Databricks workspace in Azure
  2. Install Databricks CLI
  3. Open your Azure Databricks workspace, click on the user icon and create a token
  4. Run "databricks configure --token" to configure the Databricks CLI
  5. Run Upload-Items-To-Databricks.sh (change the .bat for Windows). Linux you need to do a chmod +x on this file to run.
  6. Create a cluster in Databricks (any size and shape is fine)
    • Make sure you click Advanced Options and "Init Scripts"
    • Add a script for "dbfs:/databricks/appinsights/appinsights_logging_init.sh" alt tag
  7. Start the cluster
  8. Install the applicationsights Python package from PyPi to the cluster.
    • This provides the ability to send custom events and metrics to app insights.
    • You'll need to follow this step if you plan on logging Custom Metrics or Events to App Insights on Pyspark.
    • Steps to install a library on Azure Databricks

Verification Steps

  1. Import the notebooks in AppInsightsTest
  2. Run the AppInsightsTest Scala notebook
    1. Cell 1 displays your application insights key
    2. Cell 2 displays your jars (application insights jars should be in here)
    3. Cell 3 displays your log4j.properities file on the "driver" (which has the aiAppender)
    4. Cell 4 displays your log4j.properities file on the "executor" (which has the aiAppender)
    5. Cell 5 writes to Log4J so the message will appear in App Insights
    6. Cell 6 writes to App Insights via the App Insights API. This will show as a "Custom Event" (customEvents table).
  3. Run the AppInsightsPython Python notebook
    1. Cell 1 creates a reference to the Log4J logger (called aiAppender) and writes to Log4J so the message will appear in App Insights.
    2. Cell 2 configures the connection to App Insights via the appinsights package.
    3. Cell 3 writes to App Insights via the App Insights API. This will show as a "Custom Event" (customEvents table).
  4. Open your App Insights account in the Azure Portal
  5. Click on Search (top bar or left menu)
  6. Click Refresh (over and over until you see data)
    • For a new App Insights account this can take 10 to 15 minutes to really initialize
    • For an account that is initialized expect a 1 to 3 minute delay for telemetry

Now that you have data

  1. The data will come into App Insights as a Trace alt tag

  2. This means the data will be in the customDimensions field as a property bag

  3. Open the Analytic query for App Insights

  4. Run traces | order by timestamp desc

    • You will notice how customDimensions contains the fields
  5. Parse the custom dimensions. This will make the display easier.

traces 
| project 
  message,
  severityLevel,
  LoggerName=customDimensions["LoggerName"], 
  LoggingLevel=customDimensions["LoggingLevel"],
  SourceType=customDimensions["SourceType"],
  ThreadName=customDimensions["LoggingLevel"],
  SparkTimestamp=customDimensions["TimeStamp"],
  timestamp 
| order by timestamp desc

alt tag

  1. Run customEvents | order by timestamp desc to see the custom event your Notebook wrote
  2. Run customMetrics | order by timestamp desc to see the HeartbeatState
  3. Don't know which field has your data: traces | where * contains "App Insights on Databricks"
  4. Open your Log Analytics account
    1. Click on Logs
    2. Write a query against the Perf and/or Heartbeat tables alt tag

Logging each Spark Job to Application Insights automatically

By running the below code (in a notebook cell), each Spark job will start to begin to have data logged for you that you can then query in App Insights.

// https://spark.apache.org/docs/2.1.0/api/java/org/apache/spark/scheduler/SparkListener.html
// https://spark.apache.org/docs/2.2.0/api/java/org/apache/spark/scheduler/SparkListenerJobStart.html
// https://spark.apache.org/docs/2.2.0/api/java/org/apache/spark/scheduler/SparkListenerJobEnd.html
// https://spark.apache.org/docs/2.2.0/api/java/org/apache/spark/scheduler/SparkListenerStageCompleted.html

import com.microsoft.applicationinsights.TelemetryClient
import com.microsoft.applicationinsights.TelemetryConfiguration
import org.apache.spark.scheduler._
import java.util._
import scala.collection.JavaConverters._

val configuration = com.microsoft.applicationinsights.TelemetryConfiguration.createDefault()
configuration.setInstrumentationKey(System.getenv("APPINSIGHTS_INSTRUMENTATIONKEY"))
val telemetryClient = new TelemetryClient(configuration)

class CustomListener extends SparkListener  {
  
  override def onJobStart(jobStart: SparkListenerJobStart) {
    val properties = new HashMap[String, String]()
    properties.put("jobId", jobStart.jobId.toString)
    properties.put("clusterId", spark.conf.get("spark.databricks.clusterUsageTags.clusterId"))
    properties.put("clusterName", spark.conf.get("spark.databricks.clusterUsageTags.clusterName"))
    

    val metrics = new HashMap[String, java.lang.Double]()
    metrics.put("stageInfos.size", jobStart.stageInfos.size)
    metrics.put("time", jobStart.time)

    telemetryClient.trackEvent("onJobStart", properties, metrics)
  }
  
  
  override def onJobEnd(jobEnd: SparkListenerJobEnd): Unit = {
    val properties = new HashMap[String, String]()
    properties.put("jobId", jobEnd.jobId.toString)
    properties.put("clusterId", spark.conf.get("spark.databricks.clusterUsageTags.clusterId"))
    properties.put("clusterName", spark.conf.get("spark.databricks.clusterUsageTags.clusterName"))
    properties.put("jobResult", jobEnd.jobResult.toStringStart.jobId.toString)

    val metrics = new HashMap[String, java.lang.Double]()
    metrics.put("time", jobEnd.time)

    telemetryClient.trackEvent("onJobEnd", properties, metrics)
  }
  
  
  override def onStageCompleted(stageCompleted: SparkListenerStageCompleted): Unit = { 

    val properties = new HashMap[String, String]()
    properties.put("stageId", stageCompleted.stageInfo.stageId.toString)
    properties.put("name", stageCompleted.stageInfo.name)
    properties.put("clusterId", spark.conf.get("spark.databricks.clusterUsageTags.clusterId"))
    properties.put("clusterName", spark.conf.get("spark.databricks.clusterUsageTags.clusterName"))

    val metrics = new HashMap[String, java.lang.Double]()
    metrics.put("attemptNumber", stageCompleted.stageInfo.attemptNumber)
    metrics.put("numTasks", stageCompleted.stageInfo.numTasks)
    //metrics.put("submissionTime", (stageCompleted.stageInfo.submissionTime.toString).toDouble)
    //metrics.put("completionTime", (stageCompleted.stageInfo.completionTime.toString).toDouble)
    metrics.put("executorDeserializeTime", stageCompleted.stageInfo.taskMetrics.executorDeserializeTime)
    metrics.put("executorDeserializeCpuTime", stageCompleted.stageInfo.taskMetrics.executorDeserializeCpuTime)
    metrics.put("executorRunTime", stageCompleted.stageInfo.taskMetrics.executorRunTime)
    metrics.put("resultSize", stageCompleted.stageInfo.taskMetrics.resultSize)
    metrics.put("jvmGCTime", stageCompleted.stageInfo.taskMetrics.jvmGCTime)
    metrics.put("resultSerializationTime", stageCompleted.stageInfo.taskMetrics.resultSerializationTime)
    metrics.put("memoryBytesSpilled", stageCompleted.stageInfo.taskMetrics.memoryBytesSpilled)
    metrics.put("diskBytesSpilled", stageCompleted.stageInfo.taskMetrics.diskBytesSpilled)
    metrics.put("peakExecutionMemory", stageCompleted.stageInfo.taskMetrics.peakExecutionMemory)
    
    telemetryClient.trackEvent("onStageCompleted", properties, metrics)
  }
}

val myListener=new CustomListener
sc.addSparkListener(myListener)

Features to make more Robust

  • The sed command in the appinsights_logging_init.sh could be smarter. I just needs to append versus a full replace.

Things you can do

  1. For query help see: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/kusto/query/
  2. Show this data in Power BI: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/azure-monitor/app/export-power-bi
  3. You can pin your queries to an Azure Dashboard: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/azure-monitor/app/app-insights-dashboards
  4. You can configure continuous export your App Insights data and send to other systems. Create a Stream Analytics job to monitor the exported blob location and send from there.
  5. Set up alerts: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/azure-monitor/platform/alerts-log-query
  6. You can get JMX metrics: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/azure-monitor/app/java-get-started#performance-counters. You will need an ApplicationInsights.XML file: https://github.com/Microsoft/ApplicationInsights-Java/wiki/ApplicationInsights.XML. You probably need to upload this to DBFS and then copy in the appinsights_logging_init.sh to the cluster. I have not yet tested this setup.
You can’t perform that action at this time.