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vue-virtual-scroller

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Blazing fast scrolling of any amount of data | Live demo | Video demo

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Table of contents

Installation

npm install --save vue-virtual-scroller

⚠️ vue-virtual-scroller now uses vue-observe-visibility to automatically refresh itself when shown to prevent display glitches. This means you need to include the Intersection Observer polyfill needed by vue-observe-visibility for this to work in old browsers (like Internet Explorer).

Default import

Install all the components:

import Vue from 'vue'
import VueVirtualScroller from 'vue-virtual-scroller'

Vue.use(VueVirtualScroller)

Use specific components:

import Vue from 'vue'
import { RecycleScroller } from 'vue-virtual-scroller'

Vue.component('RecycleScroller', RecycleScroller)

⚠️ A css file is included when importing the package:

import 'vue-virtual-scroller/dist/vue-virtual-scroller.css'

Browser

<link rel="stylesheet" href="vue-virtual-scroller/dist/vue-virtual-scroller.css"/>

<script src="vue.js"></script>
<script src="vue-virtual-scroller/dist/vue-virtual-scroller.min.js"></script>

If Vue is detected, the plugin will be installed automatically. If not, install the component:

Vue.use(VueVirtualScroller)

Or register it with a custom name:

Vue.component('RecycleScroller', VueVirtualScroller.RecycleScroller)

Usage

There are several components provided by vue-virtual-scroller:

RecycleScroller is a component that only renders the visible item in your list. It also re-use components and dom elements to be the most efficient and performant possible.

DynamicScroller is a component is using RecycleScroller under-the-hood and adds a dynamic height management feature on top of it. The main use case for this is not knowing the height of the items in advance: the Dynamic Scroller will automatically "discover" it when it renders new item as the user scrolls.

DynamicScrollerItem must wrap each item in a DynamicScroller to handle size computations.

IdState is a mixin that ease the local state management in reused components inside a RecycleScroller.

RecycleScroller

It's a virtual scroller which only renders the visible items and reuse all the components and DOM trees as the user scrolls.

Basic usage

Use the scoped slot to render each item in the list:

<template>
  <RecycleScroller
    class="scroller"
    :items="list"
    :item-height="32"
  >
    <div slot-scope="{ item }" class="user">
      {{ user.name }}
    </div>
  </RecycleScroller>
</template>

<script>
export default {
  props: {
    list: Array,
  },
}
</script>

<style scoped>
.scroller {
  height: 100%;
}

.user {
  height: 32%;
  padding: 0 12px;
  display: flex;
  align-items: center;
}
</style>

Important notes

  • ⚠️ You need to set the size of the virtual-scroller element and the items elements (for example, with CSS). Unless you are using variable height mode, all items should have the same height to prevent display glitches.
  • It is not recommended to use functional components inside RecycleScroller since the components are reused (so it will actually be slower).
  • The components used in the list should expect item prop change without being re-created (use computed props or watchers to properly react to props changes!).
  • You don't need to set key on list content (but you should on all nested <img> elements to prevent load glitches).
  • The browsers have a height limitation on DOM elements, it means that currently the virtual scroller can't display more than ~500k items depending on the browser.
  • Since DOM elements are reused for items, it's recommended to define hover styles using the provided hover class instead of the :hover state selector (e.g. .vue-recycle-scroller__item-view.hover or .hover .some-element-inside-the-item-view).

How does it work?

  • The RecycleScroller creates pools of views to render visible items to the user.
  • A view is holding a rendered item, and is reused inside its pool.
  • For each type of item, a new pool is created so that the same components (and DOM trees) are reused for the same type.
  • Views can be deactivated if they go off-screen, and can be reused anytime for a newly visible item.

Here is what the internals of RecycleScroller look like:

<RecycleScroller>
  <!-- Wrapper element with a pre-calculated total height -->
  <wrapper
    :style="{ height: computedTotalHeight + 'px' }"
  >
    <!-- Each view is translated to the computed position -->
    <view
      v-for="view of pool"
      :style="{ transform: 'translateY(' + view.computedTop + 'px)' }"
    >
      <!-- Your elements will be rendered here -->
      <slot
        :item="view.item"
        :index="view.nr.index"
        :active="view.nr.used"
      />
    </view>
  </wrapper>
</RecycleScroller>

When the user scrolls inside RecycleScroller, the views are mostly just moved around to fill the new visible space, and the default slot properties updated. That way we get the minimum amount of components/elements creation and destruction and we use the full power of Vue virtual-dom diff algorithm to optimize DOM operations!

Props

  • items: list of items you want to display in the scroller.
  • itemHeight (default: null): display height of the items in pixels used to calculate the scroll height and position. If it set to null (the default value), it will use variable height mode.
  • minItemHeight: minimum height used if the height of a item is unknown.
  • heightField (default: 'height'): field used to get the item's height in variable height mode.
  • typeField (default: 'type'): field used to differenciate different kinds of components in the list. For each distinct type, a pool of recycled items will be created.
  • keyField (default: 'id'): field used to identify items and optimize render views management.
  • pageMode (default: false): enable Page mode.
  • prerender (default: 0): render a fixed number of items for Server-Side Rendering.
  • buffer (default: 200): amount of pixel to add to edges of the scrolling visible area to start rendering items further away.
  • emitUpdate (default: false): emit a 'update' event each time the virtual scroller content is updated (can impact performance).

Events

  • resize: emitted when the size of the scroller changes.
  • visible: emitted when the scroller considers itself to be visible in the page.
  • hidden: emitted when the scroller is hidden in the page.
  • update (startIndex, endIndex): emitted each time the views are updated, only if emitUpdate prop is true

Default scoped slot props

  • item: item being rendered in a view.
  • index: reflects each item's position in the items array
  • active: is the view active. An active view is considered visible and being positioned by RecycleScroller. An inactive view is not considered visible and hidden from the user. Any rendering-related computations should be skipped if the view is inactive.

Other Slots

<main>
  <slot name="before-container"></slot>
  <wrapper>
    <!-- Reused view pools here -->
  </wrapper>
  <slot name="after-container"></slot>
</main>

Page mode

The page mode expand the virtual-scroller and use the page viewport to compute which items are visible. That way, you can use it in a big page with HTML elements before or after (like a header and a footer). Just set the page-mode props to true:

<header>
  <menu></menu>
</header>

<RecycleScroller page-mode>
  <!-- ... -->
</RecycleScroller>

<footer>
  Copyright 2017 - Cat
</footer>

Variable height mode

⚠️ This mode can be performance heavy with a lot of items. Use with caution.

If the itemHeight prop is not set or set to null, the virtual scroller will switch to Variable height mode. You then need to expose a number field on the item objects with the height of the item element.

⚠️ You still need to set the height of the items with CSS correctly (with classes for example).

Use the heightField prop (default is 'height') to set the field used by the scroller to get the height for each item.

Example:

const items = [
  {
    id: 1,
    label: 'Title',
    height: 64,
  },
  {
    id: 2,
    label: 'Foo',
    height: 32,
  },
  {
    id: 3,
    label: 'Bar',
    height: 32,
  },
]

Buffer

You can set the buffer prop (in pixels) on the virtual-scroller to extend the viewport considered when determining the visible items. For example, if you set a buffer of 1000 pixels, the virtual-scroller will start rendering items that are 1000 pixels below the bottom of the scroller visible area, and will keep the items that are 1000 pixels above the top of the visible area.

The default value is 200.

<RecycleScroller :buffer="200" />

Server-Side Rendering

The prerender props can be set as the number of items to render on the server inside the virtual scroller:

<RecycleScroller
  :items="items"
  :item-height="42"
  :prerender="10"
>

Dynamic Scroller

This works like RecycleScroller but can render items with unknown heights!

Basic usage

<template>
  <DynamicScroller
    :items="items"
    :min-item-height="54"
    class="scroller"
  >
    <template slot-scope="{ item, index, active }">
      <DynamicScrollerItem
        :item="item"
        :active="active"
        :size-dependencies="[
          item.message,
        ]"
        :data-index="index"
      >
        <div class="avatar">
          <img
            :src="item.avatar"
            :key="item.avatar"
            alt="avatar"
            class="image"
          >
        </div>
        <div class="text">{{ item.message }}</div>
      </DynamicScrollerItem>
    </template>
  </DynamicScroller>
</template>

<script>
export default {
  props: {
    items: Array,
  },
}
</script>

<style scoped>
.scroller {
  height: 100%;
}
</style>

Important notes

  • minItemHeight is required for the initial render of items.
  • DynamicScroller won't detect size changes on its own, but you can put values that can affect the item size with size-dependencies on DynamicScrollerItem.
  • You don't need to have a height field on the items.

Props

All the RecycleScroller props.

  • It's not recommended to change heightField prop since all the height management is done internally.

Events

All the RecycleScroller events.

Default scoped slot props

All the RecycleScroller scoped slot props.

Other slots

All the RecycleScroller other slots.

DynamicScrollerItem

The component that should wrap all the items in a DynamicScroller.

Props

  • item (required): the item rendered in the scroller.
  • active (required): is the holding view active in RecleScroller. Will prevent unecessary size recomputation.
  • sizeDependencies: values that can affest the size of the item. This prop will be watched and if one value changes, the size will be recomputed. Recommended instead of watchData.
  • watchData (default: false): deeply watch item for changes to re-calculate the size (not recommended, can impact performance).
  • tag (default: 'div'): element used to render the component.
  • emitResize (default: false): emit the resize event each time the size is recomputed (can impact performance).

Events

  • resize: emitted each time the size is recomputed, only if emitResize prop is true.

IdState

This is conveniance mixin that can replace data in components being rendered in a RecycleScroller.

Why is this useful?

Since the components in RecycleScroller are reused, you can't directly use the Vue standard data properties: otherwise they will be shared with different items in the list!

IdState will instead provide an idState object which is equivalent to $data, but it's linked to a single item with its identifier (you can change which field with idProp param).

Example

In this example, we use the id of the item to have a "scoped" state to the item:

<template>
  <div class="question">
    <p>{{ item.question }}</p>
    <button @click="idState.replyOpen = !idState.replyOpen">Reply</button>
    <textarea
      v-if="idState.replyOpen"
      v-model="idState.replyText"
      placeholder="Type your reply"
    />
  </div>
</template>

<script>
import { IdState } from 'vue-virtual-scroller'

export default {
  mixins: [
    IdState({
      // You can customize this
      idProp: vm => vm.item.id,
    }),
  ],

  props: {
    // Item in the list
    item: Object,
  },

  // This replaces data () { ... }
  idState () {
    return {
      replyOpen: false,
      replyText: '',
    }
  },
}
</script>

Parameters

  • idProp (default: vm => vm.item.id): field name on the component (for example: 'id') or function returning the id.

License

MIT