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PyTic - An Object-Oriented Python Wrapper for Pololu Tic Stepper Drivers
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README.md

PyTic v0.0.4

pololu tic


Introduction

PyTic is an object-oriented Python wrapper for the Pololu Tic stepper driver series. The wrapper interacts with the stepper driver device using the API described in the Pololu-Tic-Software GitHub page using the ctypes library. The device comunication protocol is USB.


Installation

Prerequisites

PyTic requires the Tic Software and Drivers for Windows msi provided by Pololu to be installed as a prerequisite. Other operating system drivers can be found on the Pololu Tic Resources, but are not currently supported by this Python package.

Pip Install

To install the PyTic package on a Windows machine equipped with Python 2.7 or higher, run the following pip command:

C:\> pip install pytic
  • Note: Only Windows x64 machines are supported at this time.

Package Architecture

PyTic encompasses almost all functionality present in the original C-API with some additional features. The Pololu Tic Stepper Driver is represented in Python using the pytic.PyTic() object.

----------------------------------
|     Package Relation Tree      |
----------------------------------

PyTic                 [Tic Object]
  |-- Settings        [Structure Interface Object]
      |- Pin Settings [Structure Interface Object] [List]
  |-- Variables       [Structure Interface Object]
      |- Pin Info     [Structure Interface Object] [List]
  |-- Logger          [Notification]

PyTic_Protocol        [Module]
  |-- Tic Constants   [Dictionary]

PyTic Protocol (C-Constants Dictionary)

The Pololu Tic C-API uses CAPS_DEFINED_CONSTANTS for setting many of its parameters that represent an integer value. These contants set parameters such as pin function, step mode, etc. The PyTic package auto-imports these values from the tic_protocol.h header file and stores them in a Python dictionary named tic_constants in the pytic_protocol module. See Using Settings in the Example Code section to see how to use this dictionary in contect.

Error Handling

All Pololu Tic C-API functions when dynamically imported into PyTic are wrapped in a higher-order function error handler called TED(), short for [T]ic [E]rror [D]ecoder. TED() will make all Tic wrapped functions return 0 from a successful call and 1 from a call that generated an error. In addition, TED() performs low-level bit mask decoding and writes the enumerated error value to the PyTic object internal log. This log can be output the ther terminal or file using the standard logging library.


Example Code

Outlined in this section are several examples of how to use PyTic to control a Pololu Tic Stepper Driver. The objective of this section is to show the PyTic syntax used to implement the Pololu Tic Stepper Driver C-API as opposed to detail each of the available functions. For a full list of commands, settings, and variable information please refer to either the Pololu Tic Manual, the Pololu Tic C-API, or this package's source code.

Simple Program

The simple program below demonstrates how to connect to a Pololu Tic Stepper Driver device over USB and move to several positions after the previous position has been reached.

import pytic
from time import sleep

# - Initialization -------------------------------------------

tic = pytic.PyTic()

# Connect to first available Tic Device serial number over USB
serial_nums = tic.list_connected_device_serial_numbers()
tic.connect_to_serial_number(serial_nums[0])

# Load configuration file and apply settings
tic.settings.load_config('path\\to\\config.yml')
tic.settings.apply()                             

# - Motion Command Sequence ----------------------------------

# Zero current motor position
tic.halt_and_set_position(0)

# Energize Motor
tic.energize()
tic.exit_safe_start()

# Move to listed positions
positions = [1000, 2000, 3000, 0]
for p in positions:
  tic.set_target_position(p)
  while tic.variables.current_position != tic.variables.target_position:
    sleep(0.1)

# De-energize motor and get error status
tic.enter_safe_start()
tic.deenergize()
print(tic.variables.error_status)
  • Note: Modified settings will not take effect until PyTic.settings.apply() method is called. This is to avoid unnecessary writes to non-volitile memory.

Using Settings

The PyTic.settings structure interface object is used to alter device settings stored in non-volitile memory. As detailed above in PyTic Protocol, some of these settings have enumerated constants to maintain a user-friendly interaction. The code sample below demonstrates how to interact with PyTic.settings using the tic_constant dictionary. To avoid unnecissary writes to non-volitile memory, the PyTic.settings.apply() function must be called for the new settings to take effect.

# ... assume PyTic object initialized and connected to device as 'tic'

# Load Tic Constant Dictionary
tc = pytic.pytic_protocol.tic_constant

# Modify individual properties of composite settings object
tic.settings.product = tc['TIC_PRODUCT_T825']
tic.settings.step_mode = tc['TIC_STEP_MODE_MICROSTEP16']

# Turn the Serial RX Pin into a generic digital user input
pin = tc['TIC_PIN_NUM_RX']
tic.settings.pin_setting[pin].func = tc['TIC_PIN_FUNC_USER_INPUT']
tic.settings.pin_setting[pin].pullup = True

# Required to burn new settings to Tic non-volitile memory
tic.settings.apply()

Logging

PyTic uses the logging package to display Tic status messages. The default logging level is logging.DEBUG. For less verbose logging, set PyTic.log_level = logging.CRITICAL. The log name is PyTic for users that would like to have a parent-object handle the logging information.


Example YAML Configuration File

PyTic settings can be set invidually using the PyTic.settings structure interface in the script or all-at-once using a YAML config file and the PyTic.settings.load_config('\\path\\to\\config.yml') function. Here is an example YAML config file with some usage notes,

tic_settings:                             # required header for load_config fcn.
  product: TIC_PRODUCT_T825    
  auto_clear_driver_error: True           # ** These 4 settings         **
  ignore_err_line_high: True              # ** were experimentally      **
  serial_crc_enabled: False               # ** determined to stabalize  **
  command_timeout: 0                      # ** device performance       **
  max_speed: 180000000                    # pulses/s * 10^-4
  starting_speed: 0                       # pulses/s * 10^-4
  max_accel: 9000000                      # pulses/s^2 * 10^-2
  max_decel: 9000000                      # pulses/s^2 * 10^-2
  step_mode: TIC_STEP_MODE_MICROSTEP16 
  current_limit: 640                    # mA, Only select values acceptable, See notes.
  decay_mode: TIC_DECAY_MODE_T825_FAST 
  pin_settings:                         # Ex. Modifying Default Pin Fcn.
    - pin_num: TIC_PIN_NUM_RX
      func: TIC_PIN_FUNC_USER_INPUT
      pullup: True
      analog: False
    # - pin_id: TIC_PIN_NUM_TX          # ... modifying a 2nd pin ...
    #   func: TIC_PIN_FUNC_USER_INPUT
    #   polarity: True
    #   analog: False

Notes:

  • CAPS_DEFINED_CONSTANTS are keys for the tic_constant dictionary located in pytic_protocol.py. Refer to section Using Settings for more details on the dictionary and its use.
  • current_limit only accepts select values detailed in the Pololu Tic Manual

Dependencies

Dependencies include the following,

  • PyYAML

Level of Support Notice

This code is currently not supported. It is being released to the community AS IS without any guarantee of support. The community is welcome to submit issues, but should not expect an active response.


External Resources

External resources include the following,

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