Buttersink is like rsync for btrfs snapshots
Python Makefile Shell
Latest commit b0ca6ef May 9, 2016 Portege root Finish 'make clean' correction

README.md

About

ButterSink synchronizes two sets of btrfs read-only subvolumes (snapshots).

ButterSink is like rsync, but for btrfs subvolumes instead of files, which makes it much more efficient for things like archiving backup snapshots. It is built on top of btrfs send and receive capabilities. Sources and destinations can be local btrfs file systems, remote btrfs file systems over SSH, or S3 buckets.

To use the ssh back-end, ButterSink must be installed on the remote system.

ButterSink only handles read-only subvolumes. It ignores read-write subvolumes and any files not in a subvolume.

Features

ButterSink is designed for efficient reliable transfers for backups. Currently implemented features include:

  • Transfers between a local btrfs filesystem, Amazon S3 bucket, other local btrfs filesystems, or remote btrfs filesystems over ssh

  • Automatically synchronizes a set of snapshots, or a single snapshot, transferring only needed differences

  • Intelligent selection of full and incremental transfers to minimize costs of transfer and storage, and to minimize risks from corruption of a difference.

    • Smart heuristics based on S3 file sizes, btrfs quota information, and btrfs-tools internal snapshot parent identification ("ruuid")

    • Will measure actual size of candidate diff before remote transfers.

  • Robust handling of btrfs send and receive errors

    • Detects and (optionally) deletes failed partial transfers

    • Resumable, checksummed multi-part uploads to S3 as a back-end

    • Adjusts sent UUID so that restored snapshots can also be used for new diffs.

  • Conveniently lists snapshots and sizes in either btrfs or S3

Usage

usage: buttersink.py [-h] [-n] [-d] [-e] [-q] [-l LOGFILE] [-V]
                     [--part-size PART_SIZE]
                     [<src>] <dst>

Synchronize two sets of btrfs snapshots.

positional arguments:
  <src>                 a source of btrfs snapshots
  <dst>                 the btrfs snapshots to be updated

optional arguments:
  -h, --help            show this help message and exit
  -n, --dry-run         display what would be transferred, but don't do it
  -d, --delete          delete any snapshots in <dst> that are not in <src>
  -e, --estimate        use estimated size instead of measuring diffs with a
                        local test send
  -q, --quiet           once: don't display progress. twice: only display
                        error messages
  -l LOGFILE, --logfile LOGFILE
                        log debugging information to file
  -V, --version         display version
  --part-size PART_SIZE
                        Size of chunks in a multipart upload

<src>, <dst>:   [btrfs://]/path/to/directory/[snapshot]
                s3://bucket/prefix/[snapshot]
                ssh://[user@]host/path/to/directory/[snapshot]

If only <dst> is supplied, just list available snapshots.  NOTE: The trailing
"/" *is* significant.

S3 Authentication

S3 interaction and S3 authentication are handled by Boto. Boto will read S3 credentials from ~/.boto, which should look like this:

[Credentials]
aws_access_key_id=AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE
aws_secret_access_key=wJalrXUtnFEMI/K7MDENG/bPxRfiCYEXAMPLEKEY

AWS access policies are tricky. Here's an example policy to give an IAM user access for ButterSink:

{
  "Statement": [
    {
      "Effect": "Allow",
      "Action": ["s3:*"],
      "Resource": [
        "arn:aws:s3:::myBackupBucketName",
        "arn:aws:s3:::myBackupBucketName/*"
      ]
    }
  ]
}

ButterSink needs root privileges to access btrfs file systems.

SSH Authentication

If the source or destination is an ssh://user@host/path url, then a connection is made to the remote host using a command line like:

ssh user@host sudo buttersink --server --mode w /mnt/butter/

Modes are:

'r' -- just downloads
'a' -- uploads
'w' -- uploads with --delete

Notice that sudo is used to ensure root privileges, which are required by btrfs. The user should be root, or sudo should be configured to a allow the user to issue the buttersink command without a password. Here's an example entry in /etc/sudoers for user fred, giving access to snapshots in /bak:

fred ALL = NOPASSWD: /usr/local/bin/buttersink --server --mode r /bak/*
fred ALL = NOPASSWD: /usr/local/bin/buttersink --server --mode a /bak/*
fred ALL = NOPASSWD: /usr/local/bin/buttersink --server --mode w /bak/*

Installation

From source:

git clone https://github.com/AmesCornish/buttersink.git
cd buttersink
make
./buttersink.py --help

sudo make install
buttersink --help

With PyPi:

pip install --upgrade buttersink
buttersink --help

Utilities

checksumdir <dir>

Checksumdir is a utility to create checksum hashes of all the data and key metadata in a directory. Useful for verifying the integrity of backups.

sudo btrfslist <dir>

Btrfslist will show snapshots, including their size and UUID. Like btrfs subvolume list, but with more detail.

Contact

Ames Cornish
buttersink@montebellopartners.com
https://github.com/AmesCornish/buttersink/wiki

Copyright (c) 2014 Ames Cornish. All rights reserved. Licensed under GPLv3.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

See LICENSE.txt for more details.