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#!/usr/bin/env python
# -*- coding:utf-8 -*-
"""
一个简单的Python爬虫, 使用了多线程,
爬取豆瓣Top前250的所有电影
Anthor: Andrew Liu
Version: 0.0.2
Date: 2014-12-14
Language: Python2.7.8
Editor: Sublime Text2
Operate: 具体操作请看README.md介绍
"""
import urllib2, re, string
import threading, Queue, time
import sys
reload(sys)
sys.setdefaultencoding('utf8')
_DATA = []
FILE_LOCK = threading.Lock()
SHARE_Q = Queue.Queue() #构造一个不限制大小的的队列
_WORKER_THREAD_NUM = 3 #设置线程的个数
class MyThread(threading.Thread) :
def __init__(self, func) :
super(MyThread, self).__init__() #调用父类的构造函数
self.func = func #传入线程函数逻辑
def run(self) :
self.func()
def worker() :
global SHARE_Q
while not SHARE_Q.empty():
url = SHARE_Q.get() #获得任务
my_page = get_page(url)
find_title(my_page) #获得当前页面的电影名
#write_into_file(temp_data)
time.sleep(1)
SHARE_Q.task_done()
def get_page(url) :
"""
根据所给的url爬取网页HTML
Args:
url: 表示当前要爬取页面的url
Returns:
返回抓取到整个页面的HTML(unicode编码)
Raises:
URLError:url引发的异常
"""
try :
my_page = urllib2.urlopen(url).read().decode("utf-8")
except urllib2.URLError, e :
if hasattr(e, "code"):
print "The server couldn't fulfill the request."
print "Error code: %s" % e.code
elif hasattr(e, "reason"):
print "We failed to reach a server. Please check your url and read the Reason"
print "Reason: %s" % e.reason
return my_page
def find_title(my_page) :
"""
通过返回的整个网页HTML, 正则匹配前100的电影名称
Args:
my_page: 传入页面的HTML文本用于正则匹配
"""
temp_data = []
movie_items = re.findall(r'<span.*?class="title">(.*?)</span>', my_page, re.S)
for index, item in enumerate(movie_items) :
if item.find("&nbsp") == -1 :
#print item,
temp_data.append(item)
_DATA.append(temp_data)
def main() :
global SHARE_Q
threads = []
douban_url = "http://movie.douban.com/top250?start={page}&filter=&type="
#向队列中放入任务, 真正使用时, 应该设置为可持续的放入任务
for index in xrange(10) :
SHARE_Q.put(douban_url.format(page = index * 25))
for i in xrange(_WORKER_THREAD_NUM) :
thread = MyThread(worker)
thread.start() #线程开始处理任务
threads.append(thread)
for thread in threads :
thread.join()
SHARE_Q.join()
with open("movie.txt", "w+") as my_file :
for page in _DATA :
for movie_name in page:
my_file.write(movie_name + "\n")
print "Spider Successful!!!"
if __name__ == '__main__':
main()