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Building a Target Program

Angora currently only supports compile time instrumentation. Two instrumented copies of the target program are required, specifically one with taint tracking support and one with branch and constraint information counting.

The process of building each copy is mostly identical. The resulting program is dependent on using the environment variables USE_FAST and USE_TRACK. The configuration result can be used across both compile processes, thus one would only need to store one compiled version elsewhere before compiling the other version.

We have also added support for wllvm.


If the root directory of the project contains configure, use the method for autoconf.

The following commands assume that the Makefile uses the CC and CXX environment variables. Manual changes should be made if otherwise.

CC=/path-to-angora/bin/angora-clang CXX=/path-to-angora/bin/angora-clang++ make
USE_TRACK=1 CC=/path-to-angora/bin/angora-clang CXX=/path-to-angora/bin/angora-clang++ make 


If configuration fails, check if the LD_LIBRARY_PATH environment variable contains the path for libruntime and libruntime_fast.

Some projects also requires the LD environment variable to be set to angora-clang for compilation.

Dynamic linking should be disabled due to DFSan implementation reasons.

# Many autoconf scripts allow the use of --disable-shared switch to disable 
# dynamic linking. 
CC=/path-to-angora/bin/angora-clang CXX=/path-to-angora/bin/angora-clang++ \
make # default: USE_FAST=1
USE_TRACK=1 make


cmake -DCMAKE_C_COMPILER=/path-to-angora/bin/angora-clang     \
      -DCMAKE_CXX_COMPILER=/path-to-angora/bin/angora-clang++ \
make # default: USE_FAST=1
USE_TRACK=1 make

wllvm (or gllvm)

sudo pip install wllvm
export LLVM_COMPILER=clang
CC=wllvm CFLAGS=-O0 ./configure --disable-shared
extract-bc xx
# You should add the shared libraries here, e.g. -lz
/path-to-angora/bin/angora-clang xx.bc -o
USE_TRACK=1 /path-to-angora/bin/angora-clang xx.bc -o xx.taint

The running result of Angora that use wllvm/gllvm may be different from compiling directly because of compiler optimization.

Build external libraries

If the external libraries are your targets (e.g. you are interested and want solve constraints in them), we can use USE_TRACK=1 make to compile them. Otherwise, we can use following rules to propagate taints while our program enters their code. Here, we use zlib as example.

Model an external library

View it as a blackbox, and define models for them. See rules in

  • ignore this library
./angora/tools/ /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/  discard > zlib_abilist.txt
export ANGORA_TAINT_RULE_LIST=/path-to/zlib_abilist.txt
  • use functional rules
./angora/tools/ /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/  functional > zlib_abilist.txt
export ANGORA_TAINT_RULE_LIST=/path-to/zlib_abilist.txt
  • use custom rules Example: how to custom crc32 function in zlib library. (see llvm_mode/external_lib directory)
# rename only certain functions to be custom after: 
./angora/tools/ /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/  discard > zlib_abilist.txt

# or set all as custom (not recommended)
./angora/tools/ /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/  custom > zlib_abilist.txt

export ANGORA_TAINT_RULE_LIST=/path-to/zlib_abilist.txt
# write your custom function, e.g. llvm_mode/external_lib/zlib-func.c
# compile it and 
export ANGORA_TAINT_CUSTOM_RULE=/path-to/zlib-func.o

Build External Libraries with DFSan Support

Use USE_DFSAN=1 make to build them.

Build C++ program and C++ standard library

  • C++ program: CXX=/path-to-angora/bin/angora-clang++ or -DCMAKE_CXX_COMPILER=...
  • C++ standard library: we have built one under ubuntu 16.04 64bits in llvm_mode/libcxx_dfsan. You can built it by yourself with the following commands and move the libraries to llvm_mode/libcxx_dfsan directory and bin/. (run libcxx_dfsan/
# install cmake ninja and download LLVM&CLANG source code
CC=~/angora/bin/angora-clang CXX=~/angora/bin/angora-clang++ cmake -G Ninja ../llvm  -DLIBCXXABI_ENABLE_SHARED=NO -DLIBCXX_ENABLE_SHARED=NO -DLLVM_FORCE_USE_OLD_TOOLCHAIN=YES -DLIBCXX_CXX_ABI=libcxxabi
USE_DFSAN=1 ninja cxx cxxabi
# move them to llvm_mode/libcxx_dfsan

Add taints in input functions

Angora models most input functions in llvm_mode/io-func.c. But it doesn't support some input functions like scanf or other input function in external libraries. You can add taints by yourself by the approach described in Model an external library. For example, program who use getutxent to read input, and we add taints in __dfsw_getutxent in io-func.c file.

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