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ioBroker Adapter to control Amazon Alexa/Echo devices
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README.md

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ioBroker.alexa2

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This adapter allows you to remote control your Alexa (Amazon Echo) devices.

Big thanks go to soef for the good version 1 of the adapter and to Hauke and ruhr70 for ideas in their scripts from ioBroker-Forum (especially the media progress updates)! Also big thanks to to meicker for support in documenting all of this and numerous users from ioBroker Forum for their testing support!

States and their meanings:

In the adapter namespace (e.g. alexa2.0) some channels are created

alexa2.0

State name meaning
bespoken.* Send text commands to a virtual device as if you would speak to it
echo-devices.* States per Echo device, see below
history.* Infos for command history, see below
smart-home-devices.* States per smart home device and in general, see below
info.* General information about the adapter status
requestResult Error info for TuneIn and smart-home device requests

alexa2.0.bespoken.*

Bespoken is normally a service provider to help automatically testing skills. But in fact you can use it to send commands to "your" Alexa/Amazon account. With this you can trigger skill actions that normally are not accessible via the Alexa App. By nature of the way it works only commands are possible that do not interact directly with the "Device you speak to", like normal commands that do a certain action and provide an answer. Playing Audio or Video or such that normally will be done by the device you spoke the command to will not work!

A Request to Bespoken will take some seconds because the sent text is first converted into audio, which is then send to Alexa Voice Services and is then answered by Alexa and send back. So it easiely can take up to 10s.

State name meaning
#sendText Text to be send to the virtual device
answer Answer from the device as text
anwserJson Answer from the adapter as JSON, may contain additional informations like card infos or such
status Status of the communication with bespoken (OK=Done/Wait for next command, PROCESSING=wait for answer from bespoken, FAILURE=Error happend while processing)

alexa2.0.echo-devices.Serialnumber.*

Under "echo-devices" every amazon echo device is listed with it's serial number. Not every device shows all the states. Every device has it's own states as described below:

alexa2.0.echo-devices.Serialnumber.Alarm.*

Alarm (Wecker) settings for each device, if available.

State name meaning value
enabled Shows status of alarm and allows to change it: Activate alarm with true - Deactivate alarm with false true / false
time Time for alarm. Overwrite the time for existing alarm to set a new time for this alarm. In case you have an existing alarm you can change the time here by simply overwrite the time in format hh:mm:ss, seconds are not needed to set Time Input
triggered true if alarm is reached and triggered. Clock must be in sync with Amazon and iobroker, Use this to trigger other action as soon as the alarm time is reached true / false
new time for new alarm for this device. If you put a value here a new alarm will be created Time Input (hh:mm:ss, seconds are not needed)

alexa2.0.echo-devices.Serialnumber.Bluetooth.*

Here you find all connected or known bluetooth device(s) with MAC address(es). The states of each device:

State name meaning
connected Shows current connection status and allow connection (set to true) or disconnection (set to false)
unpair Button to unpair this device from the echo device

alexa2.0.echo-devices.Serialnumber.Commands.*

With Commands you can trigger some actions on your Alexa-Device. If you use these on a multiroom device then they are executed independently and will not run in sync on the single devices!

State name meaning value
doNotDisturb Switch on/off Do not Disturb for this device true/false
flashbriefing Briefing in 100 seconds - news etc.pp Button
goodmorning Good morning from Alexa ... Button
singasong Alexa sings a song ... Button
speak Alexa says what you type in here ... Text Input
speakvolume Adjust the speak volume of Alexa, this volume is set before the speak and reset afterwards 0-100
tellstory Alexa tells a story Button
traffic Traffic news Button
weather Weather news Button
deviceStop Stop all actions on device Button
notification Send text notifcation to customer of the device Text
announcement Play announcement (like speak but with Bing before text) Text
ssml Speak SSML XML string Text

Detailed information Speak: Type in here what you want Alexa to say. You can also adjust the volume of Alexa by giving a percentage before your text. Example: 10;Alexa is saying Alexa with 10% volume, while 100;Alexa is 100% volume. Normally you only can send 250 characters per speak command. By using the semicolon it is possible to write as much as you want, as long as you separate 250 characters with a semicolon. Alexa will then speak the text after each other with a small break. You also can use the volume together with more 255 blocks by writing #Volume;#Block1;#Block2, a.s.o A volume set here will be used over a defined speak-volume.

alexa2.0.echo-devices.Serialnumber.Info.*

Information about the Alexa device

State name meaning value
capabilities capabilities if the alexa device Information
deviceType device type from Amazon Information
deviceTypeString Device Type as string Information
isMultiroomDevice Is multiroom device - Multiroom is a virtual device group Information, true / false
isMultiroomMember Is Multiroom member - If true the device is part of a multiroom device group Information, true / false
MultiroomParents If this device is part of a multiroom device group this state shows the parent group device Information
name Name of Alexa Device Information
SerialNumber Serial number of Alexa device

alexa2.0.echo-devices.Serialnumber.Music-Provider.*

Directly tell Alexa to play Music or a playlist from supported music providers. Actually supported are: My Library, Amazon Music, Tune In. You can also include a multiroom device group name in the phrase to play it on this group (e.g. "SWR3 auf Erdgeschoss")

State name meaning value
Amazon-Music Phrase to play with Amazon Music Text input
Amazon-Music-Playlist Playlist to play with Amazon Music Text input
My-Library Phrase to play with My Library Text input
My-Library-Playlist Playlist to play with My Library Text input
Tune-In Phrase to play with Tune In Text input
Tune-In-Playlist Playlist to play with Tune In Text input

alexa2.0.echo-devices.Serialnumber.Player.*

States to control the Playback of the device and to see the current status and media information

State name meaning value
TuneIn-Station text field to put in a Station name to play this station on this device. Also it is possible to type in the station number (s123456...), a show/podcast id (p1234567...) or a topic id (t123456789...) Text input
ContentType text field to put in desired content to play on this device Information
controlForward Button to trigger player "forward" command (30s) Button
controlNext Button to trigger player "next" command Button
controlPause Button to trigger player "pause" command Button
controlPlay Button to trigger player "play" command Button
controlPrevious Button to trigger player "previous" command Button
controlRepeat Button to trigger player "repeat" command true / false
controlRewind Button to trigger player "rewind" command (30s) Button
controlShuffle Switch to enable or disable Shuffle mode for player true / false
currentAlbum Current album actually playing Information
currentArtist Current artist actually playing Information
currentState If playing -> true , else false true / false
currentTitle Current title actually playing Information
imageURL URL to the image of the album Information
mainArtURL URL to current main art Information
mediaLength Length of the current title Information
mediaLengthStr active media length as (HH:)MM:SS Information
mainProgress active media elapsed time Information
mainProgressPercent active media elapsed time in percent Information
mediaProgressStr active media progress as (HH:)MM:SS Information
miniArtUrl URL to the art (mini) Information
muted state of 'MUTE' Information, true / false, volume = 0 is considered as muted
providerID ID of the current music provider Information
providerName Name of the current music provider Information
radioStationId ID of the TuneIn radio station Information
service name of the current music service Information
volume Volume of playback. You can enter a value between 0-100% INPUT Volume

alexa2.0.echo-devices.Serialnumber.Reminder.*

Reminder (Erinnerungen) settings for each device, if available.

State name meaning value
enabled Shows status of reminder and allows to change it: Activate reminder with true - Deactivate reminder with false, will be deleted some time after it automatically when disabled true / false
time Time for reminder. Overwrite the time for existing reminder to set a new time Time Input
triggered true if reminder is reached and triggered. Clock must be in sync with Amazon and iobroker, Use this to trigger other action as soon as the reminder time is reached true / false
new Add a new reminder in the format
time(hh:mm),text
Text Input
12:00,Remind me

alexa2.0.echo-devices.Serialnumber.Routines.*

Overview of routines set up in Alexa App. Self created routines have a serial number, Amazon shows as 'preconfigured:...' Each routine can be triggered with a button to run once.

State name meaning value
Serial or internal name of routine name of routine Button

alexa2.0.echo-devices.Serialnumber.Timer.*

You can have one or more timer running on each Alexa device. Because of the very dynamic nature of timers there will be no further objects created like with Alarm or Reminders, but a way to get a triggered info exists.

State name meaning value
triggered A timer got triggered Information

alexa2.0.echo-devices.Serialnumber.online

Is this Alexa device online and connected to the Amazon cloud ?

State name meaning value
online Is the device online ? True / False

alexa2.0.history

State name meaning value
#trigger Button to get new History (more current then timestamp in creationTime), only needed when not using the push connection Button
cardContent Additional information as shown in Alexa-App/Echo Show Information
cardJson Additional information as shown in Alexa-App/Echo Show in JSON format Information
creationTime date of this history entry, new history entries are only considered when later as this timestamp Information
domainApplicationId Additional information like Skill-ID or such, optional Information
domainApplicationName Additional information like Skill name or such, optional Information
json Json of last command data to be able to process all infos e.g. in own JavaScripts JSON
name Name of the device that got the last request Information
serialNumber serialnumber of the device that got the last request Information
status Status of last command to Alexa SUCCESS / FAULT / DISCARDED_NON_DEVICE_DIRECTED_INTENT; last one is generated when activating the device by saying the wake word, or when the device discarded input as "not for me"
summary text/summary/action received by the device Information

alexa.0.smart-home-devices

Includes all smart home devices Alexa knows from your skills. States as follows, for all known devices:

State name meaning value
deleteAll deletes all smart home devices from Alexa, same as the button in the Alexa App Button
discoverDevices finds new smart home devices, same as the button in the Alexa App Button
queryAll queries all devices, only visible when at least one device is able to retrieve information Button

alexa.0.smart-home-devices.serialNumber.*

State name meaning value
#delete delete smart home device from Alexa Button
#enabled Is the smart home device active ? Information
#query query data for this device, only visible when the smart home device/skill supports to retrieve information Button
active shown for scenes when they can be activated/deactivated true / false
powerState Switch power on / off changeable, true / false
... Many more possible states depending on the type the the smart home device Information or changeable :-)

-> Special states for color/light devices

State name meaning value
brightness brightness of the HUE light changeable 0-100%
color-Brightness brightness for color definition (together with hue and saturation, HSV) Information, 0-1%
color-hue hue value of the color (together with brightness and saturation, HSV) Information, 0-360°
color-saturation saturation of the color (together with brightness and hue, HSV) Information, 0-1
colorRGB RGB code of actual color build out of color-* values Information, #rrggbb
colorName Name of the color as defined by Alexa - fixed values changeable to set color, 0-144
colorTemperarureInKelvin Color temperature in Kelvin Information, 1000-10000K
colorTemperatureName Color temperature name as defined by Alexa - fixed values changeable to set, 0-18

With #brightness you can adjust the brightness of your light, #colorName is to pick one predefined color (0-144). For HUE Ambient light you can choose between 19 Values fom 0-18 in #colorTemperatureName. All light can switched on and off with #powerState.

alexa2.0-info.*

State name meaning value
connection If connection to Alexa is OK Information -> true / false
cookie Alexa cookie, use with several external scripts that also want to access Alexa APIs Information
csrf Alexa CSRF, use with several external scripts that also want to access Alexa APIs Information

Missing features

  • how to update initial status for volume, shuffle or repeat and doNotDisturb?! Or unneeded?
  • add fields to show playing-info like JS version
  • self deactivation if cookie/csrf invalid

Installation

As usual using stable repository, latest repository or use the ioBroker "Install" options from GitHub

Troubleshooting

Problems with Cookie determination via E-Mail/Password

Sometimes Amazon has weired checks in place when they detect unexpected traffic on Login. This can result in the problem that a captcha needs to be answered in order to login. Mostly this captcha needs to be answered once and after this the login works without Captcha.

When you need to answer such a captcha then try to do the following:

  • Use a common Browser (e.g. Chrome)
  • disable Javascript!
  • clear all cookies that may exist for Amazon or use Proivate/Incognito mode of the browser
  • call https://alexa.amazon.de
  • you should get a login form (normally displayed for older mobile browsers)
  • login there with your Amazon credentials where the Echo/Alexa is registered in
  • you may need to login twice or solve a Captcha
  • At the end you should see "https://alexa.amazon.de/spa/index.html" as URL but without any real content (because JS is still disabled), BUT THIS IS COMPLETELY OK!!!!
  • now try to get cookie again
  • if it still not works do it again and check the User-Agent and accept-Language from your browser and use those in adapter on next try

Additionally the Accept-Language-Header (defaults to "de-DE") needs to match with your language/the browser language/the language of the amazon page you login.

You can also try to play around with the User-Agent and use one which more matches to the system type you use. As example using "Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/51.0.2704.103 Safari/537.36" as User-Agent was reported as working better when ioBroker runs on a linux system.

You can override all those parameters in the adapter configuration.

How to determine Cookie by my own?

If the automatic Cookie determination don't work or you do not trust the Adapter to give the Email/Password then you can determine the cookie by your own. There are several infos on the web how to do it. Here some links:

But be aware: The Cookie will time out after several time and then the adapter will stop working and disable itself. You then need to manually get a new cookie!

Changelog

2.2.0 (2019-01-xx)

  • (Apollon77) add new sequenceCommands "calendarNext", "calendarToday", "calendarTomorrow"
  • (Apollon77) fix wake word handling and history sanitizing

2.1.0 (2019-01-13)

  • (Apollon77) cookie handling completely rewritten, no email/password anymore, only Proxy (still only from log)
  • (Apollon77) fixes routine triggering that triggered on wrong device sometimes
  • (Apollon77) added new commands "deviceStop", "announcement", "notification", and "ssml" (see documentation above)

1.1.3 (2018-11-17)

  • (Apollon77) optimize cookie handling again

1.1.2 (2018-11-17)

  • (Apollon77) new devices
  • (Apollon77) make proxy for cookies work again

1.1.1 (2018-11-09)

  • (Apollon77) new devices
  • (Apollon77) make proxy for cookies work again

1.1.0 (2018-09-18)

  • (Apollon77) Further optimizations to lower number of requests
  • (Apollon77) Experimental support for Playlist IDs (p1234567) in TuneIn-Station

1.0.1 (2018-09-16)

  • (Apollon77) fixes and important changes to make sure not too many requests are sent

1.0.0 (2018-09-06)

  • (Apollon77) polishng and finalization, make it 1.0.0

0.7.5 (2018-09-04)

  • (Apollon77) speak can now contain separated text by semicolons. These Texts will then be spoken sequencially. So the old limit if 250 characters is only existing for one such text part. So, now longer texts are possible too. Separate it with a semicolon.
  • (Apollon77) more color handling fixes

0.7.0 (2018-08-30)

  • (Apollon77) Add Bespoken Virtual device support to be able to interact with Alexa infrastructure
  • (Apollon77) add new Device Types for Smarthome-integration (Contact and Motion sensors)

0.6.4 (2018-08-30)

  • (Apollon77) fixes to colorhandling
  • (Apollon77) allow to deliver a volume together with aspeak command by using "80;text" and then volume is set before speak and reset afterwards. Experimental!

0.6.1 (2018-08-24)

  • (Apollon77) sometimes new alarms were not triggered in adapter
  • (Apollon77) add support to control smart devices and groups (and also add groups). Because I was only able to test a few types i added logging. please check log, try out and report back!
  • (Apollon77) When routines are executed via voice command and push connection is enabled the routine state is also triggered by "true" with ack=true when routine trigger text is matching exactly to spoken text
  • (Apollon77) corrected volume and mute handling in states, a volume of 0 is also seen as "muted" if muting flag is not supported by device
  • (Apollon77) when speak text is coming from cloud adapter and contains SSML tags they will be filtered out, so you can use a speak endpoint directly to output response from Smart Home skill actions

0.5.2 (2018-08-16)

  • (Apollon77) fix an error when getting new cookie
  • (Apollon77) add new "Playlist" states for the Music providers to directly prepend "playlist" :-)
  • (Apollon77) Volumes are not updated for multiroom devices when === 0
  • (Apollon77) Add Reminder and Alarms support. Write time and pot. text separated by comma into the "New" stat to create a new one (e.g. "10:00:00, Test-Reminder")
  • (Apollon77) Also with Push-Connection some times states are generally updated to make sure data are correct (e.g. player media info will disappear 2h after stopping the music)
  • (Apollon77) Added some more deviceTypes

0.4.0 (2018-08-13)

  • (Apollon77) internal Refactoring
  • (Apollon77) states that are not needed anymore will be removed. This will be logged for now, so please check this and give feedback!
  • (Apollon77) sanitized music provider state names (spaces are now dashes ... should be removed automatically)
  • (Apollon77) Renamed TuneIn-Direct to TuneIn-Station (even if you still can enter text to search, this works with stations too) ... should be removed automatically)
  • (Apollon77) Device and Bluetooth status is now also checked at states update
  • (Apollon77) After enabling Push-Connection the configured polling is turned off and anything is done based on real time informations from Alexa. Test it
  • (Apollon77) Enhanced History states to include the status of the action (SUCCESS, FAIL ...), infos from returned cards (if available) and info on accessed skill for this action.
  • (Apollon77) When using Push-Connection History update is also updated automatically. An empty summary with status DISCARDED_NON_DEVICE_DIRECTED_INTENT means the activation of the echo by saying the wake word
  • (Bluefox) Add icons for some of the devices for Admin

0.3.8 (2018-07-27)

  • (Apollon77) Several Multiroom-fixes
  • (Apollon77) fixed shuffle/repeat
  • (Apollon77) fixed status for play, pause, shuffle and repeat

0.3.4 (2018-07-27)

  • (Apollon77) Only 20 Routines were queried, now up to 2000
  • (Apollon77) Also allow commands including speak for multiroom, BUT it is triggered per device, so NO synchronous audio output!!
  • (Apollon77) Thanks to Matten-Matten also Music-provers can be started on multiroom devices

0.3.2 (2018-07-25)

  • (Apollon77) Fix volume settings for multiroom devices (please report other devices where it is not working)
  • (Apollon77) Add serial number and name to Info

0.3.0 (2018-07-24)

  • (Bluefox) Admin3 fixes and slight changes to roles and code
  • (Apollon77) Reworked state names (hopefully last time!)
  • (Apollon77) Combine Player-Control and Player-Info into channel Player to support better detection and material support
  • (Apollon77) Added further information in Infos states per echo device
  • (Apollon77) Try to detect the type of the device different and decide if commands are available or not (till capabilities are known better)
  • (Apollon77) New "Music-Provider" states depending on available music providers with possibility to enter a text to play something (same as you would speak it)
  • (Apollon77) Volume is send different now, so that it also works when Device player get's inactive

0.2.4 (2018-07-22)

  • (pix) materialize settings window
  • (Apollon77) WOn IP is set automatically with IP from first network interface
  • (Apollon77) fix comma replacements in speaks, do not speak empty text
  • (Apollon77) if Device is Multiroom, the do not create Routines and Commands and not bluetooth
  • (Apollon77) add information about multiroom device and master (later we can use this to sort out commands that are impossible with multiroom)
  • (Apollon77) History is also stored as JSON, so it can be used to monitor one datapoint and have all infos on updateState
  • (Apollon77) Several other fixes

0.2.3 (2018-07-20)

  • (Apollon77) in Numbers with . are replaced by commas

0.2.2 (2018-07-20)

  • (Apollon77) Finally fix device renaming

0.2.1 (2018-07-20)

  • (Apollon77) Small fix of history channel type and setting states initially

0.2.0 (2018-07-20) (as iobroker.alexa2)

  • (Apollon77) 0.2.0: added many Player-Info datapoints including "progress updates " when media is playing
  • (Apollon77) 0.2.0: removed "Notifications" because the only benefit for now is to show them, no interaction or change possible
  • (Apollon77) 0.2.0: adapter now allows to configure intervals for history updates and other data updates like player info
  • (Apollon77) 0.2.0: if cookie could not be determined correctly a proxy is started to allow manual login and cookie is catched in the background on success
  • (Apollon77) 0.2.0: add info datapoints for connection (connected to Alexa), cookie and csrf
  • (Apollon77) 0.2.0: rework complete logic to not use soef library anymore
  • (Apollon77) 0.2.0: Speaking free text at any timepoint is available under Commands.speak
  • (Apollon77) 0.2.0: Sequence-Commands (weather, traffic, flashbriefing, goodmorning, singasong, tellstory) are available to be triggered under "Commands"
  • (Apollon77) 0.2.0: Automation-Routines are now available to be triggered per device under "Routines"
  • (Apollon77) 0.2.0: Automatically use different user-agents for Win32, MacOS and Linux based systems
  • (Apollon77) 0.2.0: Automatically use different user-agents for Win32, MacOS and Linux based systems
  • (Apollon77) 0.2.0: Also support entering TuneIn-Station IDs ("s" plus 4-6 digits) to play that station

0.1.x (Github only as iobroker.alexa)

  • (Apollon77) 0.1.5: Adapter disables itself on error (no cookie/no csrf in cookie/captcha needed)
  • (Apollon77) 0.1.5: Reorganized some states (delete object again please), add playerinfo section for later usage, hopefully fixed unplanned device renaming and other things
  • (Apollon77) 0.1.5: Added adapter config options to overwrite used amazon-page, user-agent and accept-language for cookie determination and
  • (Apollon77) 0.1.4: State changes are logged and only considered when ack=false!
  • (Apollon77) 0.1.3: Corrected all roles, delete objects and start again!
  • (Apollon77) 0.1.3: bluetooth connection status filled correctly initially
  • (Apollon77) 0.1.2: Library fixes and updates
  • (Apollon77) 0.1.1: Library fixes and updates

0.1.0 (2018-07-10)

  • (Apollon77) get Adapter working again, especially getting cookie and optimize refresh

0.0.x

  • soef versions
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