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Cryptographic functions used in various Ara modules
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README.md

ara-crypto

Build Status

Cryptographic functions used in ARA modules for Node.js.

Status

This project is in active development.

Stability

Stability: 1 - Experimental. This feature is still under active development and subject to non-backwards compatible changes, or even removal, in any future version. Use of the feature is not recommended in production environments. Experimental features are not subject to the Node.js Semantic Versioning model.

Installation

$ npm install arablocks/ara-crypto

Usage

const crypto = require('ara-crypto')

const message = Buffer.from('message')
const bytes = crypto.randomBytes(32)
const hash = crypto.blake2b(message)
const { publicKey, secretKey } = crypto.keyPair(hash) // hash seed optional
const signature = crypto.sign(message, secretKey)
const verified = crypto.verify(signature, message, publicKey)
const buffer = crypto.uint64.encode(80)
const number = crypto.uint64.decode(buffer) // 80

API

Most of the functions exported by this module will check for input correctness. If given incorrect input, a function will throw a TypeError with a message describing the error. In most functions, inputs should always be a Buffer.

crypto.randomBytes(size)

Stability: 2 - Stable

Generate a buffer of random bytes where size is an unsigned integer greater than 0. This function will throw a TypeError if given incorrect input. This function calls sodium.randombytes_buf internally.

const bytes = crypto.randomBytes(32)

crypto.blake2b(buffer[, size])

Stability: 2 - Stable

Generates a blake2b digest hash from input of a given size defaulting to 32 bytes. This function calls crypto_generichash_batch internally.

const hash = crypto.blake2b(Buffer.from("message"))

crypto.discoveryKey([seed][, size][, key])

Stability: 2 - Stable

Generate a discovery key useful for network keys. This function calls crypto_generichash internally.

const { publicKey, secretKey } = crypto.keyPair()
const discoveryKey = crypto.discoveryKey(publicKey)

crypto.keyPair([seed])

An alias for crypto.ed25519.keyPair.

crypto.sign(message, secretKey)

An alias for crypto.ed25519.sign.

crypto.verify(signature, message, publicKey)

An alias for crypto.ed25519.verify.

crypto.curve25519.keyPair([seed])

Stability: 2 - Stable

Generate a Curve25519 public and secret key pair from an optional seed buffer. This function calls crypto_sign_seed_keypair and crypto_sign_keypair internally and converts to Curve25519 key pair calling crypto_sign_ed25519_pk_to_curve25519 and crypto_sign_ed25519_sk_to_curve25519.

const seed = crypto.randomBytes(32)
const { publicKey, secretKey } = crypto.curve25519.keyPair(seed)

crypto.curve25519.shared(secretKey, publicKey)

Compute a shared key from a 32 byte secret key and a 32 byte public key. If keys are larger than 32 bytes, they will be truncated when read.

const alice = crypto.curve25519.keyPair()
const bob = crypto.curve25519.keyPair()
const shared = crypto.curve25519.shared(alice.secretKey, bob.publicKey)

crypto.ed25519.keyPair([seed])

Stability: 2 - Stable

Generate a public and secret key pair from an optional seed buffer. This function will throw a TypeError if given incorrect input. This function calls crypto_sign_seed_keypair and crypto_sign_keypair internally.

const seed = crypto.randomBytes(32)
const { publicKey, secretKey } = crypto.keyPair(seed)

crypto.ed25519.sign(message, secretKey)

Stability: 2 - Stable

Sign a message buffer with a secret key buffer. This function will throw a TypeError if given incorrect input. This function calls crypto_sign_detached on a buffer of size crypto_sign_BYTES.

const { publicKey, secretKey } = crypto.keyPair()
const signature = crypto.sign(Buffer.from("hello"), secretKey)

crypto.ed25519.verify(signature, message, publicKey)

Stability: 2 - Stable

Verify signature for a message signed with a given public key. This function will throw a TypeError if given incorrect input. This function calls crypto_sign_verify_detached internally.

const { publicKey, secretKey } = crypto.keyPair()
const message = Buffer.from("hello")
const signature = crypto.sign(message, secretKey)
const verified = crypto.verify(signature, message, publicKey)
if (verified) {
  // message was signed with secret key (corresponding
  // to the given public key) that generated the given signature
}

crypto.uint64.encode(value, size)

Stability: 2 - Stable

Encode an unsigned 64-bit big endian number into a buffer of a given size defaulting to 8 bytes.

const buffer = crypto.uint64.encode(80)

crypto.uint64.decode(buffer)

Stability: 2 - Stable

Decode an unsigned 64-bit big endian buffer into a number

const buffer = crypto.uint64.encode(80)
const number = crypto.uint64.decode(buffer) // 80

crypto.encrypt(value, opts)

DEPRECATED (2018-08-13) - Please use ara-secret-storage instead.

crypto.decrypt(value, opts)

DEPRECATED (2018-08-13) - Please use ara-secret-storage instead.

crypto.box(buffer, opts)

Stability: 1 - Experimental

"Boxes", or encrypts, a buffer from a 32 byte encryption key and a 24-byte nonce.

const key = Buffer.alloc(32); key.fill('SECRET!KEY')
const nonce = crypto.randomBytes(24)
const secret = Buffer.concat([ key, nonce ])
const buffer = Buffer.from('hello!')
const boxed = crypto.box(buffer, { secret }) // or crypto.box(buffer, { nonce, key })
console.log(boxed) // <Buffer 11 8f 40 2b 8a f5 10 08 1f fe 59 b9 97 9c b8 a2 89 e7 b8 78 50 75 ed d9 8e 9c 09 38 0e 81 31 ff fa c6 96 df 57 db 85 ae>

crypto.unbox(buffer, opts)

Stability: 1 - Experimental

"Unboxes" or decrypts a buffer from a 32-byte encryption key and a 24-byte nonce.

const key = Buffer.alloc(32); key.fill('SECRET!KEY')
const nonce = crypto.randomBytes(24)
const secret = Buffer.concat([ key, nonce ])
const buffer = Buffer.from('hello!')
const boxed = crypto.box(buffer, { secret }) // or crypto.box(buffer, { nonce, key })
const unboxed = crypto.unbox(boxed, { secret }) // or crypto.unbox(boxed, { nonce, key })
console.log(unboxed) // hello!

crypto.createBoxStream(opts)

Stability: 1 - Experimental

Creates a transform stream that "boxes" messages written to it.

const key = Buffer.alloc(32); key.fill('SECRET!KEY')
const nonce = crypto.randomBytes(24)
const secret = Buffer.concat([ key, nonce ])
const buffer = Buffer.from('hello!')
const stream = crypto.createBoxStream({ secret }) // or crypto.createBoxStream({ nonce, key })
stream.on('data', (chunk) => console.log(chunk)) // cipher text
stream.write(buffer)

crypto.createUnboxStream(opts)

Stability: 1 - Experimental

Creates a transform stream that "unboxes" messages written to it.

const key = Buffer.alloc(32); key.fill('SECRET!KEY')
const nonce = crypto.randomBytes(24)
const secret = Buffer.concat([ key, nonce ])
const buffer = Buffer.from('hello!')
const stream = crypto.createUnboxStream({ secret }) // or crypto.createUnboxStream({ nonce, key })
const boxed = crypto.box(buffer, { secret })
stream.on('data', (chunk) => console.log(chunk)) // hello!
stream.write(boxed)

crypto.auth(message, key)

Stability: 2 - Stable

Generates and returns a message authentication code (MAC) for a given message and secret key.

const message = Buffer.from('hello')
const key = crypto.randomBytes(32)
const mac = auth(message, key)

Secret + Nonce based message authentication codes:

const message = Buffer.from('hello')
const secret = getSecretFromSomeWhere()
const nonce = crypto.randomBytes(32)
const key = crypto.blake2b(Buffer.concat([secret, nonce]))
const mac = auth(message, key)

crypto.auth.verify(mac, message, key)

Stability: 2 - Stable

Verifies the authenticity of a message with a given message authentication code (MAC) and secret key.

const message = Buffer.from('hello')
const key = crypto.randomBytes(32)
const mac = auth(message, key)

if (false === verify(mac, message, key)) {
  throw new Error('Message forged!')
}

crypto.kx.keyPair([seed])

Stability: 2 - Stable

Generates a key exchange key pair.

const seed = crypto.randomBytes(32)
const kp = crypto.kx.keyPair(seed)

crypto.kx.client(opts)

Stability: 1 - Experimental

Compute sender (tx) and receiver (rx) session keys for a client based on a server's public key.

const serverPublicKey = getServerPublicKey()
const { publicKey, secretKey } = getClientKeyPair()
const client = kx.client({
  publicKey,
  secretKey,
  server: { publicKey: serverPublicKey }
})

crypto.kx.server(opts)

Stability: 1 - Experimental

Compute sender (tx) and receiver (rx) session keys for a server based on a client's public key.

const clientPublicKey = getClientPublicKey()
const { publicKey, secretKey } = getServerKeyPair()
const server = kx.server({
  publicKey,
  secretKey,
  client: { publicKey: clientPublicKey }
})

crypto.kdf.keygen(key)

Stability: 2 - Stable

Generate a master ("secret") key. This function calls crypto_kdf_keygen internally.

const key = crypto.kdf.keygen()

crypto.kdf.init(key, buffer)

Stability: 2 - Stable

Initializes key and buffer with null subkey to return an object to update.

const buffer = Buffer.from('examples')
const key = crypto.kdf.keygen()
const ctx = crypto.kdf.init(key, buffer) // buffer optional

crypto.kdf.update(ctx, id)

Stability: 2 - Stable

Updates context subkey from an ID. This function calls crypto_kdf_derive internally.

const buffer = Buffer.from('examples')
const key = crypto.kdf.keygen()
const ctx = crypto.kdf.init(key, buffer)
const subkey = crypto.kdf.update(ctx, 1)

crypto.kdf.final(ctx)

Stability: 2 - Stable

Finalizes context by setting ctx.subkey to null.

const buffer = Buffer.from('examples')
const key = crypto.kdf.keygen()
const ctx = crypto.kdf.init(key, buffer)
const subkey = crypto.kdf.final(ctx)

crypto.kdf.derive(key, iterations, buffer)

Stability: 2 - Stable

Derives a subkey from a key, number of iterations, and a context buffer. This function calls kdf.init, kdf.update, and kdf.final internally.

const buffer = Buffer.from('examples')
const key = crypto.kdf.keygen()
const subkey = crypto.kdf.derive(key, 1, buffer) // buffer optional

crypto.seal(message, opts)

Stability: 2 - Stable

Seals a message based on a curve25519 public key for a recipient who has the corresponding secret key.

const publicKey = getServerPublicKey()
const message = Buffer.from('hello')
const sealed = crypto.seal(message, { publicKey })

crypto.seal.open(message, opts)

Stability: 2 - Stable

Opens a sealed message based on a curve25519 public key for a recipient who has the corresponding secret key.

const { publicKey, secretKey } = getKeyPair()
const message = crypto.seal.open(ciphertext, { publicKey, secretKey })

crypto.shash(message, secretKey)

Stability: 2 - Stable

Compute a 8 byte short hash for some message buffer based on a given secret key.

const message = Buffer.from('message')
const keyPair = crypto.curve25519.keyPair()
const key = crypto.blake2b(keyPair.secretKey, 16)
const mac = crypto.shash(message, key)

Contributing

See Also

License

LGPL-3.0

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