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Postgres Protocol Plugin


ArcadeDB Server supports a subset of the Postgres wire protocol, such as connection and queries.

If you’re using ArcadeDB as embedded, please add the dependency to the arcadedb-postgresw library. If you’re using Maven include this dependency in your pom.xml file.


To start the Postgres plugin, enlist it in the server.plugins settings. To specify multiple plugins, use the comma , as separator. Example:

~/arcadedb $ bin/ -Darcadedb.server.plugins="Postgres:com.arcadedb.postgres.PostgresProtocolPlugin"

If you’re using MS Windows OS, replace with server.bat.

In case of an incompatibility, restart the server with the additional option -Darcadedb.postgres.debug=true, repeat the connection attempt, and add the debug output to the issue report.

In case you’re running ArcadeDB with Docker, use -e to pass settings and open the Postgres default port 5432:

docker run --rm -p 2480:2480 -p 2424:2424 -p 5432:5432 \
       --env JAVA_OPTS="-Darcadedb.server.rootPassword=playwithdata \
          -Darcadedb.server.plugins=Postgres:com.arcadedb.postgres.PostgresProtocolPlugin " \

The Server output will contain this line:

2021-07-08 19:05:06.081 INFO  [ArcadeDBServer] <ArcadeDB_0> - Postgres Protocol plugin started

Once you have enabled the Postgres Protocol, you can interact with ArcadeDB server by using any Postgres drivers. The driver sends the queries to the ArcadeDB server without parsing or checking the syntax. For this reason, even if ArcadeDB SQL is different from Postgres SQL, you’re still able to execute any ArcadeDB SQL command through the Postgres driver. Check out the following list with the official drivers for the most popular programming languages:

For the complete list, please check Postgres website.

Other query languages

By default the Postgres driver interprets all the commands as SQL. To use another supported language, like Cypher, Gremlin, GraphQL or MongoDB, prefix the command with the language to use between curly brackets.

Example to execute a query by using GraphQL:

{graphql}{ bookById(id: "book-1"){ id name authors { firstName, lastName } }

Example to use Cypher:

{cypher}MATCH (m:Movie)<-[a:ACTED_IN]-(p:Person) WHERE id(m) = '#1:0' RETURN *

Example of using Gremlin:


Current limitations

The documentation about Postgres wire protocol is not exhaustive to build a bullet proof protocol. In particular the state machine. For this reason this plugin was created by reading the available documentation online (official and not official) and looking into Postgres drivers or implementations.

Particularly, ArcadeDB does only support "simple" query mode and does not support SSL!


Enabling auto commit to false is not 100% supported. With JDBC, leave the default settings or set:


Postgres Tools Known to Work

Some tools compatible with Postgres may execute queries on internal Postgres tables to retrieve the schema. Those tables are not present in ArcadeDB, so it may return errors at startup. See tested compatible tools below. If the tool that you use to work with Postgres is not compatible with ArcadeDB, please open an issue.
PostgreSQL Client psql

Postgres’s psql tool works out of the box, just like with an actual Postgres server. To install this Postgres client, see here.

Connect from a terminal or console like this:

psql -h localhost -p 5432 -d mydatabase -U root

After authenticating, you can run SQL queries as normal. One can also submit the password via the environment:

PGPASSWORD=password psql -h localhost -p 5432 -d mydatabase -U root

or use the postgres protocol address:

psql postgres://username:password@host:port/database

In case the password contains special characters (like /, \, @, ?, !, &), it needs to be URL encoded (also known as "percent encoding").

Note, that in the psql console queries or commands need to be terminated with a semi-colon ; to be submitted.