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# vim: tabstop=4 shiftwidth=4 softtabstop=4
# Copyright 2011 OpenStack LLC.
# Copyright 2010 United States Government as represented by the
# Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
# All Rights Reserved.
#
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may
# not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain
# a copy of the License at
#
# http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT
# WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the
# License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations
# under the License.
"""Nova logging handler.
This module adds to logging functionality by adding the option to specify
a context object when calling the various log methods. If the context object
is not specified, default formatting is used. Additionally, an instance uuid
may be passed as part of the log message, which is intended to make it easier
for admins to find messages related to a specific instance.
It also allows setting of formatting information through flags.
"""
import cStringIO
import inspect
import itertools
import json
import logging
import logging.config
import logging.handlers
import os
import stat
import sys
import traceback
import nova
from nova import flags
from nova.openstack.common import cfg
from nova.openstack.common import local
from nova import version
log_opts = [
cfg.StrOpt('logging_context_format_string',
default='%(asctime)s %(levelname)s %(name)s [%(request_id)s '
'%(user_id)s %(project_id)s] %(instance)s'
'%(message)s',
help='format string to use for log messages with context'),
cfg.StrOpt('logging_default_format_string',
default='%(asctime)s %(levelname)s %(name)s [-] %(instance)s'
'%(message)s',
help='format string to use for log messages without context'),
cfg.StrOpt('logging_debug_format_suffix',
default='from (pid=%(process)d) %(funcName)s '
'%(pathname)s:%(lineno)d',
help='data to append to log format when level is DEBUG'),
cfg.StrOpt('logging_exception_prefix',
default='%(asctime)s TRACE %(name)s %(instance)s',
help='prefix each line of exception output with this format'),
cfg.ListOpt('default_log_levels',
default=[
'amqplib=WARN',
'sqlalchemy=WARN',
'boto=WARN',
'suds=INFO',
'eventlet.wsgi.server=WARN'
],
help='list of logger=LEVEL pairs'),
cfg.BoolOpt('publish_errors',
default=False,
help='publish error events'),
# NOTE(mikal): there are two options here because sometimes we are handed
# a full instance (and could include more information), and other times we
# are just handed a UUID for the instance.
cfg.StrOpt('instance_format',
default='[instance: %(uuid)s] ',
help='If an instance is passed with the log message, format '
'it like this'),
cfg.StrOpt('instance_uuid_format',
default='[instance: %(uuid)s] ',
help='If an instance UUID is passed with the log message, '
'format it like this'),
]
FLAGS = flags.FLAGS
FLAGS.register_opts(log_opts)
# our new audit level
# NOTE(jkoelker) Since we synthesized an audit level, make the logging
# module aware of it so it acts like other levels.
logging.AUDIT = logging.INFO + 1
logging.addLevelName(logging.AUDIT, 'AUDIT')
try:
NullHandler = logging.NullHandler
except AttributeError: # NOTE(jkoelker) NullHandler added in Python 2.7
class NullHandler(logging.Handler):
def handle(self, record):
pass
def emit(self, record):
pass
def createLock(self):
self.lock = None
def _dictify_context(context):
if context is None:
return None
if not isinstance(context, dict) and getattr(context, 'to_dict', None):
context = context.to_dict()
return context
def _get_binary_name():
return os.path.basename(inspect.stack()[-1][1])
def _get_log_file_path(binary=None):
logfile = FLAGS.log_file or FLAGS.logfile
logdir = FLAGS.log_dir or FLAGS.logdir
if logfile and not logdir:
return logfile
if logfile and logdir:
return os.path.join(logdir, logfile)
if logdir:
binary = binary or _get_binary_name()
return '%s.log' % (os.path.join(logdir, binary),)
class NovaContextAdapter(logging.LoggerAdapter):
warn = logging.LoggerAdapter.warning
def __init__(self, logger):
self.logger = logger
def audit(self, msg, *args, **kwargs):
self.log(logging.AUDIT, msg, *args, **kwargs)
def process(self, msg, kwargs):
if 'extra' not in kwargs:
kwargs['extra'] = {}
extra = kwargs['extra']
context = kwargs.pop('context', None)
if not context:
context = getattr(local.store, 'context', None)
if context:
extra.update(_dictify_context(context))
instance = kwargs.pop('instance', None)
instance_extra = ''
if instance:
instance_extra = FLAGS.instance_format % instance
else:
instance_uuid = kwargs.pop('instance_uuid', None)
if instance_uuid:
instance_extra = (FLAGS.instance_uuid_format
% {'uuid': instance_uuid})
extra.update({'instance': instance_extra})
extra.update({"nova_version": version.version_string_with_vcs()})
extra['extra'] = extra.copy()
return msg, kwargs
class JSONFormatter(logging.Formatter):
def __init__(self, fmt=None, datefmt=None):
# NOTE(jkoelker) we ignore the fmt argument, but its still there
# since logging.config.fileConfig passes it.
self.datefmt = datefmt
def formatException(self, ei, strip_newlines=True):
lines = traceback.format_exception(*ei)
if strip_newlines:
lines = [itertools.ifilter(lambda x: x,
line.rstrip().splitlines())
for line in lines]
lines = list(itertools.chain(*lines))
return lines
def format(self, record):
message = {'message': record.getMessage(),
'asctime': self.formatTime(record, self.datefmt),
'name': record.name,
'msg': record.msg,
'args': record.args,
'levelname': record.levelname,
'levelno': record.levelno,
'pathname': record.pathname,
'filename': record.filename,
'module': record.module,
'lineno': record.lineno,
'funcname': record.funcName,
'created': record.created,
'msecs': record.msecs,
'relative_created': record.relativeCreated,
'thread': record.thread,
'thread_name': record.threadName,
'process_name': record.processName,
'process': record.process,
'traceback': None}
if hasattr(record, 'extra'):
message['extra'] = record.extra
if record.exc_info:
message['traceback'] = self.formatException(record.exc_info)
return json.dumps(message)
class LegacyNovaFormatter(logging.Formatter):
"""A nova.context.RequestContext aware formatter configured through flags.
The flags used to set format strings are: logging_context_format_string
and logging_default_format_string. You can also specify
logging_debug_format_suffix to append extra formatting if the log level is
debug.
For information about what variables are available for the formatter see:
http://docs.python.org/library/logging.html#formatter
"""
def format(self, record):
"""Uses contextstring if request_id is set, otherwise default."""
if 'instance' not in record.__dict__:
record.__dict__['instance'] = ''
if record.__dict__.get('request_id', None):
self._fmt = FLAGS.logging_context_format_string
else:
self._fmt = FLAGS.logging_default_format_string
if (record.levelno == logging.DEBUG and
FLAGS.logging_debug_format_suffix):
self._fmt += " " + FLAGS.logging_debug_format_suffix
# Cache this on the record, Logger will respect our formated copy
if record.exc_info:
record.exc_text = self.formatException(record.exc_info, record)
return logging.Formatter.format(self, record)
def formatException(self, exc_info, record=None):
"""Format exception output with FLAGS.logging_exception_prefix."""
if not record:
return logging.Formatter.formatException(self, exc_info)
stringbuffer = cStringIO.StringIO()
traceback.print_exception(exc_info[0], exc_info[1], exc_info[2],
None, stringbuffer)
lines = stringbuffer.getvalue().split('\n')
stringbuffer.close()
if FLAGS.logging_exception_prefix.find('%(asctime)') != -1:
record.asctime = self.formatTime(record, self.datefmt)
formatted_lines = []
for line in lines:
pl = FLAGS.logging_exception_prefix % record.__dict__
fl = '%s%s' % (pl, line)
formatted_lines.append(fl)
return '\n'.join(formatted_lines)
class PublishErrorsHandler(logging.Handler):
def emit(self, record):
if 'list_notifier_drivers' in FLAGS:
if 'nova.notifier.log_notifier' in FLAGS.list_notifier_drivers:
return
nova.notifier.api.notify('nova.error.publisher', 'error_notification',
nova.notifier.api.ERROR, dict(error=record.msg))
def handle_exception(type, value, tb):
extra = {}
if FLAGS.verbose:
extra['exc_info'] = (type, value, tb)
getLogger().critical(str(value), **extra)
def setup():
"""Setup nova logging."""
sys.excepthook = handle_exception
if FLAGS.log_config:
try:
logging.config.fileConfig(FLAGS.log_config)
except Exception:
traceback.print_exc()
raise
else:
_setup_logging_from_flags()
def _find_facility_from_flags():
facility_names = logging.handlers.SysLogHandler.facility_names
facility = getattr(logging.handlers.SysLogHandler,
FLAGS.syslog_log_facility,
None)
if facility is None and FLAGS.syslog_log_facility in facility_names:
facility = facility_names.get(FLAGS.syslog_log_facility)
if facility is None:
valid_facilities = facility_names.keys()
consts = ['LOG_AUTH', 'LOG_AUTHPRIV', 'LOG_CRON', 'LOG_DAEMON',
'LOG_FTP', 'LOG_KERN', 'LOG_LPR', 'LOG_MAIL', 'LOG_NEWS',
'LOG_AUTH', 'LOG_SYSLOG', 'LOG_USER', 'LOG_UUCP',
'LOG_LOCAL0', 'LOG_LOCAL1', 'LOG_LOCAL2', 'LOG_LOCAL3',
'LOG_LOCAL4', 'LOG_LOCAL5', 'LOG_LOCAL6', 'LOG_LOCAL7']
valid_facilities.extend(consts)
raise TypeError(_('syslog facility must be one of: %s') %
', '.join("'%s'" % fac
for fac in valid_facilities))
return facility
def _setup_logging_from_flags():
nova_root = getLogger().logger
for handler in nova_root.handlers:
nova_root.removeHandler(handler)
if FLAGS.use_syslog:
facility = _find_facility_from_flags()
syslog = logging.handlers.SysLogHandler(address='/dev/log',
facility=facility)
nova_root.addHandler(syslog)
logpath = _get_log_file_path()
if logpath:
filelog = logging.handlers.WatchedFileHandler(logpath)
nova_root.addHandler(filelog)
mode = int(FLAGS.logfile_mode, 8)
st = os.stat(logpath)
if st.st_mode != (stat.S_IFREG | mode):
os.chmod(logpath, mode)
if FLAGS.use_stderr:
streamlog = logging.StreamHandler()
nova_root.addHandler(streamlog)
elif not FLAGS.log_file:
streamlog = logging.StreamHandler(stream=sys.stdout)
nova_root.addHandler(streamlog)
if FLAGS.publish_errors:
nova_root.addHandler(PublishErrorsHandler(logging.ERROR))
for handler in nova_root.handlers:
datefmt = FLAGS.log_date_format
if FLAGS.log_format:
handler.setFormatter(logging.Formatter(fmt=FLAGS.log_format,
datefmt=datefmt))
handler.setFormatter(LegacyNovaFormatter(datefmt=datefmt))
if FLAGS.verbose or FLAGS.debug:
nova_root.setLevel(logging.DEBUG)
else:
nova_root.setLevel(logging.INFO)
level = logging.NOTSET
for pair in FLAGS.default_log_levels:
mod, _sep, level_name = pair.partition('=')
level = logging.getLevelName(level_name)
logger = logging.getLogger(mod)
logger.setLevel(level)
# NOTE(jkoelker) Clear the handlers for the root logger that was setup
# by basicConfig in nova/__init__.py and install the
# NullHandler.
root = logging.getLogger()
for handler in root.handlers:
root.removeHandler(handler)
handler = NullHandler()
handler.setFormatter(logging.Formatter())
root.addHandler(handler)
_loggers = {}
def getLogger(name='nova'):
if name not in _loggers:
_loggers[name] = NovaContextAdapter(logging.getLogger(name))
return _loggers[name]
class WritableLogger(object):
"""A thin wrapper that responds to `write` and logs."""
def __init__(self, logger, level=logging.INFO):
self.logger = logger
self.level = level
def write(self, msg):
self.logger.log(self.level, msg)
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