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readme.md

YaLinqo: Yet Another LINQ to Objects for PHP

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Features

  • The most complete port of .NET LINQ to PHP, with many additional methods.
  • Lazy evaluation, error messages and other behavior of original LINQ.
  • Detailed PHPDoc and online reference based on PHPDoc for all methods. Articles are adapted from original LINQ documentation from MSDN.
  • 100% unit test coverage.
  • Best performance among full-featured LINQ ports (YaLinqo, Ginq, Pinq), at least 2x faster than the closest competitor, see performance tests.
  • Callback functions can be specified as closures (like function ($v) { return $v; }), PHP "function pointers" (either strings like 'strnatcmp' or arrays like array($object, 'methodName')), string "lambdas" using various syntaxes ('"$k = $v"', '$v ==> $v+1', '($v, $k) ==> $v + $k', '($v, $k) ==> { return $v + $k; }').
  • Keys are as important as values. Most callback functions receive both values and the keys; transformations can be applied to both values and the keys; keys are never lost during transformations, if possible.
  • SPL interfaces Iterator, IteratorAggregate etc. are used throughout the code and can be used interchangeably with Enumerable.
  • Redundant collection classes are avoided, native PHP arrays are used everywhere.
  • Composer support (package on Packagist).
  • No external dependencies.

Implemented methods

Some methods had to be renamed, because their names are reserved keywords. Original methods names are given in parenthesis.

  • Generation: cycle, emptyEnum (empty), from, generate, toInfinity, toNegativeInfinity, matches, returnEnum (return), range, rangeDown, rangeTo, repeat, split;
  • Projection and filtering: cast, ofType, select, selectMany, where;
  • Ordering: orderBy, orderByDescending, orderByDir, thenBy, thenByDescending, thenByDir;
  • Joining and grouping: groupJoin, join, groupBy;
  • Aggregation: aggregate, aggregateOrDefault, average, count, max, maxBy, min, minBy, sum;
  • Set: all, any, append, concat, contains, distinct, except, intersect, prepend, union;
  • Pagination: elementAt, elementAtOrDefault, first, firstOrDefault, firstOrFallback, last, lastOrDefault, lastOrFallback, single, singleOrDefault, singleOrFallback, indexOf, lastIndexOf, findIndex, findLastIndex, skip, skipWhile, take, takeWhile;
  • Conversion: toArray, toArrayDeep, toList, toListDeep, toDictionary, toJSON, toLookup, toKeys, toValues, toObject, toString;
  • Actions: call (do), each (forEach), write, writeLine.

In total, more than 80 methods.

Example

Process sample data:

// Data
$products = array(
    array('name' => 'Keyboard',    'catId' => 'hw', 'quantity' =>  10, 'id' => 1),
    array('name' => 'Mouse',       'catId' => 'hw', 'quantity' =>  20, 'id' => 2),
    array('name' => 'Monitor',     'catId' => 'hw', 'quantity' =>   0, 'id' => 3),
    array('name' => 'Joystick',    'catId' => 'hw', 'quantity' =>  15, 'id' => 4),
    array('name' => 'CPU',         'catId' => 'hw', 'quantity' =>  15, 'id' => 5),
    array('name' => 'Motherboard', 'catId' => 'hw', 'quantity' =>  11, 'id' => 6),
    array('name' => 'Windows',     'catId' => 'os', 'quantity' => 666, 'id' => 7),
    array('name' => 'Linux',       'catId' => 'os', 'quantity' => 666, 'id' => 8),
    array('name' => 'Mac',         'catId' => 'os', 'quantity' => 666, 'id' => 9),
);
$categories = array(
    array('name' => 'Hardware',          'id' => 'hw'),
    array('name' => 'Operating systems', 'id' => 'os'),
);

// Put products with non-zero quantity into matching categories;
// sort categories by name;
// sort products within categories by quantity descending, then by name.
$result = from($categories)
    ->orderBy('$cat ==> $cat["name"]')
    ->groupJoin(
        from($products)
            ->where('$prod ==> $prod["quantity"] > 0')
            ->orderByDescending('$prod ==> $prod["quantity"]')
            ->thenBy('$prod ==> $prod["name"]'),
        '$cat ==> $cat["id"]', '$prod ==> $prod["catId"]',
        '($cat, $prods) ==> array(
            "name" => $cat["name"],
            "products" => $prods
        )'
    );

// Alternative shorter syntax using default variable names
$result2 = from($categories)
    ->orderBy('$v["name"]')
    ->groupJoin(
        from($products)
            ->where('$v["quantity"] > 0')
            ->orderByDescending('$v["quantity"]')
            ->thenBy('$v["name"]'),
        '$v["id"]', '$v["catId"]',
        'array(
            "name" => $v["name"],
            "products" => $e
        )'
    );

// Closure syntax, maximum support in IDEs, but verbose and hard to read
$result3 = from($categories)
    ->orderBy(function ($cat) { return $cat['name']; })
    ->groupJoin(
        from($products)
            ->where(function ($prod) { return $prod["quantity"] > 0; })
            ->orderByDescending(function ($prod) { return $prod["quantity"]; })
            ->thenBy(function ($prod) { return $prod["name"]; }),
        function ($cat) { return $cat["id"]; },
        function ($prod) { return $prod["catId"]; },
        function ($cat, $prods) {
            return array(
                "name" => $cat["name"],
                "products" => $prods
            );
        }
    );

print_r($result->toArrayDeep());

Output (compacted):

Array (
    [hw] => Array (
        [name] => Hardware
        [products] => Array (
            [0] => Array ( [name] => Mouse       [catId] => hw [quantity] =>  20 [id] => 2 )
            [1] => Array ( [name] => CPU         [catId] => hw [quantity] =>  15 [id] => 5 )
            [2] => Array ( [name] => Joystick    [catId] => hw [quantity] =>  15 [id] => 4 )
            [3] => Array ( [name] => Motherboard [catId] => hw [quantity] =>  11 [id] => 6 )
            [4] => Array ( [name] => Keyboard    [catId] => hw [quantity] =>  10 [id] => 1 )
        )
    )
    [os] => Array (
        [name] => Operating systems
        [products] => Array (
            [0] => Array ( [name] => Linux       [catId] => os [quantity] => 666 [id] => 8 )
            [1] => Array ( [name] => Mac         [catId] => os [quantity] => 666 [id] => 9 )
            [2] => Array ( [name] => Windows     [catId] => os [quantity] => 666 [id] => 7 )
        )
    )
)

Requirements

  • Version 1 (stable): PHP 5.3 or higher.
  • Version 2 (stable): PHP 5.5 or higher.
  • Version 3 (pre-alpha): PHP 7.0 or higher.

Usage

Add to composer.json:

{
    "require": {
        "athari/yalinqo": "^2.0"
    }
}

Add to your PHP script:

require_once 'vendor/autoloader.php';
use \YaLinqo\Enumerable;

// 'from' can be called as a static method or via a global function shortcut
Enumerable::from(array(1, 2, 3));
from(array(1, 2, 3));

License

Simplified BSD License
Copyright © 2012–2018, Alexander Prokhorov
All rights reserved.

Links

YaLinqo Articles

Related projects

  • linq.js — LINQ for JavaScript. The one and only complete port of .NET LINQ to JavaScript.
  • Underscore.js — library for functional programming in JavaScript. Similar to LINQ, but different method names and no lazy evaluation.
  • Underscore.php — port of Underscore.js to PHP.
  • RxPHP — reactive (push) counterpart of the active (pull) LINQ, port of Rx.NET.
  • YaLinqoPerf — collection of performance tests comparing raw PHP, array functions, YaLinqo, YaLinqo with string lambdas, Ginq, Ginq with property accessors, Pinq.