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Axon Framework CDI Support (updated 18-3-2019)

Maven Central Build Status SonarCloud Status

This Axon Framework module provides support for the CDI programming model. It is a CDI portable extension integrating the Axon Framework and providing some intelligent defaults while still allowing for configuring overrides.

The current minimum supported versions are:

  • Axon Framework 3.3.5 and 4.0.3
  • CDI 1.2/Java EE 7
  • Java SE 8

We have so far tested sucessfully against Payara, WildFly, JBoss EAP, TomEE and WebLogic. We will test the module with Thorntail (formerly WildFly Swarm) and WebSphere Liberty/Open Liberty. A contribution testing against WebSphere classic is welcome.

CDI module branches and usage:

Branch structure

In order to become more 'compatible' with the Axon Framework itself, we will start using the same directory and branch structure. The "master" branch is the most current snapshot, in this case version "4.2-SNAPSHOT". For each release, of which we admittedly only have Alpha's for now, there will be a separate branch to support bugfix releases. As a consequence, there is a "4.0.x" branch with the current Axon "4.0.x" compatible snapshot, and a new "3.3.x" for the Axon 3 compatible module. Releases to Maven Central will happen when a sufficiently stable version has been reached to support an Axon release with that same version. The current two Alpha releases have been released in response to specific requests, but "Caveat usor"; there are still several open issues in source comments and GitHub.

Maven dependency

To use the module with Axon Framework 3.3.5, add the following dependency from Maven Central:

      <dependency>
        <groupId>org.axonframework</groupId>
        <artifactId>axon-cdi</artifactId>
        <version>3.3-alpha2</version>
      </dependency>

For Axon Framework 4.0.3, add:

      <dependency>
        <groupId>org.axonframework</groupId>
        <artifactId>axon-cdi</artifactId>
        <version>4.0-alpha1</version>
      </dependency>

Using Snapshot builds

To use a snapshot version, you will need to build it locally for the time being. Once you have built the artifact locally, simply add the following dependency:

      <dependency>
        <groupId>org.axonframework</groupId>
        <artifactId>axon-cdi</artifactId>
        <version>4.2-SNAPSHOT</version>
      </dependency>

Note that SNAPSHOT builds themselves will depend on an Axon Framework version which is one decimal lower (4.1) as the corresponding SNAPSHOT version is not available from Maven Central.

Bean Scopes and Lifecycle

There is quite a lot of confusion due to the differences between the way dependency injection is handled by Spring and CDI. Spring explicitly differentiates between Beans and Components, and an even more specialized thing called Configuration components. (names my choice) All of these can be injected using @Autowired or @Inject, with small changes between the effect of those two annotations. The CDI standard itself only supports Beans and @Inject repectively, but in a JEE (either Java or Jakarta) context Components also come in to play in the form of e.g. EJBs. I will use the term "Bean" to refer to any injectable object.

Beans have a scope, which determines their lifetime, and a context. The context usually determines the scope, in the sense that a Bean's scope cannot be larger than that of its context. In contrast to Spring, CDI does not have an annotation to mark the type of bean (@Bean, @Component, or @Configuration), as it only supports beans. The annotation for the scope is instead used to mark a class as that of a Bean. As a consequence, Spring can use the concept of a 'default scope', which is "Singleton", whereas CDI always requires an explicit scope annotation. That said, JEE Components can exist without a CDI scope annotation, as they are managed by the application server runtime. Their lifecycle is fully managed and the application server will use performance metrics to determine creation and destruction. Putting e.g. @ApplicationScoped on an EJB is therefore a rather silly thing to do (I did it once), but the CDI BeanManager is not the one who rules them, so I ended up with five instances anyway. (And Axon knew about only one of them...)

Using the CDI module

Automatic Configuration

The base Axon Framework is extremely powerful and flexible. What this extension does is to provide a number of sensible defaults for Axon applications while still allowing you reasonable configuration flexibility - including the ability to override defaults. As soon as you include the module in your project, you will be able to inject a number of Axon APIs into your code using CDI. These APIs represent the most important Axon Framework building blocks:

Overrides

You can provide configuration overrides for the following Axon artifacts by creating CDI producers for them:

For more details on these objects and the Axon Framework, please consult the Axon Framework Reference Guide.

Aggregates

You can define aggregate roots by placing a simple annotation org.axonframework.cdi.stereotype.Aggregate on your class. It will be automatically collected by the CDI container and registered.

Event Handlers and Query Handlers

Event handlers and query handlers must be CDI beans. They will be automatically registered with Axon for you.

Examples

Please have a look at the examples in the example folder.

Java EE

The Java EE example demonstrates usage inside any Java EE 7+ compatible application server much as Payara or WildFly. The example is a generic Maven web application you should be able to build on any IDE, generate a Java EE 7 war and deploy to your favorite application server. We have so far tested sucessfully against Payara, WildFly, JBoss EAP, TomEE and WebLogic.

For convenience, we have added Cargo configurations in separate Maven profiles for most supported and tested application servers.

  • To run the example against WildFly, simply execute the Maven target: mvn package cargo:run -Pwildfly
  • To run the example against JBoss EAP, simply execute the Maven target: mvn package cargo:run -Pjboss
  • To run the example against TomEE, simply execute the Maven target: mvn package cargo:run -Ptomee

Java SE

The Java SE example demonstrates usage in a non-Java EE, Java SE environment that is CDI enabled (that could include a Servlet-only environment with CDI). Note that while the extension targets CDI 1.1, the example uses the CDI 2 Java SE bootstrap API. It is also easily possible to achieve the same functionality in CDI 1.1 using CDI implementation (such as Weld) specific Java SE bootstrap APIs (in the same vein it is possible to use the CDI 2 Java SE bootstrap API in Servlet containers). The example is a generic Maven Java SE application you should be able to build on any IDE, generate a Java SE executable jar and run from the command line using java -jar.

For convenience, we have added a Maven exec Java plugin in the Maven configuration. You can run the application by simply executing the Maven target: mvn package exec:java

Advanced Usage

Usage of JPA Event Store

If you want to use the JPA based event store inside of a container (e.g. Payara or WildFly), you have to configure the following facilities:

Please see the examples for details.

Roadmap

The module is currently in very early alpha state but is likely fairly feature complete. We are actively maturing it to a first release stage. We welcome early adopters and contributors.

Known Issues

The following are the known issues with the extension. Please also look at our GitHub issue tracker.

  • We have tested but do not currently support GlassFish due to numerous critical bugs that have been fixed in GlassFish derivative Payara.

Acknowledgements

The work for Axon to support CDI started in the community. The earliest CDI support for Axon came from the following folks:

A few other folks took this community-driven work a step much further by more closely aligning with newer versions of Axon:

The official Axon support for CDI is based on the collective hard work of these folks in the community. AxonIQ is very grateful to all direct and indirect community contributors to this module.

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Axon Framework extension to support CDI integration.

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