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README.md

NAME

HTML5::DOM - Super fast html5 DOM library with css selectors (based on Modest/MyHTML)

SYNOPSIS

use warnings;
use strict;
use HTML5::DOM;

# create parser object
my $parser = HTML5::DOM->new;

# parse some html
my $tree = $parser->parse('
 <label>Some list of OS:</label>
 <ul class="list" data-what="os" title="OS list">
    <li>UNIX</li>
    <li>Linux</li>
    <!-- comment -->
    <li>OSX</li>
    <li>Windows</li>
    <li>FreeBSD</li>
 </ul>
');

# find one element by CSS selector
my $ul = $tree->at('ul.list');

# prints tag
print $ul->tag."\n"; # ul

# check if <ul> has class list
print "<ul> has class .list\n" if ($ul->classList->has('list'));

# add some class
$ul->classList->add('os-list');

# prints <ul> classes
print $ul->className."\n"; # list os-list

# prints <ul> attribute title
print $ul->attr("title")."\n"; # OS list

# changing <ul> attribute title
$ul->attr("title", "OS names list");

# find all os names
$ul->find('li')->each(sub {
 my ($node, $index) = @_;
 print "OS #$index: ".$node->text."\n";
});

# we can use precompiled selectors
my $css_parser = HTML5::DOM::CSS->new;
my $selector = $css_parser->parseSelector('li');

# remove OSX from OS
$ul->find($selector)->[2]->remove();

# serialize tree
print $tree->html."\n";

# TODO: more examples in SYNOPSIS
# But you can explore API documentation.
# My lib have simple API, which is intuitively familiar to anyone who used the DOM.

DESCRIPTION

HTML5::DOM is a fast HTML5 parser and DOM manipulatin library with CSS4 selectors, fully conformant with the HTML5 specification.

It based on https://github.com/lexborisov/Modest as selector engine and https://github.com/lexborisov/myhtml as HTML5 parser.

Key features

  • Really fast HTML parsing.
  • Supports parsing by chunks.
  • Fully conformant with the HTML5 specification.
  • Fast CSS4 selectors.
  • Any manipulations using DOM-like API.
  • Auto-detect input encoding.
  • Fully integration in perl and memory management. You don't care about "free" or "destroy".
  • Supports async parsing, with optional event-loop intergration.
  • Perl utf8-enabled strings supports (See "WORK WITH UTF8" for details.)

HTML5::DOM

HTML5 parser object.

new

use warnings;
use strict;
use HTML5::DOM;

my $parser;

# with default options
$parser = HTML5::DOM->new;

# or override some options, if you need
$parser = HTML5::DOM->new({
   threads                 => 0,
   ignore_whitespace       => 0, 
   ignore_doctype          => 0, 
   scripts                 => 0, 
   encoding                => "auto", 
   default_encoding        => "UTF-8", 
   encoding_use_meta       => 1, 
   encoding_use_bom        => 1, 
   encoding_prescan_limit  => 1024
});

Creates new parser object with options. See "PARSER OPTIONS" for details.

parse

use warnings;
use strict;
use HTML5::DOM;

my $parser = HTML5::DOM->new;

my $html = '<div>Hello world!</div>';

my $tree;

# parsing with options defined in HTML5::DOM->new
$tree = $parser->parse($html);

# parsing with custom options (extends options defined in HTML5::DOM->new)
$tree = $parser->parse($html, {
    scripts     => 0, 
});

Parse html string and return HTML5::DOM::Tree object.

parseChunkStart

use warnings;
use strict;
use HTML5::DOM;

my $parser = HTML5::DOM->new;

# start chunked parsing with options defined in HTML5::DOM->new
# call parseChunkStart without options is useless, 
# because first call of parseChunk automatically call parseChunkStart. 
$parser->parseChunkStart();

# start chunked parsing with custom options (extends options defined in HTML5::DOM->new)
$parser->parseChunkStart({
   scripts     => 0, 
});

Init chunked parsing. See "PARSER OPTIONS" for details.

parseChunk

use warnings;
use strict;
use HTML5::DOM;

my $parser = HTML5::DOM->new;

$parser->parseChunkStart()->parseChunk('<')->parseChunk('di')->parseChunk('v>');

Parse chunk of html stream.

parseChunkTree

use warnings;
use strict;
use HTML5::DOM;

my $parser = HTML5::DOM->new;

# start some chunked parsing
$parser->parseChunk('<')->parseChunk('di')->parseChunk('v>');

# get current tree
my $tree = $parser->parseChunkTree;

print $tree->html."\n"; # <html><head></head><body><div></div></body></html>

# more parse html
$parser->parseChunk('<div class="red">red div?</div>');

print $tree->html."\n"; # <html><head></head><body><div><div class="red">red div?</div></div></body></html>

# end parsing
$parser->parseChunkEnd();

print $tree->html."\n"; # <html><head></head><body><div><div class="red">red div?</div></div></body></html>

Return current HTML5::DOM::Tree object (live result of all calls parseChunk).

parseChunkEnd

use warnings;
use strict;
use HTML5::DOM;

my $parser = HTML5::DOM->new;

# start some chunked parsing
$parser->parseChunk('<')->parseChunk('di')->parseChunk('v>');

# end parsing and get tree
my $tree = $parser->parseChunkEnd();

print $tree->html; # <html><head></head><body><div></div></body></html>

Completes chunked parsing and return HTML5::DOM::Tree object.

parseAsync

Parsing html in background thread. Can use with different ways:

1. Manual wait parsing completion when you need.

use warnings;
use strict;
use HTML5::DOM;

my $parser = HTML5::DOM->new;

my $html = '<div>Hello world!</div>';

my $async;

# start async parsing
$async = $parser->parseAsync($html);

# or with options
$async = $parser->parseAsync($html, { scripts => 0 });

# ...do some work...

# wait for parsing done
my $tree = $async->wait;

# work with tree
print $tree->html;

$async->wait returns HTML5::DOM::AsyncResult object.

2. Non-blocking check for parsing completion.

use warnings;
use strict;
use HTML5::DOM;

my $parser = HTML5::DOM->new;

my $html = '<div>Hello world!</div>';

my $tree;
my $async;

# start async parsing
$async = $parser->parseAsync($html);

# or with options
$async = $parser->parseAsync($html, { scripts => 0 });

while (!$async->parsed) {
    # do some work
}
$tree = $async->tree; # HTML5::DOM::Tree
# work with $tree
print $tree->root->at('div')->text."\n"; # Hello world!

# or another way

# start async parsing
$async = $parser->parseAsync($html);

# or with options
$async = $parser->parseAsync($html, { scripts => 0 });

while (!($tree = $async->tree)) {
    # do some work
}
# work with $tree
print $tree->root->at('div')->text."\n"; # Hello world!

$async->parsed returns 1 if parsing done. Else returns 0.

$async->tree returns HTML5::DOM::Tree object if parsing done. Else returns undef.

3. Intergation with EV

Required packages (only if you want use event loop):

use warnings;
use strict;
use EV;
use HTML5::DOM;

my $parser = HTML5::DOM->new;
my $html = '<div>Hello world!</div>';

my $custom_options = { scripts => 0 };

$parser->parseAsync($html, $custom_options, sub {
    my $tree = shift;
    # work with $tree
    print $tree->root->at('div')->text."\n"; # Hello world!
});

# do some work

EV::loop;

Function returns HTML5::DOM::AsyncResult object.

$tree in callback is a HTML5::DOM::Tree object.

4. Intergation with custom event-loop (example with AnyEvent loop)

use warnings;
use strict;
use AnyEvent;
use AnyEvent::Util;
use HTML5::DOM;

my $parser = HTML5::DOM->new;
my $html = '<div>Hello world!</div>';

my $custom_options = { scripts => 0 };

# create pipe
my ($r, $w) = AnyEvent::Util::portable_pipe();
AnyEvent::fh_unblock $r;

# fd for parseAsync communications
my $write_fd = fileno($w);

# after parsing complete module writes to $write_fd:
# value "1" - if success
# value "0" - if error
my $async = $parser->parseAsync($html, $custom_options, $write_fd);

# watch for value
my $async_watcher;
$async_watcher = AE::io $r, 0, sub {
    <$r>; # read "1" or "0"
    $async_watcher = undef; # destroy watcher
    
    # work with $tree
    my $tree = $async->wait;
    print $tree->root->at('div')->text."\n"; # Hello world!
};

# ...do some work...

AE::cv->recv;

$tree in callback is a HTML5::DOM::Tree object.

HTML5::DOM::Tree

DOM tree object.

createElement

# create new node with tag "div"
my $node = $tree->createElement("div");

# create new node with tag "g" with namespace "svg"
my $node = $tree->createElement("div", "svg");

Create new HTML5::DOM::Element with specified tag and namespace.

createComment

# create new comment
my $node = $tree->createComment(" ololo ");

print $node->html; # <!-- ololo -->

Create new HTML5::DOM::Comment with specified value.

createTextNode

# create new text node
my $node = $tree->createTextNode("psh psh ololo i am driver of ufo >>>");

print $node->html; # psh psh ololo i am driver of ufo &gt;&gt;&gt;

Create new HTML5::DOM::Text with specified value.

parseFragment

my $fragment = $tree->parseFragment($html);
my $fragment = $tree->parseFragment($html, $context);
my $fragment = $tree->parseFragment($html, $context, $context_ns);
my $fragment = $tree->parseFragment($html, $context, $context_ns, $options);

Parse fragment html and create new HTML5::DOM::Fragment. For more details about fragments: https://html.spec.whatwg.org/multipage/parsing.html#parsing-html-fragments

  • $html - html fragment string

  • $context - context tag name, default div

  • $context_ns - context tag namespace, default html

  • $options - parser options

    See "PARSER OPTIONS" for details.

# simple create new fragment
my $node = $tree->parseFragment("some <b>bold</b> and <i>italic</i> text");

# create new fragment node with custom context tag/namespace and options
my $node = $tree->parseFragment("some <b>bold</b> and <i>italic</i> text", "div", "html", {
   # some options override
   encoding => "windows-1251"
});

print $node->html; # some <b>bold</b> and <i>italic</i> text

document

my $node = $tree->document;

Return HTML5::DOM::Document node of current tree;

root

my $node = $tree->root;

Return root node of current tree. (always <html>)

head

my $node = $tree->head;

Return <head> node of current tree.

body

my $node = $tree->body;

Return <body> node of current tree.

at

querySelector

my $node = $tree->at($selector);
my $node = $tree->querySelector($selector); # alias

Find one element node in tree using CSS Selectors Level 4

Return node, or undef if not find.

my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new->parse('<div class="red">red</div><div class="blue">blue</div>')
my $node = $tree->at('body > div.red');
print $node->html; # <div class="red">red</div>

find

querySelectorAll

my $collection = $tree->find($selector);
my $collection = $tree->querySelectorAll($selector); # alias

Find all element nodes in tree using CSS Selectors Level 4

Return HTML5::DOM::Collection.

my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new->parse('<div class="red">red</div><div class="blue">blue</div>')
my $collection = $tree->at('body > div.red, body > div.blue');
print $collection->[0]->html; # <div class="red">red</div>
print $collection->[1]->html; # <div class="red">blue</div>

findId

getElementById

my $collection = $tree->findId($tag);
my $collection = $tree->getElementById($tag); # alias

Find element node with specified id.

Return HTML5::DOM::Node or undef.

my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new->parse('<div class="red">red</div><div class="blue" id="test">blue</div>')
my $node = $tree->findId('test');
print $node->html; # <div class="blue" id="test">blue</div>

findTag

getElementsByTagName

my $collection = $tree->findTag($tag);
my $collection = $tree->getElementsByTagName($tag); # alias

Find all element nodes in tree with specified tag name.

Return HTML5::DOM::Collection.

my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new->parse('<div class="red">red</div><div class="blue">blue</div>')
my $collection = $tree->findTag('div');
print $collection->[0]->html; # <div class="red">red</div>
print $collection->[1]->html; # <div class="red">blue</div>

findClass

getElementsByClassName

my $collection = $tree->findClass($class);
my $collection = $tree->getElementsByClassName($class); # alias

Find all element nodes in tree with specified class name. This is more fast equivalent to [class~="value"] selector.

Return HTML5::DOM::Collection.

my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new
   ->parse('<div class="red color">red</div><div class="blue color">blue</div>');
my $collection = $tree->findClass('color');
print $collection->[0]->html; # <div class="red color">red</div>
print $collection->[1]->html; # <div class="red color">blue</div>

findAttr

getElementByAttribute

# Find all elements with attribute
my $collection = $tree->findAttr($attribute);
my $collection = $tree->getElementByAttribute($attribute); # alias

# Find all elements with attribute and mathcing value
my $collection = $tree->findAttr($attribute, $value, $case = 0, $cmp = '=');
my $collection = $tree->getElementByAttribute($attribute, $value, $case = 0, $cmp = '='); # alias

Find all element nodes in tree with specified attribute and optional matching value.

Return HTML5::DOM::Collection.

my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new
   ->parse('<div class="red color">red</div><div class="blue color">blue</div>');
my $collection = $tree->findAttr('class', 'CoLoR', 1, '~');
print $collection->[0]->html; # <div class="red color">red</div>
print $collection->[1]->html; # <div class="red color">blue</div>

CSS selector analogs:

# [$attribute=$value]
my $collection = $tree->findAttr($attribute, $value, 0, '=');

# [$attribute=$value i]
my $collection = $tree->findAttr($attribute, $value, 1, '=');

# [$attribute~=$value]
my $collection = $tree->findAttr($attribute, $value, 0, '~');

# [$attribute|=$value]
my $collection = $tree->findAttr($attribute, $value, 0, '|');

# [$attribute*=$value]
my $collection = $tree->findAttr($attribute, $value, 0, '*');

# [$attribute^=$value]
my $collection = $tree->findAttr($attribute, $value, 0, '^');

# [$attribute$=$value]
my $collection = $tree->findAttr($attribute, $value, 0, '$');

encoding

encodingId

print "encoding: ".$tree->encoding."\n"; # UTF-8
print "encodingId: ".$tree->encodingId."\n"; # 0

Return current tree encoding. See "ENCODINGS" for details.

tag2id

print "tag id: ".HTML5::DOM->TAG_A."\n"; # tag id: 4
print "tag id: ".$tree->tag2id("a")."\n"; # tag id: 4

Convert tag name to id. Return 0 (HTML5::DOM->TAG__UNDEF), if tag not exists in tree. See "TAGS" for tag constants list.

id2tag

print "tag name: ".$tree->id2tag(4)."\n"; # tag name: a
print "tag name: ".$tree->id2tag(HTML5::DOM->TAG_A)."\n"; # tag name: a

Convert tag id to name. Return undef, if tag id not exists in tree. See "TAGS" for tag constants list.

namespace2id

print "ns id: ".HTML5::DOM->NS_HTML."\n"; # ns id: 1
print "ns id: ".$tree->namespace2id("html")."\n"; # ns id: 1

Convert namespace name to id. Return 0 (HTML5::DOM->NS_UNDEF), if namespace not exists in tree. See "NAMESPACES" for namespace constants list.

id2namespace

print "ns name: ".$tree->id2namespace(1)."\n"; # ns name: html
print "ns name: ".$tree->id2namespace(HTML5::DOM->NS_HTML)."\n"; # ns name: html

Convert namespace id to name. Return undef, if namespace id not exists. See "NAMESPACES" for namespace constants list.

parser

my $parser = $tree->parser;

Return parent HTML5::DOM.

utf8

As getter - get 1 if all methods returns all strings with utf8 flag.

Example with utf8:

use warnings;
use strict;
use HTML5::DOM;
use utf8;

my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new->parse("<b>тест</b>");
my $is_utf8_enabled = $tree->utf8;
print "is_utf8_enabled=".($tree ? "true" : "false")."\n"; # true

Or example with bytes:

use warnings;
use strict;
use HTML5::DOM;

my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new->parse("<b>тест</b>");
my $is_utf8_enabled = $tree->utf8;
print "is_utf8_enabled=".($tree ? "true" : "false")."\n"; # false

As setter - enable or disable utf8 flag on all returned strings.

use warnings;
use strict;
use HTML5::DOM;
use utf8;

my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new->parse("<b>тест</b>");

print "is_utf8_enabled=".($tree->utf8 ? "true" : "false")."\n"; # true
print length($tree->at('b')->text)." chars\n"; # 4 chars

$selector->utf8(0);

print "is_utf8_enabled=".($tree->utf8 ? "true" : "false")."\n"; # false
print length($tree->at('b')->text)." bytes\n"; # 8 bytes

HTML5::DOM::Node

DOM node object.

tag

nodeName

my $tag_name = $node->tag;
my $tag_name = $node->nodeName; # uppercase
my $tag_name = $node->tagName;  # uppercase

Return node tag name (eg. div or span)

$node->tag($tag);
$node->nodeName($tag); # alias
$node->tagName($tag);  # alias

Set new node tag name. Allow only for HTML5::DOM::Element nodes.

print $node->html; # <div></div>
$node->tag('span');
print $node->html; # <span></span>
print $node->tag; # span
print $node->tag; # SPAN

tagId

my $tag_id = $node->tagId;

Return node tag id. See "TAGS" for tag constants list.

$node->tagId($tag_id);

Set new node tag id. Allow only for HTML5::DOM::Element nodes.

print $node->html; # <div></div>
$node->tagId(HTML5::DOM->TAG_SPAN);
print $node->html; # <span></span>
print $node->tagId; # 117

namespace

my $tag_ns = $node->namespace;

Return node namespace (eg. html or svg)

$node->namespace($namespace);

Set new node namespace name. Allow only for HTML5::DOM::Element nodes.

print $node->namespace; # html
$node->namespace('svg');
print $node->namespace; # svg

namespaceId

my $tag_ns_id = $node->namespaceId;

Return node namespace id. See "NAMESPACES" for tag constants list.

$node->namespaceId($tag_id);

Set new node namespace by id. Allow only for HTML5::DOM::Element nodes.

print $node->namespace; # html
$node->namespaceId(HTML5::DOM->NS_SVG);
print $node->namespaceId; # 3
print $node->namespace; # svg

tree

my $tree = $node->tree;

Return parent HTML5::DOM::Tree.

nodeType

my $type = $node->nodeType;

Return node type. All types:

HTML5::DOM->ELEMENT_NODE                   => 1, 
HTML5::DOM->ATTRIBUTE_NODE                 => 2,   # not supported
HTML5::DOM->TEXT_NODE                      => 3, 
HTML5::DOM->CDATA_SECTION_NODE             => 4,   # not supported
HTML5::DOM->ENTITY_REFERENCE_NODE          => 5,   # not supported
HTML5::DOM->ENTITY_NODE                    => 6,   # not supported
HTML5::DOM->PROCESSING_INSTRUCTION_NODE    => 7,   # not supported
HTML5::DOM->COMMENT_NODE                   => 8, 
HTML5::DOM->DOCUMENT_NODE                  => 9, 
HTML5::DOM->DOCUMENT_TYPE_NODE             => 10, 
HTML5::DOM->DOCUMENT_FRAGMENT_NODE         => 11, 
HTML5::DOM->NOTATION_NODE                  => 12   # not supported

Compatible with: https://developer.mozilla.org/ru/docs/Web/API/Node/nodeType

next

nextElementSibling

my $node2 = $node->next;
my $node2 = $node->nextElementSibling; # alias

Return next sibling element node

my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new->parse('
   <ul>
       <li>Linux</li>
       <!-- comment -->
       <li>OSX</li>
       <li>Windows</li>
   </ul>
');
my $li = $tree->at('ul li');
print $li->text;               # Linux
print $li->next->text;         # OSX
print $li->next->next->text;   # Windows

prev

previousElementSibling

my $node2 = $node->prev;
my $node2 = $node->previousElementSibling; # alias

Return previous sibling element node

my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new->parse('
   <ul>
       <li>Linux</li>
       <!-- comment -->
       <li>OSX</li>
       <li class="win">Windows</li>
   </ul>
');
my $li = $tree->at('ul li.win');
print $li->text;               # Windows
print $li->prev->text;         # OSX
print $li->prev->prev->text;   # Linux

nextNode

nextSibling

my $node2 = $node->nextNode;
my $node2 = $node->nextSibling; # alias

Return next sibling node

my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new->parse('
   <ul>
       <li>Linux</li>
       <!-- comment -->
       <li>OSX</li>
       <li>Windows</li>
   </ul>
');
my $li = $tree->at('ul li');
print $li->text;                       # Linux
print $li->nextNode->text;             # <!-- comment -->
print $li->nextNode->nextNode->text;   # OSX

prevNode

previousSibling

my $node2 = $node->prevNode;
my $node2 = $node->previousSibling; # alias

Return previous sibling node

my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new->parse('
   <ul>
       <li>Linux</li>
       <!-- comment -->
       <li>OSX</li>
       <li class="win">Windows</li>
   </ul>
');
my $li = $tree->at('ul li.win');
print $li->text;                       # Windows
print $li->prevNode->text;             # OSX
print $li->prevNode->prevNode->text;   # <!-- comment -->

first

firstElementChild

my $node2 = $node->first;
my $node2 = $node->firstElementChild; # alias

Return first children element

my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new->parse('
   <ul>
       <!-- comment -->
       <li>Linux</li>
       <li>OSX</li>
       <li class="win">Windows</li>
   </ul>
');
my $ul = $tree->at('ul');
print $ul->first->text; # Linux

last

lastElementChild

my $node2 = $node->last;
my $node2 = $node->lastElementChild; # alias

Return last children element

my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new->parse('
   <ul>
       <li>Linux</li>
       <li>OSX</li>
       <li class="win">Windows</li>
       <!-- comment -->
   </ul>
');
my $ul = $tree->at('ul');
print $ul->last->text; # Windows

firstNode

firstChild

my $node2 = $node->firstNode;
my $node2 = $node->firstChild; # alias

Return first children node

my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new->parse('
   <ul>
       <!-- comment -->
       <li>Linux</li>
       <li>OSX</li>
       <li class="win">Windows</li>
   </ul>
');
my $ul = $tree->at('ul');
print $ul->firstNode->html; # <!-- comment -->

lastNode

lastChild

my $node2 = $node->lastNode;
my $node2 = $node->lastChild; # alias

Return last children node

my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new->parse('
   <ul>
       <li>Linux</li>
       <li>OSX</li>
       <li class="win">Windows</li>
       <!-- comment -->
   </ul>
');
my $ul = $tree->at('ul');
print $ul->lastNode->html; # <!-- comment -->

html

Universal html serialization and fragment parsing acessor, for single human-friendly api.

my $html = $node->html();
my $node = $node->html($new_html);
my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new->parse('<div id="test">some   text <b>bold</b></div>');

# get text content for element
my $node = $tree->at('#test');
print $node->html;                     # <div id="test">some   text <b>bold</b></div>
$comment->html('<b>new</b>');
print $comment->html;                  # <div id="test"><b>new</b></div>

my $comment = $tree->createComment(" comment text ");
print $comment->html;                  # <!-- comment text -->
$comment->html(' new comment text ');
print $comment->html;                  # <!-- new comment text -->

my $text_node = $tree->createTextNode("plain text >");
print $text_node->html;                # plain text &gt;
$text_node->html('new>plain>text');
print $text_node->html;                # new&gt;plain&gt;text

innerHTML

outerHTML

  • HTML serialization of the node's descendants.

    my $html = $node->html;
    my $html = $node->outerHTML;

    Example:

    my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new->parse('<div id="test">some <b>bold</b> test</div>');
    print $tree->outerHTML;                         # <div id="test">some <b>bold</b> test</div>
    print $tree->createComment(' test ')->outerHTML;  # <!-- test -->
    print $tree->createTextNode('test')->outerHTML; # test
  • HTML serialization of the node and its descendants.

    # serialize descendants, without node
    my $html = $node->innerHTML;

    Example:

    my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new->parse('<div id="test">some <b>bold</b> test</div>');
    print $tree->innerHTML;                         # some <b>bold</b> test
    print $tree->createComment(' test ')->innerHTML;  # <!-- test -->
    print $tree->createTextNode('test')->innerHTML; # test
  • Removes all of the element's descendants and replaces them with nodes constructed by parsing the HTML given in the string $new_html.

    # parse fragment and replace child nodes with it
    my $html = $node->html($new_html);
    my $html = $node->innerHTML($new_html);

    Example:

    my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new->parse('<div id="test">some <b>bold</b> test</div>');
    print $tree->at('#test')->innerHTML('<i>italic</i>');
    print $tree->body->innerHTML;  # <div id="test"><i>italic</i></div>
  • Replaces the element and all of its descendants with a new DOM tree constructed by parsing the specified $new_html.

    # parse fragment and node in parent node childs with it
    my $html = $node->outerHTML($new_html);

    Example:

    my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new->parse('<div id="test">some <b>bold</b> test</div>');
    print $tree->at('#test')->outerHTML('<i>italic</i>');
    print $tree->body->innerHTML;  # <i>italic</i>

See, for more info:

https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/API/Element/innerHTML

https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/API/Element/outerHTML

text

Universal text acessor, for single human-friendly api.

my $text = $node->text();
my $node = $node->text($new_text);
my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new->parse('<div id="test">some   text <b>bold</b></div>');

# get text content for element
my $node = $tree->at('#test');
print $node->text;                     # some   text bold
$comment->text('<new node content>');
print $comment->html;                  # &lt;new node conten&gt;

my $comment = $tree->createComment("comment text");
print $comment->text;                  # comment text
$comment->text(' new comment text ');
print $comment->html;                  # <!-- new comment text -->

my $text_node = $tree->createTextNode("plain text");
print $text_node->text;                # plain text
$text_node->text('new>plain>text');
print $text_node->html;                # new&gt;plain&gt;text

innerText

outerText

textContent

  • Represents the "rendered" text content of a node and its descendants. Using default CSS "display" property for tags based on Firefox user-agent style.

    Only works for elements, for other nodes return undef.

    my $text = $node->innerText;
    my $text = $node->outerText; # alias

    Example:

    my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new->parse('
       <div id="test">
           some       
           <b>      bold     </b>       
           test
           <script>alert()</script>
       </div>
    ');
    print $tree->body->innerText; # some bold test

    See, for more info: https://html.spec.whatwg.org/multipage/dom.html#the-innertext-idl-attribute

  • Removes all of its children and replaces them with a text nodes and <br> with the given value. Only works for elements, for other nodes throws exception.

    • All new line chars (\r\n, \r, \n) replaces to <br />
    • All other text content replaces to text nodes
    my $node = $node->innerText($text);

    Example:

    my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new->parse('<div id="test">some text <b>bold</b></div>');
    $tree->at('#test')->innerText("some\nnew\ntext >");
    print $tree->at('#test')->html;    # <div id="test">some<br />new<br />text &gt;</div>

    See, for more info: https://html.spec.whatwg.org/multipage/dom.html#the-innertext-idl-attribute

  • Removes the current node and replaces it with the given text. Only works for elements, for other nodes throws exception.

    • All new line chars (\r\n, \r, \n) replaces to <br />
    • All other text content replaces to text nodes
    • Similar to innerText($text), but removes current node
    my $node = $node->outerText($text);

    Example:

    my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new->parse('<div id="test">some text <b>bold</b></div>');
    $tree->at('#test')->outerText("some\nnew\ntext >");
    print $tree->body->html;   # <body>some<br />new<br />text &gt;</body>

    See, for more info: https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/API/HTMLElement/outerText

  • Represents the text content of a node and its descendants.

    Only works for elements, for other nodes return undef.

    my $text = $node->text;
    my $text = $node->textContent; # alias

    Example:

    my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new->parse('<b>    test      </b><script>alert()</script>');
    print $tree->body->text; #     test      alert()

    See, for more info: https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/API/Node/textContent

  • Removes all of its children and replaces them with a single text node with the given value.

    my $node = $node->text($new_text);
    my $node = $node->textContent($new_text);

    Example:

    my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new->parse('<div id="test">some <b>bold</b> test</div>');
    print $tree->at('#test')->text('<bla bla bla>');
    print $tree->at('#test')->html;  # <div id="test">&lt;bla bla bla&gt;</div>

    See, for more info: https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/API/Node/textContent

nodeHtml

my $html = $node->nodeHtml();

Serialize to html, without descendants and closing tag.

my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new->parse('<div id="test">some <b>bold</b> test</div>');
print $tree->at('#test')->nodeHtml(); # <div id="test">

nodeValue

data

my $value = $node->nodeValue();
my $value = $node->data(); # alias

my $node = $node->nodeValue($new_value);
my $node = $node->data($new_value); # alias

Get or set value of node. Only works for non-element nodes, such as HTML5::DOM::Element, HTML5::DOM::Element, HTML5::DOM::Element. Return undef for other.

my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new->parse('');
my $comment = $tree->createComment("comment text");
print $comment->nodeValue;                 # comment text
$comment->nodeValue(' new comment text ');
print $comment->html;                      # <!-- new comment text -->

isConnected

my $flag = $node->isConnected;

Return true, if node has parent.

my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new->parse('
   <div id="test"></div>
');
print $tree->at('#test')->isConnected;             # 1
print $tree->createElement("div")->isConnected;    # 0

parent

parentElement

my $node = $node->parent;
my $node = $node->parentElement; # alias

Return parent node. Return undef, if node detached.

my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new->parse('
   <div id="test"></div>
');
print $tree->at('#test')->parent->tag; # body

document

ownerDocument

my $doc = $node->document;
my $doc = $node->ownerDocument; # alias

Return parent HTML5::DOM::Document.

my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new->parse('
   <div id="test"></div>
');
print ref($tree->at('#test')->document);   # HTML5::DOM::Document

append

appendChild

my $node = $node->append($child);
my $child = $node->appendChild($child); # alias

Append node to child nodes.

append - returned value is the self node, for chain calls

appendChild - returned value is the appended child except when the given child is a HTML5::DOM::Fragment, in which case the empty HTML5::DOM::Fragment is returned.

my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new->parse('
   <div>some <b>bold</b> text</div>
');
$tree->at('div')
   ->append($tree->createElement('br'))
   ->append($tree->createElement('br'));
print $tree->at('div')->html; # <div>some <b>bold</b> text<br /><br /></div>

prepend

prependChild

my $node = $node->prepend($child);
my $child = $node->prependChild($child); # alias

Prepend node to child nodes.

prepend - returned value is the self node, for chain calls

prependChild - returned value is the prepended child except when the given child is a HTML5::DOM::Fragment, in which case the empty HTML5::DOM::Fragment is returned.

my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new->parse('
   <div>some <b>bold</b> text</div>
');
$tree->at('div')
   ->prepend($tree->createElement('br'))
   ->prepend($tree->createElement('br'));
print $tree->at('div')->html; # <div><br /><br />some <b>bold</b> text</div>

replace

replaceChild

my $old_node = $old_node->replace($new_node);
my $old_node = $old_node->parent->replaceChild($new_node, $old_node); # alias

Replace node in parent child nodes.

my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new->parse('
   <div>some <b>bold</b> text</div>
');
my $old = $tree->at('b')->replace($tree->createElement('br'));
print $old->html;              # <b>bold</b>
print $tree->at('div')->html;  # <div>some <br /> text</div>

before

insertBefore

my $node = $node->before($new_node);
my $new_node = $node->parent->insertBefore($new_node, $node); # alias

Insert new node before current node.

before - returned value is the self node, for chain calls

insertBefore - returned value is the added child except when the given child is a HTML5::DOM::Fragment, in which case the empty HTML5::DOM::Fragment is returned.

my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new->parse('
   <div>some <b>bold</b> text</div>
');
$tree->at('b')->before($tree->createElement('br'));
print $tree->at('div')->html; # <div>some <br /><b>bold</b> text</div>

after

insertAfter

my $node = $node->after($new_node);
my $new_node = $node->parent->insertAfter($new_node, $node); # alias

Insert new node after current node.

after - returned value is the self node, for chain calls

insertAfter - returned value is the added child except when the given child is a HTML5::DOM::Fragment, in which case the empty HTML5::DOM::Fragment is returned.

my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new->parse('
   <div>some <b>bold</b> text</div>
');
$tree->at('b')->after($tree->createElement('br'));
print $tree->at('div')->html; # <div>some <b>bold</b><br /> text</div>

remove

removeChild

my $node = $node->remove;
my $node = $node->parent->removeChild($node); # alias

Remove node from parent. Return removed node.

my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new->parse('
   <div>some <b>bold</b> text</div>
');
print $tree->at('b')->remove->html;    # <b>bold</b>
print $tree->at('div')->html;          # <div>some  text</div>

clone

cloneNode

# clone node to current tree
my $node = $node->clone($deep = 0);
my $node = $node->cloneNode($deep = 0); # alias

# clone node to foreign tree
my $node = $node->clone($deep, $new_tree);
my $node = $node->cloneNode($deep, $new_tree); # alias

Clone node.

deep = 0 - only specified node, without childs.

deep = 1 - deep copy with all child nodes.

new_tree - destination tree (if need copy to foreign tree)

my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new->parse('
   <div>some <b>bold</b> text</div>
');
print $tree->at('b')->clone(0)->html; # <b></b>
print $tree->at('b')->clone(1)->html; # <b>bold</b>

void

my $flag = $node->void;

Return true if node is void. For more details: http://w3c.github.io/html-reference/syntax.html#void-elements

print $tree->createElement('br')->void; # 1

selfClosed

my $flag = $node->selfClosed;

Return true if node self closed.

print $tree->createElement('br')->selfClosed; # 1

position

my $position = $node->position;

Return offsets in input buffer.

print Dumper($node->position);
# $VAR1 = {'raw_length' => 3, 'raw_begin' => 144, 'element_begin' => 143, 'element_length' => 5}

isSameNode

my $flag = $node->isSameNode($other_node);

Tests whether two nodes are the same, that is if they reference the same object.

my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new->parse('
   <ul>
       <li>test</li>
       <li>not test</li>
       <li>test</li>
   </ul>
');
my $li = $tree->find('li');
print $li->[0]->isSameNode($li->[0]); # 1
print $li->[0]->isSameNode($li->[1]); # 0
print $li->[0]->isSameNode($li->[2]); # 0

HTML5::DOM::Element

DOM node object for elements. Inherit all methods from HTML5::DOM::Node.

children

my $collection = $node->children;

Returns all child elements of current node in HTML5::DOM::Collection.

my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new->parse('
   <ul>
       <li>Perl</li>
       <!-- comment -->
       <li>PHP</li>
       <li>C++</li>
   </ul>
');
my $collection = $tree->at('ul')->children;
print $collection->[0]->html; # <li>Perl</li>
print $collection->[1]->html; # <li>PHP</li>
print $collection->[2]->html; # <li>C++</li>

childrenNode

childNodes

my $collection = $node->childrenNode;
my $collection = $node->childNodes; # alias

Returns all child nodes of current node in HTML5::DOM::Collection.

my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new->parse('
   <ul>
       <li>Perl</li>
       <!-- comment -->
       <li>PHP</li>
       <li>C++</li>
   </ul>
');
my $collection = $tree->at('ul')->childrenNode;
print $collection->[0]->html; # <li>Perl</li>
print $collection->[1]->html; # <!-- comment -->
print $collection->[2]->html; # <li>PHP</li>
print $collection->[3]->html; # <li>C++</li>

attr

removeAttr

Universal attributes accessor, for single human-friendly api.

# attribute get
my $value = $node->attr($key);

# attribute set
my $node = $node->attr($key, $value);
my $node = $node->attr($key => $value);

# attribute remove
my $node = $node->attr($key, undef);
my $node = $node->attr($key => undef);
my $node = $node->removeAttr($key);

# bulk attributes set
my $node = $node->attr({$key => $value, $key2 => $value2});

# bulk attributes remove
my $node = $node->attr({$key => undef, $key2 => undef});

# bulk get all attributes in hash
my $hash = $node->attr;

Example:

my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new->parse('
   <div id="test" data-test="test value" data-href="#"></div>
');
my $div = $tree->at('#test');
$div->attr("data-new", "test");
print $div->attr("data-test");     # test value
print $div->{"data-test"};         # test value
print $div->attr->{"data-test"};   # test value

# {id => "test", "data-test" => "test value", "data-href" => "#", "data-new" => "test"}
print Dumper($div->attr);

$div->removeAttr("data-test");

# {id => "test", "data-href" => "#", "data-new" => "test"}
print Dumper($div->attr);

attrArray

my $arr = $node->attrArray;

Get all attributes in array (in tree order).

my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new->parse('
   <div id="test" data-test="test value" data-href="#"></div>
');
my $div = $tree->at('#test');

# [{key => 'id', value => 'test'}, {key => 'data-test', value => 'test'}, {key => 'data-href', value => '#'}]
print Dumper($div->attrArray);

getAttribute

my $value = $node->getAttribute($key);
my $value = $node->attr($key); # alias

Get attribute value by key.

setAttribute

my $node = $node->setAttribute($key, $value);
my $node = $node->attr($key, $value); # alias

Set new value or create new attibute.

removeAttribute

my $node = $node->removeAttribute($key);
my $node = $node->removeAttr($key); # alias

Remove attribute.

className

my $classes = $node->className;
# alias for
my $classes = $node->attr("class");

classList

my $class_list = $node->classList;

# has class
my $flag = $class_list->has($class_name);
my $flag = $class_list->contains($class_name);

# add class
my $class_list = $class_list->add($class_name);
my $class_list = $class_list->add($class_name, $class_name1, $class_name2, ...);

# add class
my $class_list = $class_list->remove($class_name);
my $class_list = $class_list->remove($class_name, $class_name1, $class_name2, ...);

# toggle class
my $state = $class_list->toggle($class_name);
my $state = $class_list->toggle($class_name, $force_state);

Manipulations with classes. Returns HTML5::DOM::TokenList.

Similar to https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/API/Element/classList

my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new->parse('<div class="red">red</div>')
my $node = $tree->body->at('.red');
print $node->has('red');                       # 1
print $node->has('blue');                      # 0
$node->add('blue', 'red', 'yellow', 'orange');
print $node->className;                        # red blue yellow orange
$node->remove('blue', 'orange');
print $node->className;                        # red yellow
print $node->toggle('blue');                   # 1
print $node->className;                        # red yellow blue
print $node->toggle('blue');                   # 0
print $node->className;                        # red yellow

at

querySelector

my $node = $node->at($selector);
my $node = $node->at($selector, $combinator);
my $node = $node->querySelector($selector); # alias
my $node = $node->querySelector($selector, $combinator); # alias

Find one element node in current node descendants using CSS Selectors Level 4

Return node, or undef if not find.

  • $selector - selector query as plain text or precompiled as HTML5::DOM::CSS::Selector or HTML5::DOM::CSS::Selector.
  • $combinator - custom selector combinator, applies to current node
    • >> - descendant selector (default)
    • > - child selector
    • + - adjacent sibling selector
    • ~ - general sibling selector
    • || - column combinator
my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new->parse('<div class="red">red</div><div class="blue">blue</div>')
my $node = $tree->body->at('body > div.red');
print $node->html; # <div class="red">red</div>

find

querySelectorAll

my $collection = $node->find($selector);
my $collection = $node->find($selector, $combinator);
my $collection = $node->querySelectorAll($selector); # alias
my $collection = $node->querySelectorAll($selector, $combinator); # alias

Find all element nodes in current node descendants using CSS Selectors Level 4

Return HTML5::DOM::Collection.

  • $selector - selector query as plain text or precompiled as HTML5::DOM::CSS::Selector or HTML5::DOM::CSS::Selector.
  • $combinator - custom selector combinator, applies to current node
    • >> - descendant selector (default)
    • > - child selector
    • + - adjacent sibling selector
    • ~ - general sibling selector
    • || - column combinator
my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new->parse('<div class="red">red</div><div class="blue">blue</div>')
my $collection = $tree->body->at('body > div.red, body > div.blue');
print $collection->[0]->html; # <div class="red">red</div>
print $collection->[1]->html; # <div class="red">blue</div>

findId

getElementById

my $node = $node->findId($tag);
my $node = $node->getElementById($tag); # alias

Find element node with specified id in current node descendants.

Return HTML5::DOM::Node or undef.

my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new->parse('<div class="red">red</div><div class="blue" id="test">blue</div>')
my $node = $tree->body->findId('test');
print $node->html; # <div class="blue" id="test">blue</div>

findTag

getElementsByTagName

my $node = $node->findTag($tag);
my $node = $node->getElementsByTagName($tag); # alias

Find all element nodes in current node descendants with specified tag name.

Return HTML5::DOM::Collection.

my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new->parse('<div class="red">red</div><div class="blue">blue</div>')
my $collection = $tree->body->findTag('div');
print $collection->[0]->html; # <div class="red">red</div>
print $collection->[1]->html; # <div class="red">blue</div>

findClass

getElementsByClassName

my $collection = $node->findClass($class);
my $collection = $node->getElementsByClassName($class); # alias

Find all element nodes in current node descendants with specified class name. This is more fast equivalent to [class~="value"] selector.

Return HTML5::DOM::Collection.

my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new
   ->parse('<div class="red color">red</div><div class="blue color">blue</div>');
my $collection = $tree->body->findClass('color');
print $collection->[0]->html; # <div class="red color">red</div>
print $collection->[1]->html; # <div class="red color">blue</div>

findAttr

getElementByAttribute

# Find all elements with attribute
my $collection = $node->findAttr($attribute);
my $collection = $node->getElementByAttribute($attribute); # alias

# Find all elements with attribute and mathcing value
my $collection = $node->findAttr($attribute, $value, $case = 0, $cmp = '=');
my $collection = $node->getElementByAttribute($attribute, $value, $case = 0, $cmp = '='); # alias

Find all element nodes in tree with specified attribute and optional matching value.

Return HTML5::DOM::Collection.

my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new
   ->parse('<div class="red color">red</div><div class="blue color">blue</div>');
my $collection = $tree->body->findAttr('class', 'CoLoR', 1, '~');
print $collection->[0]->html; # <div class="red color">red</div>
print $collection->[1]->html; # <div class="red color">blue</div>

CSS selector analogs:

# [$attribute=$value]
my $collection = $node->findAttr($attribute, $value, 0, '=');

# [$attribute=$value i]
my $collection = $node->findAttr($attribute, $value, 1, '=');

# [$attribute~=$value]
my $collection = $node->findAttr($attribute, $value, 0, '~');

# [$attribute|=$value]
my $collection = $node->findAttr($attribute, $value, 0, '|');

# [$attribute*=$value]
my $collection = $node->findAttr($attribute, $value, 0, '*');

# [$attribute^=$value]
my $collection = $node->findAttr($attribute, $value, 0, '^');

# [$attribute$=$value]
my $collection = $node->findAttr($attribute, $value, 0, '$');

getDefaultBoxType

my $display = $node->getDefaultBoxType;

Get default CSS "display" property for tag (useful for functions like a innerText).

my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new
   ->parse('<div class="red color">red</div><script>alert()</script><b>bbb</b>');
print $tree->at('div')->getDefaultBoxType();       # block
print $tree->at('script')->getDefaultBoxType();    # none
print $tree->at('b')->getDefaultBoxType();         # inline

HTML5::DOM::Document

DOM node object for document. Inherit all methods from HTML5::DOM::Element.

HTML5::DOM::Fragment

DOM node object for fragments. Inherit all methods from HTML5::DOM::Element.

HTML5::DOM::Text

DOM node object for text. Inherit all methods from HTML5::DOM::Node.

HTML5::DOM::Comment

DOM node object for comments. Inherit all methods from HTML5::DOM::Node.

HTML5::DOM::DocType

DOM node object for document type. Inherit all methods from HTML5::DOM::Node.

name

my $name = $node->name;
my $node = $node->name($new_name);

Return or change root element name from doctype.

my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new->parse('
       <!DOCTYPE svg>
');

# get
print $tree->document->firstChild->name; # svg

# set
$tree->document->firstChild->name('html');
print $tree->document->firstChild->html; # <!DOCTYPE html>

publicId

my $public_id = $node->publicId;
my $node = $node->publicId($new_public_id);

Return or change public id from doctype.

my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new->parse('
       <!DOCTYPE svg:svg PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.1 plus MathML 2.0 plus SVG 1.1//EN" "http://www.w3.org/2002/04/xhtml-math-svg/xhtml-math-svg.dtd">
');

# get
print $tree->document->firstChild->publicId; # -//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.1 plus MathML 2.0 plus SVG 1.1//EN

# set
print $tree->document->firstChild->publicId('-//W3C//DTD SVG 1.1//EN');
print $tree->document->firstChild->html; # <!DOCTYPE svg:svg PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD SVG 1.1//EN" "http://www.w3.org/2002/04/xhtml-math-svg/xhtml-math-svg.dtd">

systemId

my $system_id = $node->systemId;
my $node = $node->systemId($new_system_id);

Return or change public id from doctype.

my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new->parse('
       <!DOCTYPE svg:svg PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.1 plus MathML 2.0 plus SVG 1.1//EN" "http://www.w3.org/2002/04/xhtml-math-svg/xhtml-math-svg.dtd">
');

# get
print $tree->document->firstChild->systemId; # http://www.w3.org/2002/04/xhtml-math-svg/xhtml-math-svg.dtd

# set
print $tree->document->firstChild->systemId('http://www.w3.org/Graphics/SVG/1.1/DTD/svg11.dtd');
print $tree->document->firstChild->html; # <!DOCTYPE svg:svg PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.1 plus MathML 2.0 plus SVG 1.1//EN" "http://www.w3.org/Graphics/SVG/1.1/DTD/svg11.dtd">

HTML5::DOM::Collection

CSS Parser object

new

my $collection = HTML5::DOM::Collection->new($nodes);

Creates new collection from $nodes (reference to array with HTML5::DOM::Node).

each

my $collection = $collection->each(sub {
   my ($node, $index) = @_;
   print "node[$index] is a '$node'\n";
});

Forach all nodes in collection.

map

my $result = $collection->map(sub {
   my ($token, $index) = @_;
   return $node->tag." => $index";
});

Apply callback for each node in collection. Returns new array from results.

my $result = $collection->map($method, @args);

Call method for each node in collection. Returns new HTML5::DOM::Collection from results.

Example:

# set text 'test!' for all nodes
my $result = $collection->map('text', 'test!');

# get all tag names as array
my $result = $collection->map('tag');

# remove all nodes in collection
$collection->map('remove');

add

my $collection = $collection->add($node);

Add new item to collection.

length

my $length = $collection->length;

Items count in collection.

my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new->parse('
   <ul>
       <li>Linux</li>
       <!-- comment -->
       <li>OSX</li>
       <li>Windows</li>
   </ul>
');
my $collection = $tree->find('ul li');
print $collection->length; # 3

first

last

my $node = $collection->first;
my $node = $collection->last;

Get first or last item in collection.

my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new->parse('
   <ul>
       <li>Linux</li>
       <!-- comment -->
       <li>OSX</li>
       <li>Windows</li>
   </ul>
');
my $collection = $tree->find('ul li');
print $collection->first->html;        #  <li>Linux</li>
print $collection->last->html;         #  <li>Windows</li>

item

my $node = $collection->item($index);
my $node = $collection->[$index];

Get item by $index in collection.

my $tree = HTML5::DOM->new->parse('
   <ul>
       <li>Linux</li>
       <!-- comment -->
       <li>OSX</li>
       <li>Windows</li>
   </ul>
');
my $collection = $tree->find('ul li');
print $collection->item(1)->html;      # <li>OSX</li>
print $collection->[1]->html;          # <li>OSX</li>

array

my $node = $collection->array();

Get collection items as array.

html

my $html = $collection->html;

Concat <outerHTML|/outerHTML> from all items.

text

my $text = $collection->text;

Concat <textContent|/textContent> from all items.

HTML5::DOM::TokenList

Similar to https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/API/DOMTokenList

has

contains

my $flag = $tokens->has($token);
my $flag = $tokens->contains($token); # alias

Check if token contains in current tokens list.

add

my $tokens = $tokens->add($token);
my $tokens = $tokens->add($token, $token2, ...);

Add new token (or tokens) to current tokens list. Returns self.

remove

my $tokens = $tokens->add($token);
my $tokens = $tokens->add($token, $token2, ...);

Remove one or more tokens from current tokens list. Returns self.

toggle

my $state = $tokens->toggle($token);
my $state = $tokens->toggle($token, $force_state);
  • $token - specified token name

  • $force_state - optional force state.

    If 1 - similar to add

    If 0 - similar to remove

Toggle specified token in current tokens list.

  • If token exists - remove it
  • If token not exists - add it

length

my $length = $tokens->length;

Returns tokens count in current list.

item

my $token = $tokens->item($index);
my $token = $tokens->[$index];

Return token by index.

each

my $token = $tokens->each(sub {
   my ($token, $index) = @_;
   print "tokens[$index] is a '$token'\n";
});

Forach all tokens in list.

HTML5::DOM::AsyncResult

Get result and check status from async parsing.

parsed

Non-blocking check status.

use warnings;
use strict;
use HTML5::DOM;

my $parser = HTML5::DOM->new;
my $async = $parser->parseAsync('<div>Hello world!</div>' x 1000);

my $is_parsed;
while (!($is_parsed = $async->parsed)) {
    print "is_parsed=$is_parsed\n";
}

Returns 1 if async parsing done. Otherwise returns 0.

tree

Non-blocking get result.

use warnings;
use strict;
use HTML5::DOM;

my $parser = HTML5::DOM->new;
my $async = $parser->parseAsync('<div>Hello world!</div>' x 1000);

my $tree;
while (!($tree = $async->tree)) {
    print "is_parsed=".($tree ? 1 : 0)."\n";
}

print $tree->at('div')->text."\n"; # Hello world!

Returns HTML5::DOM::Tree object if async parsing done. Otherwise returns undef.

wait

use warnings;
use strict;
use HTML5::DOM;

my $parser = HTML5::DOM->new;
my $async = $parser->parseAsync('<div>Hello world!</div>' x 1000);

my $tree = $async->wait;

print $tree->at('div')->text."\n"; # Hello world!

Blocking waits for parsing done and returns HTML5::DOM::Tree object.

HTML5::DOM::CSS

CSS Parser object

new

# with default options
my $css = HTML5::DOM::CSS->new;

# or override some options, if you need
my $css = HTML5::DOM::CSS->new({
    utf8 => 0
});

Create new css parser object wuth options. See "CSS PARSER OPTIONS" for details.

parseSelector

my $selector = HTML5::DOM::CSS->parseSelector($selector_text);

Parse $selector_text and return HTML5::DOM::CSS::Selector.

my $css = HTML5::DOM::CSS->new;
my $selector = $css->parseSelector('body div.red, body span.blue');

# with custom options (extends options defined in HTML5::DOM::CSS->new)
my $selector = $css->parseSelector('body div.red, body span.blue', { utf8 => 0 });

HTML5::DOM::CSS::Selector

CSS Selector object (precompiled selector)

new

my $selector = HTML5::DOM::CSS::Selector->new($selector_text);

Parse $selector_text and create new css selector object. If your need parse many selectors, more efficient way using single instance of parser HTML5::DOM::CSS and parseSelector method.

text

my $selector_text = $selector->text;

Serialize selector to text.

my $css = HTML5::DOM::CSS->new;
my $selector = $css->parseSelector('body div.red, body span.blue');
print $selector->text."\n"; # body div.red, body span.blue

ast

my $ast = $entry->ast;

Serialize selector to very simple AST format.

my $css = HTML5::DOM::CSS->new;
my $selector = $css->parseSelector('div > .red');
print Dumper($selector->ast);

# $VAR1 = [[
#     {
#         'value' => 'div',
#         'type' => 'tag'
#     },
#     {
#         'type'  => 'combinator',
#         'value' => 'child'
#     },
#     {
#         'type' => 'class',
#         'value' => 'red'
#     }
# ]];

length

my $length = $selector->length;

Get selector entries count (selectors separated by "," combinator)

my $css = HTML5::DOM::CSS->new;
my $selector = $css->parseSelector('body div.red, body span.blue');
print $selector->length."\n"; # 2

entry

my $entry = $selector->entry($index);

Get selector entry by $index end return HTML5::DOM::CSS::Selector::Entry.

my $css = HTML5::DOM::CSS->new;
my $selector = $css->parseSelector('body div.red, body span.blue');
print $selector->entry(0)->text."\n"; # body div.red
print $selector->entry(1)->text."\n"; # body span.blue

utf8

As getter - get 1 if current selector object returns all strings with utf8 flag.

Example with utf8:

use warnings;
use strict;
use HTML5::DOM;
use utf8;

my $selector = HTML5::DOM::CSS->new->parseSelector("[name=\"тест\"]");
my $is_utf8_enabled = $selector->utf8;
print "is_utf8_enabled=".($is_utf8_enabled ? "true" : "false")."\n"; # true

Or example with bytes:

use warnings;
use strict;
use HTML5::DOM;

my $selector = HTML5::DOM::CSS->new->parseSelector("[name=\"тест\"]");
my $is_utf8_enabled = $selector->utf8;
print "is_utf8_enabled=".($is_utf8_enabled ? "true" : "false")."\n"; # false

As setter - enable or disable utf8 flag on all returned strings.

use warnings;
use strict;
use HTML5::DOM;
use utf8;

my $selector = HTML5::DOM::CSS->new->parseSelector("[name=\"тест\"]");

print "is_utf8_enabled=".($selector->utf8 ? "true" : "false")."\n"; # true
print length($selector->text)." chars\n"; # 13 chars

$selector->utf8(0);

print "is_utf8_enabled=".($selector->utf8 ? "true" : "false")."\n"; # false
print length($selector->text)." bytes\n"; # 17 bytes

HTML5::DOM::CSS::Selector::Entry

CSS selector entry object (precompiled selector)

text

my $selector_text = $entry->text;

Serialize entry to text.

my $css = HTML5::DOM::CSS->new;
my $selector = $css->parseSelector('body div.red, body span.blue');
my $entry = $selector->entry(0);
print $entry->text."\n"; # body div.red

pseudoElement

my $pseudo_name = $entry->pseudoElement;

Return pseudo-element name for entry.

my $css = HTML5::DOM::CSS->new;
my $selector = $css->parseSelector('div::after');
my $entry = $selector->entry(0);
print $entry->pseudoElement."\n"; # after

ast

my $ast = $entry->ast;

Serialize entry to very simple AST format.

my $css = HTML5::DOM::CSS->new;
my $selector = $css->parseSelector('div > .red');
my $entry = $selector->entry(0);
print Dumper($entry->ast);

# $VAR1 = [
#     {
#         'value' => 'div',
#         'type' => 'tag'
#     },
#     {
#         'type'  => 'combinator',
#         'value' => 'child'
#     },
#     {
#         'type' => 'class',
#         'value' => 'red'
#     }
# ];

specificity

my $specificity = $entry->specificity;

Get specificity in hash {a, b, c}

my $css = HTML5::DOM::CSS->new;
my $selector = $css->parseSelector('body div.red, body span.blue');
my $entry = $selector->entry(0);
print Dumper($entry->specificity); # {a => 0, b => 1, c => 2}

specificityArray

my $specificity = $entry->specificityArray;

Get specificity in array [a, b, c] (ordered by weight)

my $css = HTML5::DOM::CSS->new;
my $selector = $css->parseSelector('body div.red, body span.blue');
my $entry = $selector->entry(0);
print Dumper($entry->specificityArray); # [0, 1, 2]

HTML5::DOM::Encoding

Encoding detection.

See for available encodings: "ENCODINGS"

id2name

my $encoding = HTML5::DOM::Encoding::id2name($encoding_id);

Get encoding name by id.

print HTML5::DOM::Encoding::id2name(HTML5::DOM::Encoding->UTF_8); # UTF-8

name2id

my $encoding_id = HTML5::DOM::Encoding::name2id($encoding);

Get id by name.

print HTML5::DOM::Encoding->UTF_8;             # 0
print HTML5::DOM::Encoding::id2name("UTF-8");  # 0

detectAuto

my ($encoding_id, $new_text) = HTML5::DOM::Encoding::detectAuto($text, $max_length = 0);

Auto detect text encoding using (in this order):

Returns array with encoding id and new text without BOM, if success.

If fail, then encoding id equal HTML5::DOM::Encoding->NOT_DETERMINED.

my ($encoding_id, $new_text) = HTML5::DOM::Encoding::detectAuto("ололо");
my $encoding = HTML5::DOM::Encoding::id2name($encoding_id);
print $encoding; # UTF-8

detect

my $encoding_id = HTML5::DOM::Encoding::detect($text, $max_length = 0);

Detect text encoding. Single method for both detectRussian and detectUnicode.

Returns encoding id, if success. And returns HTML5::DOM::Encoding->NOT_DETERMINED if fail.

my $encoding_id = HTML5::DOM::Encoding::detect("ололо");
my $encoding = HTML5::DOM::Encoding::id2name($encoding_id);
print $encoding; # UTF-8

detectRussian

my $encoding_id = HTML5::DOM::Encoding::detectRussian($text, $max_length = 0);

Detect russian text encoding (using lowercase trigrams), such as windows-1251, koi8-r, iso-8859-5, x-mac-cyrillic, ibm866.

Returns encoding id, if success. And returns HTML5::DOM::Encoding->NOT_DETERMINED if fail.

detectUnicode

my $encoding_id = HTML5::DOM::Encoding::detectRussian($text, $max_length = 0);

Detect unicode family text encoding, such as UTF-8, UTF-16LE, UTF-16BE.

Returns encoding id, if success. And returns HTML5::DOM::Encoding->NOT_DETERMINED if fail.

# get UTF-16LE data for test
my $str = "ололо";
Encode::from_to($str, "UTF-8", "UTF-16LE");

my $encoding_id = HTML5::DOM::Encoding::detectUnicode($str);
my $encoding = HTML5::DOM::Encoding::id2name($encoding_id);
print $encoding; # UTF-16LE

detectByPrescanStream

my $encoding_id = HTML5::DOM::Encoding::detectByPrescanStream($text, $max_length = 0);

Detect encoding by parsing <meta> tags in html.

Returns encoding id, if success. And returns HTML5::DOM::Encoding->NOT_DETERMINED if fail.

See for more info: https://html.spec.whatwg.org/multipage/syntax.html#prescan-a-byte-stream-to-determine-its-encoding

my $encoding_id = HTML5::DOM::Encoding::detectByPrescanStream('
   <meta http-equiv="content-type" content="text/html; charset=windows-1251">
');
my $encoding = HTML5::DOM::Encoding::id2name($encoding_id);
print $encoding; # WINDOWS-1251

detectByCharset

my $encoding_id = HTML5::DOM::Encoding::detectByCharset($text, $max_length = 0);

Extracting character encoding from string. Find "charset=" and see encoding. Return found raw data.

For example: "text/html; charset=windows-1251". Return HTML5::DOM::Encoding->WINDOWS_1251

And returns HTML5::DOM::Encoding->NOT_DETERMINED if fail.

See for more info: https://html.spec.whatwg.org/multipage/infrastructure.html#algorithm-for-extracting-a-character-encoding-from-a-meta-element

my $encoding_id = HTML5::DOM::Encoding::detectByPrescanStream('
   <meta http-equiv="content-type" content="text/html; charset=windows-1251">
');
my $encoding = HTML5::DOM::Encoding::id2name($encoding_id);
print $encoding; # WINDOWS-1251

detectBomAndCut

my ($encoding_id, $new_text) = HTML5::DOM::Encoding::detectBomAndCut($text, $max_length = 0);

Returns array with encoding id and new text without BOM.

If fail, then encoding id equal HTML5::DOM::Encoding->NOT_DETERMINED.

my ($encoding_id, $new_text) = HTML5::DOM::Encoding::detectBomAndCut("\xEF\xBB\xBFололо");
my $encoding = HTML5::DOM::Encoding::id2name($encoding_id);
print $encoding; # UTF-8
print $new_text; # ололо

NAMESPACES

Supported namespace names

html, matml, svg, xlink, xml, xmlns

Supported namespace id constants

HTML5::DOM->NS_UNDEF
HTML5::DOM->NS_HTML
HTML5::DOM->NS_MATHML
HTML5::DOM->NS_SVG
HTML5::DOM->NS_XLINK
HTML5::DOM->NS_XML
HTML5::DOM->NS_XMLNS
HTML5::DOM->NS_ANY
HTML5::DOM->NS_LAST_ENTRY

TAGS

HTML5::DOM->TAG__UNDEF
HTML5::DOM->TAG__TEXT
HTML5::DOM->TAG__COMMENT
HTML5::DOM->TAG__DOCTYPE
HTML5::DOM->TAG_A
HTML5::DOM->TAG_ABBR
HTML5::DOM->TAG_ACRONYM
HTML5::DOM->TAG_ADDRESS
HTML5::DOM->TAG_ANNOTATION_XML
HTML5::DOM->TAG_APPLET
HTML5::DOM->TAG_AREA
HTML5::DOM->TAG_ARTICLE
HTML5::DOM->TAG_ASIDE
HTML5::DOM->TAG_AUDIO
HTML5::DOM->TAG_B
HTML5::DOM->TAG_BASE
HTML5::DOM->TAG_BASEFONT
HTML5::DOM->TAG_BDI
HTML5::DOM->TAG_BDO
HTML5::DOM->TAG_BGSOUND
HTML5::DOM->TAG_BIG
HTML5::DOM->TAG_BLINK
HTML5::DOM->TAG_BLOCKQUOTE
HTML5::DOM->TAG_BODY
HTML5::DOM->TAG_BR
HTML5::DOM->TAG_BUTTON
HTML5::DOM->TAG_CANVAS
HTML5::DOM->TAG_CAPTION
HTML5::DOM->TAG_CENTER
HTML5::DOM->TAG_CITE
HTML5::DOM->TAG_CODE
HTML5::DOM->TAG_COL
HTML5::DOM->TAG_COLGROUP
HTML5::DOM->TAG_COMMAND
HTML5::DOM->TAG_COMMENT
HTML5::DOM->TAG_DATALIST
HTML5::DOM->TAG_DD
HTML5::DOM->TAG_DEL
HTML5::DOM->TAG_DETAILS
HTML5::DOM->TAG_DFN
HTML5::DOM->TAG_DIALOG
HTML5::DOM->TAG_DIR
HTML5::DOM->TAG_DIV
HTML5::DOM->TAG_DL
HTML5::DOM->TAG_DT
HTML5::DOM->TAG_EM
HTML5::DOM->TAG_EMBED
HTML5::DOM->TAG_FIELDSET
HTML5::DOM->TAG_FIGCAPTION
HTML5::DOM->TAG_FIGURE
HTML5::DOM->TAG_FONT
HTML5::DOM->TAG_FOOTER
HTML5::DOM->TAG_FORM
HTML5::DOM->TAG_FRAME
HTML5::DOM->TAG_FRAMESET
HTML5::DOM->TAG_H1
HTML5::DOM->TAG_H2
HTML5::DOM->TAG_H3
HTML5::DOM->TAG_H4
HTML5::DOM->TAG_H5
HTML5::DOM->TAG_H6
HTML5::DOM->TAG_HEAD
HTML5::DOM->TAG_HEADER
HTML5::DOM->TAG_HGROUP
HTML5::DOM->TAG_HR
HTML5::DOM->TAG_HTML
HTML5::DOM->TAG_I
HTML5::DOM->TAG_IFRAME
HTML5::DOM->TAG_IMAGE
HTML5::DOM->TAG_IMG
HTML5::DOM->TAG_INPUT
HTML5::DOM->TAG_INS
HTML5::DOM->TAG_ISINDEX
HTML5::DOM->TAG_KBD
HTML5::DOM->TAG_KEYGEN
HTML5::DOM->TAG_LABEL
HTML5::DOM->TAG_LEGEND
HTML5::DOM->TAG_LI
HTML5::DOM->TAG_LINK
HTML5::DOM->TAG_LISTING
HTML5::DOM->TAG_MAIN
HTML5::DOM->TAG_MAP
HTML5::DOM->TAG_MARK
HTML5::DOM->TAG_MARQUEE
HTML5::DOM->TAG_MENU
HTML5::DOM->TAG_MENUITEM
HTML5::DOM->TAG_META
HTML5::DOM->TAG_METER
HTML5::DOM->TAG_MTEXT
HTML5::DOM->TAG_NAV
HTML5::DOM->TAG_NOBR
HTML5::DOM->TAG_NOEMBED
HTML5::DOM->TAG_NOFRAMES
HTML5::DOM->TAG_NOSCRIPT
HTML5::DOM->TAG_OBJECT
HTML5::DOM->TAG_OL
HTML5::DOM->TAG_OPTGROUP
HTML5::DOM->TAG_OPTION
HTML5::DOM->TAG_OUTPUT
HTML5::DOM->TAG_P
HTML5::DOM->TAG_PARAM
HTML5::DOM->TAG_PLAINTEXT
HTML5::DOM->TAG_PRE
HTML5::DOM->TAG_PROGRESS
HTML5::DOM->TAG_Q
HTML5::DOM->TAG_RB
HTML5::DOM->TAG_RP
HTML5::DOM->TAG_RT
HTML5::DOM->TAG_RTC
HTML5::DOM->TAG_RUBY
HTML5::DOM->TAG_S
HTML5::DOM->TAG_SAMP
HTML5::DOM->TAG_SCRIPT
HTML5::DOM->TAG_SECTION
HTML5::DOM->TAG_SELECT
HTML5::DOM->TAG_SMALL
HTML5::DOM->TAG_SOURCE
HTML5::DOM->TAG_SPAN
HTML5::DOM->TAG_STRIKE
HTML5::DOM->TAG_STRONG
HTML5::DOM->TAG_STYLE
HTML5::DOM->TAG_SUB
HTML5::DOM->TAG_SUMMARY
HTML5::DOM->TAG_SUP
HTML5::DOM->TAG_SVG
HTML5::DOM->TAG_TABLE
HTML5::DOM->TAG_TBODY
HTML5::DOM->TAG_TD
HTML5::DOM->TAG_TEMPLATE
HTML5::DOM->TAG_TEXTAREA
HTML5::DOM->TAG_TFOOT
HTML5::DOM->TAG_TH
HTML5::DOM->TAG_THEAD
HTML5::DOM->TAG_TIME
HTML5::DOM->TAG_TITLE
HTML5::DOM->TAG_TR
HTML5::DOM->TAG_TRACK
HTML5::DOM->TAG_TT
HTML5::DOM->TAG_U
HTML5::DOM->TAG_UL
HTML5::DOM->TAG_VAR
HTML5::DOM->TAG_VIDEO
HTML5::DOM->TAG_WBR
HTML5::DOM->TAG_XMP
HTML5::DOM->TAG_ALTGLYPH
HTML5::DOM->TAG_ALTGLYPHDEF
HTML5::DOM->TAG_ALTGLYPHITEM
HTML5::DOM->TAG_ANIMATE
HTML5::DOM->TAG_ANIMATECOLOR
HTML5::DOM->TAG_ANIMATEMOTION
HTML5::DOM->TAG_ANIMATETRANSFORM
HTML5::DOM->TAG_CIRCLE
HTML5::DOM->TAG_CLIPPATH
HTML5::DOM->TAG_COLOR_PROFILE
HTML5::DOM->TAG_CURSOR
HTML5::DOM->TAG_DEFS
HTML5::DOM->TAG_DESC
HTML5::DOM->TAG_ELLIPSE
HTML5::DOM->TAG_FEBLEND
HTML5::DOM->TAG_FECOLORMATRIX
HTML5::DOM->TAG_FECOMPONENTTRANSFER
HTML5::DOM->TAG_FECOMPOSITE
HTML5::DOM->TAG_FECONVOLVEMATRIX
HTML5::DOM->TAG_FEDIFFUSELIGHTING
HTML5::DOM->TAG_FEDISPLACEMENTMAP
HTML5::DOM->TAG_FEDISTANTLIGHT
HTML5::DOM->TAG_FEDROPSHADOW
HTML5::DOM->TAG_FEFLOOD
HTML5::DOM->TAG_FEFUNCA
HTML5::DOM->TAG_FEFUNCB
HTML5::DOM->TAG_FEFUNCG
HTML5::DOM->TAG_FEFUNCR
HTML5::DOM->TAG_FEGAUSSIANBLUR
HTML5::DOM->TAG_FEIMAGE
HTML5::DOM->TAG_FEMERGE
HTML5::DOM->TAG_FEMERGENODE
HTML5::DOM->TAG_FEMORPHOLOGY
HTML5::DOM->TAG_FEOFFSET
HTML5::DOM->TAG_FEPOINTLIGHT
HTML5::DOM->TAG_FESPECULARLIGHTING
HTML5::DOM->TAG_FESPOTLIGHT
HTML5::DOM->TAG_FETILE
HTML5::DOM->TAG_FETURBULENCE
HTML5::DOM->TAG_FILTER
HTML5::DOM->TAG_FONT_FACE
HTML5::DOM->TAG_FONT_FACE_FORMAT
HTML5::DOM->TAG_FONT_FACE_NAME
HTML5::DOM->TAG_FONT_FACE_SRC
HTML5::DOM->TAG_FONT_FACE_URI
HTML5::DOM->TAG_FOREIGNOBJECT
HTML5::DOM->TAG_G
HTML5::DOM->TAG_GLYPH
HTML5::DOM->TAG_GLYPHREF
HTML5::DOM->TAG_HKERN
HTML5::DOM->TAG_LINE
HTML5::DOM->TAG_LINEARGRADIENT
HTML5::DOM->TAG_MARKER
HTML5::DOM->TAG_MASK
HTML5::DOM->TAG_METADATA
HTML5::DOM->TAG_MISSING_GLYPH
HTML5::DOM->TAG_MPATH
HTML5::DOM->TAG_PATH
HTML5::DOM->TAG_PATTERN
HTML5::DOM->TAG_POLYGON
HTML5::DOM->TAG_POLYLINE
HTML5::DOM->TAG_RADIALGRADIENT
HTML5::DOM->TAG_RECT
HTML5::DOM->TAG_SET
HTML5::DOM->TAG_STOP
HTML5::DOM->TAG_SWITCH
HTML5::DOM->TAG_SYMBOL
HTML5::DOM->TAG_TEXT
HTML5::DOM->TAG_TEXTPATH
HTML5::DOM->TAG_TREF
HTML5::DOM->TAG_TSPAN
HTML5::DOM->TAG_USE
HTML5::DOM->TAG_VIEW
HTML5::DOM->TAG_VKERN
HTML5::DOM->TAG_MATH
HTML5::DOM->TAG_MACTION
HTML5::DOM->TAG_MALIGNGROUP
HTML5::DOM->TAG_MALIGNMARK
HTML5::DOM->TAG_MENCLOSE
HTML5::DOM->TAG_MERROR
HTML5::DOM->TAG_MFENCED
HTML5::DOM->TAG_MFRAC
HTML5::DOM->TAG_MGLYPH
HTML5::DOM->TAG_MI
HTML5::DOM->TAG_MLABELEDTR
HTML5::DOM->TAG_MLONGDIV
HTML5::DOM->TAG_MMULTISCRIPTS
HTML5::DOM->TAG_MN
HTML5::DOM->TAG_MO
HTML5::DOM->TAG_MOVER
HTML5::DOM->TAG_MPADDED
HTML5::DOM->TAG_MPHANTOM
HTML5::DOM->TAG_MROOT
HTML5::DOM->TAG_MROW
HTML5::DOM->TAG_MS
HTML5::DOM->TAG_MSCARRIES
HTML5::DOM->TAG_MSCARRY
HTML5::DOM->TAG_MSGROUP
HTML5::DOM->TAG_MSLINE
HTML5::DOM->TAG_MSPACE
HTML5::DOM->TAG_MSQRT
HTML5::DOM->TAG_MSROW
HTML5::DOM->TAG_MSTACK
HTML5::DOM->TAG_MSTYLE
HTML5::DOM->TAG_MSUB
HTML5::DOM->TAG_MSUP
HTML5::DOM->TAG_MSUBSUP
HTML5::DOM->TAG__END_OF_FILE
HTML5::DOM->TAG_LAST_ENTRY

ENCODINGS

Supported encoding names

AUTO, NOT-DETERMINED, X-USER-DEFINED, 
BIG5, EUC-JP, EUC-KR, GB18030, GBK, IBM866, MACINTOSH, X-MAC-CYRILLIC, SHIFT_JIS, 
ISO-2022-JP, ISO-8859-10, ISO-8859-13, ISO-8859-14, ISO-8859-15, ISO-8859-16, ISO-8859-2, 
ISO-8859-3, ISO-8859-4, ISO-8859-5, ISO-8859-6, ISO-8859-7, ISO-8859-8, ISO-8859-8-I, 
WINDOWS-1250, WINDOWS-1251, WINDOWS-1252, WINDOWS-1253, WINDOWS-1254, 
WINDOWS-1255, WINDOWS-1256, WINDOWS-1257, WINDOWS-1258, WINDOWS-874, 
UTF-8, UTF-16BE, UTF-16LE, KOI8-R, KOI8-U

Supported encoding id consts

HTML5::DOM::Encoding->DEFAULT
HTML5::DOM::Encoding->AUTO
HTML5::DOM::Encoding->NOT_DETERMINED
HTML5::DOM::Encoding->UTF_8
HTML5::DOM::Encoding->UTF_16LE
HTML5::DOM::Encoding->UTF_16BE
HTML5::DOM::Encoding->X_USER_DEFINED
HTML5::DOM::Encoding->BIG5
HTML5::DOM::Encoding->EUC_JP
HTML5::DOM::Encoding->EUC_KR
HTML5::DOM::Encoding->GB18030
HTML5::DOM::Encoding->GBK
HTML5::DOM::Encoding->IBM866
HTML5::DOM::Encoding->ISO_2022_JP
HTML5::DOM::Encoding->ISO_8859_10
HTML5::DOM::Encoding->ISO_8859_13
HTML5::DOM::Encoding->ISO_8859_14
HTML5::DOM::Encoding->ISO_8859_15
HTML5::DOM::Encoding->ISO_8859_16
HTML5::DOM::Encoding->ISO_8859_2
HTML5::DOM::Encoding->ISO_8859_3
HTML5::DOM::Encoding->ISO_8859_4
HTML5::DOM::Encoding->ISO_8859_5
HTML5::DOM::Encoding->ISO_8859_6
HTML5::DOM::Encoding->ISO_8859_7
HTML5::DOM::Encoding->ISO_8859_8
HTML5::DOM::Encoding->ISO_8859_8_I
HTML5::DOM::Encoding->KOI8_R
HTML5::DOM::Encoding->KOI8_U
HTML5::DOM::Encoding->MACINTOSH
HTML5::DOM::Encoding->SHIFT_JIS
HTML5::DOM::Encoding->WINDOWS_1250
HTML5::DOM::Encoding->WINDOWS_1251
HTML5::DOM::Encoding->WINDOWS_1252
HTML5::DOM::Encoding->WINDOWS_1253
HTML5::DOM::Encoding->WINDOWS_1254
HTML5::DOM::Encoding->WINDOWS_1255
HTML5::DOM::Encoding->WINDOWS_1256
HTML5::DOM::Encoding->WINDOWS_1257
HTML5::DOM::Encoding->WINDOWS_1258
HTML5::DOM::Encoding->WINDOWS_874
HTML5::DOM::Encoding->X_MAC_CYRILLIC
HTML5::DOM::Encoding->LAST_ENTRY

PARSER OPTIONS

Options for:

threads

Threads count, if < 2 - parsing in single mode without threads (default 0)

This option affects only for HTML5::DOM::new.

Originaly, MyHTML can use mulithread parsing.

But in real cases this mode slower than single mode (threads=0). Result speed very OS-specific and depends on input html.

Not recommended use if don't known what you do. Single mode faster in 99.9% cases.

ignore_whitespace

Ignore whitespace tokens (default 0)

ignore_doctype

Do not parse DOCTYPE (default 0)

scripts

If 1 - <noscript> contents parsed to single text node (default)

If 0 - <noscript> contents parsed to child nodes

encoding

Encoding of input HTML, if auto - library can tree to automaticaly determine encoding. (default "auto")

Allowed both encoding name or id.

default_encoding

Default encoding, this affects only if encoding set to auto and encoding not determined. (default "UTF-8")

Allowed both encoding name or id.

See for available encodings: "ENCODINGS"

encoding_use_meta

Allow use <meta> tags to determine input HTML encoding. (default 1)

See detectByPrescanStream.

encoding_prescan_limit

Limit string length to determine encoding by <meta> tags. (default 1024, from spec)

See detectByPrescanStream.

encoding_use_bom

Allow use detecding BOM to determine input HTML encoding. (default 1)

See detectBomAndCut.

utf8

Default: "auto"

If 1, then all returned strings have utf8 flag (chars).

If 0, then all returned strings haven't utf8 flag (bytes).

If "auto", then utf8 flag detected by input string. Automaticaly enables utf8=1 if input string have utf8 flag.

"auto" works only in parse, parseChunk, parseAsync methods.

CSS PARSER OPTIONS

Options for:

utf8

Default: "auto"

If 1, then all returned strings have utf8 flag (chars).

If 0, then all returned strings haven't utf8 flag (bytes).

If "auto", then utf8 flag detected by input string. Automaticaly enables utf8=1 if input string have utf8 flag.

HTML5 SUPPORT

Tested with html5lib-tests

test                        total    ok      fail    skip
-------------------------------------------------------------
menuitem-element.dat        19       16      3       0
tests11.dat                 12       11      1       0
math.dat                    7        7       0       0
plain-text-unsafe.dat       32       32      0       0
webkit01.dat                48       48      0       0
tests9.dat                  26       26      0       0
tests_innerHTML_1.dat       84       84      0       0
scriptdata01.dat            26       26      0       0
tests4.dat                  6        6       0       0
noscript01.dat              17       17      0       0
entities01.dat              74       74      0       0
tests14.dat                 6        6       0       0
domjs-unsafe.dat            48       48      0       0
tests10.dat                 53       53      0       0
ruby.dat                    20       20      0       0
tests12.dat                 1        1       0       0
comments01.dat              13       13      0       0
main-element.dat            2        2       0       0
entities02.dat              25       25      0       0
template.dat                107      107     0       0
tables01.dat                16       16      0       0
tests15.dat                 13       13      0       0
tests16.dat                 196      196     0       0
tests25.dat                 25       25      0       0
pending-spec-changes.dat    2        2       0       0
tests23.dat                 4        4       0       0
tricky01.dat                8        8       0       0
tests1.dat                  112      112     0       0
html5test-com.dat           23       23      0       0
tests22.dat                 4        4       0       0
tests26.dat                 15       15      0       0
tests6.dat                  51       51      0       0
tests5.dat                  16       16      0       0
isindex.dat                 3        3       0       0
tests20.dat                 43       43      0       0
doctype01.dat               36       36      0       0
tests21.dat                 24       24      0       0
foreign-fragment.dat        57       57      0       0
tests18.dat                 35       35      0       0
tests8.dat                  9        9       0       0
inbody01.dat                3        3       0       0
tests7.dat                  30       30      0       0
tests24.dat                 7        7       0       0
tests2.dat                  61       61      0       0
tests17.dat                 12       12      0       0
webkit02.dat                20       20      0       0
tests19.dat                 104      104     0       0
adoption01.dat              17       17      0       0
tests3.dat                  23       23      0       0
blocks.dat                  47       47      0       0
adoption02.dat              1        1       0       0
summary                     1643     1639    4       0

Tested with examples/html5lib_tests.pl

perl examples/html5lib_tests.pl --dir=../html5lib-tests/tree-construction --colordiff

Send patches to lexborisov's MyHTML if you want improve this result.

WORK WITH UTF8

In normal cases you must don't care about utf8. Everything works out of the box.

By default utf8 mode enabled automaticaly if you specify string with utf8 flag.

For example:

Perfect work with use utf8:

use warnings;
use strict;
use HTML5::DOM;
use utf8;

my $parser = HTML5::DOM->new;
my $str = HTML5::DOM->new->parse('<b>тест тест</b>')->at('b')->text;
print "length=".length($str)." [$str]\n"; # length=9 [тест тест]

Perfect work without use utf8:

use warnings;
use strict;
use HTML5::DOM;

# Perfect work with default mode of perl strings (bytes)
my $parser = HTML5::DOM->new;
my $str = HTML5::DOM->new->parse('<b>тест тест</b>')->at('b')->text;
print "length=".length($str)." [$str]\n"; # length=17 [тест тест]

# You can pass string with utf8 flag without "use utf8" and it perfect works
use Encode;
my $test = '<b>тест тест</b>';
Encode::_utf8_on($test);

$str = HTML5::DOM->new->parse($test)->at('b')->text;
print "length=".length($str)." [$str]\n"; # length=9 [тест тест]

But you can override this behavior - see "PARSER OPTIONS" for details.

Force use bytes:

use warnings;
use strict;
use HTML5::DOM;
use utf8;

my $parser = HTML5::DOM->new({ utf8 => 0 });
my $str = $parser->parse('<b>тест тест</b>')->at('b')->text;
print "length=".length($str)." [$str]\n"; # length=17 [тест тест]

Force use utf8:

use warnings;
use strict;
use HTML5::DOM;

my $parser = HTML5::DOM->new({ utf8 => 1 });
my $str = $parser->parse('<b>тест тест</b>')->at('b')->text;
print "length=".length($str)." [$str]\n"; # length=13 [тест тест]

BUGS

https://github.com/Azq2/perl-html5-dom/issues

SEE ALSO

  • HTML::MyHTML - more low-level myhtml bindings.
  • Mojo::DOM - pure perl HTML5 DOM library with CSS selectors.

AUTHOR

Kirill Zhumarin kirill.zhumarin@gmail.com

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Super fast html5 DOM library with css selectors (based on Modest/MyHTML)

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