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<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<title>Calculate concentric isochrones - Azure Maps Web SDK Samples</title>
<meta charset="utf-8" />
<link rel="shortcut icon" href="/favicon.ico" />
<meta http-equiv="x-ua-compatible" content="IE=Edge" />
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1, shrink-to-fit=no" />
<meta name="description" content="This sample shows how to calculate concentric isochrones and cut out overlapping areas so that they are nicely displayed." />
<meta name="keywords" content="Microsoft maps, map, gis, API, SDK, services, module, isochrone, isodistance, drive time polygon, reachable range, temporal, temporal analysis" />
<meta name="author" content="Microsoft Azure Maps" />
<!-- Add references to the Azure Maps Map control JavaScript and CSS files. -->
<link rel="stylesheet" href="" type="text/css" />
<script src=""></script>
<!-- Add a reference to the Azure Maps Services Module JavaScript file. -->
<script src=""></script>
<!-- Load turf.js a spatial math library. -->
<script src='/Common/scripts/turf.min.js'></script>
<script type='text/javascript'>
var map, datasource, routeURL, marker;
var colors = ['LawnGreen', 'Yellow', 'Orange', 'Red'];
function GetMap() {
//Point the Azure Maps domain to the US Azure Gov Cloud domain.
//Initialize a map instance.
map = new atlas.Map('myMap', {
style: 'grayscale_light',
center: [-73.985708, 40.75773],
zoom: 12,
view: 'Auto',
//Add authentication details for connecting to Azure Maps.
authOptions: {
//Use Azure Active Directory authentication.
authType: 'anonymous',
clientId: 'c9f2f391-13f1-407b-a4a5-f0a241bacfbf', //Your Azure Active Directory client id for accessing your Azure Maps account.
getToken: function (resolve, reject, map) {
//URL to your authentication service that retrieves an Azure Active Directory Token.
var tokenServiceUrl = '';
fetch(tokenServiceUrl).then(r => r.text()).then(token => resolve(token));
//Alternatively, use an Azure Maps key. Get an Azure Maps key at NOTE: The primary key should be used as the key.
//authType: 'subscriptionKey',
//subscriptionKey: '<Your Azure Maps Key>'
//Use MapControlCredential to share authentication between a map control and the service module.
var pipeline = atlas.service.MapsURL.newPipeline(new atlas.service.MapControlCredential(map));
//Construct the RouteURL object and point to the US Azure Gov Cloud domain.
routeURL = new atlas.service.RouteURL(pipeline, '');
//Wait until the map resources are ready.'ready', function () {
datasource = new atlas.source.DataSource();
//Create a polygon layer to render the isochrones.
new atlas.layer.PolygonLayer(datasource, null, {
fillColor: ['get', 'color']
//Create a layer to outline the polygon areas.
new atlas.layer.LineLayer(datasource, null, {
strokeColor: 'white'
], 'labels');
//Create a marker to show the center of the isochrones.
marker = new atlas.HtmlMarker({
position: map.getCamera().center,
draggable: true
});'dragend', marker, calculateIsochrones);
//Add the marker to the map.
function calculateIsochrones() {
var origin = marker.getOptions().position;
routeURL.calculateRouteRange(atlas.service.Aborter.timeout(10000), origin, {
timeBudgetInSec: 10 * 60
routeURL.calculateRouteRange(atlas.service.Aborter.timeout(10000), origin, {
timeBudgetInSec: 15 * 60
routeURL.calculateRouteRange(atlas.service.Aborter.timeout(10000), origin, {
timeBudgetInSec: 20 * 60
routeURL.calculateRouteRange(atlas.service.Aborter.timeout(10000), origin, {
timeBudgetInSec: 25 * 60
]).then(values => {
//The values are order from shortest time to longest time, based on how we passed in the queries.
//Loop through each polygon isochrone and cut out the difference from the previous icochrone. Since the time increases with each isochrone, it should cover all area of the previous isochrone.
//The first isochrone is unchanged.
var prev = values[0].geojson.getFeatures().features[0]; = colors[0];
//Ensure polygon rings are closed.
var polygons = [prev];
for (var i = 1; i < values.length; i++) {
var f = values[i].geojson.getFeatures().features[0];
//Ensure polygon rings are closed.
//Subtract the previous isochrone from the current one.
var difference = turf.difference(f, prev); = colors[i];
prev = f;
if (polygons.length > 0) {
//Add the polygons to the data source.
//Update the map camera to display the largest isochrone area.
bounds:[polygons.length - 1])
function closePolygonRings(polygon) {
//Ensure the first and last coordinate of each polygon ring are identical to form a closed polygon ring.
for (var i = 0; i < polygon.geometry.coordinates.length; i++) {
var ring = polygon.geometry.coordinates[i];
if (![0], ring[ring.length - 1])) {
#myMap {
position: relative;
width: 100%;
min-width: 290px;
height: 600px;
.legend {
font-family: Arial;
font-size: 12px;
position: absolute;
top: 10px;
left: 10px;
background-color: #fff;
padding: 5px;
border-radius: 5px;
.legend i {
width: 12px;
height: 12px;
float: left;
margin-right: 8px;
opacity: 0.7;
<body onload="GetMap()">
<div id="myMap"></div>
<div class="legend">
<b>Travel time (minutes)</b>
<tr><td><i style='background:LawnGreen' /></td><td>10</td></tr>
<tr><td><i style='background:Yellow' /></td><td>15</td></tr>
<tr><td><i style='background:Orange' /></td><td>20</td></tr>
<tr><td><i style='background:Red' /></td><td>25</td></tr>
<div id="statusPanel"></div>
<fieldset style="width:calc(100% - 30px);min-width:290px;margin-top:10px;">
<legend><h1 style="font-size:16px">Calculate concentric isochrones</h1></legend>
This sample shows how to calculate concentric isochrones and cut out overlapping areas so that they are nicely displayed.
This sample uses the open source <a href="" target="_blank">Turf.js</a> library to perform the difference calculation.