Microsoft Azure Linux Guest Agent
Python Shell
Latest commit f561aee Feb 9, 2017 @hglkrijger hglkrijger committed on GitHub Fix cache-incarnation sync (#587)
* when hostname record is missing, assume current

* version update to 2.2.4.1

* minor cleanup; reduce duplicate http logging

* update the incarnarnation file after all caches

* remove http proxy logging unless proxy set

* force goalstate update when host plugin call fails

* update version to 2.2.5

README.md

Microsoft Azure Linux Agent README

INTRODUCTION

The Microsoft Azure Linux Agent (waagent) manages Linux & FreeBSD provisioning, and VM interaction with the Azure Fabric Controller. It provides the following functionality for Linux and FreeBSD IaaS deployments:

  • Image Provisioning

    • Creation of a user account
    • Configuring SSH authentication types
    • Deployment of SSH public keys and key pairs
    • Setting the host name
    • Publishing the host name to the platform DNS
    • Reporting SSH host key fingerprint to the platform
    • Resource Disk Management
    • Formatting and mounting the resource disk
    • Configuring swap space
  • Networking

    • Manages routes to improve compatibility with platform DHCP servers
    • Ensures the stability of the network interface name
  • Kernel

    • Configure virtual NUMA (disable for kernel <2.6.37)
    • Consume Hyper-V entropy for /dev/random
    • Configure SCSI timeouts for the root device (which could be remote)
  • Diagnostics

    • Console redirection to the serial port
  • SCVMM Deployments

    • Detect and bootstrap the VMM agent for Linux when running in a System Center Virtual Machine Manager 2012R2 environment
  • VM Extension

COMMUNICATION

The information flow from the platform to the agent occurs via two channels:

  • A boot-time attached DVD for IaaS deployments. This DVD includes an OVF-compliant configuration file that includes all provisioning information other than the actual SSH keypairs.

  • A TCP endpoint exposing a REST API used to obtain deployment and topology configuration.

REQUIREMENTS

The following systems have been tested and are known to work with the Azure Linux Agent. Please note that this list may differ from the official list of supported systems on the Microsoft Azure Platform as described here: http://support.microsoft.com/kb/2805216

Supported Linux Distributions:

  • CoreOS
  • CentOS 6.2+
  • Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.7+
  • Debian 7.0+
  • Ubuntu 12.04+
  • openSUSE 12.3+
  • SLES 11 SP2+
  • Oracle Linux 6.4+

Other Supported Systems:

  • FreeBSD 10+ (Azure Linux Agent v2.0.10+)

Waagent depends on some system packages in order to function properly:

  • Python 2.6+
  • OpenSSL 1.0+
  • OpenSSH 5.3+
  • Filesystem utilities: sfdisk, fdisk, mkfs, parted
  • Password tools: chpasswd, sudo
  • Text processing tools: sed, grep
  • Network tools: ip-route

INSTALLATION

Installation via your distribution's package repository is preferred. You can also customize your own RPM or DEB packages using the configuration samples provided (see deb and rpm sections below).

For more advanced installation options, such as installing to custom locations or prefixes, you can use setuptools to install from source by running:

#sudo python setup.py install --register-service

You can view more installation options by running:

#sudo python setup.py install --help

The agent's log file is kept at /var/log/waagent.log.

UPGRADE

Upgrading via your distribution's package repository is preferred.

If upgrading manually, same with installation above by running:

#sudo python setup.py install --force

Restart waagent service,for most of linux distributions:

#sudo service waagent restart

For Ubuntu, use:

#sudo service walinuxagent restart

For CoreOS, use:

#sudo systemctl restart waagent 

The agent's log file is kept at /var/log/waagent.log.

COMMAND LINE OPTIONS

Flags:

-verbose: Increase verbosity of specified command

-force: Skip interactive confirmation for some commands

Commands:

-help: Lists the supported commands and flags.

-deprovision: Attempt to clean the system and make it suitable for re-provisioning, by deleting the following:

  • All SSH host keys (if Provisioning.RegenerateSshHostKeyPair is 'y' in the configuration file)
  • Nameserver configuration in /etc/resolv.conf
  • Root password from /etc/shadow (if Provisioning.DeleteRootPassword is 'y' in the configuration file)
  • Cached DHCP client leases
  • Resets host name to localhost.localdomain

    WARNING! Deprovision does not guarantee that the image is cleared of all sensitive information and suitable for redistribution.

-deprovision+user: Performs everything under deprovision (above) and also deletes the last provisioned user account and associated data.

-version: Displays the version of waagent

-serialconsole: Configures GRUB to mark ttyS0 (the first serial port) as the boot console. This ensures that kernel bootup logs are sent to the serial port and made available for debugging.

-daemon: Run waagent as a daemon to manage interaction with the platform. This argument is specified to waagent in the waagent init script.

-start: Run waagent as a background process

CONFIGURATION

A configuration file (/etc/waagent.conf) controls the actions of waagent. A sample configuration file is shown below:

Provisioning.Enabled=y
Provisioning.DeleteRootPassword=n
Provisioning.RegenerateSshHostKeyPair=y
Provisioning.SshHostKeyPairType=rsa
Provisioning.MonitorHostName=y
Provisioning.DecodeCustomData=n
Provisioning.ExecuteCustomData=n
Provisioning.PasswordCryptId=6
Provisioning.PasswordCryptSaltLength=10
ResourceDisk.Format=y
ResourceDisk.Filesystem=ext4
ResourceDisk.MountPoint=/mnt/resource
ResourceDisk.MountOptions=None
ResourceDisk.EnableSwap=n
ResourceDisk.SwapSizeMB=0
LBProbeResponder=y
Logs.Verbose=n
OS.RootDeviceScsiTimeout=300
OS.OpensslPath=None
HttpProxy.Host=None
HttpProxy.Port=None

The various configuration options are described in detail below. Configuration options are of three types : Boolean, String or Integer. The Boolean configuration options can be specified as "y" or "n". The special keyword "None" may be used for some string type configuration entries as detailed below.

Configuration File Options

  • Provisioning.Enabled
    Type: Boolean
    Default: y

This allows the user to enable or disable the provisioning functionality in the agent. Valid values are "y" or "n". If provisioning is disabled, SSH host and user keys in the image are preserved and any configuration specified in the Azure provisioning API is ignored.

  • Provisioning.DeleteRootPassword
    Type: Boolean
    Default: n

If set, the root password in the /etc/shadow file is erased during the provisioning process.

  • Provisioning.RegenerateSshHostKeyPair
    Type: Boolean
    Default: y

If set, all SSH host key pairs (ecdsa, dsa and rsa) are deleted during the provisioning process from /etc/ssh/. And a single fresh key pair is generated. The encryption type for the fresh key pair is configurable by the Provisioning.SshHostKeyPairType entry. Please note that some distributions will re-create SSH key pairs for any missing encryption types when the SSH daemon is restarted (for example, upon a reboot).

  • Provisioning.SshHostKeyPairType
    Type: String
    Default: rsa

This can be set to an encryption algorithm type that is supported by the SSH daemon on the VM. The typically supported values are "rsa", "dsa" and "ecdsa". Note that "putty.exe" on Windows does not support "ecdsa". So, if you intend to use putty.exe on Windows to connect to a Linux deployment, please use "rsa" or "dsa".

  • Provisioning.MonitorHostName
    Type: Boolean
    Default: y

If set, waagent will monitor the Linux VM for hostname changes (as returned by the "hostname" command) and automatically update the networking configuration in the image to reflect the change. In order to push the name change to the DNS servers, networking will be restarted in the VM. This will result in brief loss of Internet connectivity.

  • Provisioning.DecodeCustomData
    Type: Boolean
    Default: n

If set, waagent will decode CustomData from Base64.

  • Provisioning.ExecuteCustomData
    Type: Boolean
    Default: n

If set, waagent will execute CustomData after provisioning.

  • Provisioning.PasswordCryptId
    Type:String
    Default:6

Algorithm used by crypt when generating password hash.
1 - MD5
2a - Blowfish
5 - SHA-256
6 - SHA-512

  • Provisioning.PasswordCryptSaltLength
    Type:String
    Default:10

Length of random salt used when generating password hash.

  • ResourceDisk.Format
    Type: Boolean
    Default: y

If set, the resource disk provided by the platform will be formatted and mounted by waagent if the filesystem type requested by the user in "ResourceDisk.Filesystem" is anything other than "ntfs". A single partition of type Linux (83) will be made available on the disk. Note that this partition will not be formatted if it can be successfully mounted.

  • ResourceDisk.Filesystem
    Type: String
    Default: ext4

This specifies the filesystem type for the resource disk. Supported values vary by Linux distribution. If the string is X, then mkfs.X should be present on the Linux image. SLES 11 images should typically use 'ext3'. FreeBSD images should use 'ufs2' here.

  • ResourceDisk.MountPoint
    Type: String
    Default: /mnt/resource

This specifies the path at which the resource disk is mounted.

  • ResourceDisk.MountOptions
    Type: String
    Default: None

Specifies disk mount options to be passed to the mount -o command. This is a comma separated list of values, ex. 'nodev,nosuid'. See mount(8) for details.

  • ResourceDisk.EnableSwap
    Type: Boolean
    Default: n

If set, a swap file (/swapfile) is created on the resource disk and added to the system swap space.

  • ResourceDisk.SwapSizeMB
    Type: Integer
    Default: 0

The size of the swap file in megabytes.

  • LBProbeResponder
    Type: Boolean
    Default: y

If set, waagent will respond to load balancer probes from the platform (if present).

  • Logs.Verbose
    Type: Boolean
    Default: n

If set, log verbosity is boosted. Waagent logs to /var/log/waagent.log and leverages the system logrotate functionality to rotate logs.

  • OS.EnableRDMA
    Type: Boolean
    Default: n

If set, the agent will attempt to install and then load an RDMA kernel driver that matches the version of the firmware on the underlying hardware.

  • OS.RootDeviceScsiTimeout
    Type: Integer
    Default: 300

This configures the SCSI timeout in seconds on the root device. If not set, the system defaults are used.

  • OS.OpensslPath
    Type: String
    Default: None

This can be used to specify an alternate path for the openssl binary to use for cryptographic operations.

  • HttpProxy.Host, HttpProxy.Port
    Type: String
    Default: None

If set, the agent will use this proxy server to access the internet.

APPENDIX

We do not maintain packaging information in this repo but some samples are shown below as a reference. See the downstream distribution repositories for officially maintained packaging.

deb packages

The official Ubuntu WALinuxAgent package can be found here: https://launchpad.net/ubuntu/+source/walinuxagent

Run once:

  1. Install required packages: sudo apt-get -y install ubuntu-dev-tools pbuilder python-all debhelper

  2. Create the pbuilder environment: sudo pbuilder create --debootstrapopts --variant=buildd

  3. Obtain from a downstream package repo

To compile the package, from the top-most directory:

  1. Build the source package: dpkg-buildpackage -S

  2. Build the package: sudo pbuilder build <waagent.dsc>

  3. Fetch the built package, usually from /var/cache/pbuilder/result

rpm packages

The instructions below describe how to build an rpm package.

  1. Install setuptools curl https://bootstrap.pypa.io/ez_setup.py -o - | python

  2. The following command will build the binary and source RPMs: python setup.py bdist_rpm


This project has adopted the Microsoft Open Source Code of Conduct. For more information see the Code of Conduct FAQ or contact opencode@microsoft.com with any additional questions or comments.