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// Package azure provides Azure-specific implementations used with AutoRest.
// See the included examples for more detail.
package azure
// Copyright 2017 Microsoft Corporation
// Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
// you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
// You may obtain a copy of the License at
// Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
// distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
// See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
// limitations under the License.
import (
const (
// HeaderClientID is the Azure extension header to set a user-specified request ID.
HeaderClientID = "x-ms-client-request-id"
// HeaderReturnClientID is the Azure extension header to set if the user-specified request ID
// should be included in the response.
HeaderReturnClientID = "x-ms-return-client-request-id"
// HeaderRequestID is the Azure extension header of the service generated request ID returned
// in the response.
HeaderRequestID = "x-ms-request-id"
// ServiceError encapsulates the error response from an Azure service.
// It adhears to the OData v4 specification for error responses.
type ServiceError struct {
Code string `json:"code"`
Message string `json:"message"`
Target *string `json:"target"`
Details []map[string]interface{} `json:"details"`
InnerError map[string]interface{} `json:"innererror"`
AdditionalInfo []map[string]interface{} `json:"additionalInfo"`
func (se ServiceError) Error() string {
result := fmt.Sprintf("Code=%q Message=%q", se.Code, se.Message)
if se.Target != nil {
result += fmt.Sprintf(" Target=%q", *se.Target)
if se.Details != nil {
d, err := json.Marshal(se.Details)
if err != nil {
result += fmt.Sprintf(" Details=%v", se.Details)
result += fmt.Sprintf(" Details=%v", string(d))
if se.InnerError != nil {
d, err := json.Marshal(se.InnerError)
if err != nil {
result += fmt.Sprintf(" InnerError=%v", se.InnerError)
result += fmt.Sprintf(" InnerError=%v", string(d))
if se.AdditionalInfo != nil {
d, err := json.Marshal(se.AdditionalInfo)
if err != nil {
result += fmt.Sprintf(" AdditionalInfo=%v", se.AdditionalInfo)
result += fmt.Sprintf(" AdditionalInfo=%v", string(d))
return result
// UnmarshalJSON implements the json.Unmarshaler interface for the ServiceError type.
func (se *ServiceError) UnmarshalJSON(b []byte) error {
// per the OData v4 spec the details field must be an array of JSON objects.
// unfortunately not all services adhear to the spec and just return a single
// object instead of an array with one object. so we have to perform some
// shenanigans to accommodate both cases.
type serviceError1 struct {
Code string `json:"code"`
Message string `json:"message"`
Target *string `json:"target"`
Details []map[string]interface{} `json:"details"`
InnerError map[string]interface{} `json:"innererror"`
AdditionalInfo []map[string]interface{} `json:"additionalInfo"`
type serviceError2 struct {
Code string `json:"code"`
Message string `json:"message"`
Target *string `json:"target"`
Details map[string]interface{} `json:"details"`
InnerError map[string]interface{} `json:"innererror"`
AdditionalInfo []map[string]interface{} `json:"additionalInfo"`
se1 := serviceError1{}
err := json.Unmarshal(b, &se1)
if err == nil {
se.populate(se1.Code, se1.Message, se1.Target, se1.Details, se1.InnerError, se1.AdditionalInfo)
return nil
se2 := serviceError2{}
err = json.Unmarshal(b, &se2)
if err == nil {
se.populate(se2.Code, se2.Message, se2.Target, nil, se2.InnerError, se2.AdditionalInfo)
se.Details = append(se.Details, se2.Details)
return nil
return err
func (se *ServiceError) populate(code, message string, target *string, details []map[string]interface{}, inner map[string]interface{}, additional []map[string]interface{}) {
se.Code = code
se.Message = message
se.Target = target
se.Details = details
se.InnerError = inner
se.AdditionalInfo = additional
// RequestError describes an error response returned by Azure service.
type RequestError struct {
// The error returned by the Azure service.
ServiceError *ServiceError `json:"error"`
// The request id (from the x-ms-request-id-header) of the request.
RequestID string
// Error returns a human-friendly error message from service error.
func (e RequestError) Error() string {
return fmt.Sprintf("autorest/azure: Service returned an error. Status=%v %v",
e.StatusCode, e.ServiceError)
// IsAzureError returns true if the passed error is an Azure Service error; false otherwise.
func IsAzureError(e error) bool {
_, ok := e.(*RequestError)
return ok
// Resource contains details about an Azure resource.
type Resource struct {
SubscriptionID string
ResourceGroup string
Provider string
ResourceType string
ResourceName string
// ParseResourceID parses a resource ID into a ResourceDetails struct.
// See
func ParseResourceID(resourceID string) (Resource, error) {
const resourceIDPatternText = `(?i)subscriptions/(.+)/resourceGroups/(.+)/providers/(.+?)/(.+?)/(.+)`
resourceIDPattern := regexp.MustCompile(resourceIDPatternText)
match := resourceIDPattern.FindStringSubmatch(resourceID)
if len(match) == 0 {
return Resource{}, fmt.Errorf("parsing failed for %s. Invalid resource Id format", resourceID)
v := strings.Split(match[5], "/")
resourceName := v[len(v)-1]
result := Resource{
SubscriptionID: match[1],
ResourceGroup: match[2],
Provider: match[3],
ResourceType: match[4],
ResourceName: resourceName,
return result, nil
// NewErrorWithError creates a new Error conforming object from the
// passed packageType, method, statusCode of the given resp (UndefinedStatusCode
// if resp is nil), message, and original error. message is treated as a format
// string to which the optional args apply.
func NewErrorWithError(original error, packageType string, method string, resp *http.Response, message string, args ...interface{}) RequestError {
if v, ok := original.(*RequestError); ok {
return *v
statusCode := autorest.UndefinedStatusCode
if resp != nil {
statusCode = resp.StatusCode
return RequestError{
DetailedError: autorest.DetailedError{
Original: original,
PackageType: packageType,
Method: method,
StatusCode: statusCode,
Message: fmt.Sprintf(message, args...),
// WithReturningClientID returns a PrepareDecorator that adds an HTTP extension header of
// x-ms-client-request-id whose value is the passed, undecorated UUID (e.g.,
// "0F39878C-5F76-4DB8-A25D-61D2C193C3CA"). It also sets the x-ms-return-client-request-id
// header to true such that UUID accompanies the http.Response.
func WithReturningClientID(uuid string) autorest.PrepareDecorator {
preparer := autorest.CreatePreparer(
return func(p autorest.Preparer) autorest.Preparer {
return autorest.PreparerFunc(func(r *http.Request) (*http.Request, error) {
r, err := p.Prepare(r)
if err != nil {
return r, err
return preparer.Prepare(r)
// WithClientID returns a PrepareDecorator that adds an HTTP extension header of
// x-ms-client-request-id whose value is passed, undecorated UUID (e.g.,
// "0F39878C-5F76-4DB8-A25D-61D2C193C3CA").
func WithClientID(uuid string) autorest.PrepareDecorator {
return autorest.WithHeader(HeaderClientID, uuid)
// WithReturnClientID returns a PrepareDecorator that adds an HTTP extension header of
// x-ms-return-client-request-id whose boolean value indicates if the value of the
// x-ms-client-request-id header should be included in the http.Response.
func WithReturnClientID(b bool) autorest.PrepareDecorator {
return autorest.WithHeader(HeaderReturnClientID, strconv.FormatBool(b))
// ExtractClientID extracts the client identifier from the x-ms-client-request-id header set on the
// http.Request sent to the service (and returned in the http.Response)
func ExtractClientID(resp *http.Response) string {
return autorest.ExtractHeaderValue(HeaderClientID, resp)
// ExtractRequestID extracts the Azure server generated request identifier from the
// x-ms-request-id header.
func ExtractRequestID(resp *http.Response) string {
return autorest.ExtractHeaderValue(HeaderRequestID, resp)
// WithErrorUnlessStatusCode returns a RespondDecorator that emits an
// azure.RequestError by reading the response body unless the response HTTP status code
// is among the set passed.
// If there is a chance service may return responses other than the Azure error
// format and the response cannot be parsed into an error, a decoding error will
// be returned containing the response body. In any case, the Responder will
// return an error if the status code is not satisfied.
// If this Responder returns an error, the response body will be replaced with
// an in-memory reader, which needs no further closing.
func WithErrorUnlessStatusCode(codes autorest.RespondDecorator {
return func(r autorest.Responder) autorest.Responder {
return autorest.ResponderFunc(func(resp *http.Response) error {
err := r.Respond(resp)
if err == nil && !autorest.ResponseHasStatusCode(resp, codes...) {
var e RequestError
defer resp.Body.Close()
// Copy and replace the Body in case it does not contain an error object.
// This will leave the Body available to the caller.
b, decodeErr := autorest.CopyAndDecode(autorest.EncodedAsJSON, resp.Body, &e)
resp.Body = ioutil.NopCloser(&b)
if decodeErr != nil {
return fmt.Errorf("autorest/azure: error response cannot be parsed: %q error: %v", b.String(), decodeErr)
if e.ServiceError == nil {
// Check if error is unwrapped ServiceError
if err := json.Unmarshal(b.Bytes(), &e.ServiceError); err != nil {
return err
if e.ServiceError.Message == "" {
// if we're here it means the returned error wasn't OData v4 compliant.
// try to unmarshal the body as raw JSON in hopes of getting something.
rawBody := map[string]interface{}{}
if err := json.Unmarshal(b.Bytes(), &rawBody); err != nil {
return err
e.ServiceError = &ServiceError{
Code: "Unknown",
Message: "Unknown service error",
if len(rawBody) > 0 {
e.ServiceError.Details = []map[string]interface{}{rawBody}
e.Response = resp
e.RequestID = ExtractRequestID(resp)
if e.StatusCode == nil {
e.StatusCode = resp.StatusCode
err = &e
return err
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