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Contributing to B2R2

Thank you for taking your time to contribute to B2R2! 👍 Please read this guideline before creating a PR (Pull Request) or an issue.

Git Commit Messages

We follow the convention described in this article.

  • Split the subject line and the body (if needed).
  • Start the subject line with a capital letter.
  • Do not use a period at the end of the subject line.
  • The body is optional: subject-only commit is okay.
  • The body should explain why you made this commit.
  • The subject line is limited to maximum 50 characters.
  • Each line in the body is limited to maximum 72 characters.

In addition to the above rules, we prepend a tag to the subject line. A tag is basically a word within a pair of square brackets. For example, you may consider using the following tags:

  • [Intel]: when the commit is about Intel module.
  • [ARMv7]: when the commit is about ARMv7 module.
  • [ARMv8]: when the commit is about ARMv8 module.
  • [MIPS]: when the commit is about MIPS module.
  • [Build]: when the commit is about the build system.
  • [IR]: when the commit is about the IR.
  • [WebUI]: when the commit is about the WebUI.
  • [ELF]: when the commit is about the ELF binaries.
  • [PE]: when the commit is about the PE binaries.
  • [Mach]: when the commit is about the Mach binaries.
  • [Doc]: when the commit is about documentation.
  • [CI]: when the commit is about continuous integration.
  • [Test]: when the commit is about our unittest modules.

F# Coding Style

Please read the F# design guidelines and the F# style guideline, before you proceed as we mostly follow these guidelines.

Basic Rules

  • Width = 80: We strictly limit the code width to be 80.
  • No tabs: We do not use tab for spacing.
  • Indentation = 2: We always use two space characters for indentations.

Comments

  • We use two styles for comments: documentation, and non-documentation comments
  • Documentation comments are for documenting the code (and for IntelliSense). All these comments will be stored in XML files for IntelliSense.
  • Documentation comments start with triple slashes: /// Your comment.
  • Documentation comments should be above the code
  • Non-documentation comments are ordinary comments
  • Non-documentation comments are put in between (* and *)

Naming

  • We use nouns for variables (or parameters).
  • We mostly use verbs for function names.

Editor Settings

  • For Emacs users:

    (setq-default fsharp-indent-offset 2)
    
  • For Vim users:

    autocmd FileType fsharp setlocal softtabstop=2
    autocmd FileType fsharp setlocal shiftwidth=2
    autocmd FileType fsharp setlocal textwidth=80
    

Specific Rules

List Literals

We prefer to have space chars for list literals. For example,

[ 1; 2; 3 ] // Good
[1; 2; 3]   // Not good

When we use a range operator:

[ 1 .. 10 ] // Good
[1 .. 10]   // Not good
[ 1..10 ]   // Not good

When there is no element:

[]   // Good
[ ]  // Not good

When pattern matching on a list:

match lst with
| e1 :: [] -> ...
| e1 :: e2 :: [] -> ...
Type Annotation

We prefer to have a space character between a colon and a type name. For example,

let fn (p: int) = ... // Good
let fn (p:int) = ...  // Not good
Records

We define a record as follows.

type InsSize = {  // Good
  MemSize       : MemorySize
  RegSize       : RegType
  OperationSize : RegType
  SizeCond      : OperandsSizeCondition
}
type InsSize =    // Not good
{
  MemSize       : MemorySize
  RegSize       : RegType
  OperationSize : RegType
  SizeCond      : OperandsSizeCondition
}

{ Prefixes = prefs } // Good
{Prefixes = prefs}   // Not good

{ Prefixes = prefs
  Opcode = opcode } // Good
{
  Prefixes = prefs
  Opcode = opcode
}                   // Not good
Function Calls

When calling a non-curried function, we use the following style:

Func (p1, p2, p3)   // Good
Func(p1, p2, p3)    // Okay, but not recommended.
Func ( p1, p2, p3 ) // Not good
Func( p1, p2, p3 )  // Not good

Someone may say that it is covenient to not use any space character between the function name and the parameters, especially when the function is not F#-style (curried) functions. For example, it allows us to chain multiple member calls as below.

str.Replace("A", "B").Replace("C", "D") // It is easy to chain calls.

However, we still do not recommend this style because this is more suited for OOP languages such as C#, but not for F#. We still allow this style when you call a chain of member functions though.

Pattern Matching Constructs
match x with
| Foo ->
  Some good
| Bar ->
  None         // Good

match x with
| Foo ->
    Some good
| Bar ->
    None       // Bad
Class and Member Definition

We prefer to define classes and member functions in a more F#-like way.

type Class () =
  member A (p1, p2) = // Good

type Class() = // Bad
  member A(p1, p2) = // Bad

JavaScript & CSS Coding Style

We use camlCase for JavaScript, and BEM (Block, Element, and Modifier) for CSS. Specifically, we follow styles suggested from https://www.w3schools.com/js/js_conventions.asp and http://getbem.com/naming/. Additionally, we use js- prefix for IDs of DOM objects, when they are used in JavaScript.