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#include <algorithm>
#include <cfloat>
#include <vector>
#include "caffe/layers/softmax_loss_layer.hpp"
#include "caffe/util/math_functions.hpp"
namespace caffe {
template <typename Dtype>
void SoftmaxWithLossLayer<Dtype>::LayerSetUp(
const vector<Blob<Dtype>*>& bottom, const vector<Blob<Dtype>*>& top) {
LossLayer<Dtype>::LayerSetUp(bottom, top);
LayerParameter softmax_param(this->layer_param_);
softmax_param.set_type("Softmax");
softmax_layer_ = LayerRegistry<Dtype>::CreateLayer(softmax_param);
softmax_bottom_vec_.clear();
softmax_bottom_vec_.push_back(bottom[0]);
softmax_top_vec_.clear();
softmax_top_vec_.push_back(&prob_);
softmax_layer_->SetUp(softmax_bottom_vec_, softmax_top_vec_);
has_ignore_label_ =
this->layer_param_.loss_param().has_ignore_label();
if (has_ignore_label_) {
ignore_label_ = this->layer_param_.loss_param().ignore_label();
}
if (!this->layer_param_.loss_param().has_normalization() &&
this->layer_param_.loss_param().has_normalize()) {
normalization_ = this->layer_param_.loss_param().normalize() ?
LossParameter_NormalizationMode_VALID :
LossParameter_NormalizationMode_BATCH_SIZE;
} else {
normalization_ = this->layer_param_.loss_param().normalization();
}
}
template <typename Dtype>
void SoftmaxWithLossLayer<Dtype>::Reshape(
const vector<Blob<Dtype>*>& bottom, const vector<Blob<Dtype>*>& top) {
LossLayer<Dtype>::Reshape(bottom, top);
softmax_layer_->Reshape(softmax_bottom_vec_, softmax_top_vec_);
softmax_axis_ =
bottom[0]->CanonicalAxisIndex(this->layer_param_.softmax_param().axis());
outer_num_ = bottom[0]->count(0, softmax_axis_);
inner_num_ = bottom[0]->count(softmax_axis_ + 1);
CHECK_EQ(outer_num_ * inner_num_, bottom[1]->count())
<< "Number of labels must match number of predictions; "
<< "e.g., if softmax axis == 1 and prediction shape is (N, C, H, W), "
<< "label count (number of labels) must be N*H*W, "
<< "with integer values in {0, 1, ..., C-1}.";
if (top.size() >= 2) {
// softmax output
top[1]->ReshapeLike(*bottom[0]);
}
}
template <typename Dtype>
Dtype SoftmaxWithLossLayer<Dtype>::get_normalizer(
LossParameter_NormalizationMode normalization_mode, int valid_count) {
Dtype normalizer;
switch (normalization_mode) {
case LossParameter_NormalizationMode_FULL:
normalizer = Dtype(outer_num_ * inner_num_);
break;
case LossParameter_NormalizationMode_VALID:
if (valid_count == -1) {
normalizer = Dtype(outer_num_ * inner_num_);
} else {
normalizer = Dtype(valid_count);
}
break;
case LossParameter_NormalizationMode_BATCH_SIZE:
normalizer = Dtype(outer_num_);
break;
case LossParameter_NormalizationMode_NONE:
normalizer = Dtype(1);
break;
default:
LOG(FATAL) << "Unknown normalization mode: "
<< LossParameter_NormalizationMode_Name(normalization_mode);
}
// Some users will have no labels for some examples in order to 'turn off' a
// particular loss in a multi-task setup. The max prevents NaNs in that case.
return std::max(Dtype(1.0), normalizer);
}
template <typename Dtype>
void SoftmaxWithLossLayer<Dtype>::Forward_cpu(
const vector<Blob<Dtype>*>& bottom, const vector<Blob<Dtype>*>& top) {
// The forward pass computes the softmax prob values.
softmax_layer_->Forward(softmax_bottom_vec_, softmax_top_vec_);
const Dtype* prob_data = prob_.cpu_data();
const Dtype* label = bottom[1]->cpu_data();
int dim = prob_.count() / outer_num_;
int count = 0;
Dtype loss = 0;
for (int i = 0; i < outer_num_; ++i) {
for (int j = 0; j < inner_num_; j++) {
const int label_value = static_cast<int>(label[i * inner_num_ + j]);
if (has_ignore_label_ && label_value == ignore_label_) {
continue;
}
DCHECK_GE(label_value, 0);
DCHECK_LT(label_value, prob_.shape(softmax_axis_));
loss -= log(std::max(prob_data[i * dim + label_value * inner_num_ + j],
Dtype(FLT_MIN)));
++count;
}
}
top[0]->mutable_cpu_data()[0] = loss / get_normalizer(normalization_, count);
if (top.size() == 2) {
top[1]->ShareData(prob_);
}
}
template <typename Dtype>
void SoftmaxWithLossLayer<Dtype>::Backward_cpu(const vector<Blob<Dtype>*>& top,
const vector<bool>& propagate_down, const vector<Blob<Dtype>*>& bottom) {
if (propagate_down[1]) {
LOG(FATAL) << this->type()
<< " Layer cannot backpropagate to label inputs.";
}
if (propagate_down[0]) {
Dtype* bottom_diff = bottom[0]->mutable_cpu_diff();
const Dtype* prob_data = prob_.cpu_data();
caffe_copy(prob_.count(), prob_data, bottom_diff);
const Dtype* label = bottom[1]->cpu_data();
int dim = prob_.count() / outer_num_;
int count = 0;
for (int i = 0; i < outer_num_; ++i) {
for (int j = 0; j < inner_num_; ++j) {
const int label_value = static_cast<int>(label[i * inner_num_ + j]);
if (has_ignore_label_ && label_value == ignore_label_) {
for (int c = 0; c < bottom[0]->shape(softmax_axis_); ++c) {
bottom_diff[i * dim + c * inner_num_ + j] = 0;
}
} else {
bottom_diff[i * dim + label_value * inner_num_ + j] -= 1;
++count;
}
}
}
// Scale gradient
Dtype loss_weight = top[0]->cpu_diff()[0] /
get_normalizer(normalization_, count);
caffe_scal(prob_.count(), loss_weight, bottom_diff);
}
}
#ifdef CPU_ONLY
STUB_GPU(SoftmaxWithLossLayer);
#endif
INSTANTIATE_CLASS(SoftmaxWithLossLayer);
REGISTER_LAYER_CLASS(SoftmaxWithLoss);
} // namespace caffe