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Error: 'make all' 'make test' #2348

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ankitdhall opened this issue Apr 22, 2015 · 45 comments
Closed

Error: 'make all' 'make test' #2348

ankitdhall opened this issue Apr 22, 2015 · 45 comments

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@ankitdhall
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@ankitdhall ankitdhall commented Apr 22, 2015

I ran

cd caffe
cp Makefile.config.example Makefile.config
make all
make test
make runtest

as suggested on a website to complete the installation.
I am a beginner and have recently installed Ubuntu 14.04 and I am running Caffe without CUDA/GPU.
Most of the tests seem to be running without a problem. Help would be greatly appreciated.
I encountered the following(seems to show some kind of error):

ankit@Ankit:~/caffe$ make all
CXX/LD -o .build_release/tools/convert_imageset.bin
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to cv::imread(cv::String const&, int)' .build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference tocv::imencode(cv::String const&, cv::_InputArray const&, std::vector<unsigned char, std::allocator >&, std::vector<int, std::allocator > const&)'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `cv::imdecode(cv::_InputArray const&, int)'
collect2: error: ld returned 1 exit status
make: *** [.build_release/tools/convert_imageset.bin] Error 1

ankit@Ankit:~/caffe$ make test
CXX/LD -o .build_release/test/test_all.testbin src/caffe/test/test_caffe_main.cpp

LD .build_release/src/caffe/test/test_threshold_layer.o
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to cv::imread(cv::String const&, int)' .build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference tocv::imencode(cv::String const&, cv::_InputArray const&, std::vector<unsigned char, std::allocator >&, std::vector<int, std::allocator > const&)'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `cv::imdecode(cv::_InputArray const&, int)'
collect2: error: ld returned 1 exit status
make: *** [.build_release/test/test_threshold_layer.testbin] Error 1
ankit@Ankit:~/caffe$

What could possibly be the problem here. Seems like some dependency error or incorrect path.(OpenCV maybe)
Thanks!
Regards,
Ankit

@jmozah
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@jmozah jmozah commented Apr 22, 2015

is opencv installed?

On Wed, Apr 22, 2015 at 5:01 PM, Ankit Dhall notifications@github.com
wrote:

I ran

cd caffe
cp Makefile.config.example Makefile.config
make all
make test
make runtest

as suggested on a website to complete the installation.
I am a beginner and have recently installed Ubuntu 14.04 and I am running
Caffe without CUDA/GPU.
Most of the tests seem to be running without a problem. Help would be
greatly appreciated.
I encountered the following(seems to show some kind of error):

ankit@Ankit:~/caffe$ make all
CXX/LD -o .build_release/tools/convert_imageset.bin
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to cv::imread(cv::String
const&, int)'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference tocv::imencode(cv::String
const&, cv::_InputArray const&, std::vector >&, std::vector > const&)'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to
`cv::imdecode(cv::_InputArray const&, int)'
collect2: error: ld returned 1 exit status
make: *** [.build_release/tools/convert_imageset.bin] Error 1

ankit@Ankit:~/caffe$ make test
CXX/LD -o .build_release/test/test_all.testbin
src/caffe/test/test_caffe_main.cpp

LD .build_release/src/caffe/test/test_threshold_layer.o
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to cv::imread(cv::String
const&, int)'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference tocv::imencode(cv::String
const&, cv::_InputArray const&, std::vector >&, std::vector > const&)'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to
`cv::imdecode(cv::_InputArray const&, int)'
collect2: error: ld returned 1 exit status
make: *** [.build_release/test/test_threshold_layer.testbin] Error 1
ankit@Ankit:~/caffe$

What could possibly be the problem here. Seems like some dependency error
or incorrect path.(OpenCV maybe)
Thanks!
Regards,
Ankit


Reply to this email directly or view it on GitHub
#2348.

@StevenLOL
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@StevenLOL StevenLOL commented Apr 22, 2015

Yes, it is OpenCV

sudo apt-get install libprotobuf-dev libleveldb-dev libsnappy-dev libopencv-dev libboost-all-dev libhdf5-serial-dev libgflags-dev libgoogle-glog-dev liblmdb-dev protobuf-compiler libatlas-base-dev
sudo apt-get install python-dev python-pip gfortran

Caffe documentation can be improved.

Later someone will come and say, you should post this in user groups...

@ankitdhall
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@ankitdhall ankitdhall commented Apr 22, 2015

@jmozah yes OpenCV is installed. @StevenLOL I ran that command and the terminal says all are the newest versions and didn't install anything. Any other suggestions?

@StevenLOL
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@StevenLOL StevenLOL commented Apr 22, 2015

Not sure about your problem, by the way, I build caffe by

cd caffe
cp Makefile.config.example Makefile.config
and change setting in Makefile.config
mkdir build
cd build
cmake ..
./configure (??not sure??)
make all

without using a build folder, for me there will be linking problem says libcaffe.o cant not find "xxx"

@jmozah
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@jmozah jmozah commented Apr 22, 2015

i remember my system had some confusion on cv and cv2... forgot what that
was,...

On Wed, Apr 22, 2015 at 5:57 PM, Steven notifications@github.com wrote:

Not sure, your problem, by the way, I build caffe by

cd caffe
cp Makefile.config.example Makefile.config
mkdir build
cd build
cmake ..
./configure (??not sure??)
make all

without using a build folder, for me there will be linking problem says
libcaffe.o cant not find "xxx"


Reply to this email directly or view it on GitHub
#2348 (comment).

@ankitdhall
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@ankitdhall ankitdhall commented Apr 22, 2015

@StevenLOL tried your way, not showing errors anymore :) . I'll try to run some sample code and hopefully it should work. Thanks!

@zhangtemplar
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@zhangtemplar zhangtemplar commented Apr 28, 2015

@ankitdhall I have the same problem, but it is solved after using cmake to configure your project.

@hongzhenwang
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@hongzhenwang hongzhenwang commented Apr 28, 2015

I meet the same problem and make a solution.
add "opencv_imgcodecs" in Makefile.(LIBRARIES += glog gflags protobuf leveldb snappy
lmdb boost_system hdf5_hl hdf5 m
opencv_core opencv_highgui opencv_imgproc opencv_imgcodecs)
If you input "make all",the problem is the same again.But if you delete all the file in build(rm -rf ./build/*) before "make all",you will success.I just success

@sinb
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@sinb sinb commented May 5, 2015

@hongzhenwang Many thanks! I just made it.

@ghost
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@ghost ghost commented May 18, 2015

Thanks Alot @StevenLOL it solved my problem and at last I'm done with caffe installation.

@kalyanvasudev
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@kalyanvasudev kalyanvasudev commented Jun 12, 2015

@hongzhenwang even after adding those lines to make file it doesnt work. DOes the location in makefile also matter?
And I am getting this error when I lay Anconda python paths instead of default python paths in caaffe makefile.

@zchengquan
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@zchengquan zchengquan commented Jun 25, 2015

thx @hongzhenwang, your solution works well.

@patsimm
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@patsimm patsimm commented Jul 8, 2015

@hongzhenwang 's solution did it for me too.

@binary42
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@binary42 binary42 commented Aug 28, 2015

Problem with the makefile still missing the opencv_imgcodecs in the library list in the Makefile. This needs to be added to the project. Otherwise, all users who pull down the latest version will have to tread through the issues to find the solution listed here. @hongzhenwang is correct, though I would not follow his exact procedure, use make clean to zap the previous failed build. rm -rf is very dangerous, especially if your a newb and can potentially zap root and what not...

vipuldivyanshu92 added a commit to vipuldivyanshu92/caffe that referenced this issue Sep 6, 2015
Added opencv_imgcodecs to LIBRARIES , line 174.
This solves the make all error reported in BVLC#2348 and suggested by  @hongzhenwang and @binary42.
@aseempatni
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@aseempatni aseempatni commented Sep 7, 2015

Thanks @hongzhenwang. That helped.

Added LIBRARIES += glog gflags protobuf leveldb snappy \ lmdb boost_system hdf5_hl hdf5 m \ opencv_core opencv_highgui opencv_imgproc opencv_imgcodecs to Makefile.config

I used make clean instead of rm -rf ./build

Then did make all and everything worked fine.

@zdx3578
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@zdx3578 zdx3578 commented Dec 27, 2015

did you install opencv3 ??

@james1i
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@james1i james1i commented Dec 31, 2015

I just installed and went through make all/tests/runtest successfully (only other hitch was a simple export error for the cuda libraries).

Makefile.config has this:

# Uncomment if you're using OpenCV 3
# OPENCV_VERSION := 3

It worked for me on Ubuntu 14.04/OpenCV 3.1/ Cuda 7.5/CuDNN v.3/980 Ti

@tczuo
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@tczuo tczuo commented Feb 19, 2016

Using wang @hongzhenwang 's solution, I still can't solve this problem.
Then I try to create soft links for opencv_imgcodecs using follow commands, it success!

$ sudo cp imgcodecs_c.h /usr/local/include
$ sudo cp libopencv_imgcodecs.so /usr/local/lib
$ sudo cp libopencv_imgcodecs.so.3.0 /usr/local/lib
$ sudo cp libopencv_imgcodecs.so.3.0.0 /usr/local/lib
$ sudo ln -sf /usr/local/lib/libopencv_imgcodecs.so.3.0.0 /usr/local/lib/libopencv_imgcodecs.so.3.0
$ sudo ln -sf /usr/local/lib/libopencv_imgcodecs.so.3.0 /usr/local/lib/libopencv_imgcodecs.so
$ sudo ldconfig -v

@jas0n1ee
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@jas0n1ee jas0n1ee commented Mar 21, 2016

I got a similar error. Solved by using cmake.

@yashrahmed
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@yashrahmed yashrahmed commented Mar 24, 2016

Thanks @hongzhenwang...It worked for me. However I'd like to point out that if you have openCV 3 installed and have enabled building with the same by using "OPENCV_VERSION := 3" in your makefile.config file, those extra dependencies are automatically added.

@PrashantChauhan
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@PrashantChauhan PrashantChauhan commented Mar 28, 2016

Thanks
@StevenLOL

sudo apt-get install libprotobuf-dev libleveldb-dev libsnappy-dev libopencv-dev libboost-all-dev libhdf5-serial-dev libgflags-dev libgoogle-glog-dev liblmdb-dev protobuf-compiler libatlas-base-dev
sudo apt-get install python-dev python-pip gfortran

This worked for me.

@gaush123
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@gaush123 gaush123 commented Mar 29, 2016

@StevenLOL Hi Steven, I was able to solve this issue by method you suggested, and compiled caffe successfully. But while I am trying to train the network, I am getting the error below:

./build/tools/caffe: symbol lookup error: /home/ubuntu/Downloads/caffe/.build_release/tools/../lib/libcaffe.so: undefined symbol: _ZN5caffe5cudnn8dataTypeIdE4zeroE
Could you please suggest a way out of this
Thanks,
Gaurav

@hana9090
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@hana9090 hana9090 commented Aug 23, 2016

@hojonathanho
I have uncomment these paths and the make all is going well.
but when i make the make test, i have these errors:


CXX src/caffe/test/test_roi_pooling_layer.cpp
src/caffe/test/test_roi_pooling_layer.cpp:28:26: error: ‘FloatGPU’ was not declared in this scope
 typedef ::testing::Types<FloatGPU, DoubleGPU> TestDtypesGPU;
                          ^
src/caffe/test/test_roi_pooling_layer.cpp:28:36: error: ‘DoubleGPU’ was not declared in this scope
 typedef ::testing::Types<FloatGPU, DoubleGPU> TestDtypesGPU;
                                    ^
src/caffe/test/test_roi_pooling_layer.cpp:28:45: error: template argument 1 is invalid
 typedef ::testing::Types<FloatGPU, DoubleGPU> TestDtypesGPU;
                                             ^
src/caffe/test/test_roi_pooling_layer.cpp:28:45: error: template argument 2 is invalid
In file included from src/caffe/test/test_roi_pooling_layer.cpp:21:0:
./include/caffe/test/test_caffe_main.hpp: In instantiation of ‘class caffe::MultiDeviceTest<int>’:
src/caffe/test/test_roi_pooling_layer.cpp:31:7:   required from ‘class caffe::ROIPoolingLayerTest<int>’
src/caffe/test/test_roi_pooling_layer.cpp:90:1:   required from ‘class caffe::ROIPoolingLayerTest_TestGradient_Test<int>’
./src/gtest/gtest.h:7334:28:   required from ‘static bool testing::internal::TypeParameterizedTest<Fixture, TestSel, Types>::Register(const char*, const char*, const char*, int) [with Fixture = caffe::ROIPoolingLayerTest; TestSel = testing::internal::TemplateSel<caffe::ROIPoolingLayerTest_TestGradient_Test>; Types = testing::internal::Types1<int>]’
src/caffe/test/test_roi_pooling_layer.cpp:90:1:   required from here
./include/caffe/test/test_caffe_main.hpp:33:37: error: ‘int’ is not a class, struct, or union type
   typedef typename TypeParam::Dtype Dtype;
                                     ^
@monajalal
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@monajalal monajalal commented Aug 24, 2016

On Ubuntu 15.10 using Python2.7 and make clean before the command get this error:

jalal@klein:~/computer_vision/py-faster-rcnn/caffe-fast-rcnn$ make -j8 && make pycaffe
blah blah
CXX/LD -o .build_release/tools/compute_image_mean.bin
CXX/LD -o .build_release/tools/upgrade_net_proto_binary.bin
CXX/LD -o .build_release/tools/test_net.bin
CXX/LD -o .build_release/tools/convert_imageset.bin
CXX/LD -o .build_release/tools/upgrade_net_proto_text.bin
CXX/LD -o .build_release/tools/train_net.bin
CXX/LD -o .build_release/tools/device_query.bin
CXX/LD -o .build_release/tools/finetune_net.bin
CXX/LD -o .build_release/tools/caffe.bin
CXX/LD -o .build_release/tools/extract_features.bin
CXX/LD -o .build_release/tools/upgrade_solver_proto_text.bin
CXX/LD -o .build_release/tools/net_speed_benchmark.bin
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::throw_error_already_set()'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::import(boost::python::str)'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `PyEval_CallFunction'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `typeinfo for boost::python::error_already_set'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `PyErr_Print'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::error_already_set::~error_already_set()'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::detail::str_base::str_base(char const*)'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::api::getattr(boost::python::api::object const&, char const*)'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `_Py_NoneStruct'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::converter::rvalue_from_python_stage1(_object*, boost::python::converter::registration const&)'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `vtable for boost::python::error_already_set'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `Py_Initialize'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::converter::registry::lookup(boost::python::type_info)'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::converter::registry::lookup_shared_ptr(boost::python::type_info)'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::converter::rvalue_from_python_stage2(_object*, .boost::python::converter::rvalue_from_python_stage1_data&, boost::python::converter::registration const&)'
build_release/.build_release/liblib//libcaffe.so:libcaffe.so undefined : reference toundefined ` referenceboost:: topython: `:converterboost:::detail:python::arg_to_python_base::::arg_to_python_basethrow_error_already_set()'
(void .const volatilebuild_release/*, lib/libcaffe.so: boost:undefined:python reference::converter to::registration ` const&boost::python::import(boost::python::str)'
)'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `PyEval_CallFunction'collect2: error: ld returned 1 exit status

.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `typeinfo for boost::python::error_already_set'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `PyErr_Print'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::error_already_set::~error_already_set()'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::detail::str_base::str_base(char const*)'
.build_release/lib/Makefile:609: recipe for target '.build_release/tools/convert_imageset.bin' failed
libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::api::getattr(make: *** [.build_release/tools/convert_imageset.bin] Error 1
boost::python::api::object const&,make: *** Waiting for unfinished jobs....
 char const*)'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `_Py_NoneStruct'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::converter::rvalue_from_python_stage1(_object*, boost::python::converter::registration const&)'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `vtable for boost::python::error_already_set'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `Py_Initialize'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::converter::registry::lookup(boost::python::type_info)'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::converter::registry::lookup_shared_ptr(boost::python::type_info)'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::converter::rvalue_from_python_stage2(_object*, boost::python::converter::rvalue_from_python_stage1_data&, boost::python::converter::registration const&)'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::converter::detail::arg_to_python_base::arg_to_python_base(void const volatile*, boost::python::converter::registration const&)'
collect2: error: ld returned 1 exit status
Makefile:609: recipe for target '.build_release/tools/upgrade_net_proto_text.bin' failed
make: *** [.build_release/tools/upgrade_net_proto_text.bin] Error 1
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::throw_error_already_set()'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::import(boost::python::str)'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `PyEval_CallFunction'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `typeinfo for boost::python::error_already_set'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `PyErr_Print'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::error_already_set::~error_already_set()'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::detail::str_base::str_base(char const*)'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::api::getattr(boost::python::api::object const&, char const*)'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `_Py_NoneStruct'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::converter::rvalue_from_python_stage1(_object*, boost::python::converter::registration const&)'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `vtable for boost::python::error_already_set'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `Py_Initialize'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::converter::registry::lookup(boost::python::type_info)'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::converter::registry::lookup_shared_ptr(boost::python::type_info)'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::converter::rvalue_from_python_stage2(_object*, boost::python::converter::rvalue_from_python_stage1_data&, boost::python::converter::registration const&)'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::converter::detail::arg_to_python_base::arg_to_python_base(void const volatile*, boost::python::converter::registration const&)'
collect2: error: ld returned 1 exit status
Makefile:609: recipe for target '.build_release/tools/compute_image_mean.bin' failed
make: *** [.build_release/tools/compute_image_mean.bin] Error 1
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::throw_error_already_set()'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::import(boost::python::str)'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `PyEval_CallFunction'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `typeinfo for boost::python::error_already_set'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `PyErr_Print'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::error_already_set::~error_already_set()'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::detail::str_base::str_base(char const*)'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::api::getattr(boost::python::api::object const&, char const*)'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `_Py_NoneStruct'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::converter::rvalue_from_python_stage1(_object*, boost::python::converter::registration const&)'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `vtable for boost::python::error_already_set'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `Py_Initialize'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::converter::registry::lookup(boost::python::type_info)'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::converter::registry::lookup_shared_ptr(boost::python::type_info)'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::converter::rvalue_from_python_stage2(_object*, boost::python::converter::rvalue_from_python_stage1_data&, boost::python::converter::registration const&)'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::converter::detail::arg_to_python_base::arg_to_python_base(void const volatile*, boost::python::converter::registration const&)'
collect2: error: ld returned 1 exit status
Makefile:609: recipe for target '.build_release/tools/upgrade_net_proto_binary.bin' failed
make: *** [.build_release/tools/upgrade_net_proto_binary.bin] Error 1
.build_release/tools/caffe.o: In function `main':
caffe.cpp:(.text.startup+0x334): undefined reference to `vtable for boost::python::error_already_set'
caffe.cpp:(.text.startup+0x347): undefined reference to `PyErr_Print'
caffe.cpp:(.text.startup+0x351): undefined reference to `boost::python::error_already_set::~error_already_set()'
caffe.cpp:(.text.startup+0x395): undefined reference to `boost::python::error_already_set::~error_already_set()'
.build_release/tools/caffe.o: In function `_GLOBAL__sub_I_caffe.cpp':
caffe.cpp:(.text.startup+0x40e): undefined reference to `_Py_NoneStruct'
.build_release/tools/caffe.o:(.data.DW.ref._ZTIN5boost6python17error_already_setE[DW.ref._ZTIN5boost6python17error_already_setE]+0x0): undefined reference to `typeinfo for boost::python::error_already_set'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::throw_error_already_set()'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::import(boost::python::str)'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `PyEval_CallFunction'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::detail::str_base::str_base(char const*)'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::api::getattr(boost::python::api::object const&, char const*)'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::converter::rvalue_from_python_stage1(_object*, boost::python::converter::registration const&)'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `Py_Initialize'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::converter::registry::lookup(boost::python::type_info)'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::converter::registry::lookup_shared_ptr(boost::python::type_info)'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::converter::rvalue_from_python_stage2(_object*, boost::python::converter::rvalue_from_python_stage1_data&, boost::python::converter::registration const&)'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::converter::detail::arg_to_python_base::arg_to_python_base(void const volatile*, boost::python::converter::registration const&)'
collect2: error: ld returned 1 exit status
Makefile:609: recipe for target '.build_release/tools/caffe.bin' failed
make: *** [.build_release/tools/caffe.bin] Error 1
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::throw_error_already_set()'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::import(boost::python::str)'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `PyEval_CallFunction'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `typeinfo for boost::python::error_already_set'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `PyErr_Print'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::error_already_set::~error_already_set()'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::detail::str_base::str_base(char const*)'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::api::getattr(boost::python::api::object const&, char const*)'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `_Py_NoneStruct'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::converter::rvalue_from_python_stage1(_object*, boost::python::converter::registration const&)'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `vtable for boost::python::error_already_set'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `Py_Initialize'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::converter::registry::lookup(boost::python::type_info)'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::converter::registry::lookup_shared_ptr(boost::python::type_info)'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::converter::rvalue_from_python_stage2(_object*, boost::python::converter::rvalue_from_python_stage1_data&, boost::python::converter::registration const&)'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::converter::detail::arg_to_python_base::arg_to_python_base(void const volatile*, boost::python::converter::registration const&)'
collect2: error: ld returned 1 exit status
Makefile:609: recipe for target '.build_release/tools/extract_features.bin' failed
make: *** [.build_release/tools/extract_features.bin] Error 1
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::throw_error_already_set()'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::import(boost::python::str)'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `PyEval_CallFunction'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `typeinfo for boost::python::error_already_set'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `PyErr_Print'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::error_already_set::~error_already_set()'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::detail::str_base::str_base(char const*)'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::api::getattr(boost::python::api::object const&, char const*)'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `_Py_NoneStruct'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::converter::rvalue_from_python_stage1(_object*, boost::python::converter::registration const&)'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `vtable for boost::python::error_already_set'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `Py_Initialize'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::converter::registry::lookup(boost::python::type_info)'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::converter::registry::lookup_shared_ptr(boost::python::type_info)'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::converter::rvalue_from_python_stage2(_object*, boost::python::converter::rvalue_from_python_stage1_data&, boost::python::converter::registration const&)'
.build_release/lib/libcaffe.so: undefined reference to `boost::python::converter::detail::arg_to_python_base::arg_to_python_base(void const volatile*, boost::python::converter::registration const&)'
collect2: error: ld returned 1 exit status
Makefile:609: recipe for target '.build_release/tools/upgrade_solver_proto_text.bin' failed
make: *** [.build_release/tools/upgrade_solver_proto_text.bin] Error 1
jalal@klein:~/computer_vision/py-faster-rcnn/caffe-fast-rcnn$ 

@aabobakr
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@aabobakr aabobakr commented Aug 24, 2016

@monajalal have you installed boost ?
sudo apt-get install --no-install-recommends libboost-all-dev

@soupault
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@soupault soupault commented Sep 2, 2016

I'm getting the same error as OP does. Solution from @StevenLOL has helped.

@monajalal
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@monajalal monajalal commented Sep 2, 2016

When I installed Boost from source-code in Ubuntu 15.10 the problem was fixed. In Ubuntu 14.04 I didn't come across this problem.

@aleksartamonov
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@aleksartamonov aleksartamonov commented Oct 3, 2016

I can make all but whrn i call
make test
I have an error

LD .build_debug/src/caffe/test/test_tile_layer.o
/usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libopencv_imgproc.so: undefined reference to cv::AlgorithmInfo::addParam(cv::Algorithm&, char const*, double&, bool, double (cv::Algorithm::*)(), void (cv::Algorithm::*)(double), std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> > const&)' /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libopencv_highgui.so: undefined reference tocv::Exception::Exception(int, std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits, std::allocator > const&, std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits, std::allocator > const&, std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits, std::allocator > const&, int)'
/usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libopencv_imgproc.so: undefined reference to cv::AlgorithmInfo::addParam(cv::Algorithm&, char const*, int&, bool, int (cv::Algorithm::*)(), void (cv::Algorithm::*)(int), std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> > const&)' /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libopencv_imgproc.so: undefined reference tocv::AlgorithmInfo::nameabi:cxx11 const'
/usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libopencv_highgui.so: undefined reference to cv::tempfile[abi:cxx11](char const*)' /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libopencv_imgproc.so: undefined reference tocv::AlgorithmInfo::AlgorithmInfo(std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits, std::allocator > const&, cv::Algorithm* ()())'
/usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libopencv_imgproc.so: undefined reference to `cv::format[abi:cxx11](char const
, ...)'

@lijingszu
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@lijingszu lijingszu commented Dec 7, 2016

On Ubuntu 16.04 using Python2.7 and make clean before the command get this error:

g++ .build_release/tools/net_speed_benchmark.o .build_release/lib/libcaffe.a -o .build_release/tools/net_speed_benchmark.bin -fPIC -DCPU_ONLY -DNDEBUG -O2 -DUSE_MKL -I/home/lijing/anaconda2/include -I/usr/local/include -I.build_release/src -I./src -I./include -I/home/lijing/Softwares/intel/mkl/include -Wall -Wno-sign-compare -L/home/lijing/anaconda2/lib -L/usr/local/lib -L/usr/lib -L/home/lijing/Softwares/intel/mkl/lib -lglog -lgflags -lpthread -lprotobuf -lleveldb -lsnappy -llmdb -lboost_system -lhdf5_hl -lhdf5 -lopencv_core -lopencv_highgui -lopencv_imgproc -lmkl_rt
/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/5/../../../x86_64-linux-gnu/libgflags.so: undefined reference to `std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >::compare(std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> > const&) const@GLIBCXX_3.4.21'
/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/5/../../../x86_64-linux-gnu/libglog.so: undefined reference to `std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >::_M_create(unsigned long&, unsigned long)@GLIBCXX_3.4.21'
/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/5/../../../x86_64-linux-gnu/libglog.so: undefined reference to `std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >::_M_replace_aux(unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, char)@GLIBCXX_3.4.21'
/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/5/../../../x86_64-linux-gnu/libglog.so: undefined reference to `std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >::_M_append(char const*, unsigned long)@GLIBCXX_3.4.21'
/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/5/../../../x86_64-linux-gnu/libglog.so: undefined reference to `std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >::_M_replace(unsigned long, unsigned long, char const*, unsigned long)@GLIBCXX_3.4.21'
/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/5/../../../x86_64-linux-gnu/libgflags.so: undefined reference to `std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >::_M_construct(unsigned long, char)@GLIBCXX_3.4.21'
/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/5/../../../x86_64-linux-gnu/libglog.so: undefined reference to `vtable for std::__cxx11::basic_stringbuf<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >@GLIBCXX_3.4.21'
/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/5/../../../x86_64-linux-gnu/libglog.so: undefined reference to `std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >::assign(char const*)@GLIBCXX_3.4.21'
/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/5/../../../x86_64-linux-gnu/libglog.so: undefined reference to `std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >::_M_assign(std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> > const&)@GLIBCXX_3.4.21'
/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/5/../../../x86_64-linux-gnu/libgflags.so: undefined reference to `std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >::_M_erase(unsigned long, unsigned long)@GLIBCXX_3.4.21'
/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/5/../../../x86_64-linux-gnu/libglog.so: undefined reference to `vtable for std::__cxx11::basic_ostringstream<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >@GLIBCXX_3.4.21'
/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/5/../../../x86_64-linux-gnu/libgflags.so: undefined reference to `std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >::reserve(unsigned long)@GLIBCXX_3.4.21'
/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/5/../../../x86_64-linux-gnu/libgflags.so: undefined reference to `std::__throw_out_of_range_fmt(char const*, ...)@GLIBCXX_3.4.20'
/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/5/../../../x86_64-linux-gnu/libgflags.so: undefined reference to `std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >::rfind(char, unsigned long) const@GLIBCXX_3.4.21'
/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/5/../../../x86_64-linux-gnu/libglog.so: undefined reference to `std::__cxx11::basic_stringbuf<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >::_M_sync(char*, unsigned long, unsigned long)@GLIBCXX_3.4.21'
/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/5/../../../x86_64-linux-gnu/libglog.so: undefined reference to `std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >::~basic_string()@GLIBCXX_3.4.21'
/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/5/../../../x86_64-linux-gnu/libgflags.so: undefined reference to `std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >::append(char const*)@GLIBCXX_3.4.21'
/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/5/../../../x86_64-linux-gnu/libgflags.so: undefined reference to `std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >::find(char, unsigned long) const@GLIBCXX_3.4.21'
/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/5/../../../x86_64-linux-gnu/libglog.so: undefined reference to `std::__cxx11::basic_ostringstream<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >::~basic_ostringstream()@GLIBCXX_3.4.21'
/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/5/../../../x86_64-linux-gnu/libglog.so: undefined reference to `VTT for std::__cxx11::basic_ostringstream<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >@GLIBCXX_3.4.21'
/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/5/../../../x86_64-linux-gnu/libgflags.so: undefined reference to `std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >::find(char const*, unsigned long, unsigned long) const@GLIBCXX_3.4.21'
/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/5/../../../x86_64-linux-gnu/libglog.so: undefined reference to `std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >::compare(char const*) const@GLIBCXX_3.4.21'
collect2: error: ld returned 1 exit status
Makefile:445: recipe for target '.build_release/tools/net_speed_benchmark.bin' failed
make: *** [.build_release/tools/net_speed_benchmark.bin] Error 1
make: *** Waiting for unfinished jobs....
@hritt
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@hritt hritt commented Dec 26, 2016

the reason is that 'make' can't find opencv files.
if you compile opencv youself, try to uncomment "USE_PKG_CONFIG := 1" in Makefile.config

@Jayhello
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@Jayhello Jayhello commented Jan 10, 2017

@StevenLOL
cd build
cmake ..
./configure (??not sure??)
make all

after that ,what to do?
if i
cd ..
make test
there is still error
where to ( the following steps https://github.com/BVLC/caffe/wiki/Ubuntu-16.04-or-15.10-Installation-Guide )
make test
make runtest
make pycaffe -should be finished already, so you can omit this one
make distribute

@memray
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@memray memray commented Feb 9, 2017

@gaush123 Encountered the exactly same problem and found no way to solve. Have spent two days on installation...:

$ make runtest -j32.build_release/tools/caffe
.build_release/tools/caffe: symbol lookup error: /home/memray/Project/deep_learning/caffe-0.15.13/.build_release/tools/../lib/libcaffe-nv.so.0.15: undefined symbol: _ZN6google8protobuf8internal15InitEmptyStringEv
Makefile:533: recipe for target 'runtest' failed
make: *** [runtest] Error 127
@mikacuy
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@mikacuy mikacuy commented Feb 11, 2017

@gaush123 I have the same problem with the undefined symbol, how did you solve it?

@waynesuzq
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@waynesuzq waynesuzq commented Mar 14, 2017

Thanks to solutions above, I met this problem, and fix by following:

  1. make sure you installed opencv;
  2. Note: in "Makefile" (not in 'Makefile.config")
    add "opencv_imagecodecs" to the end of
    LIBRARIES += opencv_core opencv_highgui opencv_imgproc
  3. then I met errors like @lijingszu mentioned
"libopencv_imgcodecs.so: undefined reference to `png_set_strip_16@PNG16_0
...
"

this is solved by adding
"LINKFLAGS := -Wl,-rpath,$(HOME)/anaconda/lib" in Makefile.config
"$(HOME)/anaconda" change it to your dir.

I don't really understand why, but it worked.

@vijay1131
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@vijay1131 vijay1131 commented Apr 20, 2017

For me Uncommenting This line worked pretty well.
USE_PKG_CONFIG := 1

@billedu
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@billedu billedu commented May 3, 2017

when I make test , I met the following questions:

I run
make test

display:

ts 0 arguments, 1 provided
In file included from ./include/caffe/util/cudnn.hpp:8:0,
from ./include/caffe/util/device_alternate.hpp:40,
from ./include/caffe/common.hpp:19,
from ./include/caffe/blob.hpp:8,
from src/caffe/test/test_dummy_data_layer.cpp:6:
.build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h: In member function ‘const string& caffe::HDF5DataParameter::source() const’:
.build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h:18996:89: error: no matching function for call to ‘google::protobuf::internal::ArenaStringPtr::GetNoArena(const string*) const’
return source_.GetNoArena(&::google::protobuf::internal::GetEmptyStringAlreadyInited());
^
.build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h:18996:89: note: candidate is:
In file included from .build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h:23:0,
from ./include/caffe/util/cudnn.hpp:8,
from ./include/caffe/util/device_alternate.hpp:40,
from ./include/caffe/common.hpp:19,
from ./include/caffe/blob.hpp:8,
from src/caffe/test/test_dummy_data_layer.cpp:6:
/usr/local/include/google/protobuf/arenastring.h:225:31: note: const string& google::protobuf::internal::ArenaStringPtr::GetNoArena() const
inline const ::std::string& GetNoArena() const { return ptr_; }
^
/usr/local/include/google/protobuf/arenastring.h:225:31: note: candidate expects 0 arguments, 1 provided
In file included from ./include/caffe/util/cudnn.hpp:8:0,
from ./include/caffe/util/device_alternate.hpp:40,
from ./include/caffe/common.hpp:19,
from ./include/caffe/blob.hpp:8,
from src/caffe/test/test_dummy_data_layer.cpp:6:
.build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h: In member function ‘const string& caffe::HDF5OutputParameter::file_name() const’:
.build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h:19102:92: error: no matching function for call to ‘google::protobuf::internal::ArenaStringPtr::GetNoArena(const string
) const’
return file_name_.GetNoArena(&::google::protobuf::internal::GetEmptyStringAlreadyInited());
^
.build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h:19102:92: note: candidate is:
In file included from .build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h:23:0,
from ./include/caffe/util/cudnn.hpp:8,
from ./include/caffe/util/device_alternate.hpp:40,
from ./include/caffe/common.hpp:19,
from ./include/caffe/blob.hpp:8,
from src/caffe/test/test_dummy_data_layer.cpp:6:
/usr/local/include/google/protobuf/arenastring.h:225:31: note: const string& google::protobuf::internal::ArenaStringPtr::GetNoArena() const
inline const ::std::string& GetNoArena() const { return ptr_; }
^
/usr/local/include/google/protobuf/arenastring.h:225:31: note: candidate expects 0 arguments, 1 provided
In file included from ./include/caffe/util/cudnn.hpp:8:0,
from ./include/caffe/util/device_alternate.hpp:40,
from ./include/caffe/common.hpp:19,
from ./include/caffe/blob.hpp:8,
from src/caffe/test/test_dummy_data_layer.cpp:6:
.build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h: In member function ‘const string& caffe::ImageDataParameter::source() const’:
.build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h:19189:89: error: no matching function for call to ‘google::protobuf::internal::ArenaStringPtr::GetNoArena(const string
) const’
return source_.GetNoArena(&::google::protobuf::internal::GetEmptyStringAlreadyInited());
^
.build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h:19189:89: note: candidate is:
In file included from .build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h:23:0,
from ./include/caffe/util/cudnn.hpp:8,
from ./include/caffe/util/device_alternate.hpp:40,
from ./include/caffe/common.hpp:19,
from ./include/caffe/blob.hpp:8,
from src/caffe/test/test_dummy_data_layer.cpp:6:
/usr/local/include/google/protobuf/arenastring.h:225:31: note: const string& google::protobuf::internal::ArenaStringPtr::GetNoArena() const
inline const ::std::string& GetNoArena() const { return ptr_; }
^
/usr/local/include/google/protobuf/arenastring.h:225:31: note: candidate expects 0 arguments, 1 provided
In file included from ./include/caffe/util/cudnn.hpp:8:0,
from ./include/caffe/util/device_alternate.hpp:40,
from ./include/caffe/common.hpp:19,
from ./include/caffe/blob.hpp:8,
from src/caffe/test/test_dummy_data_layer.cpp:6:
.build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h: In member function ‘const string& caffe::ImageDataParameter::mean_file() const’:
.build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h:19411:92: error: no matching function for call to ‘google::protobuf::internal::ArenaStringPtr::GetNoArena(const string
) const’
return mean_file_.GetNoArena(&::google::protobuf::internal::GetEmptyStringAlreadyInited());
^
.build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h:19411:92: note: candidate is:
In file included from .build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h:23:0,
from ./include/caffe/util/cudnn.hpp:8,
from ./include/caffe/util/device_alternate.hpp:40,
from ./include/caffe/common.hpp:19,
from ./include/caffe/blob.hpp:8,
from src/caffe/test/test_dummy_data_layer.cpp:6:
/usr/local/include/google/protobuf/arenastring.h:225:31: note: const string& google::protobuf::internal::ArenaStringPtr::GetNoArena() const
inline const ::std::string& GetNoArena() const { return ptr_; }
^
/usr/local/include/google/protobuf/arenastring.h:225:31: note: candidate expects 0 arguments, 1 provided
In file included from ./include/caffe/util/cudnn.hpp:8:0,
from ./include/caffe/util/device_alternate.hpp:40,
from ./include/caffe/common.hpp:19,
from ./include/caffe/blob.hpp:8,
from src/caffe/test/test_dummy_data_layer.cpp:6:
.build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h: In member function ‘const string& caffe::ImageDataParameter::root_folder() const’:
.build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h:19513:94: error: no matching function for call to ‘google::protobuf::internal::ArenaStringPtr::GetNoArena(const string
) const’
return root_folder_.GetNoArena(&::google::protobuf::internal::GetEmptyStringAlreadyInited());
^
.build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h:19513:94: note: candidate is:
In file included from .build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h:23:0,
from ./include/caffe/util/cudnn.hpp:8,
from ./include/caffe/util/device_alternate.hpp:40,
from ./include/caffe/common.hpp:19,
from ./include/caffe/blob.hpp:8,
from src/caffe/test/test_dummy_data_layer.cpp:6:
/usr/local/include/google/protobuf/arenastring.h:225:31: note: const string& google::protobuf::internal::ArenaStringPtr::GetNoArena() const
inline const ::std::string& GetNoArena() const { return ptr_; }
^
/usr/local/include/google/protobuf/arenastring.h:225:31: note: candidate expects 0 arguments, 1 provided
In file included from ./include/caffe/util/cudnn.hpp:8:0,
from ./include/caffe/util/device_alternate.hpp:40,
from ./include/caffe/common.hpp:19,
from ./include/caffe/blob.hpp:8,
from src/caffe/test/test_dummy_data_layer.cpp:6:
.build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h: In member function ‘const string& caffe::InfogainLossParameter::source() const’:
.build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h:19571:89: error: no matching function for call to ‘google::protobuf::internal::ArenaStringPtr::GetNoArena(const string
) const’
return source_.GetNoArena(&::google::protobuf::internal::GetEmptyStringAlreadyInited());
^
.build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h:19571:89: note: candidate is:
In file included from .build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h:23:0,
from ./include/caffe/util/cudnn.hpp:8,
from ./include/caffe/util/device_alternate.hpp:40,
from ./include/caffe/common.hpp:19,
from ./include/caffe/blob.hpp:8,
from src/caffe/test/test_dummy_data_layer.cpp:6:
/usr/local/include/google/protobuf/arenastring.h:225:31: note: const string& google::protobuf::internal::ArenaStringPtr::GetNoArena() const
inline const ::std::string& GetNoArena() const { return ptr_; }
^
/usr/local/include/google/protobuf/arenastring.h:225:31: note: candidate expects 0 arguments, 1 provided
In file included from ./include/caffe/util/cudnn.hpp:8:0,
from ./include/caffe/util/device_alternate.hpp:40,
from ./include/caffe/common.hpp:19,
from ./include/caffe/blob.hpp:8,
from src/caffe/test/test_dummy_data_layer.cpp:6:
.build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h: In member function ‘const string& caffe::PythonParameter::module() const’:
.build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h:20671:89: error: no matching function for call to ‘google::protobuf::internal::ArenaStringPtr::GetNoArena(const string
) const’
return module_.GetNoArena(&::google::protobuf::internal::GetEmptyStringAlreadyInited());
^
.build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h:20671:89: note: candidate is:
In file included from .build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h:23:0,
from ./include/caffe/util/cudnn.hpp:8,
from ./include/caffe/util/device_alternate.hpp:40,
from ./include/caffe/common.hpp:19,
from ./include/caffe/blob.hpp:8,
from src/caffe/test/test_dummy_data_layer.cpp:6:
/usr/local/include/google/protobuf/arenastring.h:225:31: note: const string& google::protobuf::internal::ArenaStringPtr::GetNoArena() const
inline const ::std::string& GetNoArena() const { return ptr_; }
^
/usr/local/include/google/protobuf/arenastring.h:225:31: note: candidate expects 0 arguments, 1 provided
In file included from ./include/caffe/util/cudnn.hpp:8:0,
from ./include/caffe/util/device_alternate.hpp:40,
from ./include/caffe/common.hpp:19,
from ./include/caffe/blob.hpp:8,
from src/caffe/test/test_dummy_data_layer.cpp:6:
.build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h: In member function ‘const string& caffe::PythonParameter::layer() const’:
.build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h:20725:88: error: no matching function for call to ‘google::protobuf::internal::ArenaStringPtr::GetNoArena(const string
) const’
return layer_.GetNoArena(&::google::protobuf::internal::GetEmptyStringAlreadyInited());
^
.build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h:20725:88: note: candidate is:
In file included from .build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h:23:0,
from ./include/caffe/util/cudnn.hpp:8,
from ./include/caffe/util/device_alternate.hpp:40,
from ./include/caffe/common.hpp:19,
from ./include/caffe/blob.hpp:8,
from src/caffe/test/test_dummy_data_layer.cpp:6:
/usr/local/include/google/protobuf/arenastring.h:225:31: note: const string& google::protobuf::internal::ArenaStringPtr::GetNoArena() const
inline const ::std::string& GetNoArena() const { return ptr_; }
^
/usr/local/include/google/protobuf/arenastring.h:225:31: note: candidate expects 0 arguments, 1 provided
In file included from ./include/caffe/util/cudnn.hpp:8:0,
from ./include/caffe/util/device_alternate.hpp:40,
from ./include/caffe/common.hpp:19,
from ./include/caffe/blob.hpp:8,
from src/caffe/test/test_dummy_data_layer.cpp:6:
.build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h: In member function ‘const string& caffe::PythonParameter::param_str() const’:
.build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h:20779:92: error: no matching function for call to ‘google::protobuf::internal::ArenaStringPtr::GetNoArena(const string
) const’
return param_str_.GetNoArena(&::google::protobuf::internal::GetEmptyStringAlreadyInited());
^
.build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h:20779:92: note: candidate is:
In file included from .build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h:23:0,
from ./include/caffe/util/cudnn.hpp:8,
from ./include/caffe/util/device_alternate.hpp:40,
from ./include/caffe/common.hpp:19,
from ./include/caffe/blob.hpp:8,
from src/caffe/test/test_dummy_data_layer.cpp:6:
/usr/local/include/google/protobuf/arenastring.h:225:31: note: const string& google::protobuf::internal::ArenaStringPtr::GetNoArena() const
inline const ::std::string& GetNoArena() const { return ptr_; }
^
/usr/local/include/google/protobuf/arenastring.h:225:31: note: candidate expects 0 arguments, 1 provided
In file included from ./include/caffe/util/cudnn.hpp:8:0,
from ./include/caffe/util/device_alternate.hpp:40,
from ./include/caffe/common.hpp:19,
from ./include/caffe/blob.hpp:8,
from src/caffe/test/test_dummy_data_layer.cpp:6:
.build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h: In member function ‘const string& caffe::WindowDataParameter::source() const’:
.build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h:21740:89: error: no matching function for call to ‘google::protobuf::internal::ArenaStringPtr::GetNoArena(const string
) const’
return source_.GetNoArena(&::google::protobuf::internal::GetEmptyStringAlreadyInited());
^
.build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h:21740:89: note: candidate is:
In file included from .build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h:23:0,
from ./include/caffe/util/cudnn.hpp:8,
from ./include/caffe/util/device_alternate.hpp:40,
from ./include/caffe/common.hpp:19,
from ./include/caffe/blob.hpp:8,
from src/caffe/test/test_dummy_data_layer.cpp:6:
/usr/local/include/google/protobuf/arenastring.h:225:31: note: const string& google::protobuf::internal::ArenaStringPtr::GetNoArena() const
inline const ::std::string& GetNoArena() const { return ptr_; }
^
/usr/local/include/google/protobuf/arenastring.h:225:31: note: candidate expects 0 arguments, 1 provided
In file included from ./include/caffe/util/cudnn.hpp:8:0,
from ./include/caffe/util/device_alternate.hpp:40,
from ./include/caffe/common.hpp:19,
from ./include/caffe/blob.hpp:8,
from src/caffe/test/test_dummy_data_layer.cpp:6:
.build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h: In member function ‘const string& caffe::WindowDataParameter::mean_file() const’:
.build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h:21818:92: error: no matching function for call to ‘google::protobuf::internal::ArenaStringPtr::GetNoArena(const string
) const’
return mean_file_.GetNoArena(&::google::protobuf::internal::GetEmptyStringAlreadyInited());
^
.build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h:21818:92: note: candidate is:
In file included from .build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h:23:0,
from ./include/caffe/util/cudnn.hpp:8,
from ./include/caffe/util/device_alternate.hpp:40,
from ./include/caffe/common.hpp:19,
from ./include/caffe/blob.hpp:8,
from src/caffe/test/test_dummy_data_layer.cpp:6:
/usr/local/include/google/protobuf/arenastring.h:225:31: note: const string& google::protobuf::internal::ArenaStringPtr::GetNoArena() const
inline const ::std::string& GetNoArena() const { return ptr_; }
^
/usr/local/include/google/protobuf/arenastring.h:225:31: note: candidate expects 0 arguments, 1 provided
In file included from ./include/caffe/util/cudnn.hpp:8:0,
from ./include/caffe/util/device_alternate.hpp:40,
from ./include/caffe/common.hpp:19,
from ./include/caffe/blob.hpp:8,
from src/caffe/test/test_dummy_data_layer.cpp:6:
.build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h: In member function ‘const string& caffe::WindowDataParameter::crop_mode() const’:
.build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h:22040:51: error: no matching function for call to ‘google::protobuf::internal::ArenaStringPtr::GetNoArena(std::string
&) const’
return crop_mode_.GetNoArena(default_crop_mode);
^
.build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h:22040:51: note: candidate is:
In file included from .build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h:23:0,
from ./include/caffe/util/cudnn.hpp:8,
from ./include/caffe/util/device_alternate.hpp:40,
from ./include/caffe/common.hpp:19,
from ./include/caffe/blob.hpp:8,
from src/caffe/test/test_dummy_data_layer.cpp:6:
/usr/local/include/google/protobuf/arenastring.h:225:31: note: const string& google::protobuf::internal::ArenaStringPtr::GetNoArena() const
inline const ::std::string& GetNoArena() const { return ptr_; }
^
/usr/local/include/google/protobuf/arenastring.h:225:31: note: candidate expects 0 arguments, 1 provided
In file included from ./include/caffe/util/cudnn.hpp:8:0,
from ./include/caffe/util/device_alternate.hpp:40,
from ./include/caffe/common.hpp:19,
from ./include/caffe/blob.hpp:8,
from src/caffe/test/test_dummy_data_layer.cpp:6:
.build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h: In member function ‘const string& caffe::WindowDataParameter::root_folder() const’:
.build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h:22118:94: error: no matching function for call to ‘google::protobuf::internal::ArenaStringPtr::GetNoArena(const string
) const’
return root_folder_.GetNoArena(&::google::protobuf::internal::GetEmptyStringAlreadyInited());
^
.build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h:22118:94: note: candidate is:
In file included from .build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h:23:0,
from ./include/caffe/util/cudnn.hpp:8,
from ./include/caffe/util/device_alternate.hpp:40,
from ./include/caffe/common.hpp:19,
from ./include/caffe/blob.hpp:8,
from src/caffe/test/test_dummy_data_layer.cpp:6:
/usr/local/include/google/protobuf/arenastring.h:225:31: note: const string& google::protobuf::internal::ArenaStringPtr::GetNoArena() const
inline const ::std::string& GetNoArena() const { return ptr_; }
^
/usr/local/include/google/protobuf/arenastring.h:225:31: note: candidate expects 0 arguments, 1 provided
In file included from ./include/caffe/util/cudnn.hpp:8:0,
from ./include/caffe/util/device_alternate.hpp:40,
from ./include/caffe/common.hpp:19,
from ./include/caffe/blob.hpp:8,
from src/caffe/test/test_dummy_data_layer.cpp:6:
.build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h: In member function ‘const string& caffe::V1LayerParameter::name() const’:
.build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h:22364:87: error: no matching function for call to ‘google::protobuf::internal::ArenaStringPtr::GetNoArena(const string
) const’
return name_.GetNoArena(&::google::protobuf::internal::GetEmptyStringAlreadyInited());
^
.build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h:22364:87: note: candidate is:
In file included from .build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h:23:0,
from ./include/caffe/util/cudnn.hpp:8,
from ./include/caffe/util/device_alternate.hpp:40,
from ./include/caffe/common.hpp:19,
from ./include/caffe/blob.hpp:8,
from src/caffe/test/test_dummy_data_layer.cpp:6:
/usr/local/include/google/protobuf/arenastring.h:225:31: note: const string& google::protobuf::internal::ArenaStringPtr::GetNoArena() const
inline const ::std::string& GetNoArena() const { return ptr_; }
^
/usr/local/include/google/protobuf/arenastring.h:225:31: note: candidate expects 0 arguments, 1 provided
In file included from ./include/caffe/util/cudnn.hpp:8:0,
from ./include/caffe/util/device_alternate.hpp:40,
from ./include/caffe/common.hpp:19,
from ./include/caffe/blob.hpp:8,
from src/caffe/test/test_dummy_data_layer.cpp:6:
.build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h: In member function ‘const string& caffe::V0LayerParameter::name() const’:
.build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h:24078:87: error: no matching function for call to ‘google::protobuf::internal::ArenaStringPtr::GetNoArena(const string
) const’
return name_.GetNoArena(&::google::protobuf::internal::GetEmptyStringAlreadyInited());
^
.build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h:24078:87: note: candidate is:
In file included from .build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h:23:0,
from ./include/caffe/util/cudnn.hpp:8,
from ./include/caffe/util/device_alternate.hpp:40,
from ./include/caffe/common.hpp:19,
from ./include/caffe/blob.hpp:8,
from src/caffe/test/test_dummy_data_layer.cpp:6:
/usr/local/include/google/protobuf/arenastring.h:225:31: note: const string& google::protobuf::internal::ArenaStringPtr::GetNoArena() const
inline const ::std::string& GetNoArena() const { return ptr_; }
^
/usr/local/include/google/protobuf/arenastring.h:225:31: note: candidate expects 0 arguments, 1 provided
In file included from ./include/caffe/util/cudnn.hpp:8:0,
from ./include/caffe/util/device_alternate.hpp:40,
from ./include/caffe/common.hpp:19,
from ./include/caffe/blob.hpp:8,
from src/caffe/test/test_dummy_data_layer.cpp:6:
.build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h: In member function ‘const string& caffe::V0LayerParameter::type() const’:
.build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h:24132:87: error: no matching function for call to ‘google::protobuf::internal::ArenaStringPtr::GetNoArena(const string
) const’
return type_.GetNoArena(&::google::protobuf::internal::GetEmptyStringAlreadyInited());
^
.build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h:24132:87: note: candidate is:
In file included from .build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h:23:0,
from ./include/caffe/util/cudnn.hpp:8,
from ./include/caffe/util/device_alternate.hpp:40,
from ./include/caffe/common.hpp:19,
from ./include/caffe/blob.hpp:8,
from src/caffe/test/test_dummy_data_layer.cpp:6:
/usr/local/include/google/protobuf/arenastring.h:225:31: note: const string& google::protobuf::internal::ArenaStringPtr::GetNoArena() const
inline const ::std::string& GetNoArena() const { return ptr_; }
^
/usr/local/include/google/protobuf/arenastring.h:225:31: note: candidate expects 0 arguments, 1 provided
In file included from ./include/caffe/util/cudnn.hpp:8:0,
from ./include/caffe/util/device_alternate.hpp:40,
from ./include/caffe/common.hpp:19,
from ./include/caffe/blob.hpp:8,
from src/caffe/test/test_dummy_data_layer.cpp:6:
.build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h: In member function ‘const string& caffe::V0LayerParameter::source() const’:
.build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h:24563:89: error: no matching function for call to ‘google::protobuf::internal::ArenaStringPtr::GetNoArena(const string
) const’
return source_.GetNoArena(&::google::protobuf::internal::GetEmptyStringAlreadyInited());
^
.build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h:24563:89: note: candidate is:
In file included from .build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h:23:0,
from ./include/caffe/util/cudnn.hpp:8,
from ./include/caffe/util/device_alternate.hpp:40,
from ./include/caffe/common.hpp:19,
from ./include/caffe/blob.hpp:8,
from src/caffe/test/test_dummy_data_layer.cpp:6:
/usr/local/include/google/protobuf/arenastring.h:225:31: note: const string& google::protobuf::internal::ArenaStringPtr::GetNoArena() const
inline const ::std::string& GetNoArena() const { return ptr_; }
^
/usr/local/include/google/protobuf/arenastring.h:225:31: note: candidate expects 0 arguments, 1 provided
In file included from ./include/caffe/util/cudnn.hpp:8:0,
from ./include/caffe/util/device_alternate.hpp:40,
from ./include/caffe/common.hpp:19,
from ./include/caffe/blob.hpp:8,
from src/caffe/test/test_dummy_data_layer.cpp:6:
.build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h: In member function ‘const string& caffe::V0LayerParameter::meanfile() const’:
.build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h:24641:91: error: no matching function for call to ‘google::protobuf::internal::ArenaStringPtr::GetNoArena(const string
) const’
return meanfile_.GetNoArena(&::google::protobuf::internal::GetEmptyStringAlreadyInited());
^
.build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h:24641:91: note: candidate is:
In file included from .build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h:23:0,
from ./include/caffe/util/cudnn.hpp:8,
from ./include/caffe/util/device_alternate.hpp:40,
from ./include/caffe/common.hpp:19,
from ./include/caffe/blob.hpp:8,
from src/caffe/test/test_dummy_data_layer.cpp:6:
/usr/local/include/google/protobuf/arenastring.h:225:31: note: const string& google::protobuf::internal::ArenaStringPtr::GetNoArena() const
inline const ::std::string& GetNoArena() const { return ptr_; }
^
/usr/local/include/google/protobuf/arenastring.h:225:31: note: candidate expects 0 arguments, 1 provided
In file included from ./include/caffe/util/cudnn.hpp:8:0,
from ./include/caffe/util/device_alternate.hpp:40,
from ./include/caffe/common.hpp:19,
from ./include/caffe/blob.hpp:8,
from src/caffe/test/test_dummy_data_layer.cpp:6:
.build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h: In member function ‘const string& caffe::V0LayerParameter::det_crop_mode() const’:
.build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h:24977:59: error: no matching function for call to ‘google::protobuf::internal::ArenaStringPtr::GetNoArena(std::string
&) const’
return det_crop_mode_.GetNoArena(default_det_crop_mode);
^
.build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h:24977:59: note: candidate is:
In file included from .build_release/src/caffe/proto/caffe.pb.h:23:0,
from ./include/caffe/util/cudnn.hpp:8,
from ./include/caffe/util/device_alternate.hpp:40,
from ./include/caffe/common.hpp:19,
from ./include/caffe/blob.hpp:8,
from src/caffe/test/test_dummy_data_layer.cpp:6:
/usr/local/include/google/protobuf/arenastring.h:225:31: note: const string& google::protobuf::internal::ArenaStringPtr::GetNoArena() const
inline const ::std::string& GetNoArena() const { return *ptr_; }
^
/usr/local/include/google/protobuf/arenastring.h:225:31: note: candidate expects 0 arguments, 1 provided
make: *** [.build_release/src/caffe/test/test_dummy_data_layer.o] Error 1

@tczuo
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@tczuo tczuo commented May 15, 2017

kingjin94 added a commit to kingjin94/mscnn that referenced this issue Jul 22, 2017
Added needed libs for linking (following BVLC/caffe#2348)
@yangyanglisjtu
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@yangyanglisjtu yangyanglisjtu commented Dec 26, 2017

if your opecv vesion is 3.x, uncomment the OPENCV_VERSION := 3 in Makefile.config

@alex2young
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@alex2young alex2young commented Jan 22, 2018

Thanks @hritt , it worked for me

@MitraTj
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@MitraTj MitraTj commented Feb 12, 2018

Hi guys!
I want config caffe on server.
cd build
cmake ..
make all
make test

But after running make test I received this error?
blas.cpp.o
[100%] Linking CXX executable ../../../test/test.testbin
/usr/local/lib/libboost_thread.so: undefined reference to vtable for std::__cxx11::basic_stringbuf<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >@GLIBCXX_3.4.21' /usr/local/lib/libopencv_imgcodecs.so.3.4.0: undefined reference to std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits, std::allocator >::find(char const*, unsigned long, unsigned long) const@GLIBCXX_3.4.21'
/usr/local/lib/libopencv_imgcodecs.so.3.4.0: undefined reference to std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >::assign(char const*)@GLIBCXX_3.4.21' /usr/local/lib/libboost_python.so: undefined reference to std::__cxx11::basic_string<wchar_t, std::char_traits<wchar_t>, std::allocator<wchar_t> >::_M_create(unsigned long&, unsigned long)@GLIBCXX_3.4.21'
/usr/local/lib/libboost_python.so: undefined reference to std::range_error::range_error(std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> > const&)@GLIBCXX_3.4.21' /usr/local/lib/libboost_system.so: undefined reference to std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits, std::allocator >::~basic_string()@GLIBCXX_3.4.21'
/usr/local/lib/libboost_thread.so: undefined reference to std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >::_M_erase(unsigned long, unsigned long)@GLIBCXX_3.4.21' /usr/local/lib/libopencv_core.so.3.4.0: undefined reference to std::__cxx11::basic_ostringstream<char, std::char_traits, std::allocator >::basic_ostringstream(std::_Ios_Openmode)@GLIBCXX_3.4.21'
/usr/local/lib/libboost_filesystem.so: undefined reference to std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >::_M_replace_aux(unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, char)@GLIBCXX_3.4.21' /usr/local/lib/libopencv_core.so.3.4.0: undefined reference to std::basic_istream<char, std::char_traits >& std::operator>><char, std::char_traits, std::allocator >(std::basic_istream<char, std::char_traits >&, std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits, std::allocator >&)@GLIBCXX_3.4.21'
/usr/local/lib/libopencv_imgcodecs.so.3.4.0: undefined reference to std::__cxx11::basic_stringstream<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >::~basic_stringstream()@GLIBCXX_3.4.21' /usr/local/lib/libboost_filesystem.so: undefined reference to std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits, std::allocator >::rfind(char, unsigned long) const@GLIBCXX_3.4.21'
/usr/local/lib/libboost_thread.so: undefined reference to std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >::_M_append(char const*, unsigned long)@GLIBCXX_3.4.21' /usr/local/lib/libboost_filesystem.so: undefined reference to std::__cxx11::basic_string<wchar_t, std::char_traits<wchar_t>, std::allocator<wchar_t> >::_M_replace(unsigned long, unsigned long, wchar_t const*, unsigned long)@GLIBCXX_3.4.21'
/usr/local/lib/libopencv_core.so.3.4.0: undefined reference to std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >::reserve(unsigned long)@GLIBCXX_3.4.21' /usr/local/lib/libopencv_imgcodecs.so.3.4.0: undefined reference to std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits, std::allocator >::resize(unsigned long, char)@GLIBCXX_3.4.21'
/usr/local/lib/libopencv_imgcodecs.so.3.4.0: undefined reference to vtable for std::__cxx11::basic_stringstream<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >@GLIBCXX_3.4.21' /usr/local/lib/libopencv_core.so.3.4.0: undefined reference to VTT for std::__cxx11::basic_istringstream<char, std::char_traits, std::allocator >@GLIBCXX_3.4.21'
/usr/local/lib/libboost_filesystem.so: undefined reference to std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >::find(char, unsigned long) const@GLIBCXX_3.4.21' /usr/local/lib/libopencv_core.so.3.4.0: undefined reference to std::__cxx11::basic_istringstream<char, std::char_traits, std::allocator >::~basic_istringstream()@GLIBCXX_3.4.21'
/usr/local/lib/libboost_filesystem.so: undefined reference to std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >::_M_mutate(unsigned long, unsigned long, char const*, unsigned long)@GLIBCXX_3.4.21' /usr/local/lib/libboost_filesystem.so: undefined reference to std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits, std::allocator >::find_last_of(char const*, unsigned long, unsigned long) const@GLIBCXX_3.4.21'
/usr/local/lib/libboost_thread.so: undefined reference to std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >::_M_replace(unsigned long, unsigned long, char const*, unsigned long)@GLIBCXX_3.4.21' /usr/local/lib/libboost_filesystem.so: undefined reference to std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits, std::allocator >::find_first_of(char const*, unsigned long, unsigned long) const@GLIBCXX_3.4.21'
/usr/local/lib/libboost_thread.so: undefined reference to std::__cxx11::basic_ostringstream<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >::~basic_ostringstream()@GLIBCXX_3.4.21' /usr/local/lib/libopencv_core.so.3.4.0: undefined reference to std::__cxx11::basic_stringbuf<char, std::char_traits, std::allocator >::_M_sync(char*, unsigned long, unsigned long)@GLIBCXX_3.4.21'
/usr/local/lib/libopencv_core.so.3.4.0: undefined reference to vtable for std::__cxx11::basic_istringstream<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >@GLIBCXX_3.4.21' /usr/local/lib/libboost_thread.so: undefined reference to std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits, std::allocator >::swap(std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits, std::allocator >&)@GLIBCXX_3.4.21'
/usr/local/lib/libboost_thread.so: undefined reference to std::basic_istream<char, std::char_traits<char> >& std::getline<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >(std::basic_istream<char, std::char_traits<char> >&, std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >&, char)@GLIBCXX_3.4.21' /usr/local/lib/libopencv_core.so.3.4.0: undefined reference to std::__cxx11::basic_stringbuf<char, std::char_traits, std::allocator >::str() const@GLIBCXX_3.4.21'
/usr/local/lib/libboost_filesystem.so: undefined reference to std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >::find_first_not_of(char const*, unsigned long, unsigned long) const@GLIBCXX_3.4.21' /usr/local/lib/libopencv_imgcodecs.so.3.4.0: undefined reference to VTT for std::__cxx11::basic_stringstream<char, std::char_traits, std::allocator >@GLIBCXX_3.4.21'
/usr/local/lib/libboost_filesystem.so: undefined reference to std::__throw_out_of_range_fmt(char const*, ...)@GLIBCXX_3.4.20' /usr/local/lib/libboost_thread.so: undefined reference to std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits, std::allocator >::_M_assign(std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits, std::allocator > const&)@GLIBCXX_3.4.21'
/usr/local/lib/libboost_thread.so: undefined reference to std::runtime_error::runtime_error(std::runtime_error const&)@GLIBCXX_3.4.21' /usr/local/lib/libopencv_imgcodecs.so.3.4.0: undefined reference to std::__cxx11::basic_stringstream<char, std::char_traits, std::allocator >::basic_stringstream(std::_Ios_Openmode)@GLIBCXX_3.4.21'
/usr/local/lib/libboost_filesystem.so: undefined reference to std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >::compare(char const*) const@GLIBCXX_3.4.21' /usr/local/lib/libopencv_imgcodecs.so.3.4.0: undefined reference to std::runtime_error::runtime_error(std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits, std::allocator > const&)@GLIBCXX_3.4.21'
/usr/local/lib/libboost_thread.so: undefined reference to vtable for std::__cxx11::basic_ostringstream<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >@GLIBCXX_3.4.21' /usr/local/lib/libboost_python.so: undefined reference to std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits, std::allocator >::_M_construct(unsigned long, char)@GLIBCXX_3.4.21'
/usr/local/lib/libboost_python.so: undefined reference to std::invalid_argument::invalid_argument(std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> > const&)@GLIBCXX_3.4.21' /usr/local/lib/libboost_thread.so: undefined reference to std::__cxx11::numpunct const& std::use_facet<std::__cxx11::numpunct >(std::locale const&)@GLIBCXX_3.4.21'
/usr/local/lib/libboost_thread.so: undefined reference to std::runtime_error::runtime_error(std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> > const&)@GLIBCXX_3.4.21' /usr/local/lib/libboost_thread.so: undefined reference to VTT for std::__cxx11::basic_ostringstream<char, std::char_traits, std::allocator >@GLIBCXX_3.4.21'
/usr/local/lib/libboost_python.so: undefined reference to std::__cxx11::basic_string<wchar_t, std::char_traits<wchar_t>, std::allocator<wchar_t> >::_M_construct(unsigned long, wchar_t)@GLIBCXX_3.4.21' /usr/local/lib/libopencv_core.so.3.4.0: undefined reference to std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits, std::allocator >::compare(std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits, std::allocator > const&) const@GLIBCXX_3.4.21'
/usr/local/lib/libboost_system.so: undefined reference to `std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits, std::allocator >::_M_create(unsigned long&, unsigned long)@GLIBCXX_3.4.21'
collect2: error: ld returned 1 exit status
make[3]: *** [test/test.testbin] Error 1
make[2]: *** [src/caffe/test/CMakeFiles/test.testbin.dir/all] Error 2
make[1]: *** [src/caffe/test/CMakeFiles/runtest.dir/rule] Error 2
make: *** [runtest] Error 2

what should I do now?
Thank you!

@OPzealot
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@OPzealot OPzealot commented Oct 9, 2018

I meet the same problem and make a solution.
add "opencv_imgcodecs" in Makefile.(LIBRARIES += glog gflags protobuf leveldb snappy
lmdb boost_system hdf5_hl hdf5 m
opencv_core opencv_highgui opencv_imgproc opencv_imgcodecs)
If you input "make all",the problem is the same again.But if you delete all the file in build(rm -rf ./build/*) before "make all",you will success.I just success

Thanks for this useful tip! It works.

@MengofGaussianFitting
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@MengofGaussianFitting MengofGaussianFitting commented Nov 14, 2018

For me Uncommenting This line worked pretty well.
USE_PKG_CONFIG := 1

yes it also works for me, there are so many f**k problems while installing

@cjnjuwhy
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@cjnjuwhy cjnjuwhy commented Mar 28, 2019

I meet the same problem and make a solution.
add "opencv_imgcodecs" in Makefile.(LIBRARIES += glog gflags protobuf leveldb snappy
lmdb boost_system hdf5_hl hdf5 m
opencv_core opencv_highgui opencv_imgproc opencv_imgcodecs)
If you input "make all",the problem is the same again.But if you delete all the file in build(rm -rf ./build/*) before "make all",you will success.I just success

It works, but why?

@mxy493
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@mxy493 mxy493 commented Apr 17, 2019

Thanks to solutions above, I met this problem, and fix by following:

  1. make sure you installed opencv;
  2. Note: in "Makefile" (not in 'Makefile.config")
    add "opencv_imagecodecs" to the end of
    LIBRARIES += opencv_core opencv_highgui opencv_imgproc
  3. then I met errors like @lijingszu mentioned
"libopencv_imgcodecs.so: undefined reference to `png_set_strip_16@PNG16_0
...
"

this is solved by adding
"LINKFLAGS := -Wl,-rpath,$(HOME)/anaconda/lib" in Makefile.config
"$(HOME)/anaconda" change it to your dir.

I don't really understand why, but it worked.

This is really helpful.

Add "opencv_imagecodecs" to the end of LIBRARIES += opencv_core opencv_highgui opencv_imgpr in Makefile, not in Makefile.config.

Thanks a lot.

@Light--
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@Light-- Light-- commented Apr 25, 2019

Not sure about your problem, by the way, I build caffe by

cd caffe
cp Makefile.config.example Makefile.config
and change setting in Makefile.config
mkdir build
cd build
cmake ..
./configure (??not sure??)
make all

without using a build folder, for me there will be linking problem says libcaffe.o cant not find "xxx"

Not sure about your problem, by the way, I build caffe by

cd caffe
cp Makefile.config.example Makefile.config
and change setting in Makefile.config
mkdir build
cd build
cmake ..
./configure (??not sure??)
make all

without using a build folder, for me there will be linking problem says libcaffe.o cant not find "xxx"

--

still error...

CMake Error at cmake/ConfigGen.cmake:95 (list):
list sub-command REMOVE_ITEM requires two or more arguments.
Call Stack (most recent call first):
CMakeLists.txt:92 (caffe_generate_export_configs)

-- Configuring incomplete, errors occurred!
See also "/usr/lib/python3/dist-packages/CMakeFiles/CMakeOutput.log".
See also "/usr/lib/python3/dist-packages/CMakeFiles/CMakeError.log".

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