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/*
* copyright (c) 2001 Fabrice Bellard
*
* This file is part of FFmpeg.
*
* FFmpeg is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
* version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
*
* FFmpeg is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
* Lesser General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License along with FFmpeg; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
*/
/**
* @file
* avcodec API use example.
*
* Note that this library only handles codecs (mpeg, mpeg4, etc...),
* not file formats (avi, vob, etc...). See library 'libavformat' for the
* format handling
*/
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#ifdef HAVE_AV_CONFIG_H
#undef HAVE_AV_CONFIG_H
#endif
#include "libavcodec/avcodec.h"
#include "libavutil/mathematics.h"
#define INBUF_SIZE 4096
#define AUDIO_INBUF_SIZE 20480
#define AUDIO_REFILL_THRESH 4096
/*
* Audio encoding example
*/
static void audio_encode_example(const char *filename)
{
AVCodec *codec;
AVCodecContext *c= NULL;
int frame_size, i, j, out_size, outbuf_size;
FILE *f;
short *samples;
float t, tincr;
uint8_t *outbuf;
printf("Audio encoding\n");
/* find the MP2 encoder */
codec = avcodec_find_encoder(CODEC_ID_MP2);
if (!codec) {
fprintf(stderr, "codec not found\n");
exit(1);
}
c= avcodec_alloc_context();
/* put sample parameters */
c->bit_rate = 64000;
c->sample_rate = 44100;
c->channels = 2;
/* open it */
if (avcodec_open(c, codec) < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "could not open codec\n");
exit(1);
}
/* the codec gives us the frame size, in samples */
frame_size = c->frame_size;
samples = malloc(frame_size * 2 * c->channels);
outbuf_size = 10000;
outbuf = malloc(outbuf_size);
f = fopen(filename, "wb");
if (!f) {
fprintf(stderr, "could not open %s\n", filename);
exit(1);
}
/* encode a single tone sound */
t = 0;
tincr = 2 * M_PI * 440.0 / c->sample_rate;
for(i=0;i<200;i++) {
for(j=0;j<frame_size;j++) {
samples[2*j] = (int)(sin(t) * 10000);
samples[2*j+1] = samples[2*j];
t += tincr;
}
/* encode the samples */
out_size = avcodec_encode_audio(c, outbuf, outbuf_size, samples);
fwrite(outbuf, 1, out_size, f);
}
fclose(f);
free(outbuf);
free(samples);
avcodec_close(c);
av_free(c);
}
/*
* Audio decoding.
*/
static void audio_decode_example(const char *outfilename, const char *filename)
{
AVCodec *codec;
AVCodecContext *c= NULL;
int out_size, len;
FILE *f, *outfile;
uint8_t *outbuf;
uint8_t inbuf[AUDIO_INBUF_SIZE + FF_INPUT_BUFFER_PADDING_SIZE];
AVPacket avpkt;
av_init_packet(&avpkt);
printf("Audio decoding\n");
/* find the mpeg audio decoder */
codec = avcodec_find_decoder(CODEC_ID_MP2);
if (!codec) {
fprintf(stderr, "codec not found\n");
exit(1);
}
c= avcodec_alloc_context();
/* open it */
if (avcodec_open(c, codec) < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "could not open codec\n");
exit(1);
}
outbuf = malloc(AVCODEC_MAX_AUDIO_FRAME_SIZE);
f = fopen(filename, "rb");
if (!f) {
fprintf(stderr, "could not open %s\n", filename);
exit(1);
}
outfile = fopen(outfilename, "wb");
if (!outfile) {
av_free(c);
exit(1);
}
/* decode until eof */
avpkt.data = inbuf;
avpkt.size = fread(inbuf, 1, AUDIO_INBUF_SIZE, f);
while (avpkt.size > 0) {
out_size = AVCODEC_MAX_AUDIO_FRAME_SIZE;
len = avcodec_decode_audio3(c, (short *)outbuf, &out_size, &avpkt);
if (len < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "Error while decoding\n");
exit(1);
}
if (out_size > 0) {
/* if a frame has been decoded, output it */
fwrite(outbuf, 1, out_size, outfile);
}
avpkt.size -= len;
avpkt.data += len;
if (avpkt.size < AUDIO_REFILL_THRESH) {
/* Refill the input buffer, to avoid trying to decode
* incomplete frames. Instead of this, one could also use
* a parser, or use a proper container format through
* libavformat. */
memmove(inbuf, avpkt.data, avpkt.size);
avpkt.data = inbuf;
len = fread(avpkt.data + avpkt.size, 1,
AUDIO_INBUF_SIZE - avpkt.size, f);
if (len > 0)
avpkt.size += len;
}
}
fclose(outfile);
fclose(f);
free(outbuf);
avcodec_close(c);
av_free(c);
}
/*
* Video encoding example
*/
static void video_encode_example(const char *filename)
{
AVCodec *codec;
AVCodecContext *c= NULL;
int i, out_size, size, x, y, outbuf_size;
FILE *f;
AVFrame *picture;
uint8_t *outbuf, *picture_buf;
printf("Video encoding\n");
/* find the mpeg1 video encoder */
codec = avcodec_find_encoder(CODEC_ID_MPEG1VIDEO);
if (!codec) {
fprintf(stderr, "codec not found\n");
exit(1);
}
c= avcodec_alloc_context();
picture= avcodec_alloc_frame();
/* put sample parameters */
c->bit_rate = 400000;
/* resolution must be a multiple of two */
c->width = 352;
c->height = 288;
/* frames per second */
c->time_base= (AVRational){1,25};
c->gop_size = 10; /* emit one intra frame every ten frames */
c->max_b_frames=1;
c->pix_fmt = PIX_FMT_YUV420P;
/* open it */
if (avcodec_open(c, codec) < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "could not open codec\n");
exit(1);
}
f = fopen(filename, "wb");
if (!f) {
fprintf(stderr, "could not open %s\n", filename);
exit(1);
}
/* alloc image and output buffer */
outbuf_size = 100000;
outbuf = malloc(outbuf_size);
size = c->width * c->height;
picture_buf = malloc((size * 3) / 2); /* size for YUV 420 */
picture->data[0] = picture_buf;
picture->data[1] = picture->data[0] + size;
picture->data[2] = picture->data[1] + size / 4;
picture->linesize[0] = c->width;
picture->linesize[1] = c->width / 2;
picture->linesize[2] = c->width / 2;
/* encode 1 second of video */
for(i=0;i<25;i++) {
fflush(stdout);
/* prepare a dummy image */
/* Y */
for(y=0;y<c->height;y++) {
for(x=0;x<c->width;x++) {
picture->data[0][y * picture->linesize[0] + x] = x + y + i * 3;
}
}
/* Cb and Cr */
for(y=0;y<c->height/2;y++) {
for(x=0;x<c->width/2;x++) {
picture->data[1][y * picture->linesize[1] + x] = 128 + y + i * 2;
picture->data[2][y * picture->linesize[2] + x] = 64 + x + i * 5;
}
}
/* encode the image */
out_size = avcodec_encode_video(c, outbuf, outbuf_size, picture);
printf("encoding frame %3d (size=%5d)\n", i, out_size);
fwrite(outbuf, 1, out_size, f);
}
/* get the delayed frames */
for(; out_size; i++) {
fflush(stdout);
out_size = avcodec_encode_video(c, outbuf, outbuf_size, NULL);
printf("write frame %3d (size=%5d)\n", i, out_size);
fwrite(outbuf, 1, out_size, f);
}
/* add sequence end code to have a real mpeg file */
outbuf[0] = 0x00;
outbuf[1] = 0x00;
outbuf[2] = 0x01;
outbuf[3] = 0xb7;
fwrite(outbuf, 1, 4, f);
fclose(f);
free(picture_buf);
free(outbuf);
avcodec_close(c);
av_free(c);
av_free(picture);
printf("\n");
}
/*
* Video decoding example
*/
static void pgm_save(unsigned char *buf, int wrap, int xsize, int ysize,
char *filename)
{
FILE *f;
int i;
f=fopen(filename,"w");
fprintf(f,"P5\n%d %d\n%d\n",xsize,ysize,255);
for(i=0;i<ysize;i++)
fwrite(buf + i * wrap,1,xsize,f);
fclose(f);
}
static void video_decode_example(const char *outfilename, const char *filename)
{
AVCodec *codec;
AVCodecContext *c= NULL;
int frame, got_picture, len;
FILE *f;
AVFrame *picture;
uint8_t inbuf[INBUF_SIZE + FF_INPUT_BUFFER_PADDING_SIZE];
char buf[1024];
AVPacket avpkt;
av_init_packet(&avpkt);
/* set end of buffer to 0 (this ensures that no overreading happens for damaged mpeg streams) */
memset(inbuf + INBUF_SIZE, 0, FF_INPUT_BUFFER_PADDING_SIZE);
printf("Video decoding\n");
/* find the mpeg1 video decoder */
codec = avcodec_find_decoder(CODEC_ID_MPEG1VIDEO);
if (!codec) {
fprintf(stderr, "codec not found\n");
exit(1);
}
c= avcodec_alloc_context();
picture= avcodec_alloc_frame();
if(codec->capabilities&CODEC_CAP_TRUNCATED)
c->flags|= CODEC_FLAG_TRUNCATED; /* we do not send complete frames */
/* For some codecs, such as msmpeg4 and mpeg4, width and height
MUST be initialized there because this information is not
available in the bitstream. */
/* open it */
if (avcodec_open(c, codec) < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "could not open codec\n");
exit(1);
}
/* the codec gives us the frame size, in samples */
f = fopen(filename, "rb");
if (!f) {
fprintf(stderr, "could not open %s\n", filename);
exit(1);
}
frame = 0;
for(;;) {
avpkt.size = fread(inbuf, 1, INBUF_SIZE, f);
if (avpkt.size == 0)
break;
/* NOTE1: some codecs are stream based (mpegvideo, mpegaudio)
and this is the only method to use them because you cannot
know the compressed data size before analysing it.
BUT some other codecs (msmpeg4, mpeg4) are inherently frame
based, so you must call them with all the data for one
frame exactly. You must also initialize 'width' and
'height' before initializing them. */
/* NOTE2: some codecs allow the raw parameters (frame size,
sample rate) to be changed at any frame. We handle this, so
you should also take care of it */
/* here, we use a stream based decoder (mpeg1video), so we
feed decoder and see if it could decode a frame */
avpkt.data = inbuf;
while (avpkt.size > 0) {
len = avcodec_decode_video2(c, picture, &got_picture, &avpkt);
if (len < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "Error while decoding frame %d\n", frame);
exit(1);
}
if (got_picture) {
printf("saving frame %3d\n", frame);
fflush(stdout);
/* the picture is allocated by the decoder. no need to
free it */
snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), outfilename, frame);
pgm_save(picture->data[0], picture->linesize[0],
c->width, c->height, buf);
frame++;
}
avpkt.size -= len;
avpkt.data += len;
}
}
/* some codecs, such as MPEG, transmit the I and P frame with a
latency of one frame. You must do the following to have a
chance to get the last frame of the video */
avpkt.data = NULL;
avpkt.size = 0;
len = avcodec_decode_video2(c, picture, &got_picture, &avpkt);
if (got_picture) {
printf("saving last frame %3d\n", frame);
fflush(stdout);
/* the picture is allocated by the decoder. no need to
free it */
snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), outfilename, frame);
pgm_save(picture->data[0], picture->linesize[0],
c->width, c->height, buf);
frame++;
}
fclose(f);
avcodec_close(c);
av_free(c);
av_free(picture);
printf("\n");
}
int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
const char *filename;
/* must be called before using avcodec lib */
avcodec_init();
/* register all the codecs */
avcodec_register_all();
if (argc <= 1) {
audio_encode_example("/tmp/test.mp2");
audio_decode_example("/tmp/test.sw", "/tmp/test.mp2");
video_encode_example("/tmp/test.mpg");
filename = "/tmp/test.mpg";
} else {
filename = argv[1];
}
// audio_decode_example("/tmp/test.sw", filename);
video_decode_example("/tmp/test%d.pgm", filename);
return 0;
}
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