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/*
* KMVC decoder
* Copyright (c) 2006 Konstantin Shishkov
*
* This file is part of FFmpeg.
*
* FFmpeg is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
* version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
*
* FFmpeg is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
* Lesser General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License along with FFmpeg; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
*/
/**
* @file
* Karl Morton's Video Codec decoder
*/
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include "avcodec.h"
#include "bytestream.h"
#define KMVC_KEYFRAME 0x80
#define KMVC_PALETTE 0x40
#define KMVC_METHOD 0x0F
/*
* Decoder context
*/
typedef struct KmvcContext {
AVCodecContext *avctx;
AVFrame pic;
int setpal;
int palsize;
uint32_t pal[256];
uint8_t *cur, *prev;
uint8_t *frm0, *frm1;
} KmvcContext;
typedef struct BitBuf {
int bits;
int bitbuf;
} BitBuf;
#define BLK(data, x, y) data[(x) + (y) * 320]
#define kmvc_init_getbits(bb, src) bb.bits = 7; bb.bitbuf = *src++;
#define kmvc_getbit(bb, src, res) {\
res = 0; \
if (bb.bitbuf & (1 << bb.bits)) res = 1; \
bb.bits--; \
if(bb.bits == -1) { \
bb.bitbuf = *src++; \
bb.bits = 7; \
} \
}
static void kmvc_decode_intra_8x8(KmvcContext * ctx, const uint8_t * src, int w, int h)
{
BitBuf bb;
int res, val;
int i, j;
int bx, by;
int l0x, l1x, l0y, l1y;
int mx, my;
kmvc_init_getbits(bb, src);
for (by = 0; by < h; by += 8)
for (bx = 0; bx < w; bx += 8) {
kmvc_getbit(bb, src, res);
if (!res) { // fill whole 8x8 block
val = *src++;
for (i = 0; i < 64; i++)
BLK(ctx->cur, bx + (i & 0x7), by + (i >> 3)) = val;
} else { // handle four 4x4 subblocks
for (i = 0; i < 4; i++) {
l0x = bx + (i & 1) * 4;
l0y = by + (i & 2) * 2;
kmvc_getbit(bb, src, res);
if (!res) {
kmvc_getbit(bb, src, res);
if (!res) { // fill whole 4x4 block
val = *src++;
for (j = 0; j < 16; j++)
BLK(ctx->cur, l0x + (j & 3), l0y + (j >> 2)) = val;
} else { // copy block from already decoded place
val = *src++;
mx = val & 0xF;
my = val >> 4;
for (j = 0; j < 16; j++)
BLK(ctx->cur, l0x + (j & 3), l0y + (j >> 2)) =
BLK(ctx->cur, l0x + (j & 3) - mx, l0y + (j >> 2) - my);
}
} else { // descend to 2x2 sub-sub-blocks
for (j = 0; j < 4; j++) {
l1x = l0x + (j & 1) * 2;
l1y = l0y + (j & 2);
kmvc_getbit(bb, src, res);
if (!res) {
kmvc_getbit(bb, src, res);
if (!res) { // fill whole 2x2 block
val = *src++;
BLK(ctx->cur, l1x, l1y) = val;
BLK(ctx->cur, l1x + 1, l1y) = val;
BLK(ctx->cur, l1x, l1y + 1) = val;
BLK(ctx->cur, l1x + 1, l1y + 1) = val;
} else { // copy block from already decoded place
val = *src++;
mx = val & 0xF;
my = val >> 4;
BLK(ctx->cur, l1x, l1y) = BLK(ctx->cur, l1x - mx, l1y - my);
BLK(ctx->cur, l1x + 1, l1y) =
BLK(ctx->cur, l1x + 1 - mx, l1y - my);
BLK(ctx->cur, l1x, l1y + 1) =
BLK(ctx->cur, l1x - mx, l1y + 1 - my);
BLK(ctx->cur, l1x + 1, l1y + 1) =
BLK(ctx->cur, l1x + 1 - mx, l1y + 1 - my);
}
} else { // read values for block
BLK(ctx->cur, l1x, l1y) = *src++;
BLK(ctx->cur, l1x + 1, l1y) = *src++;
BLK(ctx->cur, l1x, l1y + 1) = *src++;
BLK(ctx->cur, l1x + 1, l1y + 1) = *src++;
}
}
}
}
}
}
}
static void kmvc_decode_inter_8x8(KmvcContext * ctx, const uint8_t * src, int w, int h)
{
BitBuf bb;
int res, val;
int i, j;
int bx, by;
int l0x, l1x, l0y, l1y;
int mx, my;
kmvc_init_getbits(bb, src);
for (by = 0; by < h; by += 8)
for (bx = 0; bx < w; bx += 8) {
kmvc_getbit(bb, src, res);
if (!res) {
kmvc_getbit(bb, src, res);
if (!res) { // fill whole 8x8 block
val = *src++;
for (i = 0; i < 64; i++)
BLK(ctx->cur, bx + (i & 0x7), by + (i >> 3)) = val;
} else { // copy block from previous frame
for (i = 0; i < 64; i++)
BLK(ctx->cur, bx + (i & 0x7), by + (i >> 3)) =
BLK(ctx->prev, bx + (i & 0x7), by + (i >> 3));
}
} else { // handle four 4x4 subblocks
for (i = 0; i < 4; i++) {
l0x = bx + (i & 1) * 4;
l0y = by + (i & 2) * 2;
kmvc_getbit(bb, src, res);
if (!res) {
kmvc_getbit(bb, src, res);
if (!res) { // fill whole 4x4 block
val = *src++;
for (j = 0; j < 16; j++)
BLK(ctx->cur, l0x + (j & 3), l0y + (j >> 2)) = val;
} else { // copy block
val = *src++;
mx = (val & 0xF) - 8;
my = (val >> 4) - 8;
for (j = 0; j < 16; j++)
BLK(ctx->cur, l0x + (j & 3), l0y + (j >> 2)) =
BLK(ctx->prev, l0x + (j & 3) + mx, l0y + (j >> 2) + my);
}
} else { // descend to 2x2 sub-sub-blocks
for (j = 0; j < 4; j++) {
l1x = l0x + (j & 1) * 2;
l1y = l0y + (j & 2);
kmvc_getbit(bb, src, res);
if (!res) {
kmvc_getbit(bb, src, res);
if (!res) { // fill whole 2x2 block
val = *src++;
BLK(ctx->cur, l1x, l1y) = val;
BLK(ctx->cur, l1x + 1, l1y) = val;
BLK(ctx->cur, l1x, l1y + 1) = val;
BLK(ctx->cur, l1x + 1, l1y + 1) = val;
} else { // copy block
val = *src++;
mx = (val & 0xF) - 8;
my = (val >> 4) - 8;
BLK(ctx->cur, l1x, l1y) = BLK(ctx->prev, l1x + mx, l1y + my);
BLK(ctx->cur, l1x + 1, l1y) =
BLK(ctx->prev, l1x + 1 + mx, l1y + my);
BLK(ctx->cur, l1x, l1y + 1) =
BLK(ctx->prev, l1x + mx, l1y + 1 + my);
BLK(ctx->cur, l1x + 1, l1y + 1) =
BLK(ctx->prev, l1x + 1 + mx, l1y + 1 + my);
}
} else { // read values for block
BLK(ctx->cur, l1x, l1y) = *src++;
BLK(ctx->cur, l1x + 1, l1y) = *src++;
BLK(ctx->cur, l1x, l1y + 1) = *src++;
BLK(ctx->cur, l1x + 1, l1y + 1) = *src++;
}
}
}
}
}
}
}
static int decode_frame(AVCodecContext * avctx, void *data, int *data_size, AVPacket *avpkt)
{
const uint8_t *buf = avpkt->data;
int buf_size = avpkt->size;
KmvcContext *const ctx = avctx->priv_data;
uint8_t *out, *src;
int i;
int header;
int blocksize;
if (ctx->pic.data[0])
avctx->release_buffer(avctx, &ctx->pic);
ctx->pic.reference = 1;
ctx->pic.buffer_hints = FF_BUFFER_HINTS_VALID;
if (avctx->get_buffer(avctx, &ctx->pic) < 0) {
av_log(avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "get_buffer() failed\n");
return -1;
}
header = *buf++;
/* blocksize 127 is really palette change event */
if (buf[0] == 127) {
buf += 3;
for (i = 0; i < 127; i++) {
ctx->pal[i + (header & 0x81)] = AV_RB24(buf);
buf += 4;
}
buf -= 127 * 4 + 3;
}
if (header & KMVC_KEYFRAME) {
ctx->pic.key_frame = 1;
ctx->pic.pict_type = FF_I_TYPE;
} else {
ctx->pic.key_frame = 0;
ctx->pic.pict_type = FF_P_TYPE;
}
/* if palette has been changed, copy it from palctrl */
if (ctx->avctx->palctrl && ctx->avctx->palctrl->palette_changed) {
memcpy(ctx->pal, ctx->avctx->palctrl->palette, AVPALETTE_SIZE);
ctx->setpal = 1;
ctx->avctx->palctrl->palette_changed = 0;
}
if (header & KMVC_PALETTE) {
ctx->pic.palette_has_changed = 1;
// palette starts from index 1 and has 127 entries
for (i = 1; i <= ctx->palsize; i++) {
ctx->pal[i] = bytestream_get_be24(&buf);
}
}
if (ctx->setpal) {
ctx->setpal = 0;
ctx->pic.palette_has_changed = 1;
}
/* make the palette available on the way out */
memcpy(ctx->pic.data[1], ctx->pal, 1024);
blocksize = *buf++;
if (blocksize != 8 && blocksize != 127) {
av_log(avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Block size = %i\n", blocksize);
return -1;
}
memset(ctx->cur, 0, 320 * 200);
switch (header & KMVC_METHOD) {
case 0:
case 1: // used in palette changed event
memcpy(ctx->cur, ctx->prev, 320 * 200);
break;
case 3:
kmvc_decode_intra_8x8(ctx, buf, avctx->width, avctx->height);
break;
case 4:
kmvc_decode_inter_8x8(ctx, buf, avctx->width, avctx->height);
break;
default:
av_log(avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Unknown compression method %i\n", header & KMVC_METHOD);
return -1;
}
out = ctx->pic.data[0];
src = ctx->cur;
for (i = 0; i < avctx->height; i++) {
memcpy(out, src, avctx->width);
src += 320;
out += ctx->pic.linesize[0];
}
/* flip buffers */
if (ctx->cur == ctx->frm0) {
ctx->cur = ctx->frm1;
ctx->prev = ctx->frm0;
} else {
ctx->cur = ctx->frm0;
ctx->prev = ctx->frm1;
}
*data_size = sizeof(AVFrame);
*(AVFrame *) data = ctx->pic;
/* always report that the buffer was completely consumed */
return buf_size;
}
/*
* Init kmvc decoder
*/
static av_cold int decode_init(AVCodecContext * avctx)
{
KmvcContext *const c = avctx->priv_data;
int i;
c->avctx = avctx;
if (avctx->width > 320 || avctx->height > 200) {
av_log(avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "KMVC supports frames <= 320x200\n");
return -1;
}
c->frm0 = av_mallocz(320 * 200);
c->frm1 = av_mallocz(320 * 200);
c->cur = c->frm0;
c->prev = c->frm1;
for (i = 0; i < 256; i++) {
c->pal[i] = i * 0x10101;
}
if (avctx->extradata_size < 12) {
av_log(NULL, 0, "Extradata missing, decoding may not work properly...\n");
c->palsize = 127;
} else {
c->palsize = AV_RL16(avctx->extradata + 10);
}
if (avctx->extradata_size == 1036) { // palette in extradata
uint8_t *src = avctx->extradata + 12;
for (i = 0; i < 256; i++) {
c->pal[i] = AV_RL32(src);
src += 4;
}
c->setpal = 1;
if (c->avctx->palctrl) {
c->avctx->palctrl->palette_changed = 0;
}
}
avctx->pix_fmt = PIX_FMT_PAL8;
return 0;
}
/*
* Uninit kmvc decoder
*/
static av_cold int decode_end(AVCodecContext * avctx)
{
KmvcContext *const c = avctx->priv_data;
av_freep(&c->frm0);
av_freep(&c->frm1);
if (c->pic.data[0])
avctx->release_buffer(avctx, &c->pic);
return 0;
}
AVCodec kmvc_decoder = {
"kmvc",
AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO,
CODEC_ID_KMVC,
sizeof(KmvcContext),
decode_init,
NULL,
decode_end,
decode_frame,
CODEC_CAP_DR1,
.long_name = NULL_IF_CONFIG_SMALL("Karl Morton's video codec"),
};
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