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/*
* TIFF image encoder
* Copyright (c) 2007 Bartlomiej Wolowiec
*
* This file is part of FFmpeg.
*
* FFmpeg is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
* version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
*
* FFmpeg is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
* Lesser General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License along with FFmpeg; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
*/
/**
* TIFF image encoder
* @file
* @author Bartlomiej Wolowiec
*/
#include "avcodec.h"
#if CONFIG_ZLIB
#include <zlib.h>
#endif
#include "bytestream.h"
#include "tiff.h"
#include "rle.h"
#include "lzw.h"
#include "put_bits.h"
#define TIFF_MAX_ENTRY 32
/** sizes of various TIFF field types (string size = 1)*/
static const uint8_t type_sizes2[6] = {
0, 1, 1, 2, 4, 8
};
typedef struct TiffEncoderContext {
AVCodecContext *avctx;
AVFrame picture;
int width; ///< picture width
int height; ///< picture height
unsigned int bpp; ///< bits per pixel
int compr; ///< compression level
int bpp_tab_size; ///< bpp_tab size
int photometric_interpretation; ///< photometric interpretation
int strips; ///< number of strips
int rps; ///< row per strip
uint8_t entries[TIFF_MAX_ENTRY*12]; ///< entires in header
int num_entries; ///< number of entires
uint8_t **buf; ///< actual position in buffer
uint8_t *buf_start; ///< pointer to first byte in buffer
int buf_size; ///< buffer size
uint16_t subsampling[2]; ///< YUV subsampling factors
struct LZWEncodeState *lzws; ///< LZW Encode state
} TiffEncoderContext;
/**
* Check free space in buffer
* @param s Tiff context
* @param need Needed bytes
* @return 0 - ok, 1 - no free space
*/
inline static int check_size(TiffEncoderContext * s, uint64_t need)
{
if (s->buf_size < *s->buf - s->buf_start + need) {
*s->buf = s->buf_start + s->buf_size + 1;
av_log(s->avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Buffer is too small\n");
return 1;
}
return 0;
}
/**
* Put n values to buffer
*
* @param p Pointer to pointer to output buffer
* @param n Number of values
* @param val Pointer to values
* @param type Type of values
* @param flip =0 - normal copy, >0 - flip
*/
static void tnput(uint8_t ** p, int n, const uint8_t * val, enum TiffTypes type,
int flip)
{
int i;
#if HAVE_BIGENDIAN
flip ^= ((int[]) {0, 0, 0, 1, 3, 3})[type];
#endif
for (i = 0; i < n * type_sizes2[type]; i++)
*(*p)++ = val[i ^ flip];
}
/**
* Add entry to directory in tiff header.
* @param s Tiff context
* @param tag Tag that identifies the entry
* @param type Entry type
* @param count The number of values
* @param ptr_val Pointer to values
*/
static void add_entry(TiffEncoderContext * s,
enum TiffTags tag, enum TiffTypes type, int count,
const void *ptr_val)
{
uint8_t *entries_ptr = s->entries + 12 * s->num_entries;
assert(s->num_entries < TIFF_MAX_ENTRY);
bytestream_put_le16(&entries_ptr, tag);
bytestream_put_le16(&entries_ptr, type);
bytestream_put_le32(&entries_ptr, count);
if (type_sizes[type] * count <= 4) {
tnput(&entries_ptr, count, ptr_val, type, 0);
} else {
bytestream_put_le32(&entries_ptr, *s->buf - s->buf_start);
check_size(s, count * type_sizes2[type]);
tnput(s->buf, count, ptr_val, type, 0);
}
s->num_entries++;
}
static void add_entry1(TiffEncoderContext * s,
enum TiffTags tag, enum TiffTypes type, int val){
uint16_t w = val;
uint32_t dw= val;
add_entry(s, tag, type, 1, type == TIFF_SHORT ? (void *)&w : (void *)&dw);
}
/**
* Encode one strip in tiff file
*
* @param s Tiff context
* @param src Input buffer
* @param dst Output buffer
* @param n Size of input buffer
* @param compr Compression method
* @return Number of output bytes. If an output error is encountered, -1 returned
*/
static int encode_strip(TiffEncoderContext * s, const int8_t * src,
uint8_t * dst, int n, int compr)
{
switch (compr) {
#if CONFIG_ZLIB
case TIFF_DEFLATE:
case TIFF_ADOBE_DEFLATE:
{
unsigned long zlen = s->buf_size - (*s->buf - s->buf_start);
if (compress(dst, &zlen, src, n) != Z_OK) {
av_log(s->avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Compressing failed\n");
return -1;
}
return zlen;
}
#endif
case TIFF_RAW:
if (check_size(s, n))
return -1;
memcpy(dst, src, n);
return n;
case TIFF_PACKBITS:
return ff_rle_encode(dst, s->buf_size - (*s->buf - s->buf_start), src, 1, n, 2, 0xff, -1, 0);
case TIFF_LZW:
return ff_lzw_encode(s->lzws, src, n);
default:
return -1;
}
}
static void pack_yuv(TiffEncoderContext * s, uint8_t * dst, int lnum)
{
AVFrame *p = &s->picture;
int i, j, k;
int w = (s->width - 1) / s->subsampling[0] + 1;
uint8_t *pu = &p->data[1][lnum / s->subsampling[1] * p->linesize[1]];
uint8_t *pv = &p->data[2][lnum / s->subsampling[1] * p->linesize[2]];
for (i = 0; i < w; i++){
for (j = 0; j < s->subsampling[1]; j++)
for (k = 0; k < s->subsampling[0]; k++)
*dst++ = p->data[0][(lnum + j) * p->linesize[0] +
i * s->subsampling[0] + k];
*dst++ = *pu++;
*dst++ = *pv++;
}
}
static int encode_frame(AVCodecContext * avctx, unsigned char *buf,
int buf_size, void *data)
{
TiffEncoderContext *s = avctx->priv_data;
AVFrame *pict = data;
AVFrame *const p = (AVFrame *) & s->picture;
int i;
int n;
uint8_t *ptr = buf;
uint8_t *offset;
uint32_t strips;
uint32_t *strip_sizes = NULL;
uint32_t *strip_offsets = NULL;
int bytes_per_row;
uint32_t res[2] = { 72, 1 }; // image resolution (72/1)
static const uint16_t bpp_tab[] = { 8, 8, 8, 8 };
int ret = -1;
int is_yuv = 0;
uint8_t *yuv_line = NULL;
int shift_h, shift_v;
s->buf_start = buf;
s->buf = &ptr;
s->buf_size = buf_size;
*p = *pict;
p->pict_type = FF_I_TYPE;
p->key_frame = 1;
avctx->coded_frame= &s->picture;
s->compr = TIFF_PACKBITS;
if (avctx->compression_level == 0) {
s->compr = TIFF_RAW;
} else if(avctx->compression_level == 2) {
s->compr = TIFF_LZW;
#if CONFIG_ZLIB
} else if ((avctx->compression_level >= 3)) {
s->compr = TIFF_DEFLATE;
#endif
}
s->width = avctx->width;
s->height = avctx->height;
s->subsampling[0] = 1;
s->subsampling[1] = 1;
switch (avctx->pix_fmt) {
case PIX_FMT_RGB24:
s->bpp = 24;
s->photometric_interpretation = 2;
break;
case PIX_FMT_GRAY8:
s->bpp = 8;
s->photometric_interpretation = 1;
break;
case PIX_FMT_PAL8:
s->bpp = 8;
s->photometric_interpretation = 3;
break;
case PIX_FMT_MONOBLACK:
s->bpp = 1;
s->photometric_interpretation = 1;
break;
case PIX_FMT_MONOWHITE:
s->bpp = 1;
s->photometric_interpretation = 0;
break;
case PIX_FMT_YUV420P:
case PIX_FMT_YUV422P:
case PIX_FMT_YUV444P:
case PIX_FMT_YUV410P:
case PIX_FMT_YUV411P:
s->photometric_interpretation = 6;
avcodec_get_chroma_sub_sample(avctx->pix_fmt,
&shift_h, &shift_v);
s->bpp = 8 + (16 >> (shift_h + shift_v));
s->subsampling[0] = 1 << shift_h;
s->subsampling[1] = 1 << shift_v;
s->bpp_tab_size = 3;
is_yuv = 1;
break;
default:
av_log(s->avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR,
"This colors format is not supported\n");
return -1;
}
if (!is_yuv)
s->bpp_tab_size = (s->bpp >> 3);
if (s->compr == TIFF_DEFLATE || s->compr == TIFF_ADOBE_DEFLATE || s->compr == TIFF_LZW)
//best choose for DEFLATE
s->rps = s->height;
else
s->rps = FFMAX(8192 / (((s->width * s->bpp) >> 3) + 1), 1); // suggest size of strip
s->rps = ((s->rps - 1) / s->subsampling[1] + 1) * s->subsampling[1]; // round rps up
strips = (s->height - 1) / s->rps + 1;
if (check_size(s, 8))
goto fail;
// write header
bytestream_put_le16(&ptr, 0x4949);
bytestream_put_le16(&ptr, 42);
offset = ptr;
bytestream_put_le32(&ptr, 0);
strip_sizes = av_mallocz(sizeof(*strip_sizes) * strips);
strip_offsets = av_mallocz(sizeof(*strip_offsets) * strips);
bytes_per_row = (((s->width - 1)/s->subsampling[0] + 1) * s->bpp
* s->subsampling[0] * s->subsampling[1] + 7) >> 3;
if (is_yuv){
yuv_line = av_malloc(bytes_per_row);
if (yuv_line == NULL){
av_log(s->avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Not enough memory\n");
goto fail;
}
}
#if CONFIG_ZLIB
if (s->compr == TIFF_DEFLATE || s->compr == TIFF_ADOBE_DEFLATE) {
uint8_t *zbuf;
int zlen, zn;
int j;
zlen = bytes_per_row * s->rps;
zbuf = av_malloc(zlen);
strip_offsets[0] = ptr - buf;
zn = 0;
for (j = 0; j < s->rps; j++) {
if (is_yuv){
pack_yuv(s, yuv_line, j);
memcpy(zbuf + zn, yuv_line, bytes_per_row);
j += s->subsampling[1] - 1;
}
else
memcpy(zbuf + j * bytes_per_row,
p->data[0] + j * p->linesize[0], bytes_per_row);
zn += bytes_per_row;
}
n = encode_strip(s, zbuf, ptr, zn, s->compr);
av_free(zbuf);
if (n<0) {
av_log(s->avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Encode strip failed\n");
goto fail;
}
ptr += n;
strip_sizes[0] = ptr - buf - strip_offsets[0];
} else
#endif
{
if(s->compr == TIFF_LZW)
s->lzws = av_malloc(ff_lzw_encode_state_size);
for (i = 0; i < s->height; i++) {
if (strip_sizes[i / s->rps] == 0) {
if(s->compr == TIFF_LZW){
ff_lzw_encode_init(s->lzws, ptr, s->buf_size - (*s->buf - s->buf_start),
12, FF_LZW_TIFF, put_bits);
}
strip_offsets[i / s->rps] = ptr - buf;
}
if (is_yuv){
pack_yuv(s, yuv_line, i);
n = encode_strip(s, yuv_line, ptr, bytes_per_row, s->compr);
i += s->subsampling[1] - 1;
}
else
n = encode_strip(s, p->data[0] + i * p->linesize[0],
ptr, bytes_per_row, s->compr);
if (n < 0) {
av_log(s->avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Encode strip failed\n");
goto fail;
}
strip_sizes[i / s->rps] += n;
ptr += n;
if(s->compr == TIFF_LZW && (i==s->height-1 || i%s->rps == s->rps-1)){
int ret;
ret = ff_lzw_encode_flush(s->lzws, flush_put_bits);
strip_sizes[(i / s->rps )] += ret ;
ptr += ret;
}
}
if(s->compr == TIFF_LZW)
av_free(s->lzws);
}
s->num_entries = 0;
add_entry1(s,TIFF_SUBFILE, TIFF_LONG, 0);
add_entry1(s,TIFF_WIDTH, TIFF_LONG, s->width);
add_entry1(s,TIFF_HEIGHT, TIFF_LONG, s->height);
if (s->bpp_tab_size)
add_entry(s, TIFF_BPP, TIFF_SHORT, s->bpp_tab_size, bpp_tab);
add_entry1(s,TIFF_COMPR, TIFF_SHORT, s->compr);
add_entry1(s,TIFF_INVERT, TIFF_SHORT, s->photometric_interpretation);
add_entry(s, TIFF_STRIP_OFFS, TIFF_LONG, strips, strip_offsets);
if (s->bpp_tab_size)
add_entry1(s,TIFF_SAMPLES_PER_PIXEL, TIFF_SHORT, s->bpp_tab_size);
add_entry1(s,TIFF_ROWSPERSTRIP, TIFF_LONG, s->rps);
add_entry(s, TIFF_STRIP_SIZE, TIFF_LONG, strips, strip_sizes);
add_entry(s, TIFF_XRES, TIFF_RATIONAL, 1, res);
add_entry(s, TIFF_YRES, TIFF_RATIONAL, 1, res);
add_entry1(s,TIFF_RES_UNIT, TIFF_SHORT, 2);
if(!(avctx->flags & CODEC_FLAG_BITEXACT))
add_entry(s, TIFF_SOFTWARE_NAME, TIFF_STRING,
strlen(LIBAVCODEC_IDENT) + 1, LIBAVCODEC_IDENT);
if (avctx->pix_fmt == PIX_FMT_PAL8) {
uint16_t pal[256 * 3];
for (i = 0; i < 256; i++) {
uint32_t rgb = *(uint32_t *) (p->data[1] + i * 4);
pal[i] = ((rgb >> 16) & 0xff) * 257;
pal[i + 256] = ((rgb >> 8 ) & 0xff) * 257;
pal[i + 512] = ( rgb & 0xff) * 257;
}
add_entry(s, TIFF_PAL, TIFF_SHORT, 256 * 3, pal);
}
if (is_yuv){
/** according to CCIR Recommendation 601.1 */
uint32_t refbw[12] = {15, 1, 235, 1, 128, 1, 240, 1, 128, 1, 240, 1};
add_entry(s, TIFF_YCBCR_SUBSAMPLING, TIFF_SHORT, 2, s->subsampling);
add_entry(s, TIFF_REFERENCE_BW, TIFF_RATIONAL, 6, refbw);
}
bytestream_put_le32(&offset, ptr - buf); // write offset to dir
if (check_size(s, 6 + s->num_entries * 12))
goto fail;
bytestream_put_le16(&ptr, s->num_entries); // write tag count
bytestream_put_buffer(&ptr, s->entries, s->num_entries * 12);
bytestream_put_le32(&ptr, 0);
ret = ptr - buf;
fail:
av_free(strip_sizes);
av_free(strip_offsets);
av_free(yuv_line);
return ret;
}
AVCodec tiff_encoder = {
"tiff",
AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO,
CODEC_ID_TIFF,
sizeof(TiffEncoderContext),
NULL,
encode_frame,
NULL,
NULL,
0,
NULL,
.pix_fmts =
(const enum PixelFormat[]) {PIX_FMT_RGB24, PIX_FMT_PAL8, PIX_FMT_GRAY8,
PIX_FMT_MONOBLACK, PIX_FMT_MONOWHITE,
PIX_FMT_YUV420P, PIX_FMT_YUV422P,
PIX_FMT_YUV444P, PIX_FMT_YUV410P,
PIX_FMT_YUV411P,
PIX_FMT_NONE},
.long_name = NULL_IF_CONFIG_SMALL("TIFF image"),
};
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