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README.md

Ember.I18n

Internationalization for Ember

Requirements

Set Ember.I18n.translations to an object containing your translation information. If the values of Ember.I18n.translations are Functions, they will be used as-is; if they are Strings, they will first be compiled via Ember.I18n.compile, which defaults to using Handlebars.compile. (That means that if you haven't precompiled your translations, you'll need to include the full Handlebars, not just handlebars-runtime.js in your application.)

Set Ember.ENV.I18N_COMPILE_WITHOUT_HANDLEBARS = true; before including ember-i18n to use the new translation compiler that does not depend on the full Handlebars. The older Handlebars-based compiler has been deprecated and will be removed in a future release.

If you want to support inflection based on count, you will also need to include the CLDR.js pluralization library and set CLDR.defaultLanguage to the current locale code (e.g. "de").

New: I18N_TRANSLATE_HELPER_SPAN

In previous versions of Ember-I18n, the {{t}} helper emitted a <span> tag by default; the tag name could be changed, but the tag could not be removed.

Ember-I18n now uses Metamorph tags so it no longer requires a wrapping tag. Emitting a <span> is still the default for backwards-compatibility reasons, but this will change in the next major release. If you wish to opt to tagless translations, set

Ember.FEATURES.I18N_TRANSLATE_HELPER_SPAN = false;

The examples below assume this feature flag is set to true (the default).

Examples

Given

Em.I18n.translations = {
  'user.edit.title': 'Edit User',
  'user.followers.title.one': 'One Follower',
  'user.followers.title.other': 'All {{count}} Followers',
  'button.add_user.title': 'Add a user',
  'button.add_user.text': 'Add',
  'button.add_user.disabled': 'Saving...'
};

A simple translation:

<h2>{{t "user.edit.title"}}</h2>

yields

<h2>
  <script id="metamorph-28-start"></script>
  <span id="i18n-123">Edit User</span>
  <script id="metamorph-28-end"></script>
</h2>

Emit directly into the h2:

{{t "user.edit.title" tagName="h2"}}

yields

<script id="metamorph-28-start"></script>
<h2 id="i18n-123">Edit User</h2>
<script id="metamorph-28-end"></script>

Set interpolated values directly:

<h2>{{t "user.followers.title" count="2"}}</h2>

yields

<h2>
  <script id="metamorph-28-start"></script>
  <span id="i18n-123">All 2 Followers</span>
  <script id="metamorph-28-end"></script>
</h2>

Bind interpolated values:

<h2>{{t "user.followers.title" countBinding="user.followers.count"}}</h2>

yields

<h2>
  <script id="metamorph-28-start"></script>
  <span id="i18n-123">All 2 Followers</span>
  <script id="metamorph-28-end"></script>
</h2>

if user.getPath('followers.count') returns 2.

Translate properties on any object:

The Em.I18n.TranslateableProperties mixin automatically translates any property ending in "Translation":

userButton = Em.Object.extend(Em.I18n.TranslateableProperties, {
  labelTranslation: 'button.add_user.title'
});

userButton.get('label');

yields

"Add a user"

Translate attributes in a view:

Add the mixin Em.Button.reopen(Em.I18n.TranslateableAttributes) and use like this:

{{#view Em.Button titleTranslation="button.add_user.title">
  {{t "button.add_user.text"}}
{{/view}}

yields

<button title="Add a user">
  <script id="metamorph-28-start"></script>
  Add
  <script id="metamorph-28-end"></script>
</button>

Translate attributes on a plain tag:

<a {{translateAttr title="button.add_user.title" data-disable-with="button.add_user.disabled"}}>
  {{t "button.add_user.text"}}
</a>

yields

<a title="Add a user" data-disable-with="Saving...">
  <script id="metamorph-28-start"></script>
  Add
  <script id="metamorph-28-end"></script>
</a>

Nested Translation Syntax:

The above translation data can also be expressed as nested JSON objects:

Em.I18n.translations = {
  'user': {
    'edit': {
      'title': 'Edit User'
    },
    'followers': {
      'title': {
        'one': 'One Follower',
        'other': 'All {{count}} Followers'
      }
    }
  },
  'button': {
    'add_user': {
      'title': 'Add a user',
      'text': 'Add',
      'disabled': 'Saving...'
    }
  }
};

This format is often smaller and so makes downloading translation packs faster.

Limitations

  • There is no way to pass interpolations to attribute translations. I can't think of a syntax to support this. It might be possible to look up interpolations from the current context.
  • Em.I18n.translations must be fully populated before Ember renders any views. There are no bindings on the translations themselves, so Ember will not know to re-render views when translations change.

Building

For more detail on running tests and contributing, see CONTRIBUTING.md.