Tools and parsers for handling Dice/RPG notation using Java
Clone or download
Fetching latest commit…
Cannot retrieve the latest commit at this time.
Failed to load latest commit information.
src Release Aug 8, 2018
.gitattributes Updated Maven skin Nov 15, 2017
.gitignore First version on Github. Mar 14, 2015
.travis.yml Corrected env variables declaration Dec 6, 2017
LICENSE Updated scripts. Aug 9, 2015
pom.xml Release Aug 8, 2018 Corrections to docs Aug 7, 2018

Dice Notation Tools for Java

This project aims to make the dice notation readable by Java applications, and for this it offers both a model representing it and a parser which can instantiate the model from dice notation expressions.

Created on the late 70s for Dungeons & Dragons, the dice notation has become a standard on tabletop games as it allows generating random values in concrete distributions with the help of simple formulas such as '2d6+5', which means "roll two dice, add their values and then add the number five to the result".

With the pass of years it has evolved, and while it never underwent a formal standardization process a core set of rules is kept among all the variations, mostly representing dice in a format such as '1d6', and the use of algebra operations like addition and subtraction.

Its usefulness is very clear, it allows working with specific random values distributions. And while this is no feat for a machine, which has better tools for it, the aim of the project is not actually handling those distributions, but giving a way for applications to work with the same tools a board game would have.

Maven Central Bintray

Release docs Development docs

Release javadocs Development javadocs


  • ANTLR4 grammar
  • Model for dice and dice notation, along classes to generate values from them
  • Parser to create model instances from the notation
  • Allows custom random number generation


  • Currently only the most basic operations (dice, numbers and additions or subtractions) are supported

ANTLR4 grammars

The grammar is included among the ANTLR4 sample grammars.


Documentation is always generated for the latest release, kept in the 'master' branch:

Documentation is also generated from the latest snapshot, taken from the 'develop' branch:

The documentation site sources come along the source code (as it is a Maven site), so it is always possible to generate them using the following Maven command:

$ mvn verify site

The verify phase is required, as otherwise some of the reports won't be created.


The application is coded in Java, using Maven to manage the project.


The project has been tested on the following Java versions:

  • JDK 8

All other dependencies are handled through Maven, and noted in the included POM file.


The recommended way to install the project is by setting up your preferred dependencies manager. To get the configuration information for this check the Bintray repository, or the Maven Central Repository.

If for some reason manual installation is necessary, just use the following Maven command:

$ mvn install

Usage example

The project includes a model for dice and dice notation grammar. But the strong point are the parsers.

To parse generic dice notation, including algebraic operations use this:

final DiceNotationExpressionParser parser;
final TransformableDiceNotationExpression parsed;

parser = new DefaultDiceNotationExpressionParser();

parsed = parser.parse("1d6+12");


The 'roll' method will generate a number from the expression each time it is called, simulating the dice being rolled, and applying any algebraic operation.

If you need to get the dice from the expression:

final TransformableDiceNotationExpression parsed;
final Dice dice;

parsed = new DefaultDiceNotationExpressionParser().parse("1d6");

dice = parsed.transform(new DiceSetsTransformer()).iterator().next();


This will print the number of dice (1) and the number of sides (6).


Any kind of help with the project will be well received, and there are two main ways to give such help:

  • Reporting errors and asking for extensions through the issues management
  • or forking the repository and extending the project

Issues management

Issues are managed at the GitHub project issues tracker, where any Github user may report bugs or ask for new features.

Getting the code

If you wish to fork or modify the code, visit the GitHub project page, where the latest versions are always kept. Check the 'master' branch for the latest release, and the 'develop' for the current, and stable, development version.


The project has been released under version 2.0 of the Apache License.