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---
redirect_from: "specifications/Taxon/specification"
redirect_from: "specifications/Taxon/specification/"
name: Taxon
url: Taxon
status: release
spec_type: Profile
group: biodiversity
use_cases_url: /useCases/Taxon/
cross_walk_url: https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1HHa0P6bvym1sZcO4GZMH01J_Cl06eXH60IVTp0b_Nas/edit?ts=5be44b29#gid=1483018794
gh_tasks: https://github.com/BioSchemas/specifications/labels/type%3A%20Taxon
live_deploy: ''
parent_type: Taxon
hierarchy:
- Thing
- Taxon
# spec_info content generated using GOWeb
# DO NOT MANUALLY EDIT THE CONTENT
spec_info:
title: Taxon
subtitle: Bioschemas profile for describing a biological taxon
description: This profile aims to denote a taxon by common properties such as its
scientific name, authority, taxonomic rank and vernacular names. It is also a
means to link to existing taxonomic registers where each taxon has a URI.
version: 0.3
version_date: 20181110T112249
official_type: http://bioschemas.org/Taxon
full_example: https://github.com/BioSchemas/specifications/tree/master/Taxon/examples/
mapping:
- property: additionalType
expected_types:
- URL
description: An additional type for the item, typically used for adding more specific
types from external vocabularies in microdata syntax. This is a relationship between
something and a class that the thing is in. In RDFa syntax, it is better to use
the native RDFa syntax - the 'typeof' attribute - for multiple types. Schema.org
tools may have only weaker understanding of extra types, in particular those defined
externally.
type: ""
type_url: ""
bsc_description: A Taxon type from a well known vocabulary, e.g. DarwinCore http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
or http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/TaxonConcept#TaxonConcept
marginality: Optional
cardinality: MANY
controlled_vocab: ""
example: |-
{ "@context": [
"http://schema.org",
{ "dwc": "http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/" }
],
"@type" : "Taxon",
"additionalType": "dwc:Taxon"
}
- property: alternateName
expected_types:
- Text
description: An alias for the item.
type: ""
type_url: ""
bsc_description: Scientific name, possibly including authorship and date information,
of a synonym of the currently valid (zoological) or accepted (botanical) taxon.
marginality: Optional
cardinality: MANY
controlled_vocab: ""
example: |-
{
"alternateName": "Balaena albicans Muller, 1776"
}
- property: childTaxon
expected_types:
- Taxon
- Text
- URL
description: |-
Closest child taxa of the taxon in question.
Inverse property: parentTaxon
type: bioschemas
type_url: http://bioschemas.org/childTaxon
bsc_description: Direct, most proximate lower-rank child taxa
marginality: Optional
cardinality: MANY
controlled_vocab: ""
example: "{ \"@type\" : \"Taxon\",\n \"name\": \"Delphinapterus\",\n \"taxonRank\"
: [ \"WD:Q34740\", \"genus\" ],\n \"childTaxon\": { \n \"@type\": \"Taxon\",\n
\ \"name\": \"Delphinapterus leucas\",\n \"taxonRank\" : [ \"WD:Q7432\",
\ \"species\" ]\n }\n}"
- property: hasCategoryCode
expected_types:
- CategoryCode
description: A Category code contained in this code set.
type: pending
type_url: ""
bsc_description: ""
marginality: Optional
cardinality: MANY
controlled_vocab: ""
example: ""
- property: name
expected_types:
- Text
description: The name of the item.
type: ""
type_url: ""
bsc_description: Taxon name without authorship nor date information of the currently
valid (zoological) or accepted (botanical) taxon.
marginality: Minimum
cardinality: ONE
controlled_vocab: ""
example: |-
{
"name": "Delphinapterus leucas"
}
- property: parentTaxon
expected_types:
- Taxon
- Text
- URL
description: |-
Closest parent taxon of the taxon in question.
Inverse property: childTaxon
type: bioschemas
type_url: http://bioschemas.org/parentTaxon
bsc_description: Direct, most proximate higher-rank parent taxon
marginality: Recommended
cardinality: ONE
controlled_vocab: ""
example: "\"parentTaxon\": { \n \"@type\": \"Taxon\",\n \"@id\": \"WD:Q16628343\",\n
\ \"name\": \"Delphinapterus\",\n \"taxonRank\" : [ \"WD:Q34740\", \"genus\"
]\n}"
- property: sameAs
expected_types:
- URL
description: URL of a reference Web page that unambiguously indicates the item's
identity. E.g. the URL of the item's Wikipedia page, Wikidata entry, or official
website.
type: ""
type_url: ""
bsc_description: URL of third-party webpages describing the same taxon
marginality: Optional
cardinality: MANY
controlled_vocab: ""
example: |-
{
"sameAs": [
"http://eol.org/pages/328541",
"http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Beluga_whale",
"http://www.catalogueoflife.org/annual-checklist/details/species/id/6850357",
"http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/6335"
]
}
- property: scientificName
expected_types:
- Text
description: ""
type: external
type_url: http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/scientificName
bsc_description: Full scientific name, with authorship and date information if know,
of the currently valid (zoological) or accepted (botanical) taxon.
marginality: Optional
cardinality: ONE
controlled_vocab: ""
example: |-
{
"dwc:scientificName": "Delphinapterus leucas (Pallas, 1776)"
}
- property: scientificNameAuthorship
expected_types:
- Text
description: ""
type: external
type_url: http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/scientificNameAuthorship
bsc_description: 'Authorship information for the scientificName formatted according
to the conventions of the applicable nomenclatural Code. Example: "(Torr.) J.T.
Howell", "(Martinovský) Tzvelev", "(Györfi, 1952)"'
marginality: Optional
cardinality: ONE
controlled_vocab: ""
example: |-
{
"dwc:scientificNameAuthorship": "(Pallas, 1776)"
}
- property: taxonRank
expected_types:
- PropertyValue
- Text
- URL
description: The taxonomic rank of this taxon given preferably as a URI from a controlled
vocabulary (typically the ranks from TDWG TaxonRank ontology or equivalent Wikidata
URIs)
type: bioschemas
type_url: http://bioschemas.org/taxonRank
bsc_description: ""
marginality: Recommended
cardinality: MANY
controlled_vocab: ""
example: |-
{
"taxonRank": [
"http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/TaxonRank#Species",
"http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q7432",
"species"
]
}
- property: url
expected_types:
- URL
description: URL of the item.
type: ""
type_url: ""
bsc_description: Link to the webpage associated to this taxon
marginality: Recommended
cardinality: ONE
controlled_vocab: ""
example: ""
- property: vernacularName
expected_types:
- Text
description: ""
type: external
type_url: http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/vernacularName
bsc_description: A vernacular (common) name of the taxon
marginality: Optional
cardinality: MANY
controlled_vocab: ""
example: |-
{
"dwc:vernacularName": [
{ "@language": "en", "@value": "Beluga Whale" },
{ "@language": "fr", "@value": "Bélouga" }
]
}
---
<!DOCTYPE HTML>
<html>
{% include head.html %}
<body>
{% include header.html %}
{% include navbar.html %}
<div class="page-content">
<div class="wrapper">
<div id="main-content-wrapper" class="outer">
<section id="main_content" class="inner">
{% include profile_start.html %}
<div class="spec-table-wrapper">
{% include specification_table.html %}
</div>
</section>
</div>
</div>
</div>
{% include footer.html %}
</body>
</html>
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