Skip to content
Switch branches/tags
Go to file
Cannot retrieve contributors at this time

Contributing to Bitcoin ABC

The Bitcoin ABC project welcomes contributors!

This guide is intended to help developers contribute effectively to Bitcoin ABC.

Communicating with Developers

To get in contact with Bitcoin ABC developers, you can join the eCash Development Telegram group. The intent of this group is to facilitate development of Bitcoin ABC and other eCash node implementations. We welcome people who wish to participate.

Acceptable use of this group includes the following:

  • Introducing yourself to other eCash developers.
  • Getting help with your development environment.
  • Discussing how to complete a patch.

It is not for:

  • Market discussion
  • Non-constructive criticism

Bitcoin ABC Development Philosophy

Bitcoin ABC aims for fast iteration and continuous integration.

This means that there should be quick turnaround for patches to be proposed, reviewed, and committed. Changes should not sit in a queue for long.

Here are some tips to help keep the development working as intended. These are guidelines for the normal and expected development process. Developers can use their judgement to deviate from these guidelines when they have a good reason to do so.

  • Keep each change small and self-contained.
  • Reach out for a 1-on-1 review so things move quickly.
  • Land the Diff quickly after it is accepted.
  • Don't amend changes after the Diff accepted, new Diff for another fix.
  • Review Diffs from other developers as quickly as possible.
  • Large changes should be broken into logical chunks that are easy to review, and keep the code in a functional state.
  • Do not mix moving stuff around with changing stuff. Do changes with renames on their own.
  • Sometimes you want to replace one subsystem by another implementation, in which case it is not possible to do things incrementally. In such cases, you keep both implementations in the codebase for a while, as described here
  • There are no "development" branches, all Diffs apply to the master branch, and should always improve it (no regressions).
  • Don't break the build, it is important to keep master green as much as possible. If a Diff is landed, and breaks the build, fix it quickly. If it cannot be fixed quickly, it should be reverted, and re-applied later when it no longer breaks the build.
  • As soon as you see a bug, you fix it. Do not continue on. Fixing the bug becomes the top priority, more important than completing other tasks.
  • Automate as much as possible, and spend time on things only humans can do.

Here are some handy links for development practices aligned with Bitcoin ABC:

Getting set up with the Bitcoin ABC Repository

  1. Create an account at

  2. Install Git and Arcanist on your machine

Git documentation can be found at

For Arcanist documentation, you can read Arcanist Quick Start and the Arcanist User Guide.

To install these packages on Debian or Ubuntu, type: sudo apt-get install git arcanist

  1. If you do not already have an SSH key set up, follow these steps:

Type: ssh-keygen -t ed25519 -C ""

Enter a file in which to save the key (/home/username/.ssh/id_ed25519): [Press enter]

  1. Upload your SSH public key to
  • Go to:*username*/page/ssh/

  • Under "SSH Key Actions", Select "Upload Public Key"

Paste contents from: /home/*username*/.ssh/

  1. Clone the repository and install Arcanist certificate:
git clone ssh://

cd bitcoin-abc

arc install-certificate

Note: Arcanist tooling will tend to fail if your remote origin is set to something other than the above. A common mistake is to clone from Github and then forget to update your remotes.

Follow instructions provided by arc install-certificate to provide your API token.

Contributing to the node software

During submission of patches, arcanist will automatically run arc lint to enforce Bitcoin ABC code formatting standards, and often suggests changes. If code formatting tools do not install automatically on your system, you will have to install the following:

Install all the code formatting tools on Debian Bullseye (11) or Ubuntu 20.04:

sudo apt-get install clang-format-11 clang-tidy-11 clang-tools-11 python3-autopep8 python3-pip flake8 php-codesniffer shellcheck yamllint
pip3 install isort>=5.6.4 mypy>=0.780
echo "export PATH=\"`python3 -m site --user-base`/bin:\$PATH\"" >> ~/.bashrc
source ~/.bashrc

If not available in the distribution, clang-format-11 and clang-tidy-11 can be installed from or

For example, for macOS:

curl -L | tar -xJv
ln -s $PWD/clang+llvm-11.0.0-x86_64-apple-darwin/bin/clang-format /usr/local/bin/clang-format
ln -s $PWD/clang+llvm-11.0.0-x86_64-apple-darwin/bin/clang-tidy /usr/local/bin/clang-tidy

If you are modifying a shell script, you will need to install the shellcheck linter. A recent version is required and may not be packaged for your distribution. Standalone binaries are available for download on the project's github release page.

Note: In order for arcanist to detect the shellcheck executable, you need to make it available in your PATH; if another version is already installed, make sure the recent one is found first. Arcanist will tell you what version is expected and what is found when running arc lint against a shell script.

If you are running Debian 10, it is also available in the backports repository:

sudo apt-get -t buster-backports install shellcheck

If you are modifying Rust files, you will need to install a stable rust version, plus a nightly toolchain called "abc-nightly" for formatting:

# Install latest stable Rust version
curl --proto '=https' --tlsv1.2 -sSf | sh -s
source ~/.cargo/env
rustup install nightly-2022-06-29
rustup component add rustfmt --toolchain nightly-2022-06-29
# Name the nightly toolchain "abc-nightly"
rustup toolchain link abc-nightly "$(rustc +nightly-2022-06-29 --print sysroot)"

Contributing to the web projects

To contribute to web projects, you will need nodejs > 16 and npm > 8.5.0. Follow these installation instructions to install nodejs with node version manager.


cd bitcoin-abc
[sudo] nvm install 16
[sudo] npm install -g npm@latest
[sudo] npm install -g prettier

To work on the extension, you will need browserify

[sudo] npm install -g browserify

Working with The Bitcoin ABC Repository

A typical workflow would be:

  • Create a topic branch in Git for your changes

    git checkout -b 'my-topic-branch'

  • Make your changes, and commit them

    git commit -a -m 'my-commit'

  • Create a differential with Arcanist

    arc diff

You should add suggested reviewers and a test plan to the commit message. Note that Arcanist is set up to look only at the most-recent commit message, So all you changes for this Diff should be in one Git commit.

  • For large changes, break them into several Diffs, as described in this guide. You must also include "Depends on Dxxx" in the Arcanist summary to indicate dependence on other Diffs. Note: the arc land procedure described in the guide above is obsolete. With the most recent version of arcanist, you may arc land the latest commit of your stacked diff after all parts are approved.

  • Log into Phabricator to see review and feedback.

  • Make changes as suggested by the reviewers. You can simply edit the files with my-topic-branch checked out, and then type arc diff. Arcanist will give you the option to add uncommited changes. Or, alternatively, you can commit the changes using git commit -a --am to add them to the last commit, or squash multiple commits by typing git rebase -i master. If you squash, make sure the commit message has the information needed for arcanist (such as the Diff number, reviewers, etc.).

  • Update your Diff by typing arc diff again.

  • When reviewers approve your Diff, it should be listed as "ready to Land" in Phabricator. When you want to commit your diff to the repository, check out type my-topic-branch in git, then type arc land. You have now successfully committed a change to the Bitcoin ABC repository.

  • When reviewing a Diff, apply the changeset on your local by using arc patch D{NNNN}

  • You will likely be re-writing git histories multiple times, which causes timestamp changes that require re-building a significant number of files. It's highly recommended to install ccache (re-run cmake if you install it later), as this will help cut your re-build times from several minutes to under a minute, in many cases.

What to work on

If you are looking for a useful task to contribute to the project, a good place to start is the list of tasks at

You could also try backporting some code from Bitcoin Core.


By contributing to this repository, you agree to license your work under the MIT license unless specified otherwise in contrib/debian/copyright or at the top of the file itself. Any work contributed where you are not the original author must contain its license header with the original author(s) and source.

Disclosure Policy