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Esplora HTTP API

JSON over RESTful HTTP. Amounts are always represented in satoshis.

The blockstream.info public APIs are available at:

For example:

$ curl https://blockstream.info/api/blocks/tip/hash

You can also self-host the Esplora API server, which provides better privacy and security.

Transactions

GET /tx/:txid

Returns information about the transaction.

Available fields: txid, version, locktime, size, weight, fee, vin, vout and status (see transaction format for details).

GET /tx/:txid/status

Returns the transaction confirmation status.

Available fields: confirmed (boolean), block_height (optional) and block_hash (optional).

GET /tx/:txid/hex

GET /tx/:txid/raw

Returns the raw transaction in hex or as binary data.

GET /tx/:txid/merkleblock-proof

Returns a merkle inclusion proof for the transaction using bitcoind's merkleblock format.

Note: This endpoint is not currently available for Liquid/Elements-based chains.

GET /tx/:txid/merkle-proof

Returns a merkle inclusion proof for the transaction using Electrum's blockchain.transaction.get_merkle format.

GET /tx/:txid/outspend/:vout

Returns the spending status of a transaction output.

Available fields: spent (boolean), txid (optional), vin (optional) and status (optional, the status of the spending tx).

GET /tx/:txid/outspends

Returns the spending status of all transaction outputs.

POST /tx

Broadcast a raw transaction to the network.

The transaction should be provided as hex in the request body. The txid will be returned on success.

Addresses

GET /address/:address

GET /scripthash/:hash

Get information about an address/scripthash.

Available fields: address/scripthash, chain_stats and mempool_stats.

{chain,mempool}_stats each contain an object with tx_count, funded_txo_count, funded_txo_sum, spent_txo_count and spent_txo_sum.

Elements-based chains don't have the {funded,spent}_txo_sum fields.

GET /address/:address/txs

GET /scripthash/:hash/txs

Get transaction history for the specified address/scripthash, sorted with newest first.

Returns up to 50 mempool transactions plus the first 25 confirmed transactions. You can request more confirmed transactions using :last_seen_txid(see below).

GET /address/:address/txs/chain[/:last_seen_txid]

GET /scripthash/:hash/txs/chain[/:last_seen_txid]

Get confirmed transaction history for the specified address/scripthash, sorted with newest first.

Returns 25 transactions per page. More can be requested by specifying the last txid seen by the previous query.

GET /address/:address/txs/mempool

GET /scripthash/:hash/txs/mempool

Get unconfirmed transaction history for the specified address/scripthash.

Returns up to 50 transactions (no paging).

GET /address/:address/utxo

GET /scripthash/:hash/utxo

Get the list of unspent transaction outputs associated with the address/scripthash.

Available fields: txid, vout, value and status (with the status of the funding tx).

Elements-based chains have a valuecommitment field that may appear in place of value, plus the following additional fields: asset/assetcommitment, nonce/noncecommitment, surjection_proof and range_proof.

GET /address-prefix/:prefix

Search for addresses beginning with :prefix.

Returns a JSON array with up to 10 results.

Blocks

GET /block/:hash

Returns information about a block.

Available fields: id, height, version, timestamp, mediantime, bits, nonce, merkle_root, tx_count, size, weight, previousblockhash and mediantime. Elements-based chains have an additional proof field. See block format for more details.

The response from this endpoint can be cached indefinitely.

GET /block/:hash/header

Returns the hex-encoded block header.

The response from this endpoint can be cached indefinitely.

GET /block/:hash/status

Returns the block status.

Available fields: in_best_chain (boolean, false for orphaned blocks), next_best (the hash of the next block, only available for blocks in the best chain).

GET /block/:hash/txs[/:start_index]

Returns a list of transactions in the block (up to 25 transactions beginning at start_index).

Transactions returned here do not have the status field, since all the transactions share the same block and confirmation status.

The response from this endpoint can be cached indefinitely.

GET /block/:hash/txids

Returns a list of all txids in the block.

The response from this endpoint can be cached indefinitely.

GET /block/:hash/txid/:index

Returns the transaction at index :index within the specified block.

The response from this endpoint can be cached indefinitely.

GET /block/:hash/raw

Returns the raw block representation in binary.

The response from this endpoint can be cached indefinitely.

GET /block-height/:height

Returns the hash of the block currently at height.

GET /blocks[/:start_height]

Returns the 10 newest blocks starting at the tip or at start_height if specified.

GET /blocks/tip/height

Returns the height of the last block.

GET /blocks/tip/hash

Returns the hash of the last block.

Mempool

GET /mempool

Get mempool backlog statistics. Returns an object with:

  • count: the number of transactions in the mempool

  • vsize: the total size of mempool transactions in virtual bytes

  • total_fee: the total fee paid by mempool transactions in satoshis

  • fee_histogram: mempool fee-rate distribution histogram

    An array of (feerate, vsize) tuples, where each entry's vsize is the total vsize of transactions paying more than feerate but less than the previous entry's feerate (except for the first entry, which has no upper bound). This matches the format used by the Electrum RPC protocol for mempool.get_fee_histogram.

Example output:

{
  "count": 8134,
  "vsize": 3444604,
  "total_fee":29204625,
  "fee_histogram": [[53.01, 102131], [38.56, 110990], [34.12, 138976], [24.34, 112619], [3.16, 246346], [2.92, 239701], [1.1, 775272]]
}

In this example, there are transactions weighting a total of 102,131 vbytes that are paying more than 53 sat/vB, 110,990 vbytes of transactions paying between 38 and 53 sat/vB, 138,976 vbytes paying between 34 and 38, etc.

GET /mempool/txids

Get the full list of txids in the mempool as an array.

The order of the txids is arbitrary and does not match bitcoind's.

GET /mempool/recent

Get a list of the last 10 transactions to enter the mempool.

Each transaction object contains simplified overview data, with the following fields: txid, fee, vsize and value

Fee estimates

GET /fee-estimates

Get an object where the key is the confirmation target (in number of blocks) and the value is the estimated feerate (in sat/vB).

The available confirmation targets are 1-25, 144, 504 and 1008 blocks.

For example: { "1": 87.882, "2": 87.882, "3": 87.882, "4": 87.882, "5": 81.129, "6": 68.285, ..., "144": 1.027, "504": 1.027, "1008": 1.027 }

Assets (Elements/Liquid only)

GET /asset/:asset_id

Get information about an asset.

For the network's native asset (i.e. L-BTC in Liquid), returns an object with:

  • asset_id
  • chain_stats and mempool_stats, each with:
    • tx_count
    • peg_in_count
    • peg_in_amount
    • peg_out_amount
    • peg_out_count
    • burn_count
    • burned_amount

For user-issued assets, returns an object with:

  • asset_id
  • issuance_txin: the issuance transaction input
    • txid
    • vin
  • issuance_prevout: the previous output spent for the issuance
    • txid
    • vout
  • status: the confirmation status of the initial asset issuance transaction
  • contract_hash: the contract hash committed as the issuance entropy
  • reissuance_token: the asset id of the reissuance token
  • chain_stats and mempool_stats, each with:
    • tx_count: the number of transactions associated with this asset (does not include confidential transactions)
    • issuance_count: the number of (re)issuance transactions
    • issued_amount: the total known amount issued (should be considered a minimum bound when has_blinded_issuances is true)
    • burned_amount: the total amount provably burned
    • has_blinded_issuances: whether at least one of the (re)issuances were blind
    • reissuance_tokens: the number of reissuance tokens
    • burned_reissuance_tokens: the number of reissuance tokens burned

If the asset is available on the registry, the following fields are returned as well:

  • contract: the full json contract json committed in the issuance
  • entity: the entity linked to this asset. the only available type is currently domain, which is encoded as { "domain": "foobar.com>" } (required)
  • ticker: a 3-5 characters ticker associated with the asset (optional)
  • precision: the number of decimal places for units of this asset (defaults to 0)
  • name: a description for the asset (up to 255 characters)

Example native asset:

{
  "asset_id": "6f0279e9ed041c3d710a9f57d0c02928416460c4b722ae3457a11eec381c526d",
  "chain_stats": {"tx_count": 54, "peg_in_count": 2, "peg_in_amount": 1600000000, "peg_out_count": 51, "peg_out_amount": 250490000, "burn_count":0, "burned_amount": 0 },
  "mempool_stats": {"tx_count": 3, "peg_in_count": 0, "peg_in_amount": 0, "peg_out_count": 3, "peg_out_amount": 70020000, "burn_count": 0, "burned_amount": 0 }
}

Example user-issued asset:

{
  "asset_id": "d8a317ce2c14241192cbb3ebdb9696250ca1251a58ba6251c29fcfe126c9ca1f",
  "issuance_txin":{ "txid": "39affca34bd51ed080f89f1e7a5c7a49d6d9e4779c84424ae50df67dd60dcaf7", "vin": 0},
  "issuance_prevout": { "txid": "0cdd74c540af637d5a3874ce8500891fd8e94ec8e3d5d436d86e87b6759a7674", "vout": 0 },
  "reissuance_token": "eb8b210d42566699796dbf78649120fd5c9d9b04cabc8f480856e04bd5e9fc22",
  "contract_hash": "025d983cc774da665f412ccc6ccf51cb017671c2cb0d3c32d10d50ffdf0a57de",
  "status": { "confirmed": true, "block_height": 105, "block_hash": "7bf84f2aea30b02981a220943f543a6d6e7ac646d59ef76cff27dca8d27b2b67", "block_time": 1586248729 },
  "chain_stats": { "tx_count": 1, "issuance_count": 1, "issued_amount": 0, "burned_amount": 0, "has_blinded_issuances": true, "reissuance_tokens": 0, "burned_reissuance_tokens": 0 },
  "mempool_stats": { "tx_count": 0, "issuance_count": 0, "issued_amount": 0, "burned_amount": 0, "has_blinded_issuances": false, "reissuance_tokens": null, "burned_reissuance_tokens": 0 }
}

GET /asset/:asset_id/txs

GET /asset/:asset_id/txs/mempool

GET /asset/:asset_id/txs/chain[/:last_seen]

Get transactions associated with the specified asset.

For the network's native asset, returns a list of peg in, peg out and burn transactions.

For user-issued assets, returns a list of issuance, reissuance and burn transactions.

Does not include regular transactions transferring this asset.

GET /asset/:asset_id/supply

GET /asset/:asset_id/supply/decimal

Get the current total supply of the specified asset.

For the native asset (L-BTC), this is calculated as {chain,mempool}_stats.peg_in_amount - {chain,mempool}_stats.peg_out_amount - {chain,mempool}_stats.burned_amount.

For issued assets, this is calculated as {chain,mempool}_stats.issued_amount - {chain,mempool}_stats.burned_amount.

Not available for assets with blinded issuances.

If /decimal is specified, returns the supply as a decimal according to the asset's divisibility. Otherwise, returned in base units.

GET /assets/registry

Get the list of issued assets in the asset registry.

Query string parameters:

  • start_index: the start index to use for paging. defaults to 0.
  • limit: maximum number of assets to return. defaults to 25, maximum 100.
  • sort_field: field to sort assets by. one of name, ticker or domain. defaults to ticker.
  • sort_dir: sorting direction. one of asc or desc. defaults to asc.

Assets are returned in the same format as in GET /asset/:asset_id.

The total number of results will be returned as the x-total-results header.

Transaction format

  • txid
  • version
  • locktime
  • size
  • weight
  • fee
  • vin[]
    • txid
    • vout
    • is_coinbase
    • scriptsig
    • scriptsig_asm
    • inner_redeemscript_asm
    • inner_witnessscript_asm
    • sequence
    • witness[]
    • prevout (previous output in the same format as in vout below)
    • (Elements only)
    • is_pegin
    • issuance (available for asset issuance transactions, null otherwise)
      • asset_id
      • is_reissuance
      • asset_id
      • asset_blinding_nonce
      • asset_entropy
      • contract_hash
      • assetamount or assetamountcommitment
      • tokenamount or tokenamountcommitment
  • vout[]
    • scriptpubkey
    • scriptpubkey_asm
    • scriptpubkey_type
    • scriptpubkey_address
    • value
    • (Elements only)
    • valuecommitment
    • asset or assetcommitment
    • pegout (available for peg-out outputs, null otherwise)
      • genesis_hash
      • scriptpubkey
      • scriptpubkey_asm
      • scriptpubkey_address
  • status
    • confirmed (boolean)
    • block_height (available for confirmed transactions, null otherwise)
    • block_hash (available for confirmed transactions, null otherwise)
    • block_time (available for confirmed transactions, null otherwise)

Block format

  • id
  • height
  • version
  • timestamp
  • bits
  • nonce
  • difficulty
  • merkle_root
  • tx_count
  • size
  • weight
  • previousblockhash
  • mediantime (median time-past)
  • (Elements only)
  • proof
    • challenge
    • challenge_asm
    • solution
    • solution_asm