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/**
* Copyright (C) 2017 - 2018 Bosch Sensortec GmbH
*
* Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
* modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
*
* Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
* notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
*
* Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
* notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
* documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
*
* Neither the name of the copyright holder nor the names of the
* contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived from
* this software without specific prior written permission.
*
* THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND
* CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR
* IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED
* WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE
* DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL COPYRIGHT HOLDER
* OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY
* DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY,
* OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES(INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO,
* PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES;
* LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
* HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY,
* WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
* (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN
* ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS
* SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE
*
* The information provided is believed to be accurate and reliable.
* The copyright holder assumes no responsibility
* for the consequences of use
* of such information nor for any infringement of patents or
* other rights of third parties which may result from its use.
* No license is granted by implication or otherwise under any patent or
* patent rights of the copyright holder.
*
* @file bsec.cpp
* @date 20 May 2019
* @version 1.1
*
*/
#include "bsec.h"
TwoWire* Bsec::wireObj = NULL;
SPIClass* Bsec::spiObj = NULL;
/**
* @brief Constructor
*/
Bsec::Bsec()
{
nextCall = 0;
version.major = 0;
version.minor = 0;
version.major_bugfix = 0;
version.minor_bugfix = 0;
millisOverflowCounter = 0;
lastTime = 0;
bme680Status = BME680_OK;
outputTimestamp = 0;
_tempOffset = 0.0f;
status = BSEC_OK;
zeroOutputs();
}
/**
* @brief Function to initialize the BSEC library and the BME680 sensor
*/
void Bsec::begin(uint8_t devId, enum bme680_intf intf, bme680_com_fptr_t read, bme680_com_fptr_t write, bme680_delay_fptr_t idleTask)
{
_bme680.dev_id = devId;
_bme680.intf = intf;
_bme680.read = read;
_bme680.write = write;
_bme680.delay_ms = idleTask;
_bme680.amb_temp = 25;
_bme680.power_mode = BME680_FORCED_MODE;
beginCommon();
}
/**
* @brief Function to initialize the BSEC library and the BME680 sensor
*/
void Bsec::begin(uint8_t i2cAddr, TwoWire &i2c)
{
_bme680.dev_id = i2cAddr;
_bme680.intf = BME680_I2C_INTF;
_bme680.read = Bsec::i2cRead;
_bme680.write = Bsec::i2cWrite;
_bme680.delay_ms = Bsec::delay_ms;
_bme680.amb_temp = 25;
_bme680.power_mode = BME680_FORCED_MODE;
Bsec::wireObj = &i2c;
beginCommon();
}
/**
* @brief Function to initialize the BSEC library and the BME680 sensor
*/
void Bsec::begin(uint8_t chipSelect, SPIClass &spi)
{
_bme680.dev_id = chipSelect;
_bme680.intf = BME680_SPI_INTF;
_bme680.read = Bsec::spiTransfer;
_bme680.write = Bsec::spiTransfer;
_bme680.delay_ms = Bsec::delay_ms;
_bme680.amb_temp = 25;
_bme680.power_mode = BME680_FORCED_MODE;
pinMode(chipSelect, OUTPUT);
digitalWrite(chipSelect, HIGH);
Bsec::spiObj = &spi;
beginCommon();
}
/**
* @brief Common code for the begin function
*/
void Bsec::beginCommon(void)
{
status = bsec_init();
getVersion();
bme680Status = bme680_init(&_bme680);
}
/**
* @brief Function that sets the desired sensors and the sample rates
*/
void Bsec::updateSubscription(bsec_virtual_sensor_t sensorList[], uint8_t nSensors, float sampleRate)
{
bsec_sensor_configuration_t virtualSensors[BSEC_NUMBER_OUTPUTS],
sensorSettings[BSEC_MAX_PHYSICAL_SENSOR];
uint8_t nVirtualSensors = 0, nSensorSettings = BSEC_MAX_PHYSICAL_SENSOR;
for (uint8_t i = 0; i < nSensors; i++) {
virtualSensors[nVirtualSensors].sensor_id = sensorList[i];
virtualSensors[nVirtualSensors].sample_rate = sampleRate;
nVirtualSensors++;
}
status = bsec_update_subscription(virtualSensors, nVirtualSensors, sensorSettings, &nSensorSettings);
return;
}
/**
* @brief Callback from the user to trigger reading of data from the BME680, process and store outputs
*/
bool Bsec::run(void)
{
bool newData = false;
/* Check if the time has arrived to call do_steps() */
int64_t callTimeMs = getTimeMs();
if (callTimeMs >= nextCall) {
bsec_bme_settings_t bme680Settings;
int64_t callTimeNs = callTimeMs * INT64_C(1000000);
status = bsec_sensor_control(callTimeNs, &bme680Settings);
if (status < BSEC_OK)
return false;
nextCall = bme680Settings.next_call / INT64_C(1000000); // Convert from ns to ms
bme680Status = setBme680Config(bme680Settings);
if (bme680Status != BME680_OK) {
return false;
}
bme680Status = bme680_set_sensor_mode(&_bme680);
if (bme680Status != BME680_OK) {
return false;
}
/* Wait for measurement to complete */
uint16_t meas_dur = 0;
bme680_get_profile_dur(&meas_dur, &_bme680);
delay_ms(meas_dur);
newData = readProcessData(callTimeNs, bme680Settings);
}
return newData;
}
/**
* @brief Function to get the state of the algorithm to save to non-volatile memory
*/
void Bsec::getState(uint8_t *state)
{
uint8_t workBuffer[BSEC_MAX_STATE_BLOB_SIZE];
uint32_t n_serialized_state = BSEC_MAX_STATE_BLOB_SIZE;
status = bsec_get_state(0, state, BSEC_MAX_STATE_BLOB_SIZE, workBuffer, BSEC_MAX_STATE_BLOB_SIZE, &n_serialized_state);
}
/**
* @brief Function to set the state of the algorithm from non-volatile memory
*/
void Bsec::setState(uint8_t *state)
{
uint8_t workBuffer[BSEC_MAX_STATE_BLOB_SIZE];
status = bsec_set_state(state, BSEC_MAX_STATE_BLOB_SIZE, workBuffer, BSEC_MAX_STATE_BLOB_SIZE);
}
/**
* @brief Function to set the configuration of the algorithm from memory
*/
void Bsec::setConfig(const uint8_t *state)
{
uint8_t workBuffer[BSEC_MAX_PROPERTY_BLOB_SIZE];
status = bsec_set_configuration(state, BSEC_MAX_PROPERTY_BLOB_SIZE, workBuffer, sizeof(workBuffer));
}
/* Private functions */
/**
* @brief Get the version of the BSEC library
*/
void Bsec::getVersion(void)
{
bsec_get_version(&version);
}
/**
* @brief Read data from the BME680 and process it
*/
bool Bsec::readProcessData(int64_t currTimeNs, bsec_bme_settings_t bme680Settings)
{
bme680Status = bme680_get_sensor_data(&_data, &_bme680);
if (bme680Status != BME680_OK) {
return false;
}
bsec_input_t inputs[BSEC_MAX_PHYSICAL_SENSOR]; // Temperature, Pressure, Humidity & Gas Resistance
uint8_t nInputs = 0, nOutputs = 0;
if (_data.status & BME680_NEW_DATA_MSK) {
if (bme680Settings.process_data & BSEC_PROCESS_TEMPERATURE) {
inputs[nInputs].sensor_id = BSEC_INPUT_TEMPERATURE;
#ifdef BME680_FLOAT_POINT_COMPENSATION
inputs[nInputs].signal = _data.temperature;
#else
inputs[nInputs].signal = _data.temperature / 100.0f;
#endif
inputs[nInputs].time_stamp = currTimeNs;
nInputs++;
/* Temperature offset from the real temperature due to external heat sources */
inputs[nInputs].sensor_id = BSEC_INPUT_HEATSOURCE;
inputs[nInputs].signal = _tempOffset;
inputs[nInputs].time_stamp = currTimeNs;
nInputs++;
}
if (bme680Settings.process_data & BSEC_PROCESS_HUMIDITY) {
inputs[nInputs].sensor_id = BSEC_INPUT_HUMIDITY;
#ifdef BME680_FLOAT_POINT_COMPENSATION
inputs[nInputs].signal = _data.humidity;
#else
inputs[nInputs].signal = _data.humidity / 1000.0f;
#endif
inputs[nInputs].time_stamp = currTimeNs;
nInputs++;
}
if (bme680Settings.process_data & BSEC_PROCESS_PRESSURE) {
inputs[nInputs].sensor_id = BSEC_INPUT_PRESSURE;
inputs[nInputs].signal = _data.pressure;
inputs[nInputs].time_stamp = currTimeNs;
nInputs++;
}
if (bme680Settings.process_data & BSEC_PROCESS_GAS) {
inputs[nInputs].sensor_id = BSEC_INPUT_GASRESISTOR;
inputs[nInputs].signal = _data.gas_resistance;
inputs[nInputs].time_stamp = currTimeNs;
nInputs++;
}
}
if (nInputs > 0) {
nOutputs = BSEC_NUMBER_OUTPUTS;
bsec_output_t _outputs[BSEC_NUMBER_OUTPUTS];
status = bsec_do_steps(inputs, nInputs, _outputs, &nOutputs);
if (status != BSEC_OK)
return false;
zeroOutputs();
if (nOutputs > 0) {
outputTimestamp = _outputs[0].time_stamp / 1000000; // Convert from ns to ms
for (uint8_t i = 0; i < nOutputs; i++) {
switch (_outputs[i].sensor_id) {
case BSEC_OUTPUT_IAQ:
iaq = _outputs[i].signal;
iaqAccuracy = _outputs[i].accuracy;
break;
case BSEC_OUTPUT_STATIC_IAQ:
staticIaq = _outputs[i].signal;
staticIaqAccuracy = _outputs[i].accuracy;
break;
case BSEC_OUTPUT_CO2_EQUIVALENT:
co2Equivalent = _outputs[i].signal;
co2Accuracy = _outputs[i].accuracy;
break;
case BSEC_OUTPUT_BREATH_VOC_EQUIVALENT:
breathVocEquivalent = _outputs[i].signal;
breathVocAccuracy = _outputs[i].accuracy;
break;
case BSEC_OUTPUT_RAW_TEMPERATURE:
rawTemperature = _outputs[i].signal;
break;
case BSEC_OUTPUT_RAW_PRESSURE:
pressure = _outputs[i].signal;
break;
case BSEC_OUTPUT_RAW_HUMIDITY:
rawHumidity = _outputs[i].signal;
break;
case BSEC_OUTPUT_RAW_GAS:
gasResistance = _outputs[i].signal;
break;
case BSEC_OUTPUT_STABILIZATION_STATUS:
stabStatus = _outputs[i].signal;
break;
case BSEC_OUTPUT_RUN_IN_STATUS:
runInStatus = _outputs[i].signal;
break;
case BSEC_OUTPUT_SENSOR_HEAT_COMPENSATED_TEMPERATURE:
temperature = _outputs[i].signal;
break;
case BSEC_OUTPUT_SENSOR_HEAT_COMPENSATED_HUMIDITY:
humidity = _outputs[i].signal;
break;
case BSEC_OUTPUT_COMPENSATED_GAS:
compGasValue = _outputs[i].signal;
compGasAccuracy = _outputs[i].accuracy;
break;
case BSEC_OUTPUT_GAS_PERCENTAGE:
gasPercentage = _outputs[i].signal;
gasPercentageAcccuracy = _outputs[i].accuracy;
break;
default:
break;
}
}
return true;
}
}
return false;
}
/**
* @brief Set the BME680 sensor's configuration
*/
int8_t Bsec::setBme680Config(bsec_bme_settings_t bme680Settings)
{
_bme680.gas_sett.run_gas = bme680Settings.run_gas;
_bme680.tph_sett.os_hum = bme680Settings.humidity_oversampling;
_bme680.tph_sett.os_temp = bme680Settings.temperature_oversampling;
_bme680.tph_sett.os_pres = bme680Settings.pressure_oversampling;
_bme680.gas_sett.heatr_temp = bme680Settings.heater_temperature;
_bme680.gas_sett.heatr_dur = bme680Settings.heating_duration;
uint16_t desired_settings = BME680_OST_SEL | BME680_OSP_SEL | BME680_OSH_SEL | BME680_FILTER_SEL
| BME680_GAS_SENSOR_SEL;
return bme680_set_sensor_settings(desired_settings, &_bme680);
}
/**
* @brief Function to zero the outputs
*/
void Bsec::zeroOutputs(void)
{
temperature = 0.0f;
pressure = 0.0f;
humidity = 0.0f;
gasResistance = 0.0f;
rawTemperature = 0.0f;
rawHumidity = 0.0f;
stabStatus = 0.0f;
runInStatus = 0.0f;
iaq = 0.0f;
iaqAccuracy = 0;
staticIaq = 0.0f;
staticIaqAccuracy = 0;
co2Equivalent = 0.0f;
co2Accuracy = 0;
breathVocEquivalent = 0.0f;
breathVocAccuracy = 0;
compGasValue = 0.0f;
compGasAccuracy = 0;
gasPercentage = 0.0f;
gasPercentageAcccuracy = 0;
}
/**
* @brief Function to calculate an int64_t timestamp in milliseconds
*/
int64_t Bsec::getTimeMs(void)
{
int64_t timeMs = millis();
if (lastTime > timeMs) { // An overflow occurred
millisOverflowCounter++;
}
lastTime = timeMs;
return timeMs + ((int64_t)millisOverflowCounter << 32);
}
/**
@brief Task that delays for a ms period of time
*/
void Bsec::delay_ms(uint32_t period)
{
// Wait for a period amount of ms
// The system may simply idle, sleep or even perform background tasks
delay(period);
}
/**
@brief Callback function for reading registers over I2C
*/
int8_t Bsec::i2cRead(uint8_t devId, uint8_t regAddr, uint8_t *regData, uint16_t length)
{
uint16_t i;
int8_t rslt = 0;
if(Bsec::wireObj) {
Bsec::wireObj->beginTransmission(devId);
Bsec::wireObj->write(regAddr);
rslt = Bsec::wireObj->endTransmission();
Bsec::wireObj->requestFrom((int) devId, (int) length);
for (i = 0; (i < length) && Bsec::wireObj->available(); i++) {
regData[i] = Bsec::wireObj->read();
}
} else {
rslt = -1;
}
return rslt;
}
/**
* @brief Callback function for writing registers over I2C
*/
int8_t Bsec::i2cWrite(uint8_t devId, uint8_t regAddr, uint8_t *regData, uint16_t length)
{
uint16_t i;
int8_t rslt = 0;
if(Bsec::wireObj) {
Bsec::wireObj->beginTransmission(devId);
Bsec::wireObj->write(regAddr);
for (i = 0; i < length; i++) {
Bsec::wireObj->write(regData[i]);
}
rslt = Bsec::wireObj->endTransmission();
} else {
rslt = -1;
}
return rslt;
}
/**
* @brief Callback function for reading and writing registers over SPI
*/
int8_t Bsec::spiTransfer(uint8_t devId, uint8_t regAddr, uint8_t *regData, uint16_t length)
{
int8_t rslt = 0;
if(Bsec::spiObj) {
Bsec::spiObj->beginTransaction(SPISettings(4000000, MSBFIRST, SPI_MODE0)); // Can be up to 10MHz
digitalWrite(devId, LOW);
Bsec::spiObj->transfer(regAddr); // Write the register address, ignore the return
for (uint16_t i = 0; i < length; i++)
regData[i] = Bsec::spiObj->transfer(regData[i]);
digitalWrite(devId, HIGH);
Bsec::spiObj->endTransaction();
} else {
rslt = -1;
}
return rslt;;
}
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