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Custom implementation of Base64 encoding and decoding in several languages comparing performance.
Elixir C# C Java Go Python Other
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I implemented Base 64 encoding and decoding in several different languages. Base 64 Encoding is a way to represent arbitrary data in strings whose characters fall within a 64-length (+1 for padding) subset of ASCII characters. These aren't meant to be as fast as the standard bitshifting by multiples of 6 algorithm, but rather to compare the relative performace of different languages using my encode/decode algorithm implemented in (mostly) the same way (the bitwise operations are identical for all languages).

How It Works

The encode and decode functions divide the input and output data into chunks and use bitwise operations to transform them appropriately. I performed a benchmark for each language in which a large 'Lorem Ipsum' paragraph is encoded then decoded one million times. The test was run five times and the fastest was selected. For slower languages, the time was extrapolated.

Benchmark Results

Language Time (s) Comments Encoding Struct Decoding Struct
C 1.078 Compiled with gcc -O3 char * char *
Java 3.173 Ran in Eclipse, Java 8 StringBuffer ByteBuffer
Go 3.374 Go version go1.12.9 strings.Builder bytes.Buffer
C# 4.585 Ran in VS 2015, .NET 4.6 StringBuilder byte[]
Nim 5.264 Compiled with nim c -d:release string string
Python 15.52 Ran with PyPy3 (JIT) List bytearray
Crystal 20.28 Compiled with crystal build --release String UInt8[]
Javascript 22.04 Ran with Node.js v10 String Buffer
Elixir 53.00 Used Task.async_stream bitstring bitstring
Python 355.3 Ran with Python3 (standard) List bytearray
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