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OpenPose Python Module and Demo

Contents

  1. Introduction
  2. Compatibility
  3. Installation
  4. Testing
  5. Exporting Python OpenPose
  6. Common Issues

Introduction

This module exposes a Python API for OpenPose. It is effectively a wrapper that replicates most of the functionality of the op::Wrapper class and allows you to populate and retrieve data from the op::Datum class using standard Python and Numpy constructs.

Compatibility

The OpenPose Python module is compatible with both Python 2 and Python 3 (default and recommended). In addition, it will also run in all OpenPose compatible operating systems. It uses Pybind11 for mapping between C++ and Python datatypes.

To compile, enable BUILD_PYTHON in CMake-gui. In Windows, make sure you compile the whole solution (clicking the green play button does not compile the whole solution!). You can do that by right-click on the OpenPose project solution, and clicking in Build Solution (or individually building the PyOpenPose module).

Pybind selects the latest version of Python by default (Python 3). To use Python 2, change PYTHON_EXECUTABLE and PYTHON_LIBRARY flags in CMake-gui to your desired Python version.

# Ubuntu
PYTHON_EXECUTABLE=/usr/bin/python2.7
PYTHON_LIBRARY=/usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libpython2.7m.so
# Mac OSX
PYTHON_EXECUTABLE=/usr/local/bin/python2.7
PYTHON_LIBRARY=/usr/local/opt/python/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/lib/libpython2.7m.dylib
:: Windows
PYTHON_EXECUTABLE=C:/Users/user/AppData/Local/Programs/Python/Python27/python.exe

If run via the command line, you may need to run cmake twice in order for this change to take effect.

Installation

Check doc/installation.md#python-module for installation steps.

The Python API requires python-dev, Numpy (for array management), and OpenCV (for image loading). They can be installed via:

# Python 3 (default and recommended)
sudo apt-get install python3-dev
sudo pip3 install numpy opencv-python

# Python 2
sudo apt-get install python-dev
sudo pip install numpy opencv-python

Testing

All the Python examples from the Tutorial API Python module can be found in build/examples/tutorial_api_python in your build folder. Navigate directly to this path to run examples.

# From command line
cd build/examples/tutorial_api_python

# Python 3 (default version)
python3 1_body_from_image.py
python3 2_whole_body_from_image.py
# python3 [any_other_example.py]

# Python 2
python2 1_body_from_image.py
python2 2_whole_body_from_image.py
# python2 [any_other_example.py]

Exporting Python OpenPose

Note: This step is only required if you are moving the *.py files outside their original location, or writting new *.py scripts outside build/examples/tutorial_api_python.

Ubuntu/OSX:

  • Option a, installing OpenPose: On an Ubuntu or OSX based system, you could install OpenPose by running sudo make install, you could then set the OpenPose path in your python scripts to the OpenPose installation path (default: /usr/local/python) and start using OpenPose at any location. Take a look at build/examples/tutorial_api_python/1_body_from_image.py for an example.
  • Option b, not installing OpenPose: To move the OpenPose Python API demos to a different folder, ensure that the line sys.path.append('{OpenPose_path}/python') is properly set in your *.py files, where {OpenPose_path} points to your build folder of OpenPose. Take a look at build/examples/tutorial_api_python/1_body_from_image.py for an example.

Windows:

  • Ensure that the folder build/x{86/64}/Releaseand build/bin are copied along with build/python As noted in the example, the path for these can be changed in the following two variables:

    sys.path.append(dir_path + '/../../python/openpose/Release);
    os.environ['PATH']  = os.environ['PATH'] + ';' + dir_path + '/../../{x86/x64}/Release;' +  dir_path + '/../../bin;'
    

Common Issues

The error in general is that PyOpenPose cannot be found (an error similar to: ImportError: cannot import name pyopenpose). Ensure first that BUILD_PYTHON flag is set to ON. If the error persists, check the following:

In the script you are running, check for the following line, and run the following command in the same location as where the file is

Ubuntu/OSX:

sys.path.append('../../python');

ls ../../python/openpose

Check the contents of this location. It should contain one of the following files:

pyopenpose.cpython-35m-x86_64-linux-gnu.so
pyopenpose.so

If you do not have any one of those, you may not have compiled openpose successfully, or you may be running the examples, not from the build folder but the source folder. If you have the first one, you have compiled PyOpenPose for Python 3, and have to run the scripts with python3, and vice versa for the 2nd one. Follow the testing examples above for exact commands.

Windows:

Problem 1: If you are in Windows, and you fail to install the required third party Python libraries, it might print an error similar to: Exception: Error: OpenPose library could not be found. Did you enable BUILD_PYTHON in CMake and have this Python script in the right folder?. From GitHub issue #941:

I had a similar issue with Visual Studio (VS). I am pretty sure that the issue is that while you are compiling OpenPose in VS, it tries to import cv2 (python-opencv) and it fails. So make sure that if you open cmd.exe and run Python, you can actually import cv2 without errors. I could not, but I had cv2 installed in a IPython environment (Anaconda), so I activated that environment, and then ran (change this to adapt it to your VS version and location of OpenPose.sln):

C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\2017\Enterprise\MSBuild.exe C:\path\to\OpenPose.sln

Problem 2: Python for Openpose needs to be compiled in Release mode for now. This can be done in Visual Studio. Once that is done check this line:

sys.path.append(dir_path + '/../../python/openpose/Release');

dir ../../python/openpose/Release

Check the contents of this location. It should contain one of the following files:

pyopenpose.cp36-win_amd64.pyd
pyopenpose.pyd

If such a folder does not exist, you need to compile in Release mode as seen above. If you have the first one, you have compiled PyOpenPose for Python 3, and have to run the scripts with python3, and vice versa for the 2nd one. Follow the testing examples above for exact commands. If that still does not work, check this line:

os.environ['PATH'] = os.environ['PATH'] + ';' + dir_path + '/../../x64/Release;' + dir_path + '/../../bin;'

dir ../../x64/Release
dir ../../bin

Ensure that both of these paths exist, as PyOpenPose needs to reference those libraries. If they don't exist, change the path so that they point to the correct location in your build folder.