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A CLI utilities library leveraging Markdown to format terminal rendering, allowing separation of structure, data and skin.

Based on crossterm so works on most terminals (even on windows).

text

The goal isn't to display any markdown text with its various extensions (a terminal isn't really fit for that). The goal is rather to improve the display of texts in a terminal application when we want both the text and the skin to be easily configured.

Termimad also includes a few utilities helping efficient managing of events and user input in a multithread application.

Wrapping, table balancing, and scrolling are essential features of Termimad.

A text or a table can be displayed in an a priori unknown part of the screen, scrollable if desired, with a dynamically discovered width.

For example this markdown:

|:-:|:-:|-
|**feature**|**supported**|**details**|
|-:|:-:|-
| tables | yes | pipe based, with or without alignments
| italic, bold | yes | star based |
| inline code | yes | `with backquotes` (it works in tables too)
| code bloc | yes |with tabs or code fences
| syntax coloring | no |
| crossed text |  ~~not yet~~ | wait... now it works `~~like this~~`
| horizontal rule | yes | Use 3 or more dashes (`---`)
| lists | yes|* unordered lists supported
|  | |* ordered lists *not* supported
| quotes |  yes |> What a wonderful time to be alive!
| links | no | (but your terminal already handles raw URLs)
|-

will give different results depending on the width:

table

table

table

Usage

[dependencies]
termimad = "0.14"

With the default skin:

termimad::print_inline("**some** *nested **style*** and `some(code)`");

or

print!("{}", termimad::inline("**some** *nested **style*** and `some(code)`"));

Result:

simple example

Inline snippets with a custom skin:

Inline snippets are one line or less.

let mut skin = MadSkin::default();
skin.bold.set_fg(Yellow);
skin.print_inline("*Hey* **World!** Here's `some(code)`");
skin.paragraph.set_fgbg(Magenta, rgb(30, 30, 40));
skin.italic.add_attr(Underlined);
println!("\nand now {}\n", skin.inline("a little *too much* **style!** (and `some(code)` too)"));

Result:

too much style

Texts

Texts can be several lines. Tables and code blocks are automatically aligned, justified and consistently wrapped.

skin.print_text("# title\n* a list item\n* another item");

Scrollable TextView in a raw terminal:

scrollable

The code for this example is in examples/scrollable. To read the whole text just do

cargo run --example scrollable

Templates

In order to separate the rendering format from the content, you may want to have some constant markdown and fill some placeholders with dynamic items.

The format! macro is not always a good solution for that because you may not be sure the content is free of characters which may mess the markdown.

A solution is to use one of the templating functions or macros.

A template is to markdown what a prepared statement is to SQL: interpreted once and preventing the content to be interpreted as parts of the structure.

Inline Templates

Example:

mad_print_inline!(
    &skin,
    "**$0 formula:** *$1*", // the markdown template, interpreted once
    "Disk",  // fills $0
    "2*π*r", // fills $1. Note that the stars don't mess the markdown
);

mad_print_inline

Main difference with using skin.print_inline(format!( ... )) to build some markdown and parse it:

  • the markdown parsing and template building are done only once (using once_cell internally)
  • the given values aren't interpreted as markdown fragments and don't impact the style
  • arguments can be omited, repeated, given in any order
  • no support for fmt parameters or arguments other than &str (in the current version)

Inline templates are especially convenient combined with automated expansion or ellipsis, for filling a field in a terminal application.

You'll find more examples and advice in the inline-template example.

Text Template

When you want to fill a multi-line area, for example the help page of your terminal application, you may use a text template.

A template defines placeholders as ${name} which you may fill when using it.

For example

let text_template = TextTemplate::from(r#"
    # ${app-name} v${app-version}
    It is *very* ${adj}.
    "#);
let mut expander = text_template.expander();
expander
    .set("app-name", "MyApp")
    .set("adj", "pretty")
    .set("app-version", "42.5.3");
skin.print_expander(expander);

This would render like this:

text_template_01

The values you set with set aren't parsed as markdown, so they may freely contain stars or backquotes.

A template is reusable and can be defined from a text content or any string.

By using sub-templates, you may handle repetitions. They're handy for lists or tables.

For example

let text_template = TextTemplate::from(r#"
    |:-:|:-:|:-:|
    |**name**|**path**|**description**|
    |-:|:-:|:-|
    ${module-rows
    |**${module-name}**|`${app-version}/${module-key}`|${module-description}|
    }
    |-|-|-|
    "#);
let mut expander = text_template.expander();
expander
    .set("app-version", "2");
expander.sub("module-rows")
    .set("module-name", "lazy-regex")
    .set("module-key", "lrex")
    .set("module-description", "eases regexes");
expander.sub("module-rows")
    .set("module-name", "termimad")
    .set("module-key", "tmd")
    .set_md("module-description", "do things on *terminal*");
skin.print_expander(expander);

to get

text_template_02

On this example, you can note that

  • sub("module-rows") gets an expander for the sub template called module-rows
  • set_md can be used when you want to insert not just a raw uninterpreted string but some inline markdown.
  • you don't need to fill global placeholders again (here ${app-version}).

If you want to insert a block of code, you may use set_lines which applies the line style to all passed lines.

For example

let text_template = TextTemplate::from(r#"
    ## Example of a code block
        ${some-function}
    "#);
let mut expander = text_template.expander();
expander.set_lines("some-function", r#"
    fun test(a rational) {
    irate(a)
    }
    "#);
skin.print_expander(expander);

to get

text_template_03

You'll find more text template functions in the documentation and in the example (run cargo run --example text-template).

You may also be interested in OwningTemplateExpander: an alternative expander owning the values which may be handy when you build them while iterating in sub templates.

Asking questions

A frequent need in CLI apps is to ask the user to select an answer. The Question API and the ask! macros cover most basic needs.

Here's an example of asking with a default choice (that you get by hitting enter) and a returned value:

let choice = ask!(skin, "Do you want to drink something ?", ('n') {
    ('w', "I'd like some **w**ater, please.") => {
        mad_print_inline!(skin, "*Wait a minute, please, I'll fetch some.*\n");
        Some("water")
    }
    ('b', "Could I get a **b**eer glass ?") => {
        mad_print_inline!(skin, "We have no glass, so here's a *bottle*.\n");
        Some("beer")
    }
    ('n', "*No*, thank you.") => {
        None
    }
});
dbg!(choice);

ask example

Advices to get started

  • Start by reading the examples (in /examples): they cover almost the whole API, including templates, how to use an alternate screen or scroll the page, etc.
  • Be careful that some colors aren't displayable on all terminals. The default color set of your application should not include arbitrary RGB colors.
  • The event / event-source part of Termimad is currently tailored for a short number of applications. If you use it or want to use it, please come and tell me so that your needs are taken into account!
  • If your goal is to format some CLI application output, for example a few tables, have a look at lfs which is one of the simplest possible uses
  • If a feature is missing, or you don't know how to use some part, come and ping me on my chat during West European hours.

Open-source applications using termimad

  • broot is a file manager and uses termimad for its help screen, status information and event management

  • lfs is a linux utility displaying file systems. Termimad templates are used to show the data in tables

  • Rhit is a nginx log analyzer. Termimad templates are used to show the data in tables

  • bacon is a background Rust compiler. It uses Termimad for display and event management

  • lapin is a terminal game. It uses Termimad for display and event management

  • backdown is a file deduplicator. It uses Termimad to print on screen and ask questions

If you're the author of another application using Termimad, please tell me.

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A library to display rich (Markdown) snippets and texts in a rust terminal application

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