A friendly car security exploration tool
We are lacking a security testing tool for automotive. A zero-knowledge tool that can be dropped onto any CAN network and collect information regarding what services and vulnerabilities exist. This is a start.
This work was initiated as part of the research project HEAVENS (HEAling Vulnerabilities to ENhance Software Security and Safety), but lives on as a stand-alone project.
How to use
The best way to understand how to use Caring Caribou is to look at the help screen:
python cc.py -h
This will list all available modules at the bottom of the output. Help for specific modules works the same way. For example, the help screen for the
send module is shown by running
./cc.py send -h
The module help always includes some usage examples. If the module has multiple sub functions, these have similar help screens as well:
./cc.py send message -h ./cc.py send file -h
More detailed usage information is available here.
Features and Architecture
Caring Caribou is based on a master script
cc.py, which runs the show. This enables an easy drop-in architecture for new modules, which are located in the
/lib folder contains various higher level CAN protocol implementations and shared functions, meant to be used by modules.
/tests folder contains automated test suites and
/documentation stores module documentation files.
List of Modules
A clean installation of Caring Caribou includes the following modules:
uds - Universal Diagnostic Services
Discovers and utilizes various ISO 14229-1 services.
- discovery - Scans for ECUs supporting diagnostics services
- services - Scans for diagnostics services supported by an ECU
- ecu_reset - Reset an ECU
- testerpresent - Force an elevated session against an ECU to stay active
Details here: uds module
xcp - Universal Measurement and Calibration Protocol (XCP)
- discovery - Scans for ECUs supporting XCP
- info - XCP Get Basic Information. Retrieves information about XCP abilities of an ECU
- dump - XCP Upload. Used to dump ECU memory (such as SRAM, flash and bootloader) to file
Details here: xcp module
fuzzer - CAN fuzzer
- random - sends random CAN messages
- brute - brute forces all possible messages matching a given bit mask
- mutate - mutate selected nibbles of a given message
- replay - replay a log file from a previous fuzzing session
- identify - replay a log file and identify message causing a specific event
Details here: fuzzer module
dump - Dump CAN traffic
Dumps incoming traffic to stdout (terminal output) or file
Details here: dump module
send - Send CAN packets
Raw message transmission module, used to send messages manually from command line or replay dump files
Details here: send module
listener - Listener
Lists all distinct arbitration IDs being used on the CAN bus
Details here: listener module
test - Run test suite
Runs automated Caring Caribou test suites
dcm - [deprecated] Diagnostics Control Module
Note: This module has been replaced by the UDS module. It is still supported by CC due to legacy reasons.
Details here: dcm module
List of libraries
/lib folder contains the following libraries:
Provides abstraction for access to the CAN bus, bruteforce engines etc.
Contains various common functions, type converters etc.
Implementation of the ISO-14229-1 standard for Unified Diagnostic Services (UDS).
Implementation of the ISO-15765-2 standard (ISO-TP). This is a transport protocol which enables sending of messages longer than 8 bytes over CAN by splitting them into multiple data frames.
Some sort of CAN bus interface compatible with socketCAN (http://elinux.org/CAN_Bus#CAN_Support_in_Linux)
- Python 2.7 or 3.x
- a pretty modern linux kernel
How to install
Instructions available here
Extending the project
Create a python file with a function
module_main(args) and put it in the
tool/modules folder. Caring Caribou will automagically recognize it as a module and list it in the output of
For example, if your new module is located in
modules/foo.py you run it with the command
./cc.py foo. Additional arguments (if any) are passed as arguments to the
A template for new modules is available in
The target ECU used for the development setup is an STM32F107 based dev-board from ArcCore called Arctic EVK-M3, but the tool can be used against any ECU communicating over a CAN bus.
- The HEAVENS project, funded by VINNOVA
- Christian Sandberg
- Kasper Karlsson
- Tobias Lans
- Mattias Jidhage
- Johannes Weschke
- Filip Hesslund
- Craig Smith (OpenGarages.org)
- Mathijs Hubrechtsen
- Lear Corporation