Design by Contract for Python.
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Inspired by Eiffel's Design by Contract, this module lets Python developers
write effective contracts for class methods.

-Ability to disable contracts when shipping code, (similar to disabling
asserts) by running the interpreter with -O (optimization) option.
-'old' and 'result' constructs in postcondition, via self.old and self.result
-Extremely light-weight. Only need to copy to get started.
-All the benefits of contracts.

To use, simply copy and subclass Contract to specify contract
for each method. Define 'require' and 'ensure' as needed and then decorate the
associated method with the contract to enforce it.

Importantly, Contracts, like assertions, can be turned off by running the
interpreter in optimization mode, via appending the option -O.

See the stack example here to get a sense for how organizing a project
with contracts works.