Potentially Unwanted Applications (PUA)
ClamAV supports the detection of so called PUAs. At the moment the following categories are available:
This is a detection for files that use some kind of runtime packer. A runtime packer can be used to reduce the size of executable files without the need for an external unpacker. While this can‘t be considered malicious in general, runtime packers are widely used with malicious files since they can prevent a already known malware from detection by an Antivirus product.
Password tools are all applications that can be used to recover or decrypt passwords for various applications - like mail clients or system passwords. Such tools can be quite helpful if a password is lost, however, it can also be used to spy out passwords.
Applications that can be used to sniff, filter, manipulate or scan network traffic or networks. While a networkscanner - for example - can be a extremely helpful tool for admins, you may not want to see an average user playing around with it. Same goes for tools like netcat and the like.
Peer to Peer clients can be used to generate a lot of unwanted traffic and sometimes it happens that copyrights are violated by downloading copyright protected content (Music, Movies) - therefore we consider them possibly unwanted as well.
IRC Clients can be a productivity killer and depending on the client - a powerful platform for malicious scripts (take mIRC for example).
Remote Access Trojans are used to remotely access systems, but can be used also by system admins, for example VNC or RAdmin
General system tools, like process killers/finders
Keyloggers, spying tools
Server based badware like DistributedNet