Skip to content
No description, website, or topics provided.
Python HTML Makefile
Branch: master
Clone or download
Kevin Corbin
Kevin Corbin 0.8.9
Latest commit 5412ecd Apr 4, 2019

README.md

virlutils

Build Status Coverage Status PyPI version

A collection of utilities for interacting with Cisco VIRL

virl up

virl is a devops style cli which supports the most common VIRL operations. Adding new ones is easy...

Usage: virl [OPTIONS] COMMAND [ARGS]...

Options:
  --help  Show this message and exit.

Commands:
  console   console for node
  down      stop a virl simulation
  flavors   Manage VIRL Flavors Attributes
  generate  generate inv file for various tools
  id        gets sim id for local environment
  logs      Retrieves log information for the provided...
  ls        lists running simulations in the current...
  nodes     get nodes for sim_name
  pull      pull topology.virl from repo
  save      save simulation to local virl file
  search    lists virl topologies available via github
  ssh       ssh to a node
  start     start a node
  stop      stop a node
  swagger   manage local swagger ui server
  telnet    telnet to a node
  up        start a virl simulation
  use       use virl simulation launched elsewhere
  uwm       opens UWM for the sim
  version   version information
  viz       opens live visualization for the sim

Installation

  1. Clone this repo
git clone https://github.com/CiscoDevNet/virlutils
  1. Install

With Pip

pip install virlutils

Clone & Install

git clone https://github.com/CiscoDevNet/virlutils
cd virlutils
virtualenv venv && source venv/bin/activate
python setup.py install

Configuration

There really isn't much to configure, just set your VIRL credentials up.
There are a few different ways to accomplish this, pick whichever one works best for you, the options listed below are in the preferred order.

.virlrc in working directory

Add a .virlrc to the working directory, this will always be checked first and is useful when you want to override one or more parameters for a particular project directory.

The contents would look something like this.

VIRL_HOST=specialvirlserver.foo.com

environment variables

You can also add them as environment variables. This is useful if you want to override the global VIRL settings.

export VIRL_HOST=1.1.1.1
export VIRL_USERNAME=guest
export VIRL_PASSWORD=guest

.virlrc in your home directory

Configure VIRL credentials globally by putting them in ~/.virlrc the formatting

VIRL_USERNAME=netadmins
VIRL_PASSWORD=cancodetoo!

Other configuration options

In addition to basic credentials, the following configuration options are supported using any of the methods mentioned previously

  • VIRL_TELNET_COMMAND - allows the user to customize the telnet command that is called. This command will be passed the host/ip information from the running simulation

    Example:

    export VIRL_TELNET_COMMAND="mytelnet {host}"
    
  • VIRL_CONSOLE_COMMAND - allows the user to customize the telnet command that is called this command will be passed the host/ip and port information information from the running simulation

    Example:

    export VIRL_TELNET_COMMAND="mytelnet {host} {port}"
    
  • VIRL_SSH_USERNAME - the username by which SSH connections to the nodes running in the simulation will be initiated with

    Example:

    export VIRL_SSH_USERNAME=netadmin
    
  • VIRL_SSH_COMMAND - allows the user to customize the ssh command that is called. This command will be passed the host/ip as well as the username from the running simulation

    Example:

    export VIRL_SSH_COMMAND="myssh {username}@{host}"
    

Why so many choices??!?!

Understanding the precedence allows you to do some pretty cool things.

Assume the following directory structure...

.
├── dev
│   ├── .virlrc
│   └── topology.virl
├── prod
│   ├── .virlrc
│   └── topology.virl
└── test
    ├── .virlrc
    └── topology.virl

This allows three major benefits.

  1. you can easily use different credentials/servers for various environments
  2. you can specify environment specific details into your .virl files if you need to. we find this most useful in the context of out-of-band management networks/gateways and such.
  3. you have a badass workflow..
(netdevops-demo) ➜  dev git:(test) ✗ virl ls  
Running Simulations
╒══════════════╤══════════╤════════════╤═══════════╕
│ Simulation   │ Status   │ Launched   │ Expires   │
╞══════════════╪══════════╪════════════╪═══════════╡
╘══════════════╧══════════╧════════════╧═══════════╛
(netdevops-demo) ➜  dev git:(test) ✗ cd ../test
(netdevops-demo) ➜  test git:(test) ✗ virl ls
Running Simulations
╒═════════════════════╤══════════╤════════════════════════════╤═══════════╕
│ Simulation          │ Status   │ Launched                   │ Expires   │
╞═════════════════════╪══════════╪════════════════════════════╪═══════════╡
│ test_default_hfMQHh │ ACTIVE   │ 2018-03-18T06:23:05.607199 │           │
╘═════════════════════╧══════════╧════════════════════════════╧═══════════╛
(netdevops-demo) ➜  test git:(test) ✗ cd ../prod
(netdevops-demo) ➜  prod git:(test) ✗ virl ls
Running Simulations
╒═════════════════════╤══════════╤════════════════════════════╤═══════════╕
│ Simulation          │ Status   │ Launched                   │ Expires   │
╞═════════════════════╪══════════╪════════════════════════════╪═══════════╡
│ prod_default_jbdKOW │ ACTIVE   │ 2018-03-18T06:18:04.635601 │           │
╘═════════════════════╧══════════╧════════════════════════════╧═══════════╛

Usage / Workflows

Find and import VIRL files

A collection of topologies is being maintained at https://github.com/virlfiles

These repos can be searched from the command line.

$ virl search ios
Displaying 1 Results For ios
╒════════════════════════╤═════════╤═══════════════╕
│ Name                   │   Stars │ Description   │
╞════════════════════════╪═════════╪═══════════════╡
│ virlfiles/2-ios-router │       0 │               │
╘════════════════════════╧═════════╧═══════════════╛

Once you find an intersting topology, you can either pull the topology into your current environment or launch it directly

pull topology to local directory (as topology.virl)

virl pull virlfiles/2-ios-router

launch the topology directly using virl up

virl up virlfiles/2-ios-router

Basic Workflow

in the absence of better documentation, here's a sample workflow

(venv) KECORBIN-M-90Y9:virl_cli kecorbin$ virl ls

    Here is a list of all the running nodes

╒═════════════════╤══════════╤════════════════════════════╤═══════════╕
│ Simulation      │ Status   │ Launched                   │ Expires   │
╞═════════════════╪══════════╪════════════════════════════╪═══════════╡
│ topology-CoC73j │ ACTIVE   │ 2017-12-02T14:44:29.209647 │           │
╘═════════════════╧══════════╧════════════════════════════╧═══════════╛
(venv) KECORBIN-M-90Y9:virl_cli kecorbin$ virl up
Launching Simulation from topology.virl
virl_cli-GnMIWY


(venv) KECORBIN-M-90Y9:virl_cli kecorbin$ virl ls

    Here is a list of all the running nodes

╒═════════════════╤══════════╤════════════════════════════╤═══════════╕
│ Simulation      │ Status   │ Launched                   │ Expires   │
╞═════════════════╪══════════╪════════════════════════════╪═══════════╡
│ topology-CoC73j │ ACTIVE   │ 2017-12-02T14:44:29.209647 │           │
├─────────────────┼──────────┼────────────────────────────┼───────────┤
│ virl_cli-GnMIWY │ ACTIVE   │ 2017-12-08T07:35:46.444588 │           │
╘═════════════════╧══════════╧════════════════════════════╧═══════════╛


(venv) KECORBIN-M-90Y9:virl_cli kecorbin$ virl nodes virl_cli-GnMIWY

    Here is a list of all the running nodes

╒═══════════╤══════════╤══════════╤═════════════╤═══════════════════════╕
│ Node      │ Type     │ State    │ Reachable   │ management-protocol   │
╞═══════════╪══════════╪══════════╪═════════════╪═══════════════════════╡
│ iosv-2    │ IOSv     │ BUILDING │ False       │ telnet                │
├───────────┼──────────┼──────────┼─────────────┼───────────────────────┤
│ ~mgmt-lxc │ mgmt-lxc │ ACTIVE   │ True        │ ssh                   │
├───────────┼──────────┼──────────┼─────────────┼───────────────────────┤
│ iosv-1    │ IOSv     │ ACTIVE   │ False       │ telnet                │
╘═══════════╧══════════╧══════════╧═════════════╧═══════════════════════╛


(venv) KECORBIN-M-90Y9:virl_cli kecorbin$ virl console virl_cli-GnMIWY iosv-1
iosv-1
Attempting to connect to console of iosv-1
Trying 10.94.140.41...
Connected to mm-c1-6620.cisco.com.
Escape character is '^]'.

[OK] (elapsed time was 9 seconds)

Building configuration...

telnet> quit
Connection closed.


(venv) KECORBIN-M-90Y9:virl_cli kecorbin$ virl down virl_cli-GnMIWY
Shutting Down Simulation virl_cli-GnMIWY.....SUCCESS
(venv) KECORBIN-M-90Y9:virl_cli kecorbin$ virl ls

    Here is a list of all the running nodes

╒═════════════════╤══════════╤════════════════════════════╤═══════════╕
│ Simulation      │ Status   │ Launched                   │ Expires   │
╞═════════════════╪══════════╪════════════════════════════╪═══════════╡
│ topology-CoC73j │ ACTIVE   │ 2017-12-02T14:44:29.209647 │           │
├─────────────────┼──────────┼────────────────────────────┼───────────┤
│ virl_cli-GnMIWY │ STOP     │ 2017-12-08T07:35:46.444588 │           │
╘═════════════════╧══════════╧════════════════════════════╧═══════════╛

(venv) KECORBIN-M-90Y9:virl_cli kecorbin$ virl ls

    Here is a list of all the running nodes

╒═════════════════╤══════════╤════════════════════════════╤═══════════╕
│ Simulation      │ Status   │ Launched                   │ Expires   │
╞═════════════════╪══════════╪════════════════════════════╪═══════════╡
│ topology-CoC73j │ ACTIVE   │ 2017-12-02T14:44:29.209647 │           │
╘═════════════════╧══════════╧════════════════════════════╧═══════════╛

Localization

virlutils provides a handy way of maintaining portability across multiple VIRL backend servers. Any configuration that is stored in your topology.virl file can make use of some special tags which will be substituted at launch (virl up) for parameters unique to the virl host.

Currently the following tags are supported:

  • {{ gateway }} - will be replaced with the default gateway of the flat network
  • {{ flat1_gateway }} - will be replaced with the gateway IP address of the flat1 network
  • {{ dns_server }} - replaced with the dns_server configured on the VIRL host

NOTE: these tags must be copied exactly (including surrounding braces+spaces)

Inventory Generation

virlutils will generate inventories for various management systems

pyATS Testbed Generation

quickly turn your simulations into a testbed file that can be used for pyATS/Genie

virl generate pyats

Ansible Inventory Generation

quickly turn your simulations into an inventory file that can be used to run your playbooks against. Both INI and YAML(default) formats are supported by the tool.

Usage: virl generate ansible [OPTIONS] [ENV]

  generate ansible inventory

Options:
  -o, --output TEXT   output File name
  --style [ini|yaml]  output format (default is yaml)
  --help              Show this message and exit.

The ansible group membership can be controlled by adding additional extensions to your VIRL files.

<node name="router1" type="SIMPLE" subtype="CSR1000v" location="361,129" ipv4="172.16.252.6" ipv6="2001:db8:b:0:1::2">
  <extensions>
    <entry key="ansible_group" type="String">mygroup</entry>
  </extensions>
</node>

would result in the following inventory entry

all:
  children:
    mygroup:
      hosts:
        router1:
          ansible_host: 172.16.252.6

NOTE: if the ansible_group key is not specified for a node, that node will not be included during inventory generation.

Cisco Network Services Orchestrator

You can add/update Network Services Orchestrator with your VIRL simulation.

Usage

virl generate nso [OPTIONS] [ENV]

  generate nso inventory

Options:
  -o, --output TEXT           just dump the payload to file without sending
  --syncfrom / --no-syncfrom  Perform sync-from after updating devices
  --syncto / --no-syncto      Perform sync-to afgter updating devices
  --help                      Show this message and exit.

output

Updating NSO....
Enter NSO IP/Hostname: localhost
Enter NSO username: admin
Enter NSO password:
Successfully added VIRL devices to NSO

NOTE: NSO environment is also attempted to be determined using the following environment variables

  • NSO_HOST
  • NSO_USERNAME
  • NSO_PASSWORD

NSO Configuration Example

export NSO_HOST=localhost
export NSO_USERNAME=admin
export NSO_PASSWORD=admin

Tab Completions

➜  test git:(test) virl l<tab>
logs  ls  

You can activate VIRL autocompletions by executing the following command

eval "$(_VIRL_COMPLETE=source virl)"

zsh users may need to run the following prior

autoload bashcompinit
bashcompinit

Local Development

If you have an idea for a feature you would like to see, we gladly accept pull requests. To get started developing, simply run the following..

git clone https://github.com/CiscoDevNet/virlutils
cd virlutils
python setup.py develop

Linting

We use flake 8 to lint our code. Please keep the repository clean by running:

flake8

Testing

We have some testing implemented, but would love to have better coverage. If you add a feature, or just feel like writing tests please update the appropriate files in the tests folder.

To run the tests in the tests folder, you can simply run make test from the project root.

You can’t perform that action at this time.