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Linked Events

Build status codecov Requirements Gitter

High-level diagram of Linked Events

TL;DR => Linked Events is a REST API which allows you to set up an event* publication hub.

*event here means a happening where people get together and do something.

Linked Events is event information:

  • Aggregator => using Python importers which have the logic to import events information from different data sources
  • Creator => by offering PUT/POST /event API endpoint with granular user permissions and a hierarchical organization structure supporting different publishing rights for different organizations
  • Publisher => by offering API endpoints from which interested parties can retrieve information about events

Linked Events was originally developed for City of Helsinki organization and you can see the Linked Events API in action for Helsinki capital region here. It contains data from all Helsinki City Departments as well as data from Helsinki Marketing and the Helmet metropolitan area public libraries. Viewing the API should give a reasonable view for the kind of information Linked Events is targeted for.

Target audience of this README.md are developers who may or maynot have a lot of Python experience and would like to get things running as quickly as possible. Therefore, instructions written in this README.md should be written accordingly.

Contributing

The best way to contribute is to open a new PR for discussion. We strive to be able to support various cities with various use cases, so suggestions and new features (as long as they fit in with existing functionality) are welcome.

How to setup your local development environment

If all you want is a barebone application to work with for your own city:

  • Start django application and database server:

    docker-compose up
    
  • Access application on localhost:8000

  • You are done 🔥

If you wish to use locations, addresses and events data from the Helsinki capital region:

  • Read linked-events-importers.md and decide the importers or commands you would like to use.

  • You can then serve the UI for Linked Events API for example by setting authentication keys to local_settings.py

  • UI app is specific to Helsinki at the moment and requires general Finnish ontology as well as additional Helsinki specific audiences and keywords to be present. However, UI code should be easily adaptable to your own city if you have an OAuth2 authentication server present

Development installation on physical or virtual machine

These instructions assume an $INSTALL_BASE, like so:

INSTALL_BASE=$HOME/linkedevents

If you've already cloned this repository, just move repository root into $INSTALL_BASE/linkedevents. Otherwise just clone the repository, like so:

git clone https://github.com/City-of-Helsinki/linkedevents.git $INSTALL_BASE/linkedevents

Prepare Python 3.x virtualenv using your favorite tools and activate it. Plain virtualenv is like so:

virtualenv -p python3 $INSTALL_BASE/venv
source $INSTALL_BASE/venv/bin/activate

Install required Python packages into the virtualenv

cd $INSTALL_BASE/linkedevents
pip install -r requirements.txt

Create the database, like so: (we have only tested on PostgreSQL)

cd $INSTALL_BASE/linkedevents
sudo -u postgres createuser -R -S linkedevents
# Following is for US locale, we are not certain whether Linkedevents
# behaves differently depending on DB collation & ctype
#sudo -u postgres createdb -Olinkedevents linkedevents
# This is is for Finnish locale
sudo -u postgres createdb -Olinkedevents -Ttemplate0 -lfi_FI.UTF-8 linkedevents
# Create extensions in the database
sudo -u postgres psql linkedevents -c "CREATE EXTENSION postgis;"
sudo -u postgres psql linkedevents -c "CREATE EXTENSION hstore;"
# This fills the database with a basic skeleton
python manage.py migrate
# This adds language fields based on settings.LANGUAGES (which may be missing in external dependencies)
python manage.py sync_translation_fields

If you wish to install Linkedevents without any Helsinki specific data (an empty database), and instead customize everything for your own city, you have a working install right now.

The last steps are needed if you wish to use location, address or event data from the Helsinki metropolitan region, or if you wish to run the Helsinki UI (https://linkedevents.hel.fi) from https://github.com/City-of-Helsinki/linkedevents-ui. Currently, the UI is specific to Helsinki and requires the general Finnish ontology as well as additional Helsinki specific audiences and keywords to be present, though its code should be easily adaptable to your own city if you have an OAuth2 authentication server present.

The commands below are documented in more detail in linked-events-importers.md.

cd $INSTALL_BASE/linkedevents
# Import general Finnish ontology (used by Helsinki UI and Helsinki events)
python manage.py event_import yso --all
# Add keyword set to display in the UI event audience selection
python manage.py add_helsinki_audience
# Add keyword set to display in the UI main category selection
python manage.py add_helsinki_topics
# Import places from Helsinki metropolitan region service registry (used by events from following sources)
python manage.py event_import tprek --places
# Import places from Helsinki metropolitan region address registry (used as fallback locations)
python manage.py event_import osoite --places
# Import events from Helsinki metropolitan region libraries
python manage.py event_import helmet --events
# Import events from Espoo
python manage.py event_import espoo --events
# Import City of Helsinki hierarchical organization for UI user rights management
python manage.py import_organizations https://api.hel.fi/paatos/v1/organization/ -s helsinki:ahjo
# Import municipalities in Finland
python manage.py geo_import finland --municipalities
# Import districts in Helsinki
python manage.py geo_import helsinki --divisions
# install API frontend templates:
python manage.py install_templates helevents

The last command installs the helevents/templates/rest_framework/api.html template, which contains Helsinki event data summary and license. You may customize the template for your favorite city by creating your_favorite_city/templates/rest_framework/api.html. For further erudition, take a look at the DRF documentation on customizing the browsable API

After this, everything but search endpoint (/search) is working. See search

Production notes

Development installation above will give you quite a serviceable production installation for lightish usage. You can serve out the application using your favorite WSGI-capable application server. The WSGI-entrypoint for Linked Events is linkedevents.wsgi or in file linkedevents/wsgi.py. Former is used by gunicorn, latter by uwsgi. The callable is application.

You will also need to serve out static and media folders at /static and /media in your URL space.

Running tests

Tests must be run using an user who can create (and drop) databases and write the directories your linkedevents installation resides in. Also the template database must include Postgis and HSTORE-extensions. If you are developing, you probably want to give those permissions to the database user configured in your development instance. Like so:

# Change this if you have different DB user
DATABASE_USER=linkedevents
# Most likely you have a postgres system user that can log into postgres as DB postgres user
sudo -u postgres psql << EOF
ALTER USER "$DATABASE_USER" CREATEDB;
\c template1
CREATE EXTENSION IF NOT EXISTS postgis;
CREATE EXTENSION IF NOT EXISTS hstore;
EOF

Afterwards you can run the tests:

cd $INSTALL_BASE/linkedevents
py.test events

Note that search tests will fail unless you configure search

Requirements

Linked Events uses two files for requirements. The workflow is as follows.

requirements.txt is not edited manually, but is generated with pip-compile.

requirements.txt always contains fully tested, pinned versions of the requirements. requirements.in contains the primary, unpinned requirements of the project without their dependencies.

In production, deployments should always use requirements.txt and the versions pinned therein. In development, new virtualenvs and development environments should also be initialised using requirements.txt. pip-sync will synchronize the active virtualenv to match exactly the packages in requirements.txt.

In development and testing, to update to the latest versions of requirements, use the command pip-compile. You can use requires.io to monitor the pinned versions for updates.

To remove a dependency, remove it from requirements.in, run pip-compile and then pip-sync. If everything works as expected, commit the changes.

Search

Linkedevents uses Elasticsearch for generating results on the /search-endpoint. If you wish to use that functionality, proceed like so:

  1. Install elasticsearch

    We've only tested using the rather ancient 1.7 version. Version 5.x will certainly not work as the django-haystack-library does not support it. If you are using Ubuntu 16.04, 1.7 will be available in the official repository.

  2. (For Finnish support) Install elasticsearch-analyzer-voikko, libvoikko and needed dictionaries

    /usr/share/elasticsearch/bin/plugin -i fi.evident.elasticsearch/elasticsearch-analysis-voikko/0.4.0 This specific command is for Debian derivatives. The path to plugin command might be different on yours. Note that version 0.4.0 is the one compatible with Elasticsearch 1.7

    Installing libvoikko: apt-get install libvoikko1

    Installing the dictionaries (v5 dictionaries are needed for libvoikko version included in Ubuntu 16.04):

   wget -P $INSTALL_BASE http://www.puimula.org/htp/testing/voikko-snapshot-v5/dict-morpho.zip    unzip $INSTALL_BASE/dict-morpho.zip -d /etc/voikko ```

  1. Configure the thing

    Set the ELASTICSEARCH_URL environment variable (or variable in config_dev.toml, if you are running in development mode) to your elasticsearch instance. The default value is http://localhost:9200/.

    Haystack configuration for all Linkedevents languages happens automatically if ELASTICSEARCH_URL is set, but you may customize it manually using local_settings.py if you know Haystack and wish to do so.

  2. Rebuild the search indexes

  python manage.py rebuild_index

  You should now have a working /search endpoint, give or take a few.

Event extensions

It is possible to extend event data and API without touching events application by implementing separate extension applications. These extensions will be wired under field extension_<extension idenfier> in event API. If not auto enabled (see 6. below), extensions can be enabled per request using query param extensions with comma separated identifiers as values, or all for enabling all the extensions.

To implement an extension:

  1. Create a new Django application, preferably named extension_<unique identifier for the extension>.

  2. If you need to add new data for events, implement that using model(s) in the extension application.

  3. Inherit events.extensions.EventExtension and implement needed attributes and methods. See extensions.py for details.

  4. Add event_extension: <your EventExtension subclass> attribute to the extension applications's AppConfig.

  5. Make the extension available by adding the extension application to INSTALLED_APPS.

  6. If you want to force the extension to be enabled on every request, add the extension's identifier to AUTO_ENABLED_EXTENSIONS in Django settings.

For an example extension implementation, see course extension.