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Clave.ExtensionMethods

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This is a collection of small and useful extension methods for C#.

To use it just add using Clave.ExtensionMethods; at the top of the file

String extensions

Join

Join an enumerable of strings

var strings = new[] {"a", "b", "c"};
strings.Join(" "); // "a b c"

ConcatWithSpace / JoinWithSpace

Concatenate strings using space, triming away extra spaces

"a".ConcatWithSpace("b", "c"); // "a b c"
"a".ConcatWithSpace(" b ", " ", "c"); // "a b c"
// it also works on enumerables
new[]{"a", "b", "c"}.JoinWithSpace()

ConcatWithComma / JoinWithComma

Concatenate strings using space, triming away extra spaces

"a".ConcatWithComma("b", "c"); // "a, b, c"
"a".ConcatWithComma(" b ", " ", "c"); // "a, b, c"
// it also works on enumerables
new[]{"a", "b", "c"}.JoinWithComma()

ToNullIfEmpty

Converts a string to null if it is empty, useful together with the ?? operator

someString.ToNullIfEmpty() ?? "defaultValue";

ToNullIfWhiteSpace

Converts a string to null if it is empty or only contains white space characters, useful together with the ?? operator

someString.ToNullIfWhiteSpace() ?? "defaultValue";

SkipPrefix

Removes a prefix of a string if it is present

"something".SkipPrefix("some"); // "thing"

ToInt

Converts a string to an int. If it fails it returns the fallback value, which defaults to 0.

"123".ToInt(); // 123
"foo".ToInt(); // 0
"foo".ToInt(-1); // -1

ToDecimal

Converts a string to an decimal. If it fails it returns the fallback value, which defaults to 0.

"123.45".ToDecimal(); // 123.45
"foo".ToDecimal(); // 0
"foo".ToDecimal(-1); // -1

Enumerable extensions

Only

Creates an enumerable with only one value

var enumerable = "something".Only();

And

Creates an enumerable of one or more values

var enumerable = "some".And("thing", "else");

NotAny

Returns true if the list is empty, or if nothing matches the predicate

new string[0].NotAny(); // true
new []{"a", "b", "c"}.NotAny(string.IsNullOrEmpty); // true

WhereNot

Returns only the items that don't match the predicate

new []{"a", "", "c"}.WhereNot(string.IsNullOrEmpty); // "a", "c"

WhereNotNull

Returns only the items that are not null

new []{"a", null, "c"}.WhereNotNull(); // "a", "c"

// this also works with a predicate

new []{new Foo("a"), new Foo(null), new Foo("c")}.WhereNotNull(f => f.Value); // "a", "c"

ToReadOnlyCollection

Returns an IReadOnlyCollection, does nothing if the type is already an IReadOnlyCollection

"a".And("b", "c").ToReadOnlyCollection();
new []{"a", "b", "c"}.ToReadOnlyCollection();

ToReadOnlyList

Returns an IReadOnlyList, does nothing if the type is already an IReadOnlyList

"a".And("b", "c").ToReadOnlyList();
new []{"a", "b", "c"}.ToReadOnlyList();

DistinctBy

Returns only the entries with a distinct key

new []{new Foo("a"), new Foo("a"), new Foo("c")}.DistinctBy(f => f.Value); // "a", "c"

This uses the Compare<T> utility, described below.

GroupByProp

Groups by a property in the key

new []{new Foo("a1"), new Foo("a2"), new Foo("b1"), new Foo("b2")}.GroupByProp(s => s.Prop, s => s[0]); // ["a1", "a2"], ["b1", "b2"]

This uses the Compare<T> utility, described below.

ExceptBy

Returns only the items that are not in the second set, using the selector

new []{new Foo("a"), new Foo("b"), new Foo("c")}.ExceptBy(new []{new Foo("b")}, f => f.Value); // "a", "c"

This uses the Compare<T> utility, described below.

Zip

Zip together two enumerables and return a tuple of the entries

foreach(var (a, b) in listA.Zip(listB))
{
	// ...
}

Join

Join together two enumerables using two key selectors and return a tuple of the entries

foreach(var (a, b) in listA.Join(listB, a => a.Id, b => b.Id))
{
	// ...
}

Func extensions

Pipe

Call a function with the value. Very useful if you want to use optional chaining

valueThatMightBeNull?.Pipe(FuncThatNeedsValue);
arg1.Pipe(Func2, arg2);
arg1.Pipe(Func3, arg2, arg3);

Empty

This is a useful way to get empty immutable objects. Since they are immutable the same empty instance can be reused every time.

ReadOnlyCollection

Returns an empty IReadOnlyCollection

Empty.ReadOnlyCollection<string>();

ReadOnlyList

Returns an empty IReadOnlyList

Empty.ReadOnlyList<string>();

Array

Returns an empty Array

Empty.Array<string>();

Enum

ToEnum

Converts a string to an enum, throws exception if it is an unknown string

"Monday".ToEnum<Weekday>(); // Weekday.Monday

ToEnumOrDefault

Converts a string to an enum, uses the default value if it is an unknown string

"Monday".ToEnumOrDefault(Weekday.Unknown); // Weekday.Monday
"BlaBla".ToEnumOrDefault(Weekday.Unknown); // Weekday.Unknown

Magic

These are magical extension methods that allow you to do useful magic.

To use it just add using Clave.ExtensionMethods.Magic; at the top of the file

Add list to list

This will add all the items in a list to another list

var list = new List<string>
{
	"some",
	GetStringList(),
	"thing"
}

Await many things

This lets you await several tasks without using Task.WhenAll

await DoSomethingAsync().And(DoSomethingElseAsync(), AtTheSameTimeAsync());

Compare

This is a utility for creating an IEqualityComparer on the fly

var yearComparer = Compare<DateTime>.Using(date => date.Year);

yearComparer.Equals(DateTime.Parse("2019-02-03"), DateTime.Parse("2019-08-19")); // true

It can be used anywhere that expects an IEqualityComparer, for example .Distinct() and even Dictionary.

var dictionary = new Dictionary<DateTime, string>(yearComparer)
{
    [DateTime.Parse("2019-02-06")] = "year 1",
    [DateTime.Parse("2020-08-12")] = "year 2",
};

dictionary[DateTime.Now]; // "year 1" in 1019, "year 2" in 2020

License

The MIT license

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