Docker images to build and generate native artifacts using GraalVM
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README.md
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generate-native-image-example.sh

README.md

scala-graalvm-docker

This project provides a collection of docker images to facilitate the usage of GraalVM by Scala projects, guaranteeing a consistent and reproducible environment where native images can be produced in an automated fashion.

"Make development more productive and run programs faster anywhere." - GraalVM

Goal

Accelerate GraalVM's adoption during develop, test, and release phases of Scala projects.

Available

Scala: 2.11.8 and 2.12.6

SBT: From 0.13.15 until 1.1.5

GraalVM: 1.0.0-RC1

List of tags: cloudscala/scala-graalvm:{tags}

How to use

Automating the development, testing, and release process will vary based on the needs of a project, but the following example could fit all cases. This repo contains a docker-compose-example.yml as an example of how to use an image.

version: '3'

services:
  app:
    image: cloudscala/scala-graalvm:scala-2.12.6-sbt-1.1.5-graalvm-1.0.0-rc1
    command: ./generate-native-image-example.sh
    volumes:
      - .:/app
      - ~/.ivy2:/root/.ivy2
      - ~/.sbt:/root/.sbt
      - ~/.coursier:/root/.coursier 

By opening the console and running docker-compose run app; the docker-compose file must be in the project's root level, docker-compose will pull the version scala-2.12.6-sbt-1.1.5-graalvm-1.0.0-rc1 and we execute the ./generate-native-image-example.sh when the container boots up. Also, notice that the we share the current directory and known artifact folders with the container to avoid having the container's SBT loading all artificats everytime.

The generate-native-image-example.sh:

# Set distribution folder from first argument, otherwise default to `native`
NATIVE_IMAGE_FOLDER=native-image
if [ $# -gt 0 ]; then
	NATIVE_IMAGE_FOLDER=$1
fi

# Create native-image folder if it doesn't exist, and clear the contents
mkdir -p ${NATIVE_IMAGE_FOLDER}
rm -rf ${NATIVE_IMAGE_FOLDER}/*

# Create an .jar using sbt-assembly
sbt -mem 2048 clean assembly

# Move .jar to native-image folder
find "." -name '*.jar' | while read APP_JAR; do
	mv $APP_JAR $NATIVE_IMAGE_FOLDER
done

# Go to native-image folder and generate the executables for each .jar
cd $NATIVE_IMAGE_FOLDER

find "." -name '*.jar' | while read APP_JAR; do
	echo "Processing .jar '$APP_JAR' on $NATIVE_IMAGE_FOLDER folder"
	native-image -J-Xmx2G -J-Xms2G --no-server -H:+ReportUnsupportedElementsAtRuntime -jar ${APP_JAR}
done

Creates a native-image folder in the project folder, triggers SBT's task sbt assembly, moves the created .jar to native-image folder, and at last but not least, generates the native image using GRAALVM native-image command.

Once the executable is ready in the native-image folder, we can run it inside the very same container, by changing the command in the docker-compose to point to ./native-image/{GENERATED-EXECUTABLE-FILE}, or ship it to S3, or create a new docker image and publish to AWS ECR, etc... what to do with the executable is matter of creativity.

Note that we presume that the current Scala project is using sbt-assembly plugin, but any other plugin could be used, like sbt-pack, sbt-native-packager, sbt-onejar, and sbt-proguard.

Spark Job example

The folder spark-job-graalvm-example contains an example where it uses the docker-compose and shell above.

asciicast

References and Inspiration

License

MIT License

Copyright (c) 2018 Vitor S. Vieira

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.