A web-based GUI for managing and monitoring the Pacemaker High-Availability cluster resource manager
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HA Web Konsole (Hawk)

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Hawk provides a web interface for High Availability clusters managed by the Pacemaker cluster resource manager. The current goal of the project is to provide a complete management interface to the HA cluster, both in the form of a flexible REST API as well as a modern client frontend using the API.


Table of contents


Hawk runs on every node in the cluster, so that you can just point your web browser at any node to access it. E.g.:


Hawk is always accessed via HTTPS, and requires users to log in prior to providing access to the cluster. The same user privilege rules apply as for Pacemaker itself: You need to log in as a user in the haclient group. The easiest thing to do is to assign a password to the hacluster user, and then to log in using that account. Note that you will need to configure this user account on every node that you will use Hawk on.

For more fine-grained control over access to the cluster, you can create multiple user accounts and configure Access Control Lists (ACL) for those users. These access control rules are available directly from the Hawk user interface.

Once logged in, you will see a status view displaying the current state of the cluster. All the configured cluster resources are shown together with their status, as well as a general state of the cluster and a list of recent cluster events (if any).

The navigation menu on the left hand side provides access to the additional features of Hawk, such as the history explorer, the multi-cluster dashboard and configuration management. On the top right of the screen you can enable or disable the simulator, configure user preferences and log out of the cluster.

Resource management operations (start, stop, online, standby, etc.) can be performed using the menu of operations next to the resource in the status view.


Hawk is being restructured to provide a cleaner separation between the frontend and the backend. As a first step towards this goal, Hawk now uses its own small API proxy daemon as a web server, which is maintained as a separate project:



Status Wizard


Note that this list of features is not complete, and is intended only as a rough guide to the Hawk user interface.

Resource Management

From the status view of Hawk, you can control the state of individual resources or resource groups, start / stop / promote / demote. You can also migrate resources to and away from specific nodes, clean up resources after failure and show a list of recent events for the resource.

On the status page you can also manage nodes including setting node attributes and displaying recent events related to the specific node.

Additionally, if there are any tickets configured (requires the use of geo clustering via booth 1), these are also displayed in the status view and can be managed in a similar fashion to resources.

Multi-cluster Dashboard

The Dashboard can be used to monitor the local cluster, displaying a blinkenlights-style overview of all resources as well as any recent failures that may have occurred. It is also possible to configure access to remote clusters, so that multiple clusters can be monitored from a single interface. This can be useful as a HUD in an operations center, or when using geo clustering.

Hawk can also run in an offline mode, where you run Hawk on a non-cluster machine which monitors one or more remote clusters.

History Explorer

The history explorer is a tool for collecting and downloading cluster reports, which include logs and other information for a certain timeframe. The history explorer is also useful for analysing such cluster reports. You can either upload a previously generated cluster report for analysis, or generate one on the fly.

Once uploaded, you can scroll through all of the cluster events that took place in the time frame covered by the report. For each event, you can see the current cluster configuration, logs from all cluster nodes and a transition graph showing exactly what happened and why.


Hawk makes it easy to configure both resources, groups of resources, constraints and tags. You can also configure resource templates to be reused later, and cloned resources that are active on multiple nodes at once.


Cluster wizards are useful for creating more complicated configurations in a single process. The wizards vary in complexity from simply configuring a single virtual IP address to configuring multiple resources together with constraints, in multiple steps and including package installation, configuration and setup.

View Configuration and Graph

From the web interface you can view the current cluster configuration in the crm shell syntax or as XML. You can also generate a graph view of the resources and constraints configured in the cluster.

Command Log

To make the transition between using the web interface and the command line interface easier, Hawk provides a command log showing a list of recent commands executed by the web interface. A user who is learning to configure a Pacemaker cluster can start by using the web interface, and learn how to use the command line in the process.

Access Control Lists

Pacemaker supports fine-grained access control to the configuration based on user roles. These roles can be viewed and configured directly from the web interface. Using the ACL rules, you can for example create unprivileged user accounts that are able to log in and view the state of the cluster, but cannot edit resources.


Hawk features a cluster simulation mode. Once enabled, any changes to the cluster are not applied directly. Instead, events such as resource failure or node failure can be simulated, and the user can see what the resulting cluster response would be. This can be very useful when configuring constraints, to ensure that the rules work as intended.

Build Dependencies

The exact versions specified here may not be accurate. Also, note that Hawk also requires the rubygems listed in hawk/Gemfile.

  • ruby >= 2.2
  • pam-devel


The exact versions specified here may not be accurate. Also, note that Hawk also requires the rubygems listed in hawk/Gemfile.

  • ruby >= 2.2
  • crmsh >= 3.0.0
  • hawk-apiserver
  • graphviz
  • graphviz-gd
  • dejavu
  • pacemaker >= 1.1.8
  • bundler
  • iproute2

For details about the Hawk API server, see the separate repository at Github:


Hawk is a Ruby on Rails app which runs using the Puma web server (http://puma.io/).

For details on the rubygems used by hawk, see the gemfile in hawk/Gemfile.

Installing The Easy Way

If you are running openSUSE Tumbleweed, you are in luck. All you have to do is install the hawk2 package and then initialize the HA cluster:

zypper install hawk2
crm cluster init

Once initialized, go to https://<IP>:7630/.

Packaging Notes

For anyone looking to package Hawk for distributions, the best approach is probably to look at the RPM packaging at the SUSE Open Build Service and begin from there:

The main difficulty will probably be deciding how to package the Ruby gems. Hawk used to have an installation mode in which all Ruby gems were bundled into a single RPM package, but for maintainability reasons we decided to split each rubygem into its own package.

A Note on SSL Certificates

The Hawk init script will automatically generate a self-signed SSL certificate, in /etc/hawk/hawk.pem. If you want to use your own certificate, replace hawk.key and hawk.pem with your certificate. For browsers to accept this certificate, the node running Hawk will need to be accessed via the domain name specified in the certificate.

Hacking Hawk

Preconfigured Vagrant environment

To hack on Hawk we recommend to use the vagrant setup. There is a Vagrantfile attached, which creates a three-node cluster with a basic configuration suitable for development and testing.

To be prepared for getting our vagrant setup running you need to follow some steps.

Out of the box, vagrant is configured to synchronize the working folder to /vagrant in the virtual machines using NFS. For this to work properly, the vagrant-bindfs plugin is necessary.

Install it using the following command:

vagrant plugin install vagrant-bindfs
  • If you plan to use libvirt as provider make sure you have the libvirt-plugin installed:
vagrant plugin install vagrant-libvirt

This is all you need to prepare initially to set up the vagrant environment, now you can simply start the virtual machine with vagrant up and start an ssh session with vagrant ssh webui based on virtualbox. To start the virtual machines on libvirt you have to append --provider=libvirt to the above commands, e.g. vagrant up --provider=libvirt. If you want to access the source within the virtual machine you have to switch to the /vagrant directory.

Web server instances

You can access the Hawk web interface based on the git source through https://localhost:3000 now. If you want to access the version installed through packages you can reach it through https://localhost:7630.

In fact, within the Vagrant environment, there are two instances of the Hawk interface running. The first one is accessible through https://localhost:7630, with /usr/share/hawk as the root directory. This instance is launched by default as a production server when installing hawk through the package manager or when launching the vagrant environment. It is used to monitor and manage the cluster in the real production environment.

The commands used to control this server are:

$ vagrant ssh webui
vagrant@webui:~> sudo systemctl start hawk
vagrant@webui:~> sudo systemctl stop hawk
vagrant@webui:~> sudo systemctl restart hawk
vagrant@webui:~> sudo systemctl status hawk

The other instance is used for development purposes. Its root directory is /vagrant/hawk. That's because the /vagrant folder is synced with the host machine's working folder (the local git repository), so any changes in that folder is detected instantly by this server instance in the guest machine. This instance is accessible through https://localhost:3000. Also, You can find installed on the development VM a script called hawk (hawk/bin/hawk), which can be used to control the development instance of hawk:

$ vagrant ssh webui
vagrant@webui:~> export PATH=/vagrant/hawk/bin:$PATH
vagrant@webui:~> hawk status
vagrant@webui:~> hawk log
vagrant@webui:~> hawk apilog
vagrant@webui:~> hawk start
vagrant@webui:~> hawk stop
vagrant@webui:~> hawk restart

Puma server configuration

You can change the configurations of both instances of the Puma sever through the configuration file in hawk/config/puma.rb. You can also pass options directly through environment variables.

Please also note that the Puma server is configured to use a maximum number of 16 threads withing one worker in clustered mode. This application is thread safe and you can customize this through the puma.rb file. You may need to provision the vm again with vagrant provision in order for this to takes effect in production environment. For further information about threads and workers in Puma, please take a look at this great article by Heroku: Puma web server article

Hacking hawk tools

Hawk's tools are the programs under the hawk/tools folder (hawk_chkpwd and hawk_invoke). If you need to change something on these files, you need to provision the machine again with the command vagrant provision to get this scripts compiled and copied to the correct places, setuid-root and group to haclient in /usr/bin again. You should end up with something like:

ls /usr/sbin/hawk_* -l+ +
-rwsr-x--- 1 root haclient 9884 2011-04-14 22:56 /usr/sbin/hawk_chkpwd+
-rwsr-x--- 1 root haclient 9928 2011-04-14 22:56 /usr/sbin/hawk_invoke+

hawk_chkpwd is almost identical to unix2_chkpwd, except it restricts acccess to users in the haclient group, and doesn't inject any delay when invoked by the hacluster user (which is the user the Hawk web server instance runs as).

hawk_invoke allows the hacluster user to run a small assortment of Pacemaker CLI tools as another user in order to support Pacemaker's ACL feature. It is used by Hawk when performing various management tasks.

Questions, Feedback, etc.

The upstream source repository can be found at https://github.com/ClusterLabs/hawk . Issues, questions or pull requests are welcome there.

Please direct comments, feedback, questions etc. to the Clusterlabs users mailing list at http://clusterlabs.org/mailman/listinfo/users .


1: https://github.com/ClusterLabs/booth/