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Silex

Module for testing Silex applications like you would regularly do with Silex\WebTestCase. This module uses Symfony2 Crawler and HttpKernel to emulate requests and get response.

This module may be considered experimental and require feedback and pull requests from you )

Status

Config

  • app: required - path to Silex bootstrap file.
  • em_service: 'db.orm.em' - use the stated EntityManager to pair with Doctrine Module.

Bootstrap File

Bootstrap is the same as WebTestCase.createApplication.

<?
$app = require __DIR__.'/path/to/app.php';
$app['debug'] = true;
$app['exception_handler']->disable();

return $app; // optionally
?>

Example (functional.suite.yml)

modules:
   enabled:
      - Silex:
         app: 'app/bootstrap.php'

Class Silex @package Codeception\Module

Actions

_findElements

hidden API method, expected to be used from Helper classes

Locates element using available Codeception locator types:

  • XPath
  • CSS
  • Strict Locator

Use it in Helpers or GroupObject or Extension classes:

<?php
$els = $this->getModule('Silex')->_findElements('.items');
$els = $this->getModule('Silex')->_findElements(['name' => 'username']);

$editLinks = $this->getModule('Silex')->_findElements(['link' => 'Edit']);
// now you can iterate over $editLinks and check that all them have valid hrefs

WebDriver module returns Facebook\WebDriver\Remote\RemoteWebElement instances PhpBrowser and Framework modules return Symfony\Component\DomCrawler\Crawler instances

  • param $locator
  • return array of interactive elements

_getResponseContent

hidden API method, expected to be used from Helper classes

Returns content of the last response Use it in Helpers when you want to retrieve response of request performed by another module.

<?php
// in Helper class
public function seeResponseContains($text)
{
   $this->assertContains($text, $this->getModule('Silex')->_getResponseContent(), "response contains");
}
?>
  • return string
  • throws ModuleException

_loadPage

hidden API method, expected to be used from Helper classes

Opens a page with arbitrary request parameters. Useful for testing multi-step forms on a specific step.

<?php
// in Helper class
public function openCheckoutFormStep2($orderId) {
    $this->getModule('Silex')->_loadPage('POST', '/checkout/step2', ['order' => $orderId]);
}
?>
  • param $method
  • param $uri
  • param array $parameters
  • param array $files
  • param array $server
  • param null $content

_request

hidden API method, expected to be used from Helper classes

Send custom request to a backend using method, uri, parameters, etc. Use it in Helpers to create special request actions, like accessing API Returns a string with response body.

<?php
// in Helper class
public function createUserByApi($name) {
    $userData = $this->getModule('Silex')->_request('POST', '/api/v1/users', ['name' => $name]);
    $user = json_decode($userData);
    return $user->id;
}
?>

Does not load the response into the module so you can't interact with response page (click, fill forms). To load arbitrary page for interaction, use _loadPage method.

  • param $method
  • param $uri
  • param array $parameters
  • param array $files
  • param array $server
  • param null $content
  • return mixed|Crawler
  • throws ExternalUrlException
  • see _loadPage

_savePageSource

hidden API method, expected to be used from Helper classes

Saves page source of to a file

$this->getModule('Silex')->_savePageSource(codecept_output_dir().'page.html');
  • param $filename

amHttpAuthenticated

Authenticates user for HTTP_AUTH

  • param $username
  • param $password

amOnPage

Opens the page for the given relative URI.

<?php
// opens front page
$I->amOnPage('/');
// opens /register page
$I->amOnPage('/register');
  • param $page

attachFile

Attaches a file relative to the Codeception data directory to the given file upload field.

<?php
// file is stored in 'tests/_data/prices.xls'
$I->attachFile('input[ * `type="file"]',`  'prices.xls');
?>
  • param $field
  • param $filename

checkOption

Ticks a checkbox. For radio buttons, use the selectOption method instead.

<?php
$I->checkOption('#agree');
?>
  • param $option

click

Perform a click on a link or a button, given by a locator. If a fuzzy locator is given, the page will be searched for a button, link, or image matching the locator string. For buttons, the "value" attribute, "name" attribute, and inner text are searched. For links, the link text is searched. For images, the "alt" attribute and inner text of any parent links are searched.

The second parameter is a context (CSS or XPath locator) to narrow the search.

Note that if the locator matches a button of type submit, the form will be submitted.

<?php
// simple link
$I->click('Logout');
// button of form
$I->click('Submit');
// CSS button
$I->click('#form input[type=submit]');
// XPath
$I->click('//form/*[ * `type=submit]');` 
// link in context
$I->click('Logout', '#nav');
// using strict locator
$I->click(['link' => 'Login']);
?>
  • param $link
  • param $context

deleteHeader

Deletes the header with the passed name. Subsequent requests will not have the deleted header in its request.

Example:

<?php
$I->haveHttpHeader('X-Requested-With', 'Codeception');
$I->amOnPage('test-headers.php');
// ...
$I->deleteHeader('X-Requested-With');
$I->amOnPage('some-other-page.php');
?>
  • param string $name the name of the header to delete.

dontSee

Checks that the current page doesn't contain the text specified (case insensitive). Give a locator as the second parameter to match a specific region.

<?php
$I->dontSee('Login');                    // I can suppose user is already logged in
$I->dontSee('Sign Up','h1');             // I can suppose it's not a signup page
$I->dontSee('Sign Up','//body/h1');      // with XPath

Note that the search is done after stripping all HTML tags from the body, so $I->dontSee('strong') will fail on strings like:

  • <p>I am Stronger than thou</p>
  • <script>document.createElement('strong');</script>

But will ignore strings like:

  • <strong>Home</strong>
  • <div class="strong">Home</strong>
  • <!-- strong -->

For checking the raw source code, use seeInSource().

  • param $text
  • param null $selector

dontSeeCheckboxIsChecked

Check that the specified checkbox is unchecked.

<?php
$I->dontSeeCheckboxIsChecked('#agree'); // I suppose user didn't agree to terms
$I->seeCheckboxIsChecked('#signup_form input[type=checkbox]'); // I suppose user didn't check the first checkbox in form.
?>
  • param $checkbox

dontSeeCookie

Checks that there isn't a cookie with the given name. You can set additional cookie params like domain, path as array passed in last argument.

  • param $cookie

  • param array $params

dontSeeCurrentUrlEquals

Checks that the current URL doesn't equal the given string. Unlike dontSeeInCurrentUrl, this only matches the full URL.

<?php
// current url is not root
$I->dontSeeCurrentUrlEquals('/');
?>
  • param $uri

dontSeeCurrentUrlMatches

Checks that current url doesn't match the given regular expression.

<?php
// to match root url
$I->dontSeeCurrentUrlMatches('~$/users/(\d+)~');
?>
  • param $uri

dontSeeElement

Checks that the given element is invisible or not present on the page. You can also specify expected attributes of this element.

<?php
$I->dontSeeElement('.error');
$I->dontSeeElement('//form/input[1]');
$I->dontSeeElement('input', ['name' => 'login']);
$I->dontSeeElement('input', ['value' => '123456']);
?>
  • param $selector
  • param array $attributes

dontSeeInCurrentUrl

Checks that the current URI doesn't contain the given string.

<?php
$I->dontSeeInCurrentUrl('/users/');
?>
  • param $uri

dontSeeInField

Checks that an input field or textarea doesn't contain the given value. For fuzzy locators, the field is matched by label text, CSS and XPath.

<?php
$I->dontSeeInField('Body','Type your comment here');
$I->dontSeeInField('form textarea[name=body]','Type your comment here');
$I->dontSeeInField('form input[type=hidden]','hidden_value');
$I->dontSeeInField('#searchform input','Search');
$I->dontSeeInField('//form/*[ * `name=search]','Search');` 
$I->dontSeeInField(['name' => 'search'], 'Search');
?>
  • param $field
  • param $value

dontSeeInFormFields

Checks if the array of form parameters (name => value) are not set on the form matched with the passed selector.

<?php
$I->dontSeeInFormFields('form[name=myform]', [
     'input1' => 'non-existent value',
     'input2' => 'other non-existent value',
]);
?>

To check that an element hasn't been assigned any one of many values, an array can be passed as the value:

<?php
$I->dontSeeInFormFields('.form-class', [
     'fieldName' => [
         'This value shouldn\'t be set',
         'And this value shouldn\'t be set',
     ],
]);
?>

Additionally, checkbox values can be checked with a boolean.

<?php
$I->dontSeeInFormFields('#form-id', [
     'checkbox1' => true,        // fails if checked
     'checkbox2' => false,       // fails if unchecked
]);
?>
  • param $formSelector
  • param $params

dontSeeInSource

Checks that the current page contains the given string in its raw source code.

<?php
$I->dontSeeInSource('<h1>Green eggs &amp; ham</h1>');
  • param $raw

dontSeeInTitle

Checks that the page title does not contain the given string.

  • param $title

dontSeeLink

Checks that the page doesn't contain a link with the given string. If the second parameter is given, only links with a matching "href" attribute will be checked.

<?php
$I->dontSeeLink('Logout'); // I suppose user is not logged in
$I->dontSeeLink('Checkout now', '/store/cart.php');
?>
  • param $text
  • param null $url

dontSeeOptionIsSelected

Checks that the given option is not selected.

<?php
$I->dontSeeOptionIsSelected('#form input[name=payment]', 'Visa');
?>
  • param $selector
  • param $optionText

dontSeeResponseCodeIs

Checks that response code is equal to value provided.

<?php
$I->dontSeeResponseCodeIs(200);

// recommended \Codeception\Util\HttpCode
$I->dontSeeResponseCodeIs(\Codeception\Util\HttpCode::OK);
  • param $code

fillField

Fills a text field or textarea with the given string.

<?php
$I->fillField("//input[ * `type='text']",`  "Hello World!");
$I->fillField(['name' => 'email'], 'jon * `mail.com');` 
?>
  • param $field
  • param $value

getInternalDomains

Returns a list of recognized domain names

  • return array

grabAttributeFrom

Grabs the value of the given attribute value from the given element. Fails if element is not found.

<?php
$I->grabAttributeFrom('#tooltip', 'title');
?>
  • param $cssOrXpath
  • param $attribute

grabCookie

Grabs a cookie value. You can set additional cookie params like domain, path in array passed as last argument.

  • param $cookie

  • param array $params

grabFromCurrentUrl

Executes the given regular expression against the current URI and returns the first match. If no parameters are provided, the full URI is returned.

<?php
$user_id = $I->grabFromCurrentUrl('~$/user/(\d+)/~');
$uri = $I->grabFromCurrentUrl();
?>
  • param null $uri

grabMultiple

Grabs either the text content, or attribute values, of nodes matched by $cssOrXpath and returns them as an array.

<a href="#first">First</a>
<a href="#second">Second</a>
<a href="#third">Third</a>
<?php
// would return ['First', 'Second', 'Third']
$aLinkText = $I->grabMultiple('a');

// would return ['#first', '#second', '#third']
$aLinks = $I->grabMultiple('a', 'href');
?>
  • param $cssOrXpath
  • param $attribute
  • return string[]

grabService

Return an instance of a class from the Container.

Example

<?php
$I->grabService('session');
?>
  • param string $service

grabTextFrom

Finds and returns the text contents of the given element. If a fuzzy locator is used, the element is found using CSS, XPath, and by matching the full page source by regular expression.

<?php
$heading = $I->grabTextFrom('h1');
$heading = $I->grabTextFrom('descendant-or-self::h1');
$value = $I->grabTextFrom('~<input value=(.*?)]~sgi'); // match with a regex
?>
  • param $cssOrXPathOrRegex

grabValueFrom

  • param $field

  • return array|mixed|null|string

haveHttpHeader

Sets the HTTP header to the passed value - which is used on subsequent HTTP requests through PhpBrowser.

Example:

<?php
$I->setHeader('X-Requested-With', 'Codeception');
$I->amOnPage('test-headers.php');
?>
  • param string $name the name of the request header
  • param string $value the value to set it to for subsequent requests

moveBack

Moves back in history.

  • param int $numberOfSteps (default value 1)

resetCookie

Unsets cookie with the given name. You can set additional cookie params like domain, path in array passed as last argument.

  • param $cookie

  • param array $params

see

Checks that the current page contains the given string (case insensitive).

You can specify a specific HTML element (via CSS or XPath) as the second parameter to only search within that element.

<?php
$I->see('Logout');                 // I can suppose user is logged in
$I->see('Sign Up', 'h1');          // I can suppose it's a signup page
$I->see('Sign Up', '//body/h1');   // with XPath

Note that the search is done after stripping all HTML tags from the body, so $I->see('strong') will return true for strings like:

  • <p>I am Stronger than thou</p>
  • <script>document.createElement('strong');</script>

But will not be true for strings like:

  • <strong>Home</strong>
  • <div class="strong">Home</strong>
  • <!-- strong -->

For checking the raw source code, use seeInSource().

  • param $text
  • param null $selector

seeCheckboxIsChecked

Checks that the specified checkbox is checked.

<?php
$I->seeCheckboxIsChecked('#agree'); // I suppose user agreed to terms
$I->seeCheckboxIsChecked('#signup_form input[type=checkbox]'); // I suppose user agreed to terms, If there is only one checkbox in form.
$I->seeCheckboxIsChecked('//form/input[ * `type=checkbox`  and  * `name=agree]');` 
?>
  • param $checkbox

seeCookie

Checks that a cookie with the given name is set. You can set additional cookie params like domain, path as array passed in last argument.

<?php
$I->seeCookie('PHPSESSID');
?>
  • param $cookie
  • param array $params

seeCurrentUrlEquals

Checks that the current URL is equal to the given string. Unlike seeInCurrentUrl, this only matches the full URL.

<?php
// to match root url
$I->seeCurrentUrlEquals('/');
?>
  • param $uri

seeCurrentUrlMatches

Checks that the current URL matches the given regular expression.

<?php
// to match root url
$I->seeCurrentUrlMatches('~$/users/(\d+)~');
?>
  • param $uri

seeElement

Checks that the given element exists on the page and is visible. You can also specify expected attributes of this element.

<?php
$I->seeElement('.error');
$I->seeElement('//form/input[1]');
$I->seeElement('input', ['name' => 'login']);
$I->seeElement('input', ['value' => '123456']);

// strict locator in first arg, attributes in second
$I->seeElement(['css' => 'form input'], ['name' => 'login']);
?>
  • param $selector
  • param array $attributes
  • return

seeInCurrentUrl

Checks that current URI contains the given string.

<?php
// to match: /home/dashboard
$I->seeInCurrentUrl('home');
// to match: /users/1
$I->seeInCurrentUrl('/users/');
?>
  • param $uri

seeInField

Checks that the given input field or textarea contains the given value. For fuzzy locators, fields are matched by label text, the "name" attribute, CSS, and XPath.

<?php
$I->seeInField('Body','Type your comment here');
$I->seeInField('form textarea[name=body]','Type your comment here');
$I->seeInField('form input[type=hidden]','hidden_value');
$I->seeInField('#searchform input','Search');
$I->seeInField('//form/*[ * `name=search]','Search');` 
$I->seeInField(['name' => 'search'], 'Search');
?>
  • param $field
  • param $value

seeInFormFields

Checks if the array of form parameters (name => value) are set on the form matched with the passed selector.

<?php
$I->seeInFormFields('form[name=myform]', [
     'input1' => 'value',
     'input2' => 'other value',
]);
?>

For multi-select elements, or to check values of multiple elements with the same name, an array may be passed:

<?php
$I->seeInFormFields('.form-class', [
     'multiselect' => [
         'value1',
         'value2',
     ],
     'checkbox[]' => [
         'a checked value',
         'another checked value',
     ],
]);
?>

Additionally, checkbox values can be checked with a boolean.

<?php
$I->seeInFormFields('#form-id', [
     'checkbox1' => true,        // passes if checked
     'checkbox2' => false,       // passes if unchecked
]);
?>

Pair this with submitForm for quick testing magic.

<?php
$form = [
     'field1' => 'value',
     'field2' => 'another value',
     'checkbox1' => true,
     // ...
];
$I->submitForm('//form[ * `id=my-form]',`  $form, 'submitButton');
// $I->amOnPage('/path/to/form-page') may be needed
$I->seeInFormFields('//form[ * `id=my-form]',`  $form);
?>
  • param $formSelector
  • param $params

seeInSource

Checks that the current page contains the given string in its raw source code.

<?php
$I->seeInSource('<h1>Green eggs &amp; ham</h1>');
  • param $raw

seeInTitle

Checks that the page title contains the given string.

<?php
$I->seeInTitle('Blog - Post #1');
?>
  • param $title

seeLink

Checks that there's a link with the specified text. Give a full URL as the second parameter to match links with that exact URL.

<?php
$I->seeLink('Logout'); // matches <a href="#">Logout</a>
$I->seeLink('Logout','/logout'); // matches <a href="/logout">Logout</a>
?>
  • param $text
  • param null $url

seeNumberOfElements

Checks that there are a certain number of elements matched by the given locator on the page.

<?php
$I->seeNumberOfElements('tr', 10);
$I->seeNumberOfElements('tr', [0,10]); //between 0 and 10 elements
?>
  • param $selector
  • param mixed $expected :
    • string: strict number
    • array: range of numbers [0,10]

seeOptionIsSelected

Checks that the given option is selected.

<?php
$I->seeOptionIsSelected('#form input[name=payment]', 'Visa');
?>
  • param $selector
  • param $optionText

seePageNotFound

Asserts that current page has 404 response status code.

seeResponseCodeIs

Checks that response code is equal to value provided.

<?php
$I->seeResponseCodeIs(200);

// recommended \Codeception\Util\HttpCode
$I->seeResponseCodeIs(\Codeception\Util\HttpCode::OK);
  • param $code

selectOption

Selects an option in a select tag or in radio button group.

<?php
$I->selectOption('form select[name=account]', 'Premium');
$I->selectOption('form input[name=payment]', 'Monthly');
$I->selectOption('//form/select[ * `name=account]',`  'Monthly');
?>

Provide an array for the second argument to select multiple options:

<?php
$I->selectOption('Which OS do you use?', array('Windows','Linux'));
?>

Or provide an associative array for the second argument to specifically define which selection method should be used:

<?php
$I->selectOption('Which OS do you use?', array('text' => 'Windows')); // Only search by text 'Windows'
$I->selectOption('Which OS do you use?', array('value' => 'windows')); // Only search by value 'windows'
?>
  • param $select
  • param $option

sendAjaxGetRequest

If your page triggers an ajax request, you can perform it manually. This action sends a GET ajax request with specified params.

See ->sendAjaxPostRequest for examples.

  • param $uri
  • param $params

sendAjaxPostRequest

If your page triggers an ajax request, you can perform it manually. This action sends a POST ajax request with specified params. Additional params can be passed as array.

Example:

Imagine that by clicking checkbox you trigger ajax request which updates user settings. We emulate that click by running this ajax request manually.

<?php
$I->sendAjaxPostRequest('/updateSettings', array('notifications' => true)); // POST
$I->sendAjaxGetRequest('/updateSettings', array('notifications' => true)); // GET
  • param $uri
  • param $params

sendAjaxRequest

If your page triggers an ajax request, you can perform it manually. This action sends an ajax request with specified method and params.

Example:

You need to perform an ajax request specifying the HTTP method.

<?php
$I->sendAjaxRequest('PUT', '/posts/7', array('title' => 'new title'));
  • param $method
  • param $uri
  • param $params

setCookie

Sets a cookie with the given name and value. You can set additional cookie params like domain, path, expires, secure in array passed as last argument.

<?php
$I->setCookie('PHPSESSID', 'el4ukv0kqbvoirg7nkp4dncpk3');
?>
  • param $name
  • param $val
  • param array $params

submitForm

Submits the given form on the page, optionally with the given form values. Pass the form field's values as an array in the second parameter.

Although this function can be used as a short-hand version of fillField(), selectOption(), click() etc. it has some important differences:

  • Only field names may be used, not CSS/XPath selectors nor field labels
  • If a field is sent to this function that does not exist on the page, it will silently be added to the HTTP request. This is helpful for testing some types of forms, but be aware that you will not get an exception like you would if you called fillField() or selectOption() with a missing field.

Fields that are not provided will be filled by their values from the page, or from any previous calls to fillField(), selectOption() etc. You don't need to click the 'Submit' button afterwards. This command itself triggers the request to form's action.

You can optionally specify which button's value to include in the request with the last parameter (as an alternative to explicitly setting its value in the second parameter), as button values are not otherwise included in the request.

Examples:

<?php
$I->submitForm('#login', [
    'login' => 'davert',
    'password' => '123456'
]);
// or
$I->submitForm('#login', [
    'login' => 'davert',
    'password' => '123456'
], 'submitButtonName');

For example, given this sample "Sign Up" form:

<form action="/sign_up">
    Login:
    <input type="text" name="user[login]" /><br/>
    Password:
    <input type="password" name="user[password]" /><br/>
    Do you agree to our terms?
    <input type="checkbox" name="user[agree]" /><br/>
    Select pricing plan:
    <select name="plan">
        <option value="1">Free</option>
        <option value="2" selected="selected">Paid</option>
    </select>
    <input type="submit" name="submitButton" value="Submit" />
</form>

You could write the following to submit it:

<?php
$I->submitForm(
    '#userForm',
    [
        'user' => [
            'login' => 'Davert',
            'password' => '123456',
            'agree' => true
        ]
    ],
    'submitButton'
);

Note that "2" will be the submitted value for the "plan" field, as it is the selected option.

You can also emulate a JavaScript submission by not specifying any buttons in the third parameter to submitForm.

<?php
$I->submitForm(
    '#userForm',
    [
        'user' => [
            'login' => 'Davert',
            'password' => '123456',
            'agree' => true
        ]
    ]
);

This function works well when paired with seeInFormFields() for quickly testing CRUD interfaces and form validation logic.

<?php
$form = [
     'field1' => 'value',
     'field2' => 'another value',
     'checkbox1' => true,
     // ...
];
$I->submitForm('#my-form', $form, 'submitButton');
// $I->amOnPage('/path/to/form-page') may be needed
$I->seeInFormFields('#my-form', $form);

Parameter values can be set to arrays for multiple input fields of the same name, or multi-select combo boxes. For checkboxes, you can use either the string value or boolean true/false which will be replaced by the checkbox's value in the DOM.

<?php
$I->submitForm('#my-form', [
     'field1' => 'value',
     'checkbox' => [
         'value of first checkbox',
         'value of second checkbox',
     ],
     'otherCheckboxes' => [
         true,
         false,
         false
     ],
     'multiselect' => [
         'first option value',
         'second option value'
     ]
]);

Mixing string and boolean values for a checkbox's value is not supported and may produce unexpected results.

Field names ending in [] must be passed without the trailing square bracket characters, and must contain an array for its value. This allows submitting multiple values with the same name, consider:

<?php
// This will NOT work correctly
$I->submitForm('#my-form', [
    'field[]' => 'value',
    'field[]' => 'another value',  // 'field[]' is already a defined key
]);

The solution is to pass an array value:

<?php
// This way both values are submitted
$I->submitForm('#my-form', [
    'field' => [
        'value',
        'another value',
    ]
]);
  • param $selector
  • param $params
  • param $button

switchToIframe

Switch to iframe or frame on the page.

Example:

<iframe name="another_frame" src="http://example.com">
<?php
# switch to iframe
$I->switchToIframe("another_frame");
  • param string $name

uncheckOption

Unticks a checkbox.

<?php
$I->uncheckOption('#notify');
?>
  • param $option

 

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