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Responsive Datatables Helper
JavaScript CSS
branch: master

Merge pull request #64 from gubarazer/master

Fixed multiple Datatables with different breakpoints
latest commit bbb1aa223a
@Comanche authored

README.md

datatables-responsive

Introduction

Datatables is hands down the best jQuery table plugin. I have enjoyed using it over the years and highly recommend it to all. Recently, I have tried to use Datatables in an responsive web project. Datatables did everything brilliantly but was not responsive. After some research, I found FooTable which handles the responsive behavior perfectly. After tinkering around, I've come up with something that helps make Datatables respond like FooTable.

Complete working examples are provided using Bootstrap. You may use any front-end framework you prefer.

Below are the instructions on how to use the helper.

Add Viewport Meta Tag For Mobile Support

Add the following viewport meta tag to your HTML's head section:

<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">

Include CSS files

Add Bootstrap, Datatables-Bootstrap and responsive Datatables helper CSS files.

DataTables 1.9.x and Bootstrap 3.x

<link rel="stylesheet" href="//netdna.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.1.1/css/bootstrap.min.css"/>
<link rel="stylesheet" href="//netdna.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.1.1/css/bootstrap-theme.min.css"/>
<link rel="stylesheet" href="//cdn.datatables.net/plug-ins/e9421181788/integration/bootstrap/3/dataTables.bootstrap.css"/>
<link rel="stylesheet" href="../../files/1.9/css/datatables.responsive.css"/>

If you are using Bootstrap 2, see the ajax-bootstrap2.html example.

DataTables 1.10.x and Bootstrap 3.x

<link rel="stylesheet" href="//netdna.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.1.1/css/bootstrap.min.css"/>
<link rel="stylesheet" href="//netdna.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.1.1/css/bootstrap-theme.min.css"/>
<link rel="stylesheet" href="//cdn.datatables.net/plug-ins/e9421181788/integration/bootstrap/3/dataTables.bootstrap.css"/>
<link rel="stylesheet" href="../../files/1.10/css/datatables.responsive.css"/>

For more information on Datatables and Bootstrap 2, see http://www.datatables.net/blog/Twitter_Bootstrap http://www.datatables.net/blog/Twitter_Bootstrap_2

For Bootstrap 3, see https://github.com/DataTables/Plugins/tree/master/integration/bootstrap/3

Include JS files

Add jQuery, Datatables, Datables-Bootstrap and the responsive Datatables helper scripts.

DataTables 1.9.x and Bootstrap 3.x

<script src="//code.jquery.com/jquery.min.js"></script>
<script src="//cdn.datatables.net/1.9.4/js/jquery.dataTables.min.js"></script>
<script src="//cdn.datatables.net/plug-ins/e9421181788/integration/bootstrap/3/dataTables.bootstrap.js"></script>
<script src="../../files/1.9/js/datatables.responsive.js"></script>

DataTables 1.10.x and Bootstrap 3.x

<script src="//code.jquery.com/jquery.min.js"></script>
<script src="//cdn.datatables.net/1.10.0/js/jquery.dataTables.min.js"></script>
<script src="//cdn.datatables.net/plug-ins/e9421181788/integration/bootstrap/3/dataTables.bootstrap.js"></script>
<script src="../../files/1.10/js/datatables.responsive.js"></script>

Create variables and break point definitions.

var responsiveHelper;
var breakpointDefinition = {
    tablet: 1024,
    phone : 480
};
var tableElement = $('#example');

Create Datatables Instance

Create the datatables instance with the following

DataTables 1.9.x

  • Set bAutoWidth to false.
  • Set fnPreDrawCallback to only initialize the responsive datatables helper once
  • Set fnRowCallback to create expand icon.
  • Set fnDrawCallback to respond to window resize events.

DataTables 1.9.x and Responsive Helper Initialization

tableElement.dataTable({

    // Setup for Bootstrap support.
    sPaginationType  : 'bootstrap',
    oLanguage        : {
        sLengthMenu: '_MENU_ records per page'
    },

    // Setup for responsive datatables helper.
    bAutoWidth       : false,
    fnPreDrawCallback: function () {
        // Initialize the responsive datatables helper once.
        if (!responsiveHelper) {
            responsiveHelper = new ResponsiveDatatablesHelper(tableElement, breakpointDefinition);
        }
    },
    fnRowCallback  : function (nRow, aData, iDisplayIndex, iDisplayIndexFull) {
        responsiveHelper.createExpandIcon(nRow);
    },
    fnDrawCallback : function (oSettings) {
        responsiveHelper.respond();
    }

});

DataTables 1.10.x

  • Set autoWidth to false.
  • Set preDrawCallback to only initialize the responsive datatables helper once
  • Set rowCallback to create expand icon.
  • Set drawCallback to respond to window resize events.

DataTables 1.10.x and Responsive Helper Initialization

tableElement.dataTable({
    autoWidth        : false,
    preDrawCallback: function () {
        // Initialize the responsive datatables helper once.
        if (!responsiveHelper) {
            responsiveHelper = new ResponsiveDatatablesHelper(tableElement, breakpointDefinition);
        }
    },
    rowCallback    : function (nRow) {
        responsiveHelper.createExpandIcon(nRow);
    },
    drawCallback   : function (oSettings) {
        responsiveHelper.respond();
    }
});

Add Data Attributes to the Table Elements

  • Add the data-class="expand" attribute to the th element for the respective column that will you want to display the expand icon in. The th element cannot be for a column that will be hidden.

  • Add data-hide="phone,tablet" to the th element for the respective column that will you want to hide when the window is resized.

  • Add data-name="Hidden Column Name" to the th element for the respective column that will you would like its label to be set to when hidden.

<div class="span12">
    <table id="example" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" border="0" class="table table-bordered table-striped">
        <!--thead section is required-->
        <thead>
        <tr>
            <th class="centered-cell"><input type="checkbox" id="masterCheck" class="checkbox"/></th>
            <th data-class="expand">Rendering engine</th>
            <th>Browser</th>
            <th data-hide="phone" data-name="Plat">Platform(s)</th>
            <th data-hide="phone,tablet" data-name="Eng Ver">Engine version</th>
            <th data-hide="phone,tablet" data-name="CSS Grd">CSS grade</th>
        </tr>
        </thead>
        <!--tbody section is required-->
        <tbody></tbody>
        <!--tfoot section is optional-->
        <tfoot>
        <tr>
            <th></th>
            <th>Engine</th>
            <th>Browser</th>
            <th>Platform(s)</th>
            <th>Engine version</th>
            <th>CSS grade</th>
        </tr>
        </tfoot>
    </table>

</div>

That's it!

To see a working example, look in the example folder of the repository.

How to Always Keep a Column Hidden

If you want to always keep a column hidden, add the data-hide="always" attribute to that column's th element. Note that the always breakpoint is reserved.

Destroying and Recreating a Data Table on the Same Element

If you need to destroy and recreate a data table on the same table element, see the ajax-bootstrap-recreate-table.html example.

Initializing Multiple Data Tables

Each data table instance needs its own instance of a responsive helper. If you are initializing multiple tables using a single jQuery wrapped set, see the dom-bootstrap-multiple-table.html example.

Options

The responsive helper supports options via a third parameter in the constructor like this:

var tableElement = $('myTable');
var breakpointDefinition  = { /* Break points here */ };
var responsiveHelper;
// ...
responsiveHelper = new ResponsiveDatatablesHelper(tableElement, breakpointDefinition, {
   hideEmptyColumnsInRowDetail: true
});

Currently supported options are:

hideEmptyColumnsInRowDetail

  • Type: Boolean
  • Default: false
  • In responsive mode, clicking on the expand icon will only show hidden columns that actually have content.

clickOn

  • Type: String
  • Acceptable values: icon, cell or row
  • Default: icon

showDetail

  • Type: Function
  • Default: null
  • Function called when the detail row has been shown. Passes the jquery tr object for the detail row as an argument.

hideDetail

  • Type: Function
  • Default: null
  • Function called when the detail row is going to be hidden. Passes the jquery tr object for the detail row as an argument.

Thanks

Thanks to Allan Jardine for making the best data table plugin for jQuery. Nothing out there comes close.

Thanks to Brad Vincent and his friend Steve for making the awesome responsive FooTable. In my opinion, their implementation for a responsive table is the best to date. Much of what I have done here is borrowed from FooTable. Thanks again!

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